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Registros recuperados: 18
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Bekämpfung von Drosophila suzukii in Reben: Versuchsbericht 2014 Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Matray, Silvia; Gallati, Philip.
Die Kirschessigfliege (Drosophila suzukii) wurde 2008 aus Südostasien nach Europa eingeschleppt und verursacht seitdem z.T. massive Ertragsausfälle. Sie befällt alle Weichobstarten, wie z.B. Beeren, Kirschen, Zwetschgen und Trauben. Auch viele wilde Pflanzen, wie z.B. Holunder und Schneeball dienen als Wirtspflanzen. Der Hauptschaden entsteht durch den Larvenfrass an den Früchten. Da der Generationszyklus sehr kurz ist und daher mehrere Generationen parallel auftreten, kommt es zu einem starken Befallsdruck im Spätsommer und Herbst. Da Weinreben länger hängen als z.B. Beeren und die Lese erst im Herbst stattfindet, findet ein besonders starker Einflug statt. In diesem Tastversuch wurden fünf verschiedene Mittel und Mittelkombinationen gegen D.suzukii...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28162/1/Mittelpr%C3%BCfungReben_Bericht2014_definitiv.pdf
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Das Projekt EcoOrchard: Förderung der funktionellen Agro- Biodiversität im Ökologischen Obstbau Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Pfiffner, Lukas; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Research institutes and universities of nine European countries are involved in the research project EcoOrchard to develop appropriate strategies to promote functional agro-biodiversity in organic pome fruit production. Therefore field trials have been laid out at different sites in seven member states in 2015, where flower strips were sown into the inter-rows of the orchards. Natural antagonists like Syrphidae, Coccinelidae and parasitoids of codling moth are supposed to be promoted with these additional floral ressources. Besides faunal and floristic studies, practical methods and indicators have been worked out to monitor functional biodiversity.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31520/1/Das%20Projekt%20EcoOrchard.pdf
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Drosophila suzukii Monitoring in verschiedenen Habitaten 2014 Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Matray, Silvia.
Die Kirschessigfliege (Drosophila suzukii) wurde 2008 aus Südostasien nach Europa eingeschleppt und verursacht seitdem z.T. massive Ertragsausfälle. Mit ihrem sägeartigen Eiablagestachel ist sie in der Lage, Eier direkt in reifende Weichobstarten, wie z.B. Beeren, Kirschen, Zwetschgen und Trauben abzulegen. Auch viele wilde Pflanzen, wie z.B. Holunder und Schneeball dienen als Wirtspflanzen. Die Larven entwickeln sich in den Früchten und ernähren sich vom Fruchtfleisch. Die befallenen Früchte fallen in sich zusammen, werden weich und unverkäuflich. Da der Generationszyklus sehr kurz ist und daher mehrere Generationen parallel auftreten, kommt es zu einem starken Befallsdruck im Spätsommer und Herbst. Die Fliegen sind sehr mobil und migrieren zwischen den...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28160/1/Monitoring_Bericht2014-Definitiv.pdf
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EBIO-Network: a web-based platform for knowledge sharing on functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple production. Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Matray, Silvia; Sharifova, Hadil; Wolck, Anja; Sigsgaard, Lene; Penvern, Servane; Fernique, Sarah; Tchamitchian, Marc; Warlop, Francois; Pfiffner, Lukas; Kelderer, M.; Kruczynska, Dorota; Ozoliņa-Pole, Laura; Jamar, Laurent; Morcel, Mario.
The web-based platform "EBIO-Network" (European Biodiversity Orchards Network),created within the framework of the CoreOrganic plus project EcoOrchard, will provide an interactive communication tool between stakeholders in European organic fruit production at different levels (practice, science, advisory etc.). The website will offer the opportunity to share, extract and use stakeholder knowledge in Europe in a participatory approach. As an outcome of this ongoing exchange, the aim is to provide technical information how to create, keep and assess functional agrobiodiversity (FAB) in apple production.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Technology transfer Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30024/1/EBIO-Network.pdf
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EcoOrchard Boosting functional biodiversity in European apple orchards Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Pfiffner, Lukas; Warlop, Francois; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Project EcoOrchard - aims & achievements
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication Europe.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33890/1/Ecoorchard.SM.final3.pdf
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Ecoorchard - Innovative design and management to boost functional biodiversity of organic orchards Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Pfiffner, Lukas; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Vorstellung des Projektes "EcoOrchard" mit dem Freilandversuch in Deutschland.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30026/1/PosterHannover_Ecoorchard-neu_HZ.PDF
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EcoOrchard.Innovative design and management to boost functional biodiversity of organic orchards Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Pfiffner, Lukas; Sigsgaard, Lene.
EcoOrchard: project introduction
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30797/1/PosterPflaschuTa16-SM.pdf
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EcoOrchard.Innovative design and management to boost functional biodiversity of organic orchards Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Pfiffner, Lukas; Sigsgaard, Lene.
EcoOrchard: project introduction
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33737/1/PosterPflaschuTa16.SM.pdf
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Einfluss von stäubenden Substanzen auf die Vinifikation von Wein Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Matray, Silvia; Gallati, Philip; Tuchschmid, Andi.
Die Kirschessigfliege (Drosophila suzukii) wurde 2008 aus Südostasien nach Europa eingeschleppt und verursacht seitdem z.T. massive Ertragsausfälle. Aufgrund der Witterungsbedingungen wurden im Jahr 2014 erstmals starke Schäden am Wein festgestellt. Per Ausnahmebewilligung hat das BLW für das Jahr 2014 den Einsatz von Kaolin (Produkt Surround) bewilligt, jedoch mit dem Hinweis: „Die Auswirkungen einer Behandlung auf die Gärung der Maische aus behandelten Trauben wurde nicht untersucht.“ Viele Produzenten setzten im Jahr 2014 auch Kalkprodukte ein. Ein solcher Einsatz kann jedoch den pH-Wert anheben und somit einen Einfluss auf die Vinifikation und die Weinqualität haben. Das Ziel dieses Versuches ist es, den Einfluss von verschiedenen stäubenden Mitteln...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Viticulture.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29158/1/Vinifikation_Bericht2014.pdf
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Funktionelle Agro-Biodiversität im Obstbau Organic Eprints
Matray, Silvia; Herz, Annette; Warlop, Francois; Pfiffner, Lukas; Sigsgaard, Lene.
Möglichkeiten zur Förderung und zum Monitoring von funktioneller Biodiversität im Obstbau.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Fruit and berries; European Union; Germany.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31987/1/%C3%96kofeldtage17.SM_final.pdf
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Innovative Maßnahmen zur Förderung der funktionellen Biodiversität im ökologischen Kernobstanbau Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Matray, Silvia.
Der Apfelanbau ist europaweit gesehen eine landschaftsdominierende Dauerkultur, deren Bewirtschaftsform einen bedeutenden Effekt auf die biologische Vielfalt in der Agrarlandschaft hat. Neben der Bestäubung der Kulturpflanze sind weitere Elemente der so genannten Funktionellen (Agro-)Biodiversität (FAB) elementar wichtig für die Schädlingsregulierung im Kernobstanbau. So sind wirbellose Nützlinge als natürliche Gegenspieler von Schädlingen unverzichtbare Bausteine für den Pflanzenschutz im ökologischen Kernobstbau. Viele Obstbauern versuchen trotz teilweise unzureichender Informationen und den wirtschaftlichen und technischen Herausforderungen die funktionelle Biodiversität in ihren Anlagen zu erhöhen. Das internationale Forschungsprojekt „EcoOrchard“,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Technology transfer Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35423/1/35423-14OE005-jki-herz-2019-biodiversit%C3%A4t-kernobstanbau.pdf
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Mehrjährige Blühstreifen zur Schädlingsregulierung in Bio-Obstanlagen Organic Eprints
Cahenzli, Fabian; Sigsgaard, Lene; Daniel, Claudia; Herz, Annette; Jamar, Laurent; Kelderer, Markus; Kramer Jacobsen, S.; Kruczynska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Porcel, Mario; Sekrecka, Małgorzata; Świergiel, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Blühstreifen im Apfelanbau
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34542/1/Poster_Eco_Orchard_Cahenzli_web.pdf
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Nutrition ecology of Ascogaster quadridentata (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) and its host in apple orchards Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Drexler, Nils; Matray, Silvia; Veekmann, Oliver.
The codling moth, Cydia pomonellaL. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) is the key pest in apple growing worldwide. Its increasing resistance against various insecticides, including granulosevirus based plant products, initiate the search for supporting tools for natural control, e.g. the activity of parasitoids. The Chelonine species Ascogaster quadridentata, an egg-larval parasitoid, does not host-feed, but requires sustainable access to sugar resources for nutrition. In the framework of the European CoreOrganic Plus project EcoOrchard (http://coreorganicplus.org/researchprojects/ ecoorchard/)weestablished flowering strips in the rows between trees with the aim to support natural enemies. In adjacent laboratory tests we explored which kind of flowering plants and...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32266/1/ICEI2017_Abstract%20Herz2.pdf
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Organic farmers’ reality to manage functional agrobiodiversity in European organic apple orchards Organic Eprints
Fernique, Sarah; Penvern, Servane; Cardona, Aurélie; Ahrenfeldt, Erica; Grebeau, D.; Jamar, Laurent; kruzynska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Ozoliņa-Pole, Laura; Ralle, Baiba; Sigsgaard, Lene; Steinemann, Beatrice; Świergiel, Weronika; Telfser, Joseph; Warlop, Francois; Herz, Annette.
According to its principles and standards, organic farming particularly rely on natural processes and functional agro-biodiversity (FAB) to benefit from essential ecosystem services. However, these processes are mostly complex, hardly visible and site-specific, thereby making it difficult to assess and manage on-farm. A European survey has been carried out among organic farmers and emphasizes the variability among countries with a diversity of techniques targeting different functional groups according to farming contexts and farmers’ expectations. The different criteria used by farmers to evaluate FABtechniques efficiency and implementation potential clearly illustrate the difficulty to assess the agroecosystem as a whole.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/33702/1/53_Fernique_268bis269%281%29.pdf
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Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study Organic Eprints
Cahenzli, Fabian; Sigsgaard, Lene; Daniel, Claudia; Herz, Annette; Jamar, Laurent; Kelderer, Markus; Kramer Jacobsen, Stine; Kruczyńska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Porcel, Mario; Sekrecka, Małgorzata; Świergielg, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Pfiffner, Lukas.
In many crops, the intensive use of pesticides causes major problems both for the environment and for natural ecosystem services. Apple is Europe's most frequently produced orchard fruit, requiring high pesticide input to combat the most important apple insect pests, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini) and Cydia pomonella (L.). Here we sought to control these pests by promoting natural enemies using sown perennial flower strips. We trialled these in the alleyways of organic apple orchards in seven European countries. Visual assessments over two years revealed a higher number of natural enemies on plant parts, and specifically in D. plantaginea colonies on trees, in flower strip plots than on trees in control plots with standard orchard vegetation. Trees in...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/35483/1/Cahenzli_etal_2019_AGEE_FAB_EcoOrchard_ento.pdf
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Pest Management in organic Apple, Pear and Stone Fruit Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Matray, Silvia; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Niggli, Urs.
Holistic approaches to pest management that aim at maximising self-regulation and resilience of orchards are a key goal in organic farming (see chapter 2). Pest management starts even before planting an orchard by site selection, orchard layout, planting systems (tree densities and pruning system), choice of cultivar and rootstock as well as cultivation techniques. Cultivation techniques and measures applied for disease control can also influence the dynamics of pest insects within orchards and need to be included in a holistic system view. In addition, the use of flowering strips to enhance natural enemies is a field of intense research. Direct control methods using biocontrol organisms or bio-insecticides are available for many pest insects. However,...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018
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Sortenanfälligkeit von interspezifischen Rebsorten für Drosophila suzukii Organic Eprints
Daniel, Claudia; Matray, Silvia.
Die Kirschessigfliege (Drosophila suzukii) wurde 2008 aus Südostasien nach Europa eingeschleppt und verursacht seitdem z.T. massive Ertragsausfälle. Sie befällt alle Weichobstarten,wie z.B. Beeren, Kirschen, Zwetschgen und Trauben. Auch viele wilde Pflanzen, wie z.B. Holunder und Schneeball dienen als Wirtspflanzen. Der Hauptschaden entsteht durch den Larvenfrass an den Früchten. Da der Generationszyklus sehr kurz ist und daher mehrere Generationen parallel auftreten, kommt es zu einem starken Befallsdruck im Spätsommer und Herbst. Da Weinreben länger hängen als z.B. Beeren und die Lese erst im Herbst stattfindet, ist in Reben mit einem besonders hohen Befallsdruck zu rechnen. Aufgrund der Witterungsbedingungen wurden in der Schweiz im Jahr 2014 erstmals...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28161/1/Sortenanf%C3%A4lligkeitReben_Bericht2014-definitiv.pdf
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Workshop: Enhancement of functional biodiversity Organic Eprints
Herz, Annette; Penvern, Servane; Fernique, Sarah; Matray, Silvia; WARLOP, FRANCOIS.
Participants of this workshop were invited to comment on and discuss information on techniques for functional agrobiodiversity which had been collected from an European questionnaire among growers and advisors in apple orchard production in the framework of the Core Organic Plus Project "EcoOrchard". In additon to the workshop, participants were invited to answer to a questionnaire on their expertise and experience on functional agrobiodiversity in apple growing.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Technology transfer Biodiversity and ecosystem services Education; Extension and communication Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30025/1/Workshop%20FAB160216_Picturereport.pdf
Registros recuperados: 18
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