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Registros recuperados: 6
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Effects of green-manure and organic fertiliser on organic maize (Zea Mays L.) in south Tuscany Organic Eprints
Mazzoncini, Marco; Migliorini, Paola; Antichi, Daniele; Vazzana, Concetta.
Green-manure in Mediterranean stockless organic farms is a useful tool to improve nitrogen availability, reduce production cost and conserve soil fertility. A 2-year on farm research was carried out in Tuscany (Italy) to evaluate the effect of 3 different green manures (Hordeum v. + Avena s. mixture, Trifolium s. + Avena s. mixture, Vicia faba var. minor) and 2 levels of organic N fertilization (0 and 120 Kg N ha-1) on maize in 2004 and 2005. Green manures were ploughed into the soil in April 2004 and organic fertiliser was applied before sowing; neither green manure nor fertilizers were applied in 2005 to evaluate the residual effect of the treatments. The effect of the distribution of organic fertilizer was not efficient in comparison to green-manure....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Composting and manuring.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/12010/1/Mazzonchini_12010_ed.doc
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Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Assemblages and Slug Abundance in Agricultural Fields Under Organic and Low-Input Conventional Management Within a Long-Term Agronomic Trial in Central Italy Organic Eprints
Rossi, Elisabetta; Antichi, Daniele; Loni, Augusto; Canovai, Roberto; Sbrana, Massimo; Mazzoncini, Marco.
Inside a long-term agronomic trial aimed at evaluating the effects of organic and low-input conventional management systems on soil fertility and arable crop production, we selected six fields bordered by hedgerows, three under each management system. Here, we analyzed the carabid assemblages and the slug abundance. Samplings took place in five different periods, across 1 yr of observations. The carabid abundances were similar in organic and conventional fields. The Shannon–Wiener diversity index (H’) showed a higher value in the conventional fields, although in the organic fields, a higher number of species were observed. The multivariate analysis described similar carabid communities, but excluding the period factor, it showed a significant influence of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36582/1/Rossi%20et%20al.%2C%202019.pdf
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Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Assemblages and Slug Abundance in Agricultural Fields Under Organic and Low-Input Conventional Management Within a Long-Term Agronomic Trial in Central Italy Organic Eprints
Rossi, Elisabetta; Antichi, Daniele; Loni, Augusto; Canovai, Roberto; Sbrana, Massimo; Mazzoncini, Marco.
Inside a long-term agronomic trial aimed at evaluating the effects of organic and low-input conventional management systems on soil fertility and arable crop production, we selected six fields bordered by hedgerows, three under each management system. Here, we analyzed the carabid assemblages and the slug abundance. Samplings took place in five different periods, across 1 yr of observations. The carabid abundances were similar in organic and conventional fields. The Shannon–Wiener diversity index (H’) showed a higher value in the conventional fields, although in the organic fields, a higher number of species were observed. The multivariate analysis described similar carabid communities, but excluding the period factor, it showed a significant influence of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36581/1/Rossi%20et%20al.%2C%202019.pdf
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Long term effects of cover crops on weeds in Mediterranean low input arable management systems Organic Eprints
Carlesi, Stefano; Antichi, Daniele; Bigongiali, Federica; Mazzoncini, Marco; Barberi, Paolo.
The introduction of cover crops (CC) in crop rotations is a key tool to control weed and ameliorate soil conditions in low input arable systems. In 1992 a long term experiment (LTE) was set up at Centre for Agri-environmental Research “E. Avanzi (CIRAA), University of Pisa to determine the combined effect of tillage intensity, nitrogen fertilization levels and CC types on soil quality, crop yield and weed communities. The LTE is based on 4-year crop rotation (maize, durum wheat, sunflower, durum wheat) with cover crops grown twice, in between wheat and summer crops. Two tillage systems were compared: i) a conventional system (CS), with annual ploughing (30 cm depth); ii) a low input system (LIS), with chiseling (30 cm depth) for summer crops and no...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions; Soil tillage; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Weed management; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/29700/1/carlesi%20et%20a.2015.pdf
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Organic Vs Conventional Winter Wheat Quality and Organoleptic Bread Test Organic Eprints
Mazzoncini, Marco; Belloni, Paola; Risaliti, Rosalba; Antichi, Daniele.
In the frame of a long-term experiment carried out in Central Italy, conventional and organic winter wheat cropping systems were compared in 2004 and 2005 to evaluate the effect of system management on wheat grain yield and quality. The organic system showed grain and straw yield about 50% lower than the conventional system. Organic grain samples resulted 20% lower in protein content and exhibited poor bread production qualities. Despite that, organic bread, did not show differences in crust thickness, crumb volume and in crumb alveolus structure in a visual evaluation. Differences were, however, appreciated by panellists who found organic bread harder and more flavourful than conventional.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9753/1/Mazzoncini%2Detal%2D2007%2DWheatBreadQuality.pdf
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Qualitätsvergleich von ökologischen und konventionallen Hartweizen- und Weichweizenproben mittels der Biokristallisationsmethode Organic Eprints
Kokornaczyk, Maria; Mazzoncini, Marco; Belloni, Paola.
Die Weizenproben aus dem MASCOT- Versuch in Toscanien Italiens (Mediterranean Arable System COmparision Trial), der seit 6 Jahren durch das Zentrum für Landwirtschaftliche Forschung CIRAA (Interdepartmental Centre for Agri-environmental Research „E. Avanzi”) der Universität in Pisa geleitet wird, wurden mit der Biokristallisationsmethode ausgewertet. Die Proben stammen aus einem RCB Versuch in dreifacher Feldwiederholung. Die Kristallbilder wurden visuell und mittels des Computerprogramms "Image J“ ausgewertet.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Quality and evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11533/1/POSTER_MASCOT.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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