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Registros recuperados: 7
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Deep silicon maxima in the stratified oligotrophic Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Crombet, Y.; Leblanc, K.; Queguiner, B.; Moutin, T.; Rimmelin, P.; Ras, J.; Claustre, H.; Leblond, N.; Oriol, L.; Pujo-pay, M..
The silicon biogeochemical cycle has been studied in the Mediterranean Sea during late summer/early autumn 1999 and summer 2008. The distribution of nutrients, particulate carbon and silicon, fucoxanthin (Fuco), and total chlorophyll-a (TChl-a) were investigated along an eastward gradient of oligotrophy during two cruises (PROSOPE and BOUM) encompassing the entire Mediterranean Sea during the stratified period. At both seasons, surface waters were depleted in nutrients and the nutriclines gradually deepened towards the East, the phosphacline being the deepest in the easternmost Levantine basin. Following the nutriclines, parallel deep maxima of biogenic silica (DSM), fucoxanthin (DFM) and TChl-a (DCM) were evidenced during both seasons with maximal...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24393/22421.pdf
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Distributions and stoichiometry of dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus in the iron-fertilized region near Kerguelen (Southern Ocean) ArchiMer
Blain, S.; Capparos, J.; Gueneugues, A.; Obernosterer, I.; Oriol, L..
During KEOPS2 (Kerguelen Ocean and Plateau Compared Study 2), we determined dissolved inorganic and organic nitrogen and phosphorus species in the naturally fertilized region of Kerguelen Island (Southern Ocean). Above 150 m, stations were clearly separated by the polar front (PF), with concentrations of NO3-, NO2- and PO43- overall lower north of the PF than south. Though less pronounced, a similar trend was detectable for dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP). At all stations offshore and above the plateau, a subsurface maximum of NH4+ was observed between 50 and 150 m. We examined nutrient stoichiometry by calculating the linear combination N* = [NO3-]-16 [PO43-]. The majority of stations and depths revealed N* close to...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00292/40343/38883.pdf
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Ecology of aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria along an oligotrophic gradient in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Lamy, D.; Jeanthon, C.; Cottrell, M. T.; Kirchman, D. L.; Van Wambeke, France; Ras, J.; Dahan, O.; Pujo-pay, M.; Oriol, L.; Bariat, L.; Catala, P.; Cornet-barthaux, V.; Lebaron, P..
Aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic (AAP) bacteria are photoheterotrophic prokaryotes able to use both light and organic substrates for energy production. They are widely distributed in coastal and oceanic environments and may contribute significantly to the carbon cycle in the upper ocean. To better understand questions regarding links between the ecology of these photoheterotrophic bacteria and the trophic status of water masses, we examined their horizontal and vertical distribution and the effects of nutrient additions on their growth along an oligotrophic gradient in the Mediterranean Sea. Concentrations of bacteriochlorophyll-a (BChl-a) and AAP bacterial abundance decreased from the western to the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea and were linked...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24398/22417.pdf
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Gradients in intact polar diacylglycerolipids across the Mediterranean Sea are related to phosphate availability ArchiMer
Popendorf, K. J.; Tanaka, T.; Pujo-pay, M.; Lagaria, A.; Courties, C.; Conan, Pascal; Oriol, L.; Sofen, L. E.; Moutin, T.; Van Mooy, B. A. S..
Intact polar membrane lipids compose a significant fraction of cellular material in plankton and their synthesis imposes a substantial constraint on planktonic nutrient requirements. As a part of the Biogeochemistry from the Oligotrophic to the Ultraoligotrophic Mediterranean (BOUM) cruise we examined the distribution of several classes of intact polar diacylglycerolipids (IP-DAGs) across the Mediterranean, and found that phospholipid concentration as a percent of total lipids correlated with phosphate concentration. In addition, the ratios of non-phosphorus lipids to phospholipids - sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) to phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and betaine lipids to phosphatidylcholine (PC) - were also found to increase from west to east across the...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24405/22410.pdf
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Integrated survey of elemental stoichiometry (C, N, P) from the western to eastern Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Pujo-pay, M.; Conan, Pascal; Oriol, L.; Cornet-barthaux, V.; Falco, C.; Ghiglione, J. -f.; Goyet, C.; Moutin, T.; Prieur, L..
This paper provides an extensive vertical and longitudinal description of the biogeochemistry along an East-West transect of 3000 km across the Mediterranean Sea during summer 2008 (BOUM cruise). During this period of strong stratification, the distribution of nutrients, particulate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nitrogen (DON) and phosphorus (DOP) were examined to produce a detailed spatial and vertically extended description of the elemental stoichiometry of the Mediterranean Sea. Surface waters were depleted in nutrients and the thickness of this depleted layer increased towards the East from about 10 m in the Gulf of Lion to more than 100 m in the Levantine basin, with the phosphacline deepening to a greater extent than that for corresponding...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24396/22409.pdf
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Lack of P-limitation of phytoplankton and heterotrophic prokaryotes in surface waters of three anticyclonic eddies in the stratified Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Tanaka, T.; Thingstad, T. F.; Christaki, U.; Colombet, J.; Cornet-barthaux, V.; Courties, C.; Grattepanche, J. -d.; Lagaria, A.; Nedoma, J.; Oriol, L.; Psarra, S.; Pujo-pay, M.; Van Wambeke, France.
We investigated the identity of the limiting nutrient of the pelagic microbial food web in the Mediterranean Sea using nutrient manipulated microcosms during summer 2008. Experiments were carried out with surface waters at the center of anticyclonic eddies in the Western Basin, the Ionian Basin, and the Levantine Basin. In situ, the ratio of N to P was always higher in both dissolved and particulate organic fractions compared to the Redfield ratio, suggesting a relative P-starvation. In each experiment, four different treatments in triplicates (addition of ammonium, phosphate, a combination of both, and the unamended control) were employed and chemical and biological parameters monitored throughout a 3-4 day incubation. Temporal changes of turnover time of...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24395/22406.pdf
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The effects of nutrient additions on particulate and dissolved primary production and metabolic state in surface waters of three Mediterranean eddies ArchiMer
Lagaria, A.; Psarra, S.; Lefevre, D.; Van Wambeke, France; Courties, C.; Pujo-pay, M.; Oriol, L.; Tanaka, T.; Christaki, U..
We examined the effects of nutrient additions on rates of (14)C-based particulate and dissolved primary production as well as O(2)-based metabolic rates in surface waters (8 m) of three anticyclonic eddies, located in the Western, Central and Eastern Mediterranean. Ship-board microcosm experiments employing additions of inorganic nitrogen (+N) and phosphorus (+P), alone and in combination (+NP), were conducted in June/July 2008 during the BOUM (Biogeochemistry from the Oligotrophic to the Ultra-oligotrophic Mediterranean) cruise. In all three experiments, particulate primary production was significantly stimulated by the additions of nitrogen (+N, +NP) while no effect was observed with the addition of phosphorus alone (+P). Percent extracellular release of...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24401/22418.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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