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Registros recuperados: 41
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A CONSIDERATION OF THE DEVOLUTION OF FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY AgEcon
Gundersen, Craig; Kuhn, Betsey A.; Offutt, Susan E.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Diverse needs and preferences across the United States provide justification for the devolution, or decentralization, of many Federal Government programs to the State or local level. The move toward devolution, however, has not been evidenced in U.S. agricultural policy, despite significant differences across States in such areas as commodity production, production costs, income distribution, and opportunities for off-farm work. The existing structure of USDA funding and program delivery already reflects an appreciation of the gains from devolution, with some programs accommodating differences in State and regional preferences. This report considers the implications of devolving $22 billion in 2003 budget outlays, mostly for domestic commodity and natural...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Public policy; Devolution; Agricultural policy; Program delivery; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33923
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A REGIONAL COMPARISON OF FARM COSTS AND RETURNS AMONG TOP DAIRY PRODUCERS AgEcon
Kaiser, Harry M.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
The purpose of this paper is to compare costs and returns of the top dairy producers in the Upper Midwest to those in other major dairy regions of the U.S. The analysis is based on the 1989 Farm Costs and Returns Survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The top dairy farmers are defined in several ways, including: (1) highest returns to capital and management, (2) lowest total cash costs, and (3) highest milk marketings per cow.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13647
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Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets examines the potential role that land ownership might play in determining the agricultural sector’s involvement in carbon sequestration programs. By estimating the carbon sequestration potential of agricultural producers who own most of the land they operate, this report finds that land ownership should not be a constraining factor in agriculture’s ability to provide carbon offsets.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Keywords: Climate change; Carbon sequestration; Carbon offsets; Cap and trade programs; Farmland ownership; Tenure; Farming practices; Conservation practices; Conservation Reserve Program; Crops; Livestock; Environmental services; ERS; USDA; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58994
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Agri-Environmental Policy at the Crossroads: Guideposts on a Changing Landscape AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Hansen, LeRoy T.; Peters, Mark; Breneman, Vincent E.; Weinberg, Marca; Cattaneo, Andrea; Feather, Peter; Gadsby, Dwight M.; Hellerstein, Daniel; Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Johnston, Paul V.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Smith, Mark.
Agri-environmental policy is at a crossroads. Over the past 20 years, a wide range of policies addressing the environmental implications of agricultural production have been implemented at the Federal level. Those policies have played an important role in reducing soil erosion, protecting and restoring wetlands, and creating wildlife habitat. However, emerging agri-environmental issues, evolution of farm income support policies, and limits imposed by trade agreements may point toward a rethinking of agri-environmental policy. This report identifies the types of policy tools available and the design features that have improved the effectiveness of current programs. It provides an indepth analysis of one policy tool that may be an important component of a...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation programs; Environmental policy; Agricultural policy; Policy instruments; Agricultural program design; Soil erosion; Nitrogen runoff; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33983
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AN ANALYSIS OF TAX-DEFERRED RETIREMENT SAVINGS OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
The retiring farmer generally tries to balance the desire to keep the farm intact as a going concern with the need for a secure assets portfolio to finance retirement. This problem becomes more complex in situations where younger family members choose not to be active in the farm business. Tax-deferred savings are potentially an important component of a retirement plan and could represent a very substantial increase in tax-free assets for many individuals. This study examines the tax deferred retirement savings of farm households. The model is estimated using Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) 1999 farm-level national data and the Double-Hurdle estimation method. Results indicate that farm household's source of income, age of the farm operator,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22234
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An Economic Assessment of the 1999 Drought: Agricultural Impacts Are Severe Locally, but Limited Nationally AgEcon
Morehart, Mitchell J.; Gollehon, Noel R.; Dismukes, Robert; Breneman, Vincent E.; Heimlich, Ralph E..
While the 1999 drought has had severe financial impacts on agricultural producers in the drought regions, its impact on U.S. agricultural production has been limited. The drought will reduce commodity receipts relative to 1998 by an estimated $1.29 billion. Estimated farm net income losses, including expected yield losses, increases in expenses, and insurance indemnities, will total $1.35 billion, about 3 percent of expected 1999 U.S. net farm income. Drought impacts in areas of the Northeast designated as extreme and severe drought are expected to reduce farmers' net income by nearly $840 million. The regions affected, the crops grown in those regions, the increased use of irrigation, and crop insurance coverage limited the drought's impacts on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33655
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Balance Sheets for Household-Firms in Agriculture AgEcon
Morehart, Mitchell J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15720
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Broadband Internet Service Helping Create a Rural Digital Economy AgEcon
Stenberg, Peter L.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Cromartie, John.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124198
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Broadband Internet's Value for Rural America AgEcon
Stenberg, Peter L.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Cromartie, John; Breneman, Vincent E.; Brown, Dennis M..
As broadband—or high-speed—Internet use has spread, Internet applications requiring high transmission speeds have become an integral part of the “Information Economy,” raising concerns about those who lack broadband access. This report analyzes (1) rural broadband use by consumers, the community-at-large, and businesses; (2) rural broadband availability; and (3) broadband’s social and economic effects on rural areas. It also summarizes results from an ERS-sponsored workshop on rural broadband use, and other ERS-commissioned studies. In general, rural communities have less broadband Internet use than metro communities, with differing degrees of broadband availability across rural communities. Rural communities that had greater broadband Internet access had...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Internet; Broadband; High-speed Internet; Rural economies; Rural economic growth; Digital economy; Telemedicine; Rural; Urban; Census data; June Agricultural Survey; Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS); ERS; USDA; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55944
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Credit Access: Implications for Sole-Proprietor Household Production AgEcon
Briggeman, Brian C.; Towe, Charles A.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
The objective of this study is to explain the determinants of farm and non-farm sole proprietorship households access to credit as well as the extent their credit constraints impact their value of production. A propensity, kernel-based matching estimator was employed to provide unbiased estimates of the production impacts of being denied credit. Prior research efforts have used inferior methods, including the two-stage Heckman estimator deal with estimation issues (selection bias and endogeneity) inherent in determining impacts of credit access and use. Results suggest that credit constrained sole-proprietorships, farm and non-farm, have a significantly lower value of production, but this drop in production, when aggregated to a national level, is small.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm credit; Credit constraint; Debt; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9707
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DECOUPLED PAYMENTS IN A CHANGING POLICY SETTING AgEcon
Ahearn, Mary Clare; Collender, Robert N.; Diao, Xinshen; Harrington, David H.; Hoppe, Robert A.; Korb, Penelope J.; Makki, Shiva S.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Roberts, Michael J.; Roe, Terry L.; Somwaru, Agapi; Vandeveer, Monte; Westcott, Paul C.; Young, C. Edwin.
The studies in this report analyze the effects of decoupled payments in the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act on recipient households, and assess land, labor, risk management, and capital market conditions that can lead to links between decoupled payments and production choices. Each study contributes a different perspective to understanding the response of U.S. farm households and production to decoupled income transfers. Some use new microdata on farm households collected through USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), initiated in 1996, and its predecessor survey. These data are used to compare household and producer behavior and outcomes before and after the FAIR Act. Other studies use applied or conceptual models to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33981
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Determinants of Poverty among U.S. Farm Households AgEcon
El-Osta, Hisham S.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
This research uses data from the 2004 Agricultural Resource Management Survey and probit regression to examine the determinants of poverty among U.S. farm households. The findings reveal, among others, the importance of a livelihood strategy that combines participation in government programs and off-farm work in lowering poverty rates. Findings also show the importance of educational attainment of the farm operator in mitigating poverty, but only when poverty is measured on a relative rather than an absolute basis. Policy recommendations are provided in the context of these findings.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Composite measure of economic well-being; Government programs; Off-farm work; Poverty; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; J23; J24; D3; I21; I32; C81.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45037
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DISTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF U.S. FARM HOUSEHOLD INCOME AgEcon
Hopkins, Jeffrey W.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Expenditures; Farm safety net; Household income; Poverty; Stochastic dominance; Wealth; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36517
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Distributional Impact of U.S. Farm Commodity Programs: Accounting for Alternative Farm Household Typologies AgEcon
Somwaru, Agapi; Whitaker, James B.; Vogel, Stephen J.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Edmondson, William; Young, C. Edwin.
Agricultural households adjust to policy changes through market mechanisms by altering: their production mix, labor input, and on- and off-farm investments. Because of the significant heterogeneity among farms in the US agricultural sector, various types of farm households respond to the same policy change in significantly different ways. The parameters used to classify farm households into different typologies may also play a significant role in the interpretation of observed effects of policy changes. This paper, using a highly disaggregated U.S. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model, analyzes the distributional impacts of policy changes involving price-contingent government payments on alternative U.S. farm household typologies. We find that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9885
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ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND THEIR FARMING ESTABLISHMENTS AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33134
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ECONOMIC OUTLOOK FOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND THEIR FARMING ESTABLISHMENTS (PowerPoint Presentation) AgEcon
Mishra, Ashok K.; Morehart, Mitchell J.; Johnson, James D..
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33119
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ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE IN U.S. AGRICULTURAL POLICY: PAST PERFORMANCE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL AgEcon
Claassen, Roger; Breneman, Vincent E.; Bucholtz, Shawn; Cattaneo, Andrea; Johansson, Robert C.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Since 1985, U.S. agricultural producers have been required to practice soil conservation on highly erodible cropland and conserve wetlands as a condition of farm program eligibility. This report discusses the general characteristics of compliance incentives, evaluates their effectiveness in reducing erosion in the program's current form, and explores the potential for expanding the compliance approach to address nutrient runoff from crop production. While soil erosion has, in fact, been reduced on land subject to Conservation Compliance, erosion is also down on land not subject to Conservation Compliance, indicating the influence of other factors. Analysis to isolate the influence of Conservation Compliance incentives from other factors suggests that about...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Conservation compliance; Sodbuster; Swampbuster; Conservation policy; Agri-environmental policy; Nutrient management; Buffer practices; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34033
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FARM FINANCIAL PROSPECTS: WHAT'S AHEAD FOR FARM BUSINESSES BY TYPE AND REGION OF THE COUNTRY AgEcon
Ryan, James T.; Peacock, David; Johnson, James D.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33454
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FARM INCOME AND FINANCE: THE IMPORTANCE OF GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Morehart, Mitchell J.; Ryan, James T.; Green, Robert C..
Speech and PowerPoint Presentation
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33056
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FARM INCOME AND THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR'S CONTRIBUTION TO NATIONAL ECONOMIC OUTPUT AgEcon
Johnson, James D.; Morehart, Mitchell J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32856
Registros recuperados: 41
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