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Registros recuperados: 46
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A high load of non-neutral amino-acid polymorphisms explains high protein diversity despite moderate effective population size in a marine bivalve with sweepstakes reproduction ArchiMer
Harrang, Estelle; Lapegue, Sylvie; Morga, Benjamin; Bierne, Nicolas.
Marine bivalves show among the greatest allozyme diversity ever reported in Eukaryotes, putting them historically at the heart of the neutralist-selectionist controversy on the maintenance of genetic variation. Although it is now acknowledged that this high diversity is most probably a simple consequence of a large population size, convincing support for this explanation would require a rigorous assessment of the silent nucleotide diversity in natural populations of marine bivalves, which has not yet been done. This study investigated DNA sequence polymorphism in a set of 37 nuclear loci in wild samples of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis. Silent diversity was found to be only moderate (0.7%), and there was no departure from demographic equilibrium under the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nucleotide; Polymorphism; Marine bivalve; Deleterious; Mutations; Genetic load; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00125/23610/21444.pdf
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A study of autophagy in hemocytes of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Picot, Sandy; Morga, Benjamin; Faury, Nicole; Chollet, Bruno; Dégremont, Lionel; Travers, Marie-agnes; Renault, Tristan; Arzul, Isabelle.
Macroautophagy is a mechanism that is involved in various cellular processes, including cellular homeostasis and innate immunity. This pathway has been described in organisms ranging in complexity from yeasts to mammals, and recent results indicate that it occurs in the mantle of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. However, the autophagy pathway has never been explored in the hemocytes of C. gigas, which are the main effectors of its immune system and thus play a key role in the defence of the Pacific oyster against pathogens. To investigate autophagy in oyster hemocytes, tools currently used to monitor this mechanism in mammals, including flow cytometry, fluorescent microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, were adapted and applied to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagosome; Autophagy; Crassostrea gigas; Flow cytometry; Fluorescence microscopy; Hemocytes; Transmission electron microscopy.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00487/59905/63087.pdf
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Adsorption of norovirus and ostreid herpesvirus type 1 to polymer membranes for the development of passive samplers ArchiMer
Hubert, Francoise; Morga, Benjamin; Renault, Tristan; Le Guyader, Soizick.
Aims This study was performed to develop passive sampling methodology for the detection of two viruses in seawater in the area of shellfish production, The Norovirus (NoV), a human pathogen implicated in gastroenteritis outbreaks linked to oyster consumption and the ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) a virus associated with mass mortalities of Pacific oysters. Methods and Results Commercially membranes were tested for their capacity to adsorb virus: Zetapor, gauze, nylon, low density polyethylene (LDPE) and Polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). Laboratory exposures of membranes to contaminated water samples (stool, sewage, seawater) were performed. Our data shown that the amount of NoV GII genome per membrane measured with qRT-PCR increased with the time of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Norovirus; OsHV-1; Pacific oysters; Passive samplers; Seawater; Sewage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00365/47646/47670.pdf
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Antimicrobial Compounds from Eukaryotic Microalgae against Human Pathogens and Diseases in Aquaculture ArchiMer
Falaise, Charlotte; Francois, Cyrille; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Haure, Joel; Tremblay, Rejean; Turcotte, Francois; Pasetto, Pamela; Gastineau, Romain; Hardivillier, Yann; Leignel, Vincent; Mouget, Jean-luc.
The search for novel compounds of marine origin has increased in the last decades for their application in various areas such as pharmaceutical, human or animal nutrition, cosmetics or bioenergy. In this context of blue technology development, microalgae are of particular interest due to their immense biodiversity and their relatively simple growth needs. In this review, we discuss about the promising use of microalgae and microalgal compounds as sources of natural antibiotics against human pathogens but also about their potential to limit microbial infections in aquaculture. An alternative to conventional antibiotics is needed as the microbial resistance to these drugs is increasing in humans and animals. Furthermore, using natural antibiotics for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biological activity; Antimicrobial; Antibacterial; Antifungal; Antiviral; Biological activity; Haslea; Microalgae; Sustainable aquaculture.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00349/46052/45719.pdf
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Autophagy in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Moreau, Pierrick; Moreau, Kevin; Morga, Benjamin; Tourbiez, Delphine; Travers, Marie-agnes; Rubinsztein, David; Renault, Tristan.
Mass mortality outbreaks of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, are reported in different areas around the world affecting seriously the shellfish aquaculture sector. Two pathogens are associated with these mortality outbreaks, ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) and Vibrio aestuarianus. In this contexte, a better knowledge is needed in terms of oyster immunity. For this purpose, as an important degradation pathway autophagy was investigated in the Pacific oysters. An in silico research of genes involved in autophagy using the C. gigas genome allowed identification of homologs of ATG1 and ATG8/LC3(Microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3). Gene expression and protein detection were analysed using real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. ATG1 and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Autophagy; Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Vibrio aestuarianus.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00218/32876/31345.pdf
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Bilan 2015 du dispositif national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Lupo, Coralie; Osta Amigo, Axel; Fleury, Elodie; Robert, Stephane; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Baillon, Laury; Bechemin, Christian; Canier, Lydie; Chollet, Bruno; Dechamps, Lucie; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Francois, Cyrille; Godfrin, Yoann; Lapegue, Sylvie; Morga, Benjamin; Travers, Marie-agnes; Tourbiez, Delphine; Masson, Jean-claude; Verin, Francoise; Cordier, Remy; Gangnery, Aline; Louis, Wilfried; Mary, Charlotte; Normand, Julien; Penot, Julia; Cheve, Julien; Dagault, Francoise; Le Jolivet, Aurore; Le Gal, Dominique; Lebrun, Luc; Bellec, Gwenael; Bouget, Jean-francois; Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Palvadeau, Hubert; Grizon, James; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Pepin, Jean-francois; Seugnet, Jean-luc; D'Amico, Florence; Maurer, Daniele; Le Gall, Patrik; Mortreux, Serge; Baldi, Yoann; Orsoni, Valerie; Bouchoucha, Marc; Le Roy, Valerian; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Lamoureux, Alice.
Depuis 1992, la surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français est assurée par le réseau de Pathologie des Mollusques (Repamo). Ses activités s’inscrivent dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Depuis son évaluation par la plateforme nationale d’épidémiosurveillance en santé animale en 2012, l’objectif de surveillance est la détection précoce des infections dues à des organismes pathogènes exotiques et émergents affectant les mollusques marins sauvages et d’élevage. L’année 2015 est la première année de transition pour laquelle un début d’évolution des modalités de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins animées par l’Ifremer a été amorcé. Un dispositif hybride de surveillance a été mis en place, s’appuyant sur...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Mortalité; Maladie.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43486/42945.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae-induced mortalities in one-year old European flat oysters Ostrea edulis: experimental infection by cohabitation challenge ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Arzul, Isabelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Ferrand, Sylvie; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Beaumon, Andy; Boudry, Pierre; Morga, Benjamin; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Bonamiosis is a parasitic disease (causative agent: Bonamia ostreae) affecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, responsible for a drastic decline in its aquaculture production. Selective breeding programs for resistance to bonamiosis have been undertaken to counter this disease. In the present study, a 6-month cohabitation challenge experiment was performed in order to transmit the disease from wild oysters injected with the parasite to two tested families of oysters (20 and 8-month old at the beginning of the experiment, with different genetic backgrounds) originating from a selective breeding program developed by IFREMER in France. Mortalities were checked daily and ventricular heart smears were performed on dying or moribund oysters to detect the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Heart smear; Transmission; Cohabitation experiment; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4783.pdf
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Bonamia-ostreae induced mortalities in one-year old European flat oysters Ostrea edulis: experimental infection by cohabitation challenge ArchiMer
Lallias, Delphine; Arzul, Isabelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Ferrand, Sylvie; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Beaumont, Andrew; Boudry, Pierre; Morga, Benjamin; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Bonamiosis is a parasitic disease (causative agent: Bonamia ostreae) affecting the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis, responsible for a drastic decline in the aquaculture production of this oyster species. Therefore a selective breeding program for resistance to bonamiosis has been undertaken since 1985 bu Ifremer, leading to the production of several selected oyster families. In the present study, a 6-month cohabitation challenge experiment was performed in order to transmit the disease from wild oysters (injected with the parasite) to two tested families of oysters originating from the selective breeding program. Mortalities were checked daily, and ventricular heart smears were performed on dying or moribund oysters to detect the level of infection to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Heart smear; Transmission; Cohabitation experiment; Bonamia ostreae; Ostrea edulis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/acte-4535.pdf
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Cellular and molecular responses of haemocytes from Ostrea edulis during in vitro infection by the parasite Bonamia ostreae ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin; Renault, Tristan; Faury, Nicole; Chollet, Bruno; Arzul, Isabelle.
Bonamia ostreae is a protozoan, affiliated to the order Haplosporidia and to the phylum Cercozoa. This parasite is intracellular and infects haemocytes, cells notably involved in oyster defence mechanisms. Bonamiosis due to the parasite B. ostreae is a disease affecting the flat oyster, Ostrea edulis. The strategies used by protozoan parasites to circumvent host defence mechanisms remain largely unknown in marine bivalve molluscs. In the present work, in vitro experiments were carried out in order to study the interactions between haemocytes from O. edulis and purified parasite. B. ostreae. We monitored cellular and molecular responses of oyster haemocytes by light microscopy, flow cytometry and real-time PCR 1, 2, 4 and 8 h p.i. Light microscopy was used...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Protozoan; Ostrea edulis; Haemocytes; Real-time PCR; Flow cytometry; Super oxide dismutase.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00037/14874/18001.pdf
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Comparison of haemocytic parameters among flat oyster Ostrea edulis stocks with different susceptibility to bonamiosis and the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Comesana, Pilar; Casas, Sandra M.; Cao, Asuncion; Abollo, Elvira; Arzul, Isabelle; Morga, Benjamin; Villalba, Antonio.
Farming of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis in Europe is severely constrained by the protozoan Bonamia ostreae. The introduction of the resistant species Crassostrea gigas has been a relief for the farmers, while the pilot programmes to select O. edulis strains resistant to bonamiosis performed in various countries can be seen as a promising strategy to minimise the effects of bonamiosis. However, the physiological bases of this differential susceptibility remain unknown. A search for an explanation of the intra and interspecific differences in oyster susceptibility to bonamiosis was accomplished by comparing some immune parameters among various O. edulis stocks and C gigas. On December 2003, naive and Bonamia-relatively resistant flat oysters from Ireland....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostrea edulis; Crassostrea gigas; Bonamia ostreae; Haemocyte; Phagocytosis; Respiratory burst; Nitric oxide.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00074/18501/16092.pdf
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Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis confirms Ostreidae classification ArchiMer
Danic-tchaleu, Gwenaelle; Heurtebise, Serge; Morga, Benjamin; Lapegue, Sylvie.
Background Because of its typical architecture, inheritance and small size, mitochondrial (mt) DNA is widely used for phylogenetic studies. Gene order is generally conserved in most taxa although some groups show considerable variation. This is particularly true in the phylum Mollusca, especially in the Bivalvia. During the last few years, there have been significant increases in the number of complete mitochondrial sequences available. For bivalves, 35 complete mitochondrial genomes are now available in GenBank, a number that has more than doubled in the last three years, representing 6 families and 23 genera. In the current study, we determined the complete mtDNA sequence of Ostrea edulis, the European flat oyster. We present an analysis of features of...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00045/15628/13031.pdf
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Contribution of in Vivo Experimental Challenges to Understanding Flat Oyster Ostrea edulis Resistance to Bonamia ostreae ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin; Renault, Tristan; Faury, Nicole; Lerond, Sophie; Garcia, Celine; Chollet, Bruno; Joly, Jean-pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie; Harrang, Estelle; Arzul, Isabelle.
Bonamiosis due to the parasite Bonamia ostreae has been associated with massive mortality outbreaks in European flat oyster stocks in Europe. As eradication and treatment are not possible, the control of the disease mainly relies on transfer restriction. Moreover, selection has been applied to produce resistant flat oyster families, which present better survival and lower prevalence than non-selected oysters. In order to better understand the mechanisms involved in resistance to bonamiosis, cellular and molecular responses of 2 oyster groups (selected oysters and wild-type oysters) were analyzed in the context of experimental injection and cohabitation infections. Cellular responses including non-specific esterases detection, ROS production and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bonamia ostreae; Protozoan; Ostrea edulis; Resistance; Experimental infection; Haemocytes; Gene expression; Apoptosis.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00405/51665/52213.pdf
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Detection and description of a particular Ostreid herpesvirus 1 genotype associated with massive mortality outbreaks of Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, in France in 2008 ArchiMer
Segarra, Amelie; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Morga, Benjamin; Faury, Nicole; Renault, Tristan.
Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) infections have been reported around the world and are associated with high mortalities of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas). In the summer 2008, abnormal mortality rates ranging from 80% to 100% were reported in France and affected only Pacific oysters. Analyses of oyster samples collected during mortality outbreaks demonstrated a significant detection of OsHV-1 (75% of analysed batches), which appeared stronger than previous years. DNA sequencing based on C and IA regions was carried out on 28 batches of OsHV-1 infected Pacific oysters collected in 2008. Polymorphisms were described in both the C and IA regions and characterized a genotype of OsHV-1 not already reported and termed OsHV-1 μVar. A microsatellite zone...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Herpes virus; Oyster; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1 mu Var; Increased mortality; Microsatellites.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12260/9035.pdf
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Double résistance aux infections dues aux organismes pathogènes Vibrio aestuarianus et OsHV-1 chez l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas – DORE. Rapport scientifique final de l’étude DORE, convention DPMA-Ifremer 2016 ArchiMer
Degremont, Lionel; Maurouard, Elise; Godfrin, Yoann; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Lamy, Jean-baptiste; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah.
Depuis 2012, le nombre de cas de mortalités d’huîtres creuses adultes (Crassostrea gigas) rapportés dans le cadre des réseaux de surveillance de l’Ifremer, et dans lesquels la bactérie Vibrio aestuarianus a été isolée, a fortement augmenté. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient (1) d’étudier la sensibilité des huîtres C. gigas à une infection à V. aestuarianus pour des lots diploïdes et triploïdes et (2) déterminer la réponse à la sélection pour une meilleure résistance à V. aestuarianus pour des huîtres C. gigas. Neuf stocks ont été utilisés, répartis en trois niveaux de sélection, chacun étant donc répliqué par trois pontes. Pour chaque stock, un lot diploïde (2n), un lot triploïde (3n_chim) produit par la rétention d’un globule polaire, et trois lots...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Sélection; Résistance; Triploïdes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Selective breeding; Disease resistance Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Triploids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00404/51530/52140.pdf
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Effects of temperature and salinity on the survival of Bonamia ostreae, a parasite infecting flat oysters Ostrea edulis ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Bond, Celine; Chollet, Bruno; Morga, Benjamin; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Renault, Tristan.
Bonamiosis due to the intrahaemocytic protistan parasite Bonamia ostreae is a European endemic disease affecting the flat oyster Ostrea edulis. The parasite has been described in various ecosystems from estuaries to open sea, but no clear correlation has yet been demonstrated between disease development and environmental parameters. In this study, the effect of temperature and salinity on the survival of purified parasites maintained in vitro in seawater was investigated by flow cytometry. Purified parasites were incubated in various seawater media (artificial seawater, natural seawater, seabed borewater) at various temperatures (4, 15 and 25°C) and subjected to a range of salinities from 5 to 45 g l–1. Parasites were collected after 12, 24 and 48 h of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Salinity tolerance; Temperature tolerance; Cell viability; In vitro assays; Flow cytometry; Bonamia ostreae.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6443.pdf
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Effects of temperature and salinity on the survival of Bonamia ostreae parasite infecting falt oyster Ostrea edulis in sea water ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Bond, Celine; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Chollet, Bruno; Morga, Benjamin; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Renault, Tristan.
Bonamiosis due to the intrahaemocytic protistan parasite Bonamia ostreae is a European endemic disease affecting flat oysters Ostrea edulis. The parasite has been described in different ecosystems from estuaries to open sea and no clear correlations could be demonstrated between the development of the disease and environmental parameters such as temperature or salinity. The parasite life cycle, including its survival outside the host is not completely known. Nevertheless, the infection can be directly transmitted by cohabitation between infected and non infected oysters suggesting that the parasite does not need intermediate host to complete its cycle. In the present study, the impact of temperature and salinity on the survival of purified parasites...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Effects; Temperarature; Salinity; Bonamia ostreae; Parasite; Pathology; Flat oyster; Ostrea edulis; Oyster.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3375.pdf
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Episodes de mortalité massive de moules bleues observés en 2014 dans les Pertuis charentais ArchiMer
Bechemin, Christian; Soletchnik, Patrick; Polsenaere, Pierre; Le Moine, Olivier; Pernet, Fabrice; Protat, Martin; Fuhrmann, Marine; Quere, Claudie; Goulitquer, Sophie; Corporeau, Charlotte; Lapegue, Sylvie; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Garrigues, Manon; Garcia, Celine; Haffner, Philippe; Dubreuil, Christine; Faury, Nicole; Baillon, Laury; Baud, Jean-pierre; Renault, Tristan.
Mass mortality outbreaks (90-100%) in both juvenile and adult blue mussels were reported in 2014 along the Pertuis Charentais area of the French Atlantic coast. A series of studies were carried out to learn more about the phenomenon through detecting pathogens, describing environmental conditions and establishing the physiological status of the animals. Bacteria identif ied as belonging to the V. splendidus species were detected in dying mussels and seem able to cause mortality in blue mussels in the laboratory. Unusual environmental conditions (large amounts of fresh water, re-suspension of sediments during a series of storms, and a high renewal rate of specific water masses in Brittany’s Pertuis area) may be partially responsible for sparking the phenomen
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mortalités; Moules; Pertuis Charentais; Vibrio splendidus; Environnement; Mortality; Mussels; Pertuis Charentais; Vibrio splendidus; Environment.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42343/41682.pdf
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Etude des intéractions entre le parasite Bonamia ostreae et son hôte, huître plate Ostrea edulis in vitro ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Renault, Tristan.
Bonamiosis is a disease affecting the flat oyster Ostrea edulis and caused by the protozoa parasite Bonamia ostreae, which is affiliated to the haplosporidia order and the cercozoa phylum. This parasite is mainly intracellular, infecting haemocytes, circulating cells playing an important role in the oyster's defence mechanisms. Even though the parasite's cycle has not been completely understood yet, direct infection from infected oysters to healthy oysters is possible. This leads us to think that there is no intermediary host in the cycle. Very little data on the parasite's infection mechanisms or the host's defence mechanisms is available. In order to better comprehend the Bonamia ostreae / host interaction, some flat oyster's haemocytes have been put in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hémocytes; Ostrea edulis; Bonamia ostreae; Parasite; Huîtres.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3368.pdf
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Etude des intéractions entre le parasite Bonamia ostreae et son hôte, huître plate Ostrea edulis in vitro (Diaporama) ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Renault, Tristan.
Bonamiosis is a disease affecting the flat oyster Ostrea edulis and caused by the protozoa parasite Bonamia ostreae, which is affiliated to the haplosporidia order and the cercozoa phylum. This parasite is mainly intracellular, infecting haemocytes, circulating cells playing an important role in the oyster's defence mechanisms. Even though the parasite's cycle has not been completely understood yet, direct infection from infected oysters to healthy oysters is possible. This leads us to think that there is no intermediary host in the cycle. Very little data on the parasite's infection mechanisms or the host's defence mechanisms is available. In order to better comprehend the Bonamia ostreae / host interaction, some flat oyster's haemocytes have been put in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Intéraction; Hémocytes; Ostrea edulis; Bonamia ostreae; Parasitologie.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3366.pdf
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Etude des interactions entre l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et le parasite Bonamia ostreae en cytométrie en flux et en hybridation soustractive suppressive (SSH) ArchiMer
Morga, Benjamin.
The French ostreiculture history highlights the fragility of its production caused by stocks overexploitation and diseases. Particularly, the flat oyster production decreased a lot after the appearance of two parasitic diseases: marteilliose and bonamiose. The bonamiose is due to a parasite Bonamia ostreae. The study of interactions between the parasite and oysters hemocytes with flow cytometry allowed to identify modifications of hemocytes activities wh en active parasite is present. On the other hand, inactive parasite does not induce modification for the same hemocyte's activities. Finally, a new study approach, subtractive and suppressive hybridization, has been undertaken in order to identify genes expressed by hemocytes and parasites during in vitro...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Maladie; Bonamia ostrea; Interaction; Cytométrie en flux; SSH; Flat oyster; Ostrea edulis; Disease; Bonamia ostreae; Interaction; Flow cytometrY; Subtractive and suppressive hybridization.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00426/53790/54698.pdf
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