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ANALYSIS OF IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT POST FAST TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAMME. A CASE STUDY OF GOROMONZI DISTRICT, MASHONALAND EAST PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Nhundu, K.; Mushunje, Abbyssinia.
Irrigation development is a gateway to increased agricultural, water and land productivity, increased household and national food security. However, irrigation development has been a major challenge in many developing countries, including Zimbabwe. The launch of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) in 2003 ushered in new unskilled cadres and this was followed by a reduction in area developed for irrigation from 200,000ha to approximately 120,000ha. This was due to thefts, dilapidation, and vandalism of irrigation infrastructure. The government made efforts to develop and bring back the 200,000ha into operational, but little has been achieved. To assess irrigation development post FTLRP, a case study was done in Goromonzi District. Using a Trend...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Irrigation; Irrigation development; Funding; Productivity; Cost recovery; Viable; FTLRP; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97065
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Potential of Sorghum and Finger Millet to Enhance Household Food Security in Zimbabwe's Semi-arid Regions: A Review AgEcon
Mukarumbwa, P.; Mushunje, Abbyssinia.
Successive droughts, in Zimbabwe compounded by other economic shocks in recent years have resulted in decreased maize productivity amongst the communal farmers most of whom reside in regions IV and V which are considered semi-arid. This has given rise to the need to find alternative food crops, which may be suitable for these areas. Generally, research in the world indicates that sorghum and millet have the potential to end chronic food insecurity in semi-arid areas because of their drought tolerance. Whilst this might be the case, research, government policy and assistance from non-governmental organizations on food crop production in Zimbabwe have shown a continual inclination to maize production in semi-arid areas. However, maize is regarded as a high...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Semi-arid; Sorghum; Finger millet; Small grains; Food security; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96430
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Socio-economic Factors that Influence Households: Participation in Wetland Cultivation: A Binary Logistic Regression of Wetland Cultivators and Noncultivators AgEcon
Taruvinga, Amon; Mushunje, Abbyssinia.
Increased droughts in southern Africa have noticed some appreciation of the role that partial wetland cultivation can play to address household food security. This has also witnessed some indication of possible relaxation of wetland cultivation restrictive policies in Zimbabwe. However, the general perceptions of society towards wetland cultivation remain unclear and critically important for policy crafting before blanket recommendations are made. Using a Binary Logistic Regression Model seven predictor independent variables were regressed against a binary dependent variable of wetland cultivation status of households with the implicit goal of estimating socio-economic factors capable of influencing households` participation in wetland cultivation. Results...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Wetland Cultivation; Environmental Policy; Logistic Regression; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95967
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TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF RESETTLEMENT FARMERS OF ZIMBABWE AgEcon
Mushunje, Abbyssinia; Belete, Abenet; Fraser, Gavin C.G..
This paper examines the technical efficiency of the resettlement sector of the agricultural system in Zimbabwe. The land reform programme aims to redistribute land from large-scale commercial farmers to the small-scale peasantry sector so as to reduce rural poverty. Since such an agrarian reform could result in higher output, higher labour absorption, and a more equitable distribution of income, it is important to assess the level of efficiency of the beneficiaries of this programme. The stochastic frontier function model of the Cobb-Douglas type was used to determine the technical efficiency of a group of 44 cotton farmers from Mutanda resettlement scheme of Manicaland province. Technical inefficiency effects are estimated and are assumed to be a function...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19084
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