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A first insight into genotype x diet interactions in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L. 1756) in the context of plant-based diet use ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Quillet, Edwige; Mazurais, David; Robin, Jean; Vergnet, Alain; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Chatain, Beatrice.
This preliminary study assessed genotype x diet interaction in late growth of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed with either a fish meal (FM)- or a fish oil (FO)-based diet (M) or an all-plant-based (PB) diet. A total of 550 fish from 224 families were reared together and tagged. DNA was sampled and microsatellites were used to assign parentage. When fish weight was 192 +/- 54 g, two tanks were fed with M (FM: 100%; FO: 100%) and two others with PB (FM: 0% and FO: 0%). Body weight (BW), fork length (FL) and fillet lipid content (CorrFat) were analysed with a linear model and with REML methodology. We observed no significant differences between groups, but a slightly lower (P=0.03) daily growth coefficient in sea bass fed PB than in those fed M....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Genotype by diet x environment interaction; European sea bass; Plant diet; Genetic correlation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14335/12374.pdf
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A first insight into genotype-diet interactions in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in the context of plant-based diet use ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont Nivet, Mathilde; Quillet, Edwige; Mazurais, David; Robin, Jean; Vergnet, Alain; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Chatain, Beatrice.
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00038/14907/12233.pdf
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Are there genotype-diet interactions for main production traits when fish are fed marine vs plant-based diets from the first meal ? ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Quillet, Edwige; Vandeputte, Marc; Lecalvez, Jean Michel; Goardon, Lionel; Chatain, Beatrice; Medale, Francoise; Dupont Nivet, Mathilde.
Facing the finite size of fisheries resources, the important increase of aquaculture production during the last decades has led to the evolution of feed composition with an increasing substitution of fish meal and fish oil with terrestrial plant products. During the same period, selective breeding has been developed in fish and major improvements were achieved on growth, resulting in 4 to 20 % gain per fish generation (Olesen, Gjedrem, Bentsen et al. (2003); Chevassus, Quillet, Krieg et al. (2004)), and also on health and flesh quality traits.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00038/14908/12234.pdf
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Detection of new pathways involved in the acceptance and the utilisation of a plant-based diet in isogenic lines of rainbow trout fry ArchiMer
Callet, Therese; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Cluzeaud, Marianne; Jaffrezic, Florence; Laloe, Denis; Kerneis, Thierry; Labbe, Laurent; Quillet, Edwige; Geurden, Inge; Mazurais, David; Skiba-cassy, Sandrine; Medale, Francoise.
o meet the growing demand of fish feed for aquaculture, an increasing proportion of marine ingredients are being replaced by blends of plant products. However, the total replacement of marine ingredients in salmonid diets impairs fish performance. This is particularly true during the early fry stage and this stage is therefore considered of particular importance. In rainbow trout (RBT), the existence of a genetic variability to survive and grow with plant-based diets devoid of marine ingredients has now been proved, but the mechanisms behind are little studied especially at early stage. To investigate these, we analysed the whole transcriptome of three isogenic lines of RBT fry, which have similar growth when fed a marine resources-based diet (M diet) but...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00452/56371/57969.pdf
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Differential gene expression after total replacement of dietary fish meal and fish oil by plant products in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver ArchiMer
Panserat, S.; Hortopan, G. A.; Plagnes-juan, E.; Kolditz, C.; Lansard, M.; Skiba-cassy, S.; Esquerre, D.; Geurden, I.; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Corraze, Genevieve.
Our objective was to analyse the hepatic transcriptomes of juvenile rainbow trout fed with a plant-based diet. We focused our analysis on the total replacement of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) by a 100% plant-based diet (0% FM, 0% FO). We analysed the postprandial hepatic transcriptomes of rainbow trout fed the two diets 8 h after feeding. Six total hepatic RNAs from each dietary group were hybridised against a trout cDNA microarray (9K). After treatment of the data respecting the standard MIAME (Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment) protocol, we found that 176 hepatic genes were differentially expressed between fish fed the two diets: 96 and 80 were over-expressed and under-expressed, respectively, in trout fed the plant-based diet. A...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rainbow trout; Transcriptome; Metabolism; Liver; Vegetable products; Marine ingredients.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6684.pdf
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Does broodstock nutritional history affect the response of progeny to different first-feeding diets? A whole-body transcriptomic study of rainbow trout alevins ArchiMer
Lazzarotto, Viviana; Corraze, Genevieve; Larroquet, Laurence; Mazurais, David; Medale, Francoise.
The whole-body transcriptome of trout alevins was characterised to investigate the effects of long-term feeding of rainbow trout broodstock females a diet free of fishmeal and fish oil on the metabolic capacities of progeny. Effects were studied before first feeding and after 3 weeks of feeding diets containing different proportions of marine and plant ingredients. Feeding alevins plant-based diets resulted in lower fish body weight, irrespective of maternal nutritional history. No differences in whole-body lipids were found between treatments, and the tissue fatty acid profile strongly reflected that of the respective broodstock or first-feeding diets. We showed that the maternal diet history did not significantly affect expressions of any genes before...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish; Nutrition; Plant products; Fatty acids; Gene expression; Microarrays; Early stages.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00344/45552/46610.pdf
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Effect of fish meal replacement by plant protein sources on non-specific defence mechanisms and oxidative stress in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) ArchiMer
Sitja Bobadilla, A; Pena Llopis, S; Gomez Requeni, P; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Perez Sanchez, J.
Partial or total replacement of fish meal by a mixture of plant protein (PP) sources (corn gluten, wheat gluten, extruded peas, rapeseed meal and sweet white lupin) balanced with indispensable amino acids was examined in juvenile gilthead sea bream over the course of a 6-month growth trial. A diet with fish meal (FM) as the sole protein source was compared to diets with 50%, 75% and 100% of replacement (PP50, PP75, and PP100). The possible influence of diets on growth performance, plasma metabolites, gut integrity, liver structure, anti-oxidant and immune status was evaluated. Final body weight was progressively decreased with PP inclusion, but in PP50 and PP75-fed fish, feed efficiency (FE) was significantly improved and specific growth rates remained...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gilthead sea bream; Cholesterol; Glutathione; Histopathology; Myeloperoxidase; Complement; Lysozyme; Respiratory burst; Immune response; Growth; Plant proteins; Fish meal.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-3595.pdf
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Effect of high-level fish meal replacement by plant proteins in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) on growth and body/fillet quality traits ArchiMer
De Francesco, M; Parisi, G; Perez Sanchez, J; Gomez Requeni, P; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Mecatti, M; Poli, B.
Juvenile gilthead sea bream (initial body weight ca. 100 g) were reared in an indoor flow through marine water system for 1 year. Fish were fed two isoenergetic [19.2 kJ g−1 dry matter (DM)] and isoproteic (426 g kg−1 DM) diets either based on fish meal (diet FM) or on a mixture of plant protein sources (diet PP), replacing 75% of fish meal protein. The growth trial was conducted in duplicate, two tanks for each dietary treatment. Growth performance and feed utilization were registered. Fillet quality parameters were evaluated and sensory analyses on cooked fillet were performed. Both groups had similar weight gain and specific growth rates. Feed intake was higher in sea bream fed diet FM (0.48 versus 0.44), while feed efficiency and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sparus aurata; Sensory evaluation; Quality traits; Plant protein; Gilthead sea bream; Chemical composition.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-6256.pdf
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Effect of long-term feeding with a plant protein mixture based diet on growth and body/fillet quality traits of large rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
De Francesco, Matilde; Parisi, Giuliana; Medale, Francoise; Lupi, Paola; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Poli, Bianca.
Two diets based oil fish meal (FM) or oil a mixture of plant protein sources supplemented with free amino acids (PP) were fed to rainbow trout having a mean initial body weight of 162.5 g reared at 17 +/- 1 degreesC for 24 weeks to evaluate the effect of plant protein sources oil fish growth, morphological and body quality traits. At the end of the growth study, samples were withdrawn for chemical analyses as well as measurements of different parameters of quality. Compared to the FM group, the trout fed diet PP had lower growth rates (mean final body weight 663 vs. 800 g), feed efficiency (0.95 vs. 1.07) and protein efficiency ratio (1.96 vs. 2.13). Trout fed diet PP were also characterised by a lower dressed weight (89.45% vs. 91.07%), hepato-somatic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sensory evaluation; Chemical composition quality; Flesh; Body traits; Plant protein; Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-391.pdf
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Effect of past nutritional history and fasting on feed intake and growth in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss ArchiMer
Boujard, Thierry; Burel, Christine; Medale, Francoise; Haylor, Graham; Moisan, Annick.
Groups of juvenile rainbow trout were fed to satiation for 10 days after 1, 11 and 21 days of feed deprivation. These fish (initial body weight =20 +/- 2 g) were previously fed at different feeding levels (0.5 or 1.5% initial body weight, to satiation) with a high (20.4 kJ . g(-1)) or a low (16.2 kJ.g(-1)) digestible energy diet content for 34 days. It is shown that past nutritional history affected growth performance: duration of feed deprivation has a major effect on intake and feed conversion efficiency; previous feeding level has an effect on intake; dietary energy content affected feed conversion efficiency. In addition, an attempt was made to identify some of the metabolic parameters that could be involved in the increase in growth performance during...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed efficiency; Appetite; Past nutritional history; Compensatory growth; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1399.pdf
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Lack of significant long-term effect of dietary carbohydrates on hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase expression in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Panserat, Stéphane; Medale, Francoise; Breque, Jeanine; Plagnes Juan, E; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
Hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) plays an important role in glucose metabolism because it catalyzes the release of glucose to the circulatory system in the processes of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. The present study was initiated to analyze the regulation of hepatic G6Pase expression by dietary carbohydrates in rainbow trout. The first step in our study was the identification of a partial G6Pase cDNA in rainbow trout that was highly homologous to that of mammals. Hepatic G6Pase activities and mRNA levels were measured in trout fed one of the experimental diets, with or without carbohydrates. We found no significant effect of intake of dietary carbohydrates on G6Pase Expression (mRNA and activity) 6 hours and 24 hours after feeding. These...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dietary carbohydrates; Rainbow trout; Fish nutrition; Glucose 6 phosphatase expression.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-696.pdf
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Molecular cloning, tissue distribution and sequence analysis of complete glucokinase cDNAs from gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) ArchiMer
Panserat, Stéphane; Blin, C; Medale, Francoise; Plagnes Juan, E; Breque, Jeanine; Krishnamoorthy, J; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
The enzyme glucokinase (GK) (EC 2.7.1.1) plays an important role in the control of glucose homeostasis. Qualitative and/or quantitative variations in GK enzyme have been postulated by previous studies to explain why dietary carbohydrate utilisation is lower in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) than in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). In this study, we report the isolation and characterisation of a full-length cDNA coding for GK in these teleosts. Amino acid sequences derived from these cDNA clones are highly similar to other vertebrate GKs. These findings, including a detailed phylogenetic analysis, reveal that GK gene highly homologous to mammalian GK exists in these fish species with similar tissue specific...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Glucose phosphorylation; Dietary carbohydrate; Fish nutrition.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-669.pdf
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Natural abundance of N-15 and C-13 in fish tissues and the use of stable isotopes as dietary protein tracers in rainbow trout and gilthead sea bream ArchiMer
Beltran, M.; Fernandez-borras, J.; Medale, Francoise; Perez-sanchez, J.; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Blasco, J..
For developing efficient diets, two sets of experiments examined whether the use and allocation of dietary protein can be traced by labelling with stable isotopes (N-15 and C-13) in two culture fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss and Sparus aurata). In the first experiment, natural abundance and tissue distribution of these isotopes were determined, by measuring the delta C-13 and delta N-15 values by isotopic ratio mass spectrometry, in fingerlings (14-17 g) adapted to diets differing in the percentage of fish meal replacement by plant protein sources. For both species, delta N-15 and delta C-13 were greater in tissues with higher protein and lower lipid content. Delta N-15 of diets and tissues decreased as replacement increased, suggesting delta N-15 can be used...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea bream; Rainbow trout; Protein; Diet; Delta N 15; Delta C 13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6966.pdf
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Plant-based diet in trout (O. mykiss): are there genotype-diet interactions for main production traits when fish are fed marine vs plant-based diets from the first meal ? ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Quillet, Edwige; Vandeputte, Marc; Le Calvez, J. M.; Goardon, L.; Chatain, Beatrice; Medale, Francoise; Dupont Nivet, Mathilde.
To face future decrease of marine resources, replacement of fishmeal and fish oil by plant products is nowadays worldwide priority for the aquaculture of carnivorous fish, especially salmonids. Genetic variability has been recently evidenced for growth ability on plant-based diet and pointed out potential genetic gains. In a context of fast feed evolution, this work compares heritabilities of growth parameters between rainbow trout fed with diet containing fish oil and fish meal and fish fed on diet devoid of marine products. Assessment of genotype diet interaction informs on potential family reranking between diets and potential consequences on current breeding programmes.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12614/9493.pdf
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Protein sources in feed for farmed fish ArchiMer
Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
Fish require diets containing 30 to 55% of crude protein and an amino acid supply precisely adapted to meeting the needs for optimal growth. Fish meal is an ideal protein source for aquafeed because it has a high protein level (65% to 72%) with an ideal proportion of all ten indispensable amino acids that meet the requirements of all fish species. However, finding alternatives to fish meal has become an absolute necessity in order to reduce the reliance of aquaculture on marine ingredients. Animal by-product meals (meat meal, bone meal, blood meal, poultry by-product meal, hydrolysed feather meal) are used as alternative protein sources in aquafeed in extra-European countries. Since the use of animal protein in aquafeed is forbidden in Europe (except non...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plant proteins; Fish meal; Fish feeding; Antinutritionnal factors; Amino acids.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6556.pdf
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Reduced lipid intake leads to changes in digestive enzymes in the intestine but has minor effect on key enzymes of hepatic intermediary metabolism in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Ducasse Cabanot, S; Zambonino, Jose-luis; Richard, N; Medale, Francoise; Corraze, Genevieve; Mambrini, M; Robin, Jean; Cahu, Chantal; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Panserat, S.
For sustainable aquaculture, the removal of marine resource ingredients in fish diets is an important objective. While most studies focus on the replacement of fish oil by vegetable oil, little is known on the nutritional effects of presence (which corresponds to the control diet) or absence of dietary fish oil. We studied fatty acid composition of brush-border membranes and digestive enzyme activities of the intestine and measured the expression and activities of several enzymes involved in the hepatic intermediary metabolism of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed for 7 weeks with or without fish oil. The diets were pair-fed to ensure that fish fed either diet had comparable carbohydrate and protein intakes. Absence of fish oil significantly reduced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rainbow trout; Metabolism; Fish oil; Digestion; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3506.pdf
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Regulation of the somatotropic axis by dietary factors in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Gomez Requeni, P; Calduch Giner, J; De Celis, S; Medale, Francoise; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Perez Sanchez, J.
The activity of the somatotropic axis was analysed in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed either a fishmeal-based diet (FM) or graded levels of plant proteins to replace 50 % (PP50 diet), 75 % (PP75 diet) or 100 % (PP100 diet) of the fishmeal protein. For this purpose, partial cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding rainbow trout growth hormone receptor (GHR) was first accomplished by RT-PCR, using degenerate primers based on the sequences of non-salmonid fish GHR. Growth rates and energy retention were lowered by the PP75 and PP100 diets and a concurrent and progressive increase in plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) was found. However, no changes in hepatic GH binding and total plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I levels were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Insulin like growth factor; Growth hormone receptor; Growth hormone; Plant proteins; Rainbow trout.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-3620.pdf
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Selection for Adaptation to Dietary Shifts: Towards Sustainable Breeding of Carnivorous Fish ArchiMer
Le Boucher, Richard; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Vandeputte, Marc; Kerneis, Thierry; Goardon, Lionel; Labbe, Laurent; Chatain, Beatrice; Bothaire, Marie Josee; Larroquet, Laurence; Medale, Francoise; Quillet, Edwige.
Genetic adaptation to dietary environments is a key process in the evolution of natural populations and is of great interest in animal breeding. In fish farming, the use of fish meal and fish oil has been widely challenged, leading to the rapidly increasing use of plant-based products in feed. However, high substitution rates impair fish health and growth in carnivorous species. We demonstrated that survival rate, mean body weight and biomass can be improved in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after a single generation of selection for the ability to adapt to a totally plant-based diet (15.1%, 35.3% and 54.4%, respectively). Individual variability in the ability to adapt to major diet changes can be effectively used to promote fish welfare and a more...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00107/21845/19429.pdf
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Selection for muscle fat content and triploidy affect flesh quality in pan-size rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss ArchiMer
Lefevre, Florence; Cardinal, Mireille; Bugeon, Jerome; Labbe, Laurent; Medale, Francoise; Quillet, Edwige.
A lean muscle line (L) and a fat muscle line (F) of rainbow trout were established (Quillet et al., 2005) by a two-way selection for muscle lipid content performed on pan-size rainbow trout using a non-destructive measurement of muscle lipid content (Distell Fish Fat Meter®). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the consequences of this selective breeding on flesh quality of pan size (290 g) diploid and triploid trout after three generations of selection. Instrumental evaluations of fillet color and pH measurement were performed at slaughter. Flesh color, pH, dry matter content and mechanical resistance were measured at 48 h and 96 h postmortem on raw and cooked flesh, respectively. A sensorial profile analysis was performed on cooked fillets....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Flesh quality; Lipid content; Muscle fiber; Triploid; Fish; Texture.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00271/38246/36431.pdf
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Voluntary feed intake, nitrogen and phosphorus losses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed increasing dietary levels of soy protein concentrate ArchiMer
Medale, Francoise; Boujard, Thierry; Vallee, Frédéric; Blanc, Denise; Mambrini, Muriel; Roem, Arjen; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
High energy extruded diets were formulated to contain the same level of protein supplied either by soy protein concentrate (SPC) or fish meal. Three experiments were performed in order to measure voluntary feed intake and feed waste, faecal losses and soluble losses of nitrogen and phosphorus in rainbow trout (average body weight: 100 g). Voluntary feed intake and growth performance of fish fed with demand feeders were not different when diets contained 0, 50 or 75 % SPC instead of fish meal. Total replacement of fish meal by SPC led to a significant decrease in feed intake and resulted in poor growth. This was partly due to methionine deficiency in the SPC based diet. With the addition of crystalline DL-methionine in the diets, an improvement of feed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Digestibilité; Excrétion; Azote; Phosphore; Protéine de soja; Ingestion volontaire; Truite arc-en-ciel; Digestibility; Excretion; Nitrogen; Phosphorus; Soy protein; Voluntary feed intake; Rainbow trout.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-871.pdf
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