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Acceleration Performance of Individual European Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax Measured with a Sprint Performance Chamber: Comparison with High-Speed Cinematography and Correlates with Ecological Performance ArchiMer
Vandamm, Joshua P.; Marras, Stefano; Claireaux, Guy; Handelsmank, Corey A.; Nelson, Jay A..
Locomotor performance can influence the ecological and evolutionary success of a species. For fish, favorable outcomes of predator-prey encounters are often presumably due to robust acceleration ability. Although escape-response or "fast-start" studies utilizing high-speed cinematography are prevalent, little is known about the contribution of relative acceleration performance to ecological or evolutionary success in a species. This dearth of knowledge may be due to the time-consuming nature of analyzing film, which imposes a practical limit on sample sizes. Herein, we present a high-throughput potential alternative for measuring fish acceleration performance using a sprint performance chamber (SPC). The acceleration performance of a large number of...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/22046/19773.pdf
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Avoidance threshold to oil water soluble fraction by a juvenile marine teleost fish ArchiMer
Claireaux, Guy; Queau, Pierre; Marras, Stefano; Le Floch, Stephane; Farrell, Anthony P.; Nicolas-kopec, Annabelle; Lemaire, Philippe; Domenici, Paolo.
When oil spills occur, behavior is the first line of defense for a fish to avoid being contaminated. Here, we determined the avoidance threshold of the European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) to the water-soluble fraction (WSF) of oil using a dual flow choice box. Our experiment revealed that a plume of 20%-diluted WSF (total PAH concentration: 8.54 μg L-1) triggered a significant avoidance response that was detected within 7.5 minutes of introducing WSF-contaminated water in the experimental set-up. However, the ecological relevance of seabass capacity to detect and avoid WSF remains to be established. In the short term, such response is indeed liable to reduce sea bass contact time with oil-contaminated water and thus preserve their functional integrity....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish; Oil; Behavior; Avoidance reaction; Water-soluble fraction.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51899/52522.pdf
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Conservation physiology of marine fishes: state of the art and prospects for policy ArchiMer
Mckenzie, David; Axelsson, Michael; Chabot, Denis; Claireaux, Guy; Cooke, Steven J.; Corner, Richard A.; De Boeck, Gudrun; Domenici, Paolo; Guerreiro, Pedro M.; Hamer, Bojan; Jorgensen, Christian; Killen, Shaun S.; Lefevre, Sjannie; Marras, Stefano; Michaelidis, Basile; Nilsson, Goran E.; Peck, Myron A.; Perez-ruzafa, Angel; Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Shiels, Holly A.; Steffensen, John F.; Svendsen, Jon C.; Svendsen, Morten B. S.; Teal, Lorna R.; Van Der Meer, Jaap; Wang, Tobias; Wilson, Jonathan M.; Wilson, Rod W.; Metcalfe, Julian D..
The state of the art of research on the environmental physiology of marine fishes is reviewed from the perspective of how it can contribute to conservation of biodiversity and fishery resources. A major constraint to application of physiological knowledge for conservation of marine fishes is the limited knowledge base; international collaboration is needed to study the environmental physiology of a wider range of species. Multifactorial field and laboratory studies on biomarkers hold promise to relate ecophysiology directly to habitat quality and population status. The 'Fry paradigm' could have broad applications for conservation physiology research if it provides a universal mechanism to link physiological function with ecological performance and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biomarkers; Ecological models; Fisheries; Fry paradigm; Individual variation; Telemetry.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00616/72841/72999.pdf
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Relationships among Traits of Aerobic and Anaerobic Swimming Performance in Individual European Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Marras, Stefano; Killen, Shaun S.; Domenici, Paolo; Claireaux, Guy; Mckenzie, David.
Teleost fishes exhibit wide and temporally stable inter-individual variation in a suite of aerobic and anaerobic locomotor traits. One mechanism that could allow such variation to persist within populations is the presence of tradeoffs between aerobic and anaerobic performance, such that individuals with a high capacity for one type of performance have a reduced capacity for the other. We investigated this possibility in European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax, each measured for a battery of indicators of maximum locomotor performance. Aerobic traits comprised active metabolic rate, aerobic scope for activity, maximum aerobic swimming speed, and stride length, using a constant acceleration test. Anaerobic traits comprised maximum speed during an escape...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00163/27444/25665.pdf
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