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Registros recuperados: 8
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Agricultural and Trade Policy Reform and Inequality: The Distributive Effects of Direct Payments to German Farmers under the EU's New Common Agricultural Policy AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union has been in a process of reform since the early 1990s. As a result of reforms, agricultural market regulations have become more liberal and direct payments have been introduced which are to a large extent decoupled from production. In this paper, we analyze the effects of the direct payments to farmers on inequality of profits in German agriculture. For this purpose, we decompose measures of absolute and relative inequality in total farm profits into the partial effects of the direct payments and all other profit determinants. Key results of the analysis are that the system of direct payments under the New CAP accounts for about one third of the observed inequality in family farms and for almost...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10289
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Decoupled Payments to EU Farmers, Production, and Trade: An Economic Analysis for Germany AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
After an extended process of reform the European Union has introduced direct payments to farmers which are decoupled from production decisions as a central element of its Common Agricultural Policy. They are also referred to as Single Farm Payments. In this paper we analyze the production and trade effects of this policy and its compatibility with WTO international trade rules. A survey of the literature suggests that the system of direct payments in its present form has effects which are analogous to a subsidization of agricultural land. Thus, they act to increase production and trade. Furthermore we quantify the total economic cost of production of selected commodities in the European Union and compare them to the price at which EU production is sold in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: European Union; Common Agricultural Policy; WTO rules; Decoupled payments; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59853
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Global agricultural market trends and their impacts on European Union agriculture AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
The economic, political and climatic conditions in which farmers around the world have to make their production and investment decisions are changing dramatically. This study analyses the driving forces of changes in agricultural world markets and their implications for European Union agriculture for the time period 2003/05 - 2013/15. The impacts on European Union agriculture are quantified using of a multi-market-model. The mega-trend of declining world market prices has ended. Since the turn of the millennium world market prices for agricultural goods have been increasing. This trend can be expected to continue. Not only will prices have a tendency to increase, but also fluctuations of agricultural world market prices are likely to be higher in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: World agriculture; Food security; Climate change; Agriculture productivity growth; Weltlandwirtschaft; Sicherung der Welternährung; Landwirtschaftliches Produktivitätswachstum; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6276
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Global agricultural market trends revisited: The roles of energy prices and biofuel production AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Global agricultural market; Trends energy prices; Biofuel production; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48596
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Social rate of return to plant breeding research in Germany AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Kirschke, Dieter; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Noleppa, Steffen.
This article focuses on the social rate of return to plant breeding investment in Germany between 1980-2000. Starting point of the analysis is the development of total factor productivity which is decomposed into the effects of factor input and research investment. Information on investment in plant breeding have been obtained via questionnaires sent to both private plant breeding companies and public research organizations. The empirical results suggest significant underinvestment in German plant breeding research, as the calculated social rate of return is in the range of 16 to 28%.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural research; Plant breeding investment; Social rate of return; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97449
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The Economics of Alternative Strategies for the Reduction of Food-borne Diseases in Developing Countries: The Case of Diarrhea in Rwanda AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Kirschke, Dieter; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Noleppa, Steffen.
The paper provides a methodology which is suitable for the analysis of the social cost of disease and the benefits and cost of health intervention by integrating public health analysis and economics. The approach developed in the paper is applied to food-borne diarrhea in Rwanda. The results suggest that simple treatments such as Oral Rehydration Therapy have a higher social rate of return than consumer protection via education.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Public health; Consumer protection; Social cost; Economics of food-borne diseases; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; I12; I18; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18830
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The Economics of Consumer Protection in Developing Countries' Food Economy: The Case of Diarrhea Prevention and Treatment in Rwanda AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Kirschke, Dieter; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Noleppa, Steffen.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25236
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The economics of reducing food-borne diseases in developing countries: the case of diarrhea in Rwanda AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Kirschke, Dieter; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Noleppa, Steffen.
The paper provides a methodology which is suitable for the analysis of the social cost of disease and the benefits and cost of health intervention by integrating public health analysis and economics. The approach developed in the paper is applied to food-borne diarrhea in Rwanda. The results suggest that both prevention and treatment are socially very profitable. However, simple treatments such as Oral Rehydration Therapy have a higher social rate of return than prevention.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public health; Consumer protection; Social cost; Economics of foodborne diseases; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97395
Registros recuperados: 8
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