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Registros recuperados: 7
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Community-Level Responses to Iron Availability in Open Ocean Planktonic Ecosystems ArchiMer
Caputi, Luigi; Carradec, Quentin; Eveillard, Damien; Kirilovsky, Amos; Pelletier, Eric; Karlusich, Juan J. Pierella; Vieira, Fabio Rocha Jimenez; Villar, Emilie; Chaffron, Samuel; Malviya, Shruti; Scalco, Eleonora; Acinas, Silvia G.; Alberti, Adriana; Aury, Jean-marc; Benoiston, Anne-sophie; Bertrand, Arnaud; Biard, Tristan; Bittner, Lucie; Boccara, Martine; Brum, Jennifer R.; Brunet, Cedric; Busseni, Greta; Carratala, Anna; Claustre, Herve; Coelho, Luis Pedro; Colin, Sbastien; D'Aniello, Salvatore; Da Silva, Corinne; Del Core, Marianna; Dore, Hugo; Gasparini, Stephane; Kokoszka, Florian; Jamet, Jean-louis; Lejeusne, Christophe; Lepoivre, Cyrille; Lescot, Magali; Lima-mendez, Gipsi; Lombard, Fabien; Lukes, Julius; Maillet, Nicolas; Madoui, Mohammed-amin; Martinez, Elodie; Mazzocchi, Maria Grazia; Neou, Mario B.; Paz-yepes, Javier; Poulain, Julie; Ramondenc, Simon; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Roux, Simon; Manta, Daniela Salvagio; Sanges, Remo; Speich, Sabrina; Sprovieri, Mario; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Taillandier, Vincent; Tanaka, Atsuko; Tirichine, Leila; Trottier, Camille; Uitz, Julia; Veluchamy, Alaguraj; Vesela, Jana; Vincent, Flora; Yau, Sheree; Kandels-lewis, Stefanie; Searson, Sarah; Dimier, Cline; Picheral, Marc; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; De Vargas, Colomban; Follows, Michael J.; Grimsley, Nigel; Guidi, Lionel; Hingamp, Pascal; Karsenti, Eric; Sordino, Paolo; Stemmann, Lars; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Zingone, Adriana; Garczarek, Laurence; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Testor, Pierre; Not, Fabrice; D'Alcala, Maurizio Ribera; Wincker, Patrick; Bowler, Chris; Iudicone, Daniele; Gorsky, Gabriel; Jaillon, Olivier; Karp-boss, Lee; Krzic, Uros; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stephane; Raes, Jeroen; Reynaud, Emmanuel G.; Sardet, Christian; Sieracki, Mike; Velayoudon, Didier; Weissenbach, Jean.
Predicting responses of plankton to variations in essential nutrients is hampered by limited in situ measurements, a poor understanding of community composition, and the lack of reference gene catalogs for key taxa. Iron is a key driver of plankton dynamics and, therefore, of global biogeochemical cycles and climate. To assess the impact of iron availability on plankton communities we explored the comprehensive bio‐oceanographic and ‐omics datasets from Tara Oceans in the context of the iron products from two state‐of‐the‐art global scale biogeochemical models. We obtained novel information about adaptation and acclimation towards iron in a range of phytoplankton, including picocyanobacteria and diatoms, and identified whole sub‐communities co‐varying with...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00475/58680/61184.pdf
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Growth and gonad development of the tropical black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (L.), in the Gambier archipelago (French Polynesia) ArchiMer
Le Moullac, Gilles; Tiapari, Jerome; Teissier, Hinano; Martinez, Elodie; Cochard, Jean-claude.
The growth and reproductive cycle of cultured black-lipped pearl oysters, Pinctada margaritifera (L.), were studied in the Gambier Islands (134°52' W, 23°07' S) from September 2002 to August 2003. Temperatures were recorded throughout the year, revealing seasonal temperature variations between 22.3 °C and 27.8 °C. The mean annual chlorophyll a value, as computed from satellite data, was 0.188 ± 0.075 µg L-1. To study growth and reproduction, 720 two-year-old individuals were ear hung on longlines suspended at a depth of 7 m. Samples were taken twice a month to obtain the following measurements: shell height; wet weight of flesh and total oyster; dry weight of adductor muscle, mantle and visceral mass; and glycogen content. Gonad development was also...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pearl oyster; Pinctada margaritifera; Growth; Reproduction; Temperature; Chlorophyll; Seasonality; Gambier archipelago.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15099/13570.pdf
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Influence of Tropical Instability Waves on Phytoplankton Biomass near the Marquesas Islands ArchiMer
Martinez, Elodie; Raapoto, Hirohiti; Maes, Christophe; Maamaatuaihutapu, Keitapu.
The Marquesas form an isolated group of small islands in the Central South Pacific where quasi-permanent biological activity is observed. During La Niña events, this biological activity, shown by a net increase of chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl, a proxy of phytoplankton biomass), is particularly strong. It has been hypothesized that this strong activity is due to iron-rich waters advected from the equatorial region to the Marquesas by tropical instability waves (TIWs). Here we investigate this hypothesis over 18 years by combining satellite observations, re-analyses of ocean data, and Lagrangian diagnostics. Four La Niña events ranging from moderate to strong intensity occurred during this period, and our results show that the Chl plume within the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tropical instability waves; La Nina; Chlorophyll-a concentration variability; Ocean colour; Island mass effect; Marquesas islands; Oceanography; Satellite observations.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54858/56346.pdf
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Origin and fate of surface drift in the oceanic convergence zones of the eastern Pacific ArchiMer
Maes, Christophe; Blanke, Bruno; Martinez, Elodie.
This study investigates the structure and intensity of the surface pathways connecting to and from the central areas of the large-scale convergence regions of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Surface waters are traced with numerical Lagrangian particles transported in the velocity field of three different ocean models with horizontal resolutions that range from ¼° to 1/32°. The connections resulting from the large-scale convergent Ekman dynamics agree qualitatively but are strongly modulated by eddy variability that introduces meridional asymmetry in the amplitude of transport. Lagrangian forward-in-time integrations are used to analyze the fate of particles originating from the central regions of the convergence zones and highlight specific outflows not yet...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43496/43013.pdf
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Phytoplankton spring and fall blooms in the North Atlantic in the 1980s and 2000s ArchiMer
Martinez, Elodie; Antoine, David; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; De Boyer Montegut, Clément.
Phytoplankton chlorophyll-a (Chl) seasonal cycles of the North Atlantic are described using satellite ocean color observations covering the 1980s and the 2000s. The study region is where warmer SST and higher Chl in the 2000s as compared to the 1980s have been reported. It covers latitudes from 30 degrees N-50 degrees N and longitudes from 60 degrees W-0 degrees W, where two phytoplankton blooms take place: a spring bloom that follows stratification of upper layers, and a fall bloom due to nutrient entrainment through deepening of the mixed layer. In the 1980s, spring and fall blooms were of similar amplitude over the entire study region. In the 2000s, the fall bloom was weaker in the eastern Atlantic (east of 40 degrees W), because of a delayed deepening...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00054/16556/14070.pdf
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Seasonal dynamics and disturbance of phytoplankton biomass in the wake of Tahiti as observed by Biogeochemical-Argo floats ArchiMer
Sauzède, Raphaëlle; Martinez, Elodie; Pasqueron De Fommervault, Orens; Poteau, Antoine; Mignot, Alexandre; Maes, Christophe; Claustre, Hervé; Uitz, Julia; Maamaatuaiahutapu, Keitapu; Rodier, Martine; Schmechtig, Catherine; Laurent, Victoire.
The South Pacific Subtropical Gyre (SPSG) is a vast and remote area where large uncertainties on variability in phytoplankton biomass and production remain due to the lack of biogeochemical in situ observations. In such oligotrophic environments, ecosystems are predominantly controlled by nutrients depletion in surface waters. However, this oligotrophic character can be disturbed in the vicinity of islands where enhancement of biological activity is known to occur (i.e. the island mass effect, IME). This study mainly focuses on in situ observations showing that an IME can be evidenced leeward of Tahiti (17.7° S–149.5° W), French Polynesia. Concomitant physical and biogeochemical observations collected with two Biogeochemical-Argo (BGC-Argo) profiling...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00421/53295/54108.pdf
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Toward the Integrated Marine Debris Observing System ArchiMer
Maximenko, Nikolai; Corradi, Paolo; Law, Kara Lavender; Van Sebille, Erik; Garaba, Shungudzemwoyo P.; Lampitt, Richard Stephen; Galgani, Francois; Martinez-vicente, Victor; Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke; Veiga, Joana Mira; Thompson, Richard C.; Maes, Christophe; Moller, Delwyn; Löscher, Carolin Regina; Addamo, Anna Maria; Lamson, Megan R.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Posth, Nicole R.; Lumpkin, Rick; Vinci, Matteo; Martins, Ana Maria; Pieper, Catharina Diogo; Isobe, Atsuhiko; Hanke, Georg; Edwards, Margo; Chubarenko, Irina P.; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Aliani, Stefano; Arias, Manuel; Asner, Gregory P.; Brosich, Alberto; Carlton, James T.; Chao, Yi; Cook, Anna-marie; Cundy, Andrew B.; Galloway, Tamara S.; Giorgetti, Alessandra; Goni, Gustavo Jorge; Guichoux, Yann; Haram, Linsey E.; Hardesty, Britta Denise; Holdsworth, Neil; Lebreton, Laurent; Leslie, Heather A.; Macadam-somer, Ilan; Mace, Thomas; Manuel, Mark; Marsh, Robert; Martinez, Elodie; Mayor, Daniel J.; Le Moigne, Morgan; Molina Jack, Maria Eugenia; Mowlem, Matt Charles; Obbard, Rachel W.; Pabortsava, Katsiaryna; Robberson, Bill; Rotaru, Amelia-elena; Ruiz, Gregory M.; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Thiel, Martin; Turra, Alexander; Wilcox, Chris.
Plastics and other artificial materials pose new risks to the health of the ocean. Anthropogenic debris travels across large distances and is ubiquitous in the water and on shorelines, yet, observations of its sources, composition, pathways, and distributions in the ocean are very sparse and inaccurate. Total amounts of plastics and other man-made debris in the ocean and on the shore, temporal trends in these amounts under exponentially increasing production, as well as degradation processes, vertical fluxes, and time scales are largely unknown. Present ocean circulation models are not able to accurately simulate drift of debris because of its complex hydrodynamics. In this paper we discuss the structure of the future integrated marine debris observing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastics; Marine debris; Sensor development; Observing network; Ecosystemstressors; Maritime safety.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62272/66477.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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