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European bounty for taxonomists Naturalis
Fontaine, B.; Achterberg, C. van; Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A.; Araujo, R.; Asche, M.; Aspöck, H.; Aspöck, U.; Audisio, P.; Aukema, B.; Bailly, N.; Balsamo, M.; Bank, R.A.; Belfiore, C.; Bogdanowicz, W.; Boxshall, G.; Burckhardt, D.; Chylarecki, P.; Deharveng, L.; Dubois, A.; Enghoff, H.; Fochetti, R.; Fontaine, C.; Gargominy, O.; Gomez Lopez, M.S.; Goujet, D.; Harvey, M.S.; Heller, K.-G.; Helsdingen, Peter van; Hoch, H.; Jong, Y. de; Karsholt, O.; Los, W.; Magowski, W.; Massard, J.A.; McInnes, S.J.; Mendes, L.F.; Mey, E.; Michelsen, V.; Minelli, A.; Nieto Nafria, J.M.; Nieukerken, E.J. van; Pape, Th.; Prins, W. De; Ramos, M.; Ricci, C.; Roselaar, C.; Rota, E.; Segers, H.; Timm, T.; Tol, J. van; Bouchet, Ph..
Non-professional taxonomists have been responsible for describing more than half of the animal species discovered in Europe from 1998 to 2007 (see also Nature 467, 788; 2010). The extraordinary current rate of description of new species makes Europe an unexpected frontier for biodiversity exploration. The Fauna Europaea database (http://www.faunaeur.org), released in 2004, lists more than 125,000 European species of multicellular terrestrial and freshwater animals. More than 700 new species are described each year in Europe — four times the rate of two centuries ago. However, we have not yet reached saturation in the inventory of European fauna, and we cannot accurately estimate the total number of species living in the continent's ecosystems.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Amateur taxonomists; Citizen science; 42.70.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/364235
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Mecistocephalidae), with the description of a new species with unusually elongate denticles Naturalis
Bonato, L.; Minelli, A..
As a contribution to investigate the interspecific diversity in the large genus Mecistocephalus Newport, 1843 with respect to these centipedes’ predatorial role in soil tropical communities, we compared the patterns of maxillipede denticles in 32 species of the genus, and studied all published relevant information. All Mecistocephalus species share a conservative pattern of six distinct denticles on the mesal side of the four articles of each maxillipede. Current views on centipede phylogeny suggest that the basic pattern in Mecistocephalus originated from an ancestral array of fewer denticles, by addition of other denticles on the first and fourth articles of the maxillipede. These patterns are not affected by sexual dimorphism, and intraspecific...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Chilopoda; Functional morphology; Geophilomorpha; Maxillipede; Mecistocephalus; Mecistocephalus megalodon n. sp.; Predation; 42.74.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/315810
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New species in the Old World: Europe as a frontier in biodiversity exploration, a test bed for 21st century taxonomy Naturalis
Fontaine, B.; Achterberg, C. van; Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A.; Araujo, R.; Asche, M.; Aspöck, H.; Aspöck, U.; Audisio, P.; Aukema, B.; Bailly, N.; Balsamo, M.; Bank, R.A.; Belfiore, C.; Bogdanowicz, W.; Boxshall, G.; Burckhardt, D.; Chylarecki, P.; Deharveng, L.; Dubois, A.; Enghoff, H.; Fochetti, R.; Fontaine, C.; Gargominy, O.; Lopez, M.S.G.; Goujet, D.; Harvey, M.S.; Heller, K.-G.; Helsdingen, P. van; Hoch, H.; Jong, Y. de; Karsholt, O.; Los, W.; Magowski, W.; Massard, J.A.; McInnes, S.J.; Mendes, L.F.; Mey, E.; Michelsen, V.; Minelli, A.; Nafria, J.M.N.; Nieukerken, E.J. van; Pape, Th.; Prins, W. de; Ramos, M.; Ricci, C.; Roselaar, C.; Rota, E.; Segers, H.; Timm, T.; Tol, J. van; Bouchet, P..
The number of described species on the planet is about 1.9 million, with ca. 17,000 new species described annually, mostly from the tropics. However, taxonomy is usually described as a science in crisis, lacking manpower and funding, a politically acknowledged problem known as the Taxonomic Impediment. Using data from the Fauna Europaea database and the Zoological Record, we show that contrary to general belief, developed and heavily-studied parts of the world are important reservoirs of unknown species. In Europe, new species of multicellular terrestrial and freshwater animals are being discovered and named at an unprecedented rate: since the 1950s, more than 770 new species are on average described each year from Europe, which add to the 125,000...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Taxonomy; Biodiversity; Species; 42.48; 42.70.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/420238
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The phylogenetic position of Dinogeophilus and a new evolutionary framework for the smallest epimorphic centipedes (Chilopoda: Epimorpha) Naturalis
Bonato, L.; Minelli, A.; Drago, L.; Pereira, L.A..
The centipedes of the clade Epimorpha change slightly during post-embryonic growth but there is huge variation between species in the maximum body size. New specimens of the rarely collected Neotropical genus Dinogeophilus provide further evidence that this genus comprises the smallest species of the Epimorpha, with a recorded maximum length of 5.5 mm. Up to now Dinogeophilus has been invariantly classified in Geophilidae but different sources of evidence (examination by SEM, cladistic evaluation of morphology, similarity and phylogenetic analysis of molecular data) agree on a very different phylogenetic hypothesis: Dinogeophilus is actually a derived lineage of Schendylidae, only distantly related to Geophilidae, and possibly belong to a mainly...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Geophilidae; Miniaturization; Molecular phylogeny; Paedomorphosis; Schendylidae; 42.74.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/578403
Registros recuperados: 4
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