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Effects of a sulfated exopolysaccharide produced by Altermonas infernus on bone biology ArchiMer
Velasco, C. Ruiz; Baud'Huin, M.; Sinquin, Corinne; Maillasson, M.; Heymann, D.; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia; Padrines, M..
The growth and differentiation of bone cells is controlled by various factors which can be modulated by heparan sulphates. Here, we investigated the effects of an oversulphated exopolysaccharide (OS-EPS) on bone. We compared the effect of this compound with that of a native exopolysaccharide (EPS). Long-term administration of OS-EPS causes cancellous bone loss in mice due, in part, to an increase in the number of osteoclasts lining the trabecular bone surface. No significant difference in cancellous bone volume was found between EPS-treated mice and age-matched control mice, underlying the importance of sulphation in trabecular bone loss. However, the mechanism sustaining this osteoporosis was unclear. To clarify OS-EPS activities, we investigated the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bone metabolism; Bone remodeling; Exopolysaccharide; Glycosaminoglycan; Heparin.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14300/15749.pdf
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Enriching a cellulose hydrogel with a biologically active marine exopolysaccharide for cell-based cartilage engineering ArchiMer
Rederstorff, E.; Rethore, G.; Weiss, P.; Sourice, S.; Beck-cormier, S.; Mathieu, E.; Maillasson, M.; Jacques, Y.; Colliec-jouault, Sylvia; Fellah, B. H.; Guicheux, J.; Vinatier, C..
The development of biologically and mechanically competent hydrogels is a prerequisite in cartilage engineering. We recently demonstrated that a marine exopolysaccharide, GY785, stimulates the in vitro chondrogenesis of adipose stromal cells. In the present study, we thus hypothesized that enriching our silated hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydrogel (Si-HPMC) with GY785 might offer new prospects in the development of scaffolds for cartilage regeneration. The interaction properties of GY785 with growth factors was tested by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The biocompatibility of Si-HPMC/GY785 towards rabbit articular chondrocytes (RACs) and its ability to maintain and recover a chondrocytic phenotype were then evaluated in vitro by MTS assay, cell counting...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cartilage; Hydrogel; Glycosaminoglycan; Marine polysaccharides; Chondrocytes; Tissue engineering.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00303/41449/40650.pdf
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