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Air-Sea Turbulent Fluxes From a Wave-Following Platform During Six Experiments at Sea ArchiMer
Bourras, Denis; Cambra, Remi; Marié, Louis; Bouin, Marie-noëlle; Baggio, Lucio; Branger, Hubert; Beghoura, Houda; Reverdin, Gilles; Dewitte, Boris; Paulmier, Aurélien; Maes, Christophe; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Pairaud, Ivane; Fraunié, Philippe; Luneau, Christopher; Hauser, Danièle.
Turbulent fluxes at the air‐sea interface are estimated with data collected in 2011 to 2017 with a low‐profile platform during six experiments in four regions. The observations were carried out with moderate winds (2‐10 m s‐1) and averaged wave heights of 1.5 m. Most of the time, there was a swell, with an averaged wave age (the ratio between wave phase speed and wind speed) being equal to 2.8±1.6. Three flux calculation methods are used, namely the eddy‐covariance (EC), the inertial‐dissipation (ID), and the bulk methods. For the EC method, a spectral technique is proposed to correct wind data from platform motion. A mean bias affecting the friction velocity (u*) is then evaluated. The comparison between EC u* and ID u* estimates suggests that a constant...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61436/65156.pdf
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Calibration of CTD oxygen data collected in the Coral Sea during the 2012 BIFURCATION Cruise ArchiMer
Saout Grit, Carole; Ganachaud, Alexandre; Maes, Christophe; Finot, L; Jamet, L; Baurand, Francois; Grelet, Jacques.
An updated procedure for a CTD-oxygen calibration along with new data processing was applied to recent hydrographic cruise data in the Coral Sea during the Cruise “BIFURCATION” in September 2012. After a brief introduction with the scientific context (section 1), we describe the contents and acquisition models of hydrological and chemical data that are used for the calibration (section 2), the post-cruise calibration method (section 3) and the calibration results (section 4).
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00272/38321/36562.pdf
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Dynamics of the Carbonate System Across the Peruvian Oxygen Minimum Zone ArchiMer
Hernandez-ayon, Jose M.; Paulmier, Aurélien; Garcon, Veronique; Sudre, Joel; Montes, Ivonne; Chapa-balcorta, Cecilia; Durante, Giovanni; Dewitte, Boris; Maes, Christophe; Bretagnon, Marine.
The oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) of Peru is recognized as a source of CO2 to the atmosphere due to upwelling that brings water with high concentrations of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) to the surface. However, the influence of OMZ dynamics on the carbonate system remains poorly understood given a lack of direct observations. This study examines the influence of a coastal Eastern South Pacific OMZ on carbonate system dynamics based on a multidisciplinary cruise that took place in 2014. During the cruise, onboard DIC and pH measurements were used to estimate pCO2 and to calculate the calcium carbonate saturation state (Ω aragonite and calcite). South of Chimbote (9°S), water stratification decreased and both the oxycline and carbocline moved from 150 m depth...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: OMZ; DIC; PH; Omega aragonite; Upwelling Peruvian system.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/70004/67919.pdf
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Excess nitrogen as a marker of intense dinitrogen fixation in the Western Tropical South Pacific Ocean: impact on the thermocline waters of the South Pacific ArchiMer
Fumenia, Alain; Moutin, Thierry; Bonnet, Sophie; Benavides, Mar; Petrenko, Anne; Helias Nunige, Sandra; Maes, Christophe.
As part of the Oligotrophy to UlTra-oligotrophy PACific Experiment cruise, which took place in the Western Tropical South Pacific during the austral summer (March–April 2015), we present data on nitrate, phosphate and on particulate and dissolved organic matter. The stoichiometric nitrogen-to-phosphorus ratios of the inorganic and organic material and the tracer N* are described. N* allows to trace changes in the proportion of fixed nitrogen due to diazotrophy and/or denitrification. Our results showed that the Melanesian archipelago waters between 160° E and 170° W are characterized by a deficit of nitrate and phosphate in the productive layer, significant dinitrogen fixation rates and an excess of particulate organic nitrogen compared to the canonical...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00422/53383/54232.pdf
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Influence of Tropical Instability Waves on Phytoplankton Biomass near the Marquesas Islands ArchiMer
Martinez, Elodie; Raapoto, Hirohiti; Maes, Christophe; Maamaatuaihutapu, Keitapu.
The Marquesas form an isolated group of small islands in the Central South Pacific where quasi-permanent biological activity is observed. During La Niña events, this biological activity, shown by a net increase of chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl, a proxy of phytoplankton biomass), is particularly strong. It has been hypothesized that this strong activity is due to iron-rich waters advected from the equatorial region to the Marquesas by tropical instability waves (TIWs). Here we investigate this hypothesis over 18 years by combining satellite observations, re-analyses of ocean data, and Lagrangian diagnostics. Four La Niña events ranging from moderate to strong intensity occurred during this period, and our results show that the Chl plume within the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical instability waves; La Nina; Chlorophyll-a concentration variability; Ocean colour; Island mass effect; Marquesas islands; Oceanography; Satellite observations.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54858/56346.pdf
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Intermediate water flows in the western South Pacific: as revealed by individual Argo floats trajectories and a model re-analysis ArchiMer
Barbot, Simon; Petrenko, Anne; Maes, Christophe.
Thanks to the autonomous Argo floats of the OUTPACE cruise (Oligotrophy to UlTra-oligotrophy PACific Experiment) and of the THOT (TaHitian Ocean Time series) project, some features of intermediate-flow dynamics, at around 1000 m depth, within the central and western South Pacific Ocean (around 19° S, 156° E–150° W) are described. In the Coral Sea, we highlight minima in dissolved oxygen of 140 µmol kg−1 that are associated with the signature of a southward transport of waters between two zonal jets: from the North Vanuatu Jet to the North Caledonia Jet. This transport takes place in the core of a cyclonic eddy or via the path between a cyclonic eddy and an anticyclonic one, highlighting the importance of mesoscale dynamics in upper thermocline and surface...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00448/56005/57512.pdf
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Iron from a submarine source impacts the productive layer of the Western Tropical South Pacific (WTSP) ArchiMer
Guieu, Cecile; Bonnet, Sophie; Petrenko, Anne; Menkes, Christophe; Chavagnac, Valerie; Desboeufs, Karine; Maes, Christophe; Moutin, Thierry.
In the Western Tropical South Pacific, patches of high chlorophyll concentrations linked to the occurrence of N2-fixing organisms are found in the vicinity of volcanic islands. The survival of these organisms relies on a high bioavailable iron supply whose origin and fluxes remain unknown. Here, we measured high dissolved iron (DFe) concentrations (up to 66 nM) in the euphotic layer, extending zonally over 10 degrees longitude (174 E−175 W) at ∼20°S latitude. DFe atmospheric fluxes were at the lower end of reported values of the remote ocean and could not explain the high DFe concentrations measured in the water column in the vicinity of Tonga. We argue that the high DFe concentrations may be sustained by a submarine source, also characterized by...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55564/57174.pdf
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Large to submesoscale surface circulation and its implications on biogeochemical/biological horizontal distributions during the OUTPACE cruise (SouthWest Pacific) ArchiMer
Rousselet, Louise; De Verneil, Alain; Doglioli, Andrea M.; Petrenko, Anne A.; Duhamel, Solange; Maes, Christophe; Blanke, Bruno.
The patterns of the large-scale, meso- and submesoscale surface circulation on biogeochemical and biological distributions are examined in the Western Tropical South Pacific (WTSP) in the context of the OUTPACE cruise (Feb–April 2015). Multi-disciplinary original in situ observations were achieved along a zonal transect through the WTSP and their analysis was coupled with satellite data. The use of Lagrangian diagnostics allows for the identification of water mass pathways, mesoscale structures, and submesoscale features such as fronts. In particular, we confirmed the existence of a global wind-driven southward circulation of surface waters in the entire WTSP, using a new high-resolution altimetry-derived product, validated by in situ drifters, that...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53119/54071.pdf
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Modulation of the vertical particle transfer efficiency in the oxygen minimum zone off Peru ArchiMer
Bretagnon, Marine; Paulmier, Aurelien; Garcon, Veronique; Dewitte, Boris; Illig, Serena; Leblond, Nathalie; Coppola, Laurent; Campos, Fernando; Velazco, Federico; Panagiotopoulos, Christos; Oschlies, Andreas; Martin Hernandez-ayon, J.; Maske, Helmut; Vergara, Oscar; Montes, Ivonne; Martinez, Philippe; Carrasco, Edgardo; Grelet, Jacques; Desprez-de-gesincourt, Olivier; Maes, Christophe; Scouarnec, Lionel.
The fate of the organic matter (OM) produced by marine life controls the major biogeochemical cycles of the Earth's system. The OM produced through photosynthesis is either preserved, exported towards sediments or degraded through remineralisation in the water column. The productive eastern boundary upwelling systems (EBUSs) associated with oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) would be expected to foster OM preservation due to low O-2 conditions. But their intense and diverse microbial activity should enhance OM degradation. To investigate this contradiction, sediment traps were deployed near the oxycline and in the OMZ core on an instrumented moored line off Peru. Data provided high-temporal-resolution O-2 series characterising two seasonal steady states at the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00486/59764/62889.pdf
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Ocean Salinity Stratification (OSS) ArchiMer
Maes, Christophe; O'Kane, Terence.
This dataset is composed by the climatological seasonal field of the Ocean Salinity Stratification as defined from the Brunt-Vaisala frequency limited to the upper 300 m depth. The details are given in Maes, C., and T. J. O’Kane (2014), Seasonal variations of the upper ocean salinity stratification in the Tropics, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 1706–1722, doi:10.1002/2013JC009366.
Tipo: Dataset Palavras-chave: Salinity; Oceanography; Stratification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17882/41101
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On the stability and spatiotemporal variance distribution of salinity in the upper ocean ArchiMer
O'Kane, Terence J.; Monselesan, Didier P.; Maes, Christophe.
Despite recent advances in ocean observing arrays and satellite sensors, there remains great uncertainty in the large-scale spatial variations of upper ocean salinity on the interannual to decadal timescales. Consonant with both broad-scale surface warming and the amplification of the global hydrological cycle, observed global multidecadal salinity changes typically have focussed on the linear response to anthropogenic forcing but not on salinity variations due to changes in the static stability and or variability due to the intrinsic ocean or internal climate processes. Here, we examine the static stability and spatiotemporal variability of upper ocean salinity across a hierarchy of models and reanalyses. In particular, we partition the variance into time...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00342/45321/44780.pdf
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Origin and fate of surface drift in the oceanic convergence zones of the eastern Pacific ArchiMer
Maes, Christophe; Blanke, Bruno; Martinez, Elodie.
This study investigates the structure and intensity of the surface pathways connecting to and from the central areas of the large-scale convergence regions of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Surface waters are traced with numerical Lagrangian particles transported in the velocity field of three different ocean models with horizontal resolutions that range from ¼° to 1/32°. The connections resulting from the large-scale convergent Ekman dynamics agree qualitatively but are strongly modulated by eddy variability that introduces meridional asymmetry in the amplitude of transport. Lagrangian forward-in-time integrations are used to analyze the fate of particles originating from the central regions of the convergence zones and highlight specific outflows not yet...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43496/43013.pdf
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OUTPACE long duration stations: physical variability, context of biogeochemical sampling, and evaluation of sampling strategy ArchiMer
De Verneil, Alain; Rousselet, Louise; Doglioli, Andrea M.; Petrenko, Anne A.; Maes, Christophe; Bouruet-aubertot, Pascale; Moutin, Thierry.
Research cruises to quantify biogeochemical fluxes in the ocean require taking measurements at stations lasting at least several days. A popular experimental design is the quasi-Lagrangian drifter, with in situ incubations that follow the flow of water over time. The ship then tracks the drifter because subsequent measurements are supposed to remain in the same water environment. An outstanding question is how to best determine whether this is true. During the Oligotrophy to UlTra-oligotrophy PACific Experiment (OUTPACE) cruise, from 18 February to 3 April 2015 in the western tropical South Pacific, three separate stations of long duration (five days) over the upper 500 m were conducted in this quasi-Lagrangian sampling scheme. Here we present physical...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53122/54075.pdf
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Satellite Doppler observations for the motions of the oceans ArchiMer
Ardhuin, Fabrice; Chapron, Bertrand; Maes, Christophe; Romeiser, Roland; Gommenginger, Christine; Cravatte, Sophie; Morrow, Rosemary; Donlon, Craig; Bourassa, Mark.
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00494/60529/63992.pdf
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Sea surface salinity estimates from spaceborne L-band radiometers: An overview of the first decade of observation (2010–2019) ArchiMer
Reul, Nicolas; Grodsky, S.a.; Arias, M.; Boutin, J.; Catany, R.; Chapron, Bertrand; D'Amico, F; Dinnat, E.; Donlon, C.; Fore, A.; Fournier, Severine; Guimbard, Sebastien; Hasson, A.; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Lagerloef, G.; Lee, T.; Le Vine, D.m.; Lindstrom, E.; Maes, Christophe; Mecklenburg, S.; Meissner, T.; Olmedo, E.; Sabia, R.; Tenerelli, Joseph; Thouvenin-masson, C.; Turiel, A.; Vergely, J.l.; Vinogradova, N.; Wentz, F.; Yueh, S..
Operated since the end of 2009, the European Space Agency (ESA) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission is the first orbiting radiometer that collects regular and global observations from space of two Essential Climate Variables of the Global Climate Observing System: Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and Soil Moisture. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Aquarius mission, with the primary objective to provide global SSS measurements from space operated from mid-2011 to mid-2015. NASA's Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) mission, primarily dedicated to soil moisture measurements, but also monitoring SSS, has been operating since early 2015. The primary sensors onboard these three missions are passive microwave radiometers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea surface salinity; Ocean microwave remote sensing; Radiometer; L-band; SMOS; Aquarius/SAC-D; SMAP.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00615/72750/71894.pdf
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Sea Surface Salinity Observations from Space with the SMOS Satellite: A New Means to Monitor the Marine Branch of the Water Cycle ArchiMer
Reul, Nicolas; Fournier, Severine; Boutin, Jacqueline; Hernandez, Olga; Maes, Christophe; Chapron, Bertrand; Alory, Gael; Quilfen, Yves; Tenerelli, Joseph; Morisset, Simmon; Kerr, Yann; Mecklenburg, Susanne; Delwart, Steven.
While it is well known that the ocean is one of the most important component of the climate system, with a heat capacity 1,100 times greater than the atmosphere, the ocean is also the primary reservoir for freshwater transport to the atmosphere and largest component of the global water cycle. Two new satellite sensors, the ESA Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and the NASA Aquarius SAC-D missions, are now providing the first space-borne measurements of the sea surface salinity (SSS). In this paper, we present examples demonstrating how SMOS-derived SSS data are being used to better characterize key land–ocean and atmosphere–ocean interaction processes that occur within the marine hydrological cycle. In particular, SMOS with its ocean mapping...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea surface salinity; SMOS satellite; Passive microwave remote sensing; Oceanic freshwater cycle.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26334/24430.pdf
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Seasonal dynamics and disturbance of phytoplankton biomass in the wake of Tahiti as observed by Biogeochemical-Argo floats ArchiMer
Sauzède, Raphaëlle; Martinez, Elodie; Pasqueron De Fommervault, Orens; Poteau, Antoine; Mignot, Alexandre; Maes, Christophe; Claustre, Hervé; Uitz, Julia; Maamaatuaiahutapu, Keitapu; Rodier, Martine; Schmechtig, Catherine; Laurent, Victoire.
The South Pacific Subtropical Gyre (SPSG) is a vast and remote area where large uncertainties on variability in phytoplankton biomass and production remain due to the lack of biogeochemical in situ observations. In such oligotrophic environments, ecosystems are predominantly controlled by nutrients depletion in surface waters. However, this oligotrophic character can be disturbed in the vicinity of islands where enhancement of biological activity is known to occur (i.e. the island mass effect, IME). This study mainly focuses on in situ observations showing that an IME can be evidenced leeward of Tahiti (17.7° S–149.5° W), French Polynesia. Concomitant physical and biogeochemical observations collected with two Biogeochemical-Argo (BGC-Argo) profiling...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00421/53295/54108.pdf
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Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The Far Eastern Pacific fresh pool ArchiMer
Alory, Gael; Maes, Christophe; Delcroix, Thierry; Reul, Nicolas; Illig, Serena.
The freshest surface waters in the tropical Pacific are found at its eastern boundary. Using in situ observations, we depict the quasi-permanent presence of a far eastern Pacific fresh pool with Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) lower than 33, which is confined between Panama's west coast and 85W in December and extends westward to 95W in April. Strong SSS fronts are found at the outer edge of this fresh pool. We investigate the seasonal dynamics of the fresh pool using complementary satellite wind, rain, sea level and in situ oceanic current data at the surface, along with hydrographic profiles. The fresh pool appears off Panama due to the strong summer rains associated with the northward migration of the ITCZ over Central America in June. During the second half...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00072/18311/16581.pdf
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SKIM, a Candidate Satellite Mission Exploring Global Ocean Currents and Waves ArchiMer
Ardhuin, Fabrice; Brandt, Peter; Gaultier, Lucile; Donlon, Craig; Battaglia, Alessandro; Boy, François; Casal, Tania; Chapron, Bertrand; Collard, Fabrice; Cravatte, Sophie; Delouis, Jean Marc; De Witte, Erik; Dibarboure, Gerald; Engen, Geir; Johnsen, Harald; Lique, Camille; Lopez-dekker, Paco; Maes, Christophe; Martin, Adrien; Marié, Louis; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Nouguier, Frederic; Peureux, Charles; Rampal, Pierre; Ressler, Gerhard; Rio, Marie-helene; Rommen, Bjorn; Shutler, Jamie D.; Suess, Martin; Tsamados, Michel; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik; Van Den Oever, Martin; Stammer, Detlef.
The Sea surface KInematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) satellite mission is designed to explore ocean surface current and waves. This includes tropical currents, notably the poorly known patterns of divergence and their impact on the ocean heat budget, and monitoring of the emerging Arctic up to 82.5°N. SKIM will also make unprecedented direct measurements of strong currents, from boundary currents to the Antarctic circumpolar current, and their interaction with ocean waves with expected impacts on air-sea fluxes and extreme waves. For the first time, SKIM will directly measure the ocean surface current vector from space. The main instrument on SKIM is a Ka-band conically scanning, multi-beam Doppler radar altimeter/wave scatterometer that includes a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean current; Tropics; Arctic; Doppler; Altimetry; Sea state; Remote sensing; Ocean waves.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60964/64372.pdf
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The physical oceanography of the transport of floating marine debris ArchiMer
Van Sebille, Erik; Aliani, Stefano; Law, Kara Lavender; Maximenko, Nikolai; Alsina, José M; Bagaev, Andrei; Bergmann, Melanie; Chapron, Bertrand; Chubarenko, Irina; Cózar, Andrés; Delandmeter, Philippe; Egger, Matthias; Fox-kemper, Baylor; Garaba, Shungudzemwoyo P; Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke; Hardesty, Britta Denise; Hoffman, Matthew J; Isobe, Atsuhiko; Jongedijk, Cleo E; Kaandorp, Mikael L A; Khatmullina, Liliya; Koelmans, Albert A; Kukulka, Tobias; Laufkötter, Charlotte; Lebreton, Laurent; Lobelle, Delphine; Maes, Christophe; Martinez-vicente, Victor; Morales Maqueda, Miguel Angel; Poulain-zarcos, Marie; Rodríguez, Ernesto; Ryan, Peter G; Shanks, Alan L; Shim, Won Joon; Suaria, Giuseppe; Thiel, Martin; Van Den Bremer, Ton S; Wichmann, David.
Marine plastic debris floating on the ocean surface is a major environmental problem. However, its distribution in the ocean is poorly mapped, and most of the plastic waste estimated to have entered the ocean from land is unaccounted for. Better understanding of how plastic debris is transported from coastal and marine sources is crucial to quantify and close the global inventory of marine plastics, which in turn represents critical information for mitigation or policy strategies. At the same time, plastic is a unique tracer that provides an opportunity to learn more about the physics and dynamics of our ocean across multiple scales, from the Ekman convergence in basin-scale gyres to individual waves in the surfzone. In this review, we comprehensively...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00610/72213/71011.pdf
Registros recuperados: 23
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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