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ACTION PLAN FOR INNOVATION AND LEARNING. AGROECOLOGY AND ORGANICS IN EU INNOVATION POLICY Organic Eprints
Moeskops, Bram; Torremocha, Eva; Häring, A.M.; Padel, Susanne; Brunori, Gianluca; Micheloni, Cristina.
The EU has put innovation at the heart of its strategy for achieving smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. In comparison with earlier EU research policy, the focus has shifted from research for its own sake to innovation with tangible impact. Putting ideas into practice has become the central goal of Horizon 2020, the EU's Framework Programme for Research & Innovation for 2014-2020. This evolution also affects Europe's food and farming sector. Innovation support will be strengthened in the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Among the different measures that are foreseen in the CAP for 2014-2020 is the creation of a European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability (EIP) that should close the gap between research...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/24138/1/24138_Moeskops%20et%20al_MM.pdf
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D.2.4: Recommendations for a common European research agenda Organic Eprints
Spiegel, Ann-Kathrin; Fischinger, Stephanie; Padel, Susanne; Moeskops, Bram.
Organic farming is knowledge intensive and in supporting farmers in enhancing their production systems, there is a need to improve how knowledge is shared. This is the overall aim of the OK-Net Arable project. Work Package 2 of the project is concerned with facilitating the testing of practical and educational materials with farmer innovation groups to improve knowledge provision in this sector. The work package adopts an interactive multi-actor approach, bringing together practitioners from regional innovation groups with each other, and with advisers and scientists. The aim of this report is to give a brief overview of the most important topics in organic arable farming for a common European research agenda. It identifies topics and open questions...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/36332/1/D2.4_final%20%28002%29.pdf
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D.3.3: Collection of end-user material Organic Eprints
Micheloni, Cristina; Bortolussi, Stefano; Moeskops, Bram; Conder, Malgorzarta; Willer, Helga.
The main aim of OK-net Arable project is to make available tools that facilitate exchange of knowledge and promote co-production of knowledge relevant for farmers to help them improve organic arable cropping. This report is the main outcome of task 3.3 of the project. The goal of this task was to identify criteria for relevant end-user and education material, select the best materials among those already available and develop new material, based on state-of-the-art research results and best practices (deliverable D3.1) and the recommended methods and tools for knowledge exchange (deliverable D3.2) in each of the thematic areas important for organic arable farmers (soil quality & fertility, nutrient management, weed control, pest & disease control...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/36333/1/OK_Net_WP3_D3.3.pdf
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D.4.4: Plan for continuation of the knowledge platform Organic Eprints
Kata, Gócs; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Moeskops, Bram; Padel, Susanne; Micheloni, Cristina; Willer, Helga.
This deliverable is part work package 4 of the OK-Net Arable Horizon 2020 project, which started on 1 March 2015 and finished on 28 February 2018. The aim of OK-Net Arable is to promote and exchange knowledge among farmers, farm advisers and scientists with the objective to increase productivity and quality in organic arable cropping all over Europe. Within the 3-year project, a knowledge platform was created (farmknowledge.org) to provide access to a wide range of tools and resources, that can help to improve organic production. While, the platform was launched in October 2016, it was platform was continuously improved during the course of the project and tools were added until the end of the project. Setting up the farmknowledge platform was a success....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/36334/1/OK_Net_Arable_D4.4_17_May.pdf
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Exchanging knowledge to improve organic arable farming: An evaluation of knowledge exchange tools with farmer groups across Europe Organic Eprints
Bliss, Katie; Padel, Susanne; Cullen, Beth; Ducottet, Charline; Mullender, Samantha; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Moeskops, Bram.
Organic farming is knowledge intensive. To support farmers in improve yields and organic agriculture systems, there is a need to improve how knowledge is shared. There is an established culture of sharing ideas, successes and failures in farming. The internet and information technologies open-up new opportunities for knowledge exchange involving farmers, researchers, advisors and other practitioners. The OK-Net Arable brought together practitioners from regional Farmer Innovation Groups across Europe in a multi-actor project to explore how online knowledge exchange could be improved. Feedback from the groups was obtained for 36 'tools', defined as end-user materials, such as technical guides, videos on websites informing about practices in organic...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil tillage Education; Extension and communication Weed management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/32860/2/Bliss_Exchanging%20knowledge_32860.pdf
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LIVESEED boosting organic seed and plant breeding across Europe Organic Eprints
Messmer, Monika; Schäfer, Freya; Raaijmakers, Maaike; Rey, Frédéric; Chable, Véronique; Nuijten, Edwin; Lammerts van Bueren, Edith; Mendes-Moreira, Pedro; Bocci, Riccardo; Drexler, Dora; Padel, Susanne; Zanoli, Raffaele; Fuss, Alexandra; Moeskops, Bram.
The European project LIVESEED (www.liveseed.eu) is based on the concept that cultivars adapted to organic systems are key for realizing the full potential of organic agriculture in Europe. LIVESEED will help to establish a level playing field in the organic seed market across Europe, improve the competitiveness of the organic seed and breeding sector, and encourage greater use of organic seeds by farmers. LIVESEED will improve guidelines for cultivar testing and strategies for ensuring seed health. It will develop innovative breeding approaches suited to organic farming. Finally, it will investigate socio-economic aspects relating to the use and production of organic seed and their interaction with relevant (EU) regulations. The LIVESEED project (2017 –...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34841/1/messmer-etal-2018-DIVERSIFOOD-FinalCongress-France-BoA-p95.pdf
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OK-Net Arable online knowledge platform Organic Eprints
Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Jensen, Allan Leck; Jørgensen, Margit Styrbæk; Kristensen, Helene; Conder, Malgorzata; Micheloni, Cristina; Moeskops, Bram.
The complexity of organic farming requires farmers to have a very high level of knowledge and skills, but exchange on organic farming techniques remains limited. In order to increase productivity and quality in organic arable cropping in Europe, the thematic network OK-Net Arable under Horizon 2020 has the aim to improve the exchange of innovative and traditional knowledge among farmers, farm advisers and scientists. An online platform for knowledge exchange has been created, offering innovative education and end-user material as well as communication between stakeholders. A number of specific tools – providing information about how to put existing knowledge from research and practise into use – have been chosen. They are presented on the platform with the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Social aspects; Technology transfer; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32354/7/Rasmussen_OK-Net%20Arable_OWC_2017_pres.pdf
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OK-Net Arable online knowledge platform Organic Eprints
Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Jensen, Allan Leck; Jørgensen, Margit Styrbæk; Kristensen, Helene; Moeskops, Bram.
The complexity of organic farming requires farmers to have a very high level of knowledge and skills, but exchange on organic farming techniques remains limited. In order to increase productivity and quality in organic arable cropping in Europe, the thematic network OK-Net Arable under Horizon 2020 has the aim to improve the exchange of innovative and traditional knowledge among farmers, farm advisers and scientists. An online platform for knowledge exchange has been created, offering innovative education and end-user material as well as communication between stakeholders. A number of specific tools – providing information about how to put existing knowledge from research and practise into use – have been chosen. They are presented on the platform with the...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Social aspects; Technology transfer; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32524/1/OK-Net%20Arable_2017_Rasmussen_final%20conference%20%28002%29.pdf
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Organic in Europe: Prospects and Developments Organic Eprints
Willer, Helga; Meredith, Stephen; Moeskops, Bram; Busacca, Emanuele.
In 2016/2017 the European organic food and farming sector continued to excel both in terms of organic production and market growth as well as the latest developments in European Union (EU) food and farming policy. Data for 2016 shows the European organic food market recording significant growth – increasing by 11.4 percent (EU: 12.0 percent). At the same time, the organic sector faces a number of challenges, notably that the growth rates in organic production continue to lag behind the dynamic growth seen within the organic food market. In the public policy arena at the EU level, there are some opportunities for the organic sector to capitalise on the growing awareness and interest in tackling sustainability concerns in the agri-food sector amongst...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; European Union; Europe.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34673/1/willer-etal-europe-developments.pdf
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Organic Knowledge Network Arable - D.3.1 State-of-the-art research results and best practices Organic Eprints
Niggli, Urs; Schmidt, Jennifer; Watson, Christine; Kriipsalu, Mait; Shanskiy, Merrit; Barberi, Paolo; Kowalska, Jolanta; Schmitt, Annegret; Daniel, Claudia; Wenthe, Ulla; Conder, Malgorzarta; Wohlfahrt, Jens; Schild, Marion; Dierauer, Hansueli; Krauss, Maike; Moeskops, Bram; Padel, Susanne; Micheloni, Cristina; Constanzo, Ambrogio; Thonar, Cécile; Wilbois, Klaus-Peter.
In this deliverable of the Project OK-Net Arable project, the findings from peer-review research on the productivity of organic arable crops are reported. Then the conclusions and recommendations for five most important levers which can be used by the farmers are presented. Finally, the most important recommendations of the EIP-AGRI Focus Group on Organic Farming - Optimizing Arable Yields are summarized in order to put innovation on organic farms in its social context.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry; Soil.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30506/1/OK_Net_WP3_D31_final.pdf
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Policy brief on the organic approach to inputs – Plant protection products, fertilisers, veterinary drugs and feed additives explained Organic Eprints
Lang, Isabella; Tamm, Lucius; Speiser, Bernhard; Schärer, Hans-Jakob; Herforth-Rahmé, Joelle; Walkenhorst, Michael; Bünemann-König, Else; Maurer, Veronika; Moeskops, Bram; Busacca, Emanuele; Gall, Eric; Magid, Jakob; Schmitt, Annegret.
The plant and animal health care strategy in organic farming strengthensagro-biodiversity, protects the environment as well as animal and human health. In addition to fully exploiting preventive options, the use of external inputs such as plant protection products, fertilisers or veterinarymedicinal productsis allowed to prevent inacceptable losses in productivity or animal suffering. However, external inputs need to comply with organic standardsas well as European legislationand aretherefore carefully evaluated before any decision on acceptance is taken.Organic farming systems should aim at reducing dependency on off-farm fertilisers to the lowest feasable level to ensure closed nutrient cycles and avoid nutrient leakage and contamination. This policy...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Evaluation of inputs.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/36499/1/ifoameu_projects_relacs_policy_brief_on_organic_inputs_201909.pdf
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Scientific evidence on how organic food and farming contributes to sustainable food security Organic Eprints
de Porras Acuna, Miguel Angel; Niggli, Urs; Love, Nicola; Moeskops, Bram; Padel, Susanne; Schmutz, Ulrich; Lehejček, Jiří; Beck, Alexander; Müller, Adrian; Ulmer, Karin; Chable, Véronique; Levidow, Les; Mulvany, Patrick.
This briefing aims to summarise the most relevant recent scientific publications that critically assess the productivity and sustainability of organic farming methods. The rapid increase in the quantity of scientific literature on this topic reflects the growing importance of the sector as well as the need for accurate data and analysis to inform policy makers. There are currently 2.7 million organic-certified farmers (of which 350.000 are in Europe) who have committed to sustainable farming practices. Can organic food and farming be upscaled in order to contribute to sustainable food system and food security?
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Food security; Food quality and human health Produce chain management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/35006/1/dePorras-etal-2018-tporganics-briefing-evidence-of-the-performance-of-organic-farming.pdf
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Soil microbial communities and activities under intensive organic and conventional vegetable farming in West Java, Indonesia Organic Eprints
Moeskops, Bram; -, Sukristiyonubowo; Buchan, David; Sleutel, Steven; Herawaty, Lenita; Husen, Edi; Saraswati, Rasti; Setyorini, Diah; De Neve, Stefaan.
We compared the effect of organic and conventional farming practices on soil microbial dynamics in West Java, Indonesia. A secondary forest was included to obtain natural reference values. On the organic farms, soil fertility is maintained mainly with composted organic matter in contrast to conventional farmers who combine fresh manure and chemical fertilizers, and typically apply large amounts of pesticides. Parameters measured were dehydrogenase, β-glucosidase, acid phosphomonoesterase and β-glucosaminidase activity, microbial biomass C (MBC) and microbial community composition by phospholipid fatty acid analysis. A strong negative impact of intensive chemical fertilizer and pesticide use on soil enzyme activities was demonstrated. Dehydrogenase and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17041/1/17041.pdf
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Soil quality indicators for intensive vegetable production systems in Java, Indonesia Organic Eprints
Moeskops, Bram; Buchan, David; Sukristiyonubowo, -; De Neve, Stefaan; De Gusseme, Bart; Widowati, Ladiyani Retno; Setyorini, Diah; Sleutel, Steven.
We explored the value of ergosterol, phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiles and neutral lipid fatty acid (NLFA) 16:15c as soil quality indicators for the intensive systems of vegetable production in the humid tropical climate of West Java, by comparing organic and conventional management. Additionally, we measured dehydrogenase and -glucosidase activity. A secondary forest was included to obtain reference values under undisturbed conditions. Organic and conventional agriculture, and secondary forest each differed in the composition of the microbial community measured by PLFA profiles. Ergosterol appeared not to be universally applicable as a fungal biomarker and in this respect seemed to be inferior compared to PLFA fungal markers. NLFA 16:15c may...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/20417/1/Moeskops_et_al_2012.pdf
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Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for Organic Food and Farming Organic Eprints
Beck, Alexander; Cuoco, Eduardo; Häring, Anna Maria; Kahl, J.; Koopmans, Chris; Micheloni, Cristina; Moeskops, Bram; Niggli, Urs; Padel, Susanne; Rasmussen, Ilse A..
TP Organics is the European Technology Platform for organic food and farming, and for low-input agriculture. Established in 2008, it brings together small and medium-sized enterprises, larger companies, farmers, researchers, consumers and civil society organisations involved in the organic value chain from production, input and supply, to food processing, marketing and consumption. It identifies research and innovation needs and communicates them to policy-makers. The aim is to leverage the organic sector’s contribution to sustainable farming and food production. Since 2013, TP Organics is officially recognised by the European Commission as one of 40 European Technology Platforms (ETPs). TP Organics published its first Strategic Research Agenda in 2009....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Farming Systems; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/28777/1/2998.pdf
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Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda of TP Organics Organic Eprints
Moeskops, Bram.
Towards a new agenda: New policy framework 2014-2012 Research Vision and challenges for organic regulations.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Knowledge management; Regulation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28243/1/Moeskops-2015-StrategicResearchAgenda-biofach.pdf
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The European Innovation Partnership: opportunities for innovation in organic farming and agroecology Organic Eprints
Moeskops, Bram.
The European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability, or EIP-AGRI, is a new policy instrument for more stakeholder and demand-driven research & innovation in agriculture. It contains several elements that are supportive of organic farming and agroecological innovation. The organic sector, with its history of strong collaboration across disciplines and between researchers and producers, should take advantage of the opportunities the EIP-AGRI offers. This dossier is there to help the organic sector and the agroecological community understand the implementation of the EIP-AGRI. After a general introduction to the EIP-AGRI in the first chapter, the concepts behind the new approach to innovation are explained. The third...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Animal husbandry; Food systems; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/29868/1/ifoameu_research_eip_dossier_en_201402.pdf
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