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Registros recuperados: 48
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Analyse des captures accidentelles de mammifères marins dans les pêcheries françaises aux filets fixes ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Gaudou, Olivier; Demaneche, Sebastien.
During the years 2008 to 2013 several observations of catches were planned on board of set netters fishing in the bay of Biscay, in the English Channel, in the North sea and in the Mediterranean area (around Corsica). All the observations were done on nets without pingers and they were pooled to provide an average bycatch rate of marine mammals by fleet. Estimates of annual bycatch by using the fishing efforts of the year 2012 were provided by fleet. Harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena was the most common bycatch in set nets. An average annual estimate of 600 harbour porpoises was obtained for the French fleet; other species recorded in set nets were mainly common dolphin Delphinus delphis, striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba and the two species of seals...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Bycatch; Marine mammals; Phocoena phocoena; Set nets; Trammel nets; Gill nets; EU regulation 812/2004.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00209/32016/30451.pdf
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Analyse quantitative et qualitative des captures de tourteaux Cancer pagurus par la flottille de Manche-ouest ArchiMer
Latrouite, Daniel; Morizur, Yvon.
French potters from « Manche ouest » harbours ish edible crab Cancer pagurus in English Channel, Iroise Sea and along north Biscay Bay shelf. Monthly landings of the offshore fleet analysed from logbooks for the period 1985-1987 indicate changes in fishing areas. The mean length of males, the mean length of females and the sex-ratio have been analysed by Principal Component Analysis in 1981-1987 samples. The heterogeneity between catches from different statistical rectangle (30 x 40 nautical miles) was great enough to deduce a way of raising composition from samples to total landings. It also offers the possibility to verifiy and correct declaration on geographical origin of landings.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biscay Bay; Catch composition; France; Western Channel; Sampling; Iroise; Edible crab; Cancer Pagurus; Fishing; Golfe de Gascogne; Iroise; Manche; Echantillonnage; Composition des captures; Tourteau.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/acte-1416.pdf
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Assessment of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.) stock delimitation in the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel based on mark-recapture and genetic data ArchiMer
Fritsch, Manon; Morizur, Yvon; Lambert, E; Bonhomme, Francois; Guinand, B.
Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fisheries are becoming increasingly abundant along eastern Atlantic coastlines, especially in the ICES sub-areas IV, VII and VIII, but they are still not being managed by the European Union TAC (Total Allowed Catches) system. Scientific information about these sea bass stocks is limited, but the fishery is currently managed or modelled based upon these data, separated into the ICES divisions. Clearly, failure to manage satisfactorily the fishery may lead to a decline in stocks. We therefore investigated the structure of Atlantic sea bass populations at eight microsatellite loci in the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel and, additionally, at five selected loci in Ireland and Scotland. Genetic data showed no significant...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Population structure; Microsatellite loci; Tagging; Mark recapture; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2401.pdf
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Bar codes in fisheries research: development of the "ichthyometer" ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Ogor, Andre; Lespagnol, Patrick.
A patent was registered in 1991 for using bar codes to make up fish measuring board. Collection of data such as the length of the captured fish and sometimes their ages are required in order to manage fishery resources. It is a time-consuming operation as this work is usually carried out throughout the year for each species. The computerization of this phase has been the subject of much research work. Electronic fish measuring boards have been developed in Scotland, Canada, and Spain but they have not spread for a number of reasons. Going beyond these developments, IFREMER designed a more efficient and new open-ended fish measuring system - the ichthyometer - which features higher flexibility by using the bar code principle
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1994/publication-2347.pdf
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Bilan de l’action ObsMer en 2010 ArchiMer
Peronnet, Isabelle; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Badts, Vincent; Dimeet, Joel; Dintheer, Christian; Fauconnet, Laurence; Gaudou, Olivier; Larnicol, Alain; Morizur, Yvon; Tetard, Alain.
En 2010 des moyens importants ont continué d’être consacrés à l’observation à la mer tant par la Direction des Pêches Maritimes et de l’Aquaculture (DPMA) que par l’Ifremer, en particulier pour le développement de l’outil informatique pour ce dernier. Les points positifs pour cette année sont la refonte du plan d’échantillonnage et des documents contractuels qui définissent les marchés d’observation, dans une perspective de contrats pluri-annuels ; cet allongement des contrats est un pas vers la stabilisation des observateurs, à même de garantir à terme une meilleure implantation sur le terrain et une meilleure collaboration avec les professionnels ; la mise en place d’une véritable collaboration entre la DPMA, les prestataires d’observation, et l’Ifremer...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14325/11606.pdf
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Bilan de l’action ObsMer en 2011 ArchiMer
Dimeet, Joel; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Badts, Vincent; Dintheer, Christian; Dube, Benoit; Fauconnet, Laurence; Gaudou, Olivier; Messannot, Cecile; Morizur, Yvon; Tetard, Alain.
En 2011 le programme d’observation a continué à mobiliser des ressources substantielles, et à perfectionner ses outils et produits : évolution et suivi du plan d’échantillonnage, numérisation des bordereaux de terrain, analyse des refus d’embarquements par les professionnels, et édition d’un document de restitution des observations à l’intention des professionnels. L’équipe a également poursuivi ses efforts d’accompagnement du développement de la base de données halieutique et des logiciels qui l’environnent. Il est regrettable que ces efforts ne soient pas terminés et que de nouvelles difficultés viennent toujours compliquer et retarder la livraison d’une base de données enfin opérationnelle. Les progrès dans l’utilisation des données d’observation à la...
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Ano: 2012
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Biological sampling of non-quota species. ArchiMer
Dunn, M. R.; Rogers, S. I.; Morizur, Yvon; Tetard, Alain; Aublet, B; Le Niliot, Ph; Miossec, Dominique.
The objective of this study was to develop an effective biological sampling programme for fish species in the English Channel (ICES Divisions Vild and Vile) which are not subject to quota management, and to prepare these data for use in multispecies, multi-fleet models being developed by the Channel Fisheries Study Group. Length and age data were coIlected for six non-quota species, and length data for a further five species. The samples were coIlected over a period of two years from important ports on the French and UK coasts. The exploitation patterns of each species were described by allocating catches from similar catching gears, regions, seasons and target species into common units referred to as métiers. The most important métiers in terms of landed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biological sampling; Commercial species; Exploitation; Fishery management.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41514/40722.pdf
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By-catch and Discarding in Pelagic Trawl Fisheries ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Tregenza, N; Heessen, H; Beerow, S; Pouvreau, Stephane.
Incidental mammal catch and the composition of the fish catch were studied in pelagic trawl fisheries in the North-East Atlantic. Several seasonal European fisheries were investigated with scientific observation on the fishing vessels. A total of 379 days at sea were observed . The sampled fisheries were horsemackerel (Dutch, French), herring (Irish), mackerel (UK), pilchard (UK , French) and other French fisheries (hake, tuna, bass, black bream, anchovy). Unintentional catches of dolphins were recorded in four of the investigated fisheries (Dutch horsemackerel, French tuna, French hake and French sea bass) at a rate of 1 dolphin per 100 tow hours; Grey seals were caught in the Irish herring fishery at a rate of 4 individuals per 100 tow hours. The fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Albacore; Bluefin tuna Bass Black bream Whiting Hake Anchovy Pilchard Mackerel Horsemackerel Seal Cetacean Incidental mammal catch Reasons for discarding Discards By catch Pelagic trawl.
Ano: 1996 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1996/rapport-1236.pdf
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Captures accidentelles de mammifères marins sur les filets calés en Manche : Observations réalisées dans le cadre de la première année de réalisation du projet FilManCet (Novembre 2008- Octobre 2009) ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Gaudou, Olivier; Miossec, Dominique; Leblond, Emilie; Toulhoat, Lucile; Gamblin, Caroline.
Up to now there has been no strong investigation on bycatch of marine mammals in the French set net fisheries of the English Channel (ICES areas VIIe,d &IVc) as the EC 812/2004 regulation does not oblige the state members to put observers on board of vessels in the ICES area VII. A study named FilManCet has been started end 2008-beginning 2009 to focus on the bycatch occurring on the set net vessels issued from Boulogne and Dunkerque ports (fisheries in VIId&IVc) and from the ports of North of Brittany. In this study which is conducted by the Fishing Industry, the data are made available to the scientists of Ifremer who has prepared also the sampling scheme for observation at sea. Two observers are employed full time in the North of France coasts...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00004/11524/8105.pdf
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Captures accidentelles françaises de mammifères marins sur les filets calés en Manche-mer du Nord et en zones Ciem VII. Observations réalisées durant les deux années du projet FilManCet ainsi que dans le cadre d’Obsmer ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Gaudou, Olivier; Miossec, Dominique; Toulhoat, Lucile; Gamblin, Caroline.
Up to now there has been no strong investigation on by-catch of marine mammals in the French set net fisheries of the English Channel (ICES areas VIIe,d & IVc) as the EC 812/2004 Regulation does not oblige the state members to put observers on board of vessels in the ICES area VII. A study named FilManCet has been started end 2008-beginning 2009 to focus on the by-catch occurring on the set net vessels (whatever the hull length is) issued from Boulogne and Dunkerque ports (fisheries in VIId&IVc) and also from several ports of North of Brittany. In this study which is conducted by the Fishing Industry, the data are made available to the scientists of Ifremer who has prepared also the sampling scheme for observation at sea. Two observers are employed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bycatch; Set nets; English Channel; Marine mammals; Harbour porpoise; Phocoena phocoena; Grey seal; Halichoerus grypus.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14666/11967.pdf
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Catalogue international des activités des flottilles de Manche, approche des interactions techniques ArchiMer
Tetard, A; Boon, M; Bennett, D; Berthou, Patrick; Bossy, S; Casey, J; De Clerck, R; Delpech, Jean-paul; Dintheer, C; Giret, M; Large, P; Latrouite, Daniel; Lemoine, Michel; Millner, R; Morizur, Yvon; Ozanne, S; Palmer, D; Pawson, M; Pickett, G; Vince, M.
This work is the result of collaboration between the English, French, Channel Isles and Belgian laboratories which are involved in a study of the English Channel. Its subject is the activities of fleets and fleet interactions, and it complements other work on the biogeographical identification of Channel fish and shellfish stocks (published), and on modelling the fleets' interactions as they exploit the resources (in preparation). The concept of a métier is defined as being the use of one fishing gear to catch one or several species targeted during a particular season in a given area. On this basis, 74 métiers were identified during 1989-90. For each métier we give a brief description of the catching gear, the target species and most usual by-catch, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisheries management; Fishing effort; Technical interactions; English Channel; Métier; Gestion des pêcheries; Distribution de l'effort de pêche; Interactions techniques; Manche; Métiers.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1993/rapport-704.pdf
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Comparaison de methodes de decomposition de distribution polymodales de frequences de longueurs en distributions unimodales successives (NORMSEP-MIX-Maximums successive maximums), application aux "bossus" (Pseudolithus elongatus ) du Congo ArchiMer
Le Guen, J.c; Morizur, Yvon.
Length measurements on Pseudotolithus elongatus ' samples from the Congo were recorded in the 60s. Subsamples were collected in order to be "aged" by otoliths' reading. The size frequency distributions were splitted into successive unimodal distributions by different methods. Their results were compared. The results obtained from the "successive maximums' method" were similar to those from the "otoliths' reading." The programs NORMSEP and MIX gave results far more difficult to interpret biologically speaking in spite of their mathematical quality. Because many length frequency distributions of a cohort are symmetrical in nature, we suggest applying the "successive maximums' method"if there is no evidence of normality
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Frequency analysis; Size distribution; Pseudotolithus elongatus; Sciaenidae; Pisces.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/rapport-2336.pdf
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Consequences des recents changements de maillage sur les rendements de la flotille langoustiniere lorientaise en Mer Celtique ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Charuau, Anatole.
Some trawlers from Lorient (France) are fishing for Nephrops at the North of 48th parallel. During the last years, the mesh size of their cod-end changed twice. It increased from 45 mm to 60 mm at the end of year 1978 and to 70 mm at the end of year 1979.'. Whereas the change to 60 mm seems to have no immediate- effect on Nephrops landings, the increase from 60 mm to 70 mm results in a loss in Nephrops landings of 30-40 %. That loss in Nephrops landings goes with an increase in some by-catches species as whiting, cod and hake.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ANE; Celtic Sea Nephrops Malacostraca Catch statistics Crustacean fisheries Yield Fishery management Mesh regulations.
Ano: 1981 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1981/acte-2345.pdf
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Contribution à l'évaluation et à l'évolution de la puissance de pêche des fileyeurs français ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Carn, Nolwenn.
En l'absence de données fines sur l'effort de pêche des fileyeurs, on prend couramment la journée de pêche comme unité d'effort. C'est le niveau disponible pour tous les bateaux. Lorsque l'on prend la journée de pêche comme unité d'effort dans le fileyage, l'on se réfère à une unité de temps qui comporte des opérations de levage et parfois de filage et de levage, et la puissance de pêche dépendra principalement des quantités de filets levés, la durée d'immersion étant un facteur peu variable dans une même pêcherie. Cette étude vise à étudier l'influence de ce facteur sur la puissance de pêche et à étudier le lien avec des paramètres physiques connus. Les analyses effectuées montrent que, pour les années 1996-97, les quantités de filets sont dépendantes de...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hake; Sole; Anglerfish; Spider crab; Length of nets; Evolution; Fishing power; Fishing effort; Fixed nets; Merlu; Baudroie; Sole; Araignée; Evolution; Puissance de pêche; Longueur des filets; Effort de pêche; Filets fixes.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/rapport-1243.pdf
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De l'interaction entre la peche et les mammiferes marins ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Antoine, Loic.
The exploitation of the living marine resources should take into account the effects on marine ecosystems. It consequently includes direct and indirect impacts of fishing activities on marine communities of non-market value for the fishing industry. Protecting the marine species victims of by-catch such as sea mammals is essential as it could be a serious threat for endangered species -See COM (1999) 363 final. The entire group of cetaceans are among the protected species listed by CITES against over-exploitation through international trade. Similarly, several international agreements on cetaceans conservation have been signed, including the Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (ASCOBANS), the ACCOBAMS agreement for...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Catche; Cetacean; Marine ecosystem; Fishing; Mammal; Marine living resources.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-1552.pdf
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Differentiation de juveniles de Chlamys varia et Chlamys opercularis ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon.
The recent developments in collecting techniques for spat of Chlamys operoularis and Chlamys varia make it necessary to find criteria for separating these two species at early life stages. Biométrie criteria for differenciating between species have been found to be usable on individuals of a height superior to 3 mm. A quick différenciation of smaller individuals is possible by observation, under light microscope, of the périostracum external morphology on left valves.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlamys; Aquaculture techniques; Juveniles.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1977/acte-2343.pdf
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Estimation de la mortalite pour quelques stocks de langoustine, Nephrops norvegicus ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon.
Total mortalities were determined in several Nephrops stocks according to two methods using length distributions with growth parameters : Beverton and holt's Method, end Ssentongo and Larkin's method. We applied these two formulae in conditions which differ from those in which they were established. Therefore validity of methods was certified by simulated length distributions. Apparent- natural mortality values of 0.2-0.3 were obtained from, length distributions of quasi-inexploited stocks. Real mortality differs from apparent mortality in effects of behaviour. Kodels used in Nephrops assessments are discussed.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ANE; Atlantic Nephrops norvegicus Malacostraca mathematical models growth length weight relationships stock assessment mortality.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/acte-2346.pdf
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Etude sur la pêcherie de langoustines de mer Celtique ArchiMer
Charuau, Anatole; Chesnier, Véronique; Conan, Gérard; Derennes, Marc; Destanque, Catherine; Guenole, Annie; Isifou, Amadou; Jezequel, Michèle; Miossec, Gilbert; Missaoui, Ichmi; Morizur, Yvon; Rivoalen, Jean-jacques.
Introduction : Since 1978, new measures to better manage lobster fisheries were implemented in the Celtic Sea within the context of Community regulations. Meshing, in particular, was set at 60mm, but many owners, in order to maintain sufficient leeway vis-à-vis the regulations and to avoid administrative hassles adopted at the outset fish meshing at 70mm, even 80mm. Certain habits aiming to compensate for the losses due to these increases were established: Adoption of better-performing trawls, increase in the secondary catch and enlargement of the fisheries. At the same time, especially because of strong demand from international bodies, OEM and especially EEC, knowledge about the lobster spread and more reliable assessments were achieved, the main problem...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stock assessment; Norway lobster; Celtic sea; Nephrops Norvegicus; Crustacea; Lobster fishery; Mer Celtique; Nephrops Norvegicus; Crustacea; Effort Peche; Sex Ratio; Capture; Relation Taille Poids; Maillage; Chalut; Gestion stock; Peche.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/rapport-2337.pdf
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Evaluation de la perte d'oeufs lors de l'incubation chez nephrops norvegicus (L.) dans la région Sud-Bretagne, France ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon.
Loss of eggs during the incubation period in ovigerous females of Nephrops norvegicus from the Bay of Biscay is calculated using two different methods. The first calculates the egg loss from incubation stage A to stage D. The second calculates the loss between the end of ovary maturation and incubation stage D. The first method may contain a bias which decreases the loss estimation : loss of eggs during trawling may be higher in stage A than in stage D. In the Bay of Biscay, the loss of eggs in ovigerous females of Nephrops norvegicus would be about 45-50% for the entire incubation period. Our result is quite different from the 75% obtained by other workers in Portuguese waters. Loss of eggs during incubation which may be due mainly to predation may be a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Histoire Ifremer.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1980/publication-5311.pdf
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Evolution de l'activite-des flottilles françaises en Mer d'Irlande et en Mer Celtique ArchiMer
Charuau, Anatole; Morizur, Yvon; Rivoalen, Jean-jacques.
Since 1978, the habits of the french fishermen working with bottom trawl in the Irish Sea and in the Celtic Sea were altered (CHARUAU et M0RIZUR, 198l) under the pressure of the new mesh regulation. Two facts are pointed out: - the shifting, stabilized during 1980 and 198l, of a part of the effort of the vessels fishing for gadoids, from the area VIIa to the areaVIIf - a tendancy inside the area VIIg of a part of the effort of the Nephrops trawlers to be transferred on benthic fishes when the yield of Nephrops is low.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Celtic sea; Fishing fleets; Irish sea.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/acte-2342.pdf
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