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Registros recuperados: 16
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Cellular responses of Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) gametes exposed in vitro to polystyrene nanoparticles ArchiMer
Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Tallec, Kevin; Le Goic, Nelly; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Suquet, Marc; Berchel, Mathieu; Paul-pont, Ika.
While the detection and quantification of nano-sized plastic in the environment remains a challenge, the growing number of polymer applications mean that we can expect an increase in the release of nanoplastics into the environment by indirect outputs. Today, very little is known about the impact of nano-sized plastics on marine organisms. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity of polystyrene nanoplastics (NPs) on oyster (Crassostrea gigas) gametes. Spermatozoa and oocytes were exposed to four NPs concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 100 mg L−1 for 1, 3 and 5 h. NPs coated with carboxylic (PS-COOH) and amine groups (PS-NH2) were used to determine how surface properties influence the effects of nanoplastics. Results demonstrated the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastics; Oysters; Gametes; Cellular responses.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55459/56976.pdf
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Colonization of polystyrene microparticles by Vibrio crassostreae: light and electron microscopic investigation ArchiMer
Foulon, Valentin; Le Roux, Frederique; Lambert, Christophe; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
Microplastics collected at sea harbour a high diversity of microorganisms including some Vibrio genus members, raising questions about the role of microplastics as a novel ecological niche for potentially pathogenic microorganisms. In the present study we investigated the adhesion dynamics of Vibrio crassostreae on polystyrene microparticles (micro-PS) using electronic and fluorescence microscopy techniques. Micro-PS were incubated with bacteria in different media (Zobell culture medium and artificial seawater) with or without natural marine aggregates. The highest percentage of colonised particles (38-100%) was observed in Zobell culture medium, which may be related to nutrient availability for production of pili and exopolysaccharide adhesion structures....
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00351/46210/45908.pdf
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Commentary: Plastic waste associated with disease on coral reefs ArchiMer
Bidegain, Gorka; Paul-pont, Ika.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Marine debris; Pathogen transmission; Microbial process; Marine disease.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00616/72782/72273.pdf
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Constraints and Priorities for Conducting Experimental Exposures of Marine Organisms to Microplastics ArchiMer
Paul-pont, Ika; Tallec, Kevin; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Vincent, Dorothee; Mazurais, David; Zambonino-infante, Jose-luis; Brotons, Guillaume; Lagarde, Fabienne; Fabioux, Caroline; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud.
Marine plastic pollution is a major environmental issue. Given their ubiquitous nature and small dimensions, ingestion of microplastic (MP) and nanoplastic (NP) particles and their subsequent impact on marine life are a growing concern worldwide. Transfers along the trophic chain, including possible translocation, for which the hazards are less understood, are also a major preoccupation. Effects of MP ingestion have been studied on animals through laboratory exposure, showing impacts on feeding activity, reserve depletion and inflammatory responses, with consequences for fitness, notably reproduction. However, most experimental studies have used doses of manufactured virgin microspheres that may not be environmentally realistic. As for most...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Nanoplastics; Experimental exposure; Impacts; Marine organisms; Physiology.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56088/57621.pdf
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Counting the dead to determine the source and transmission of the marine herpesvirus OsHV-1 in Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Whittington, Richard J.; Paul-pont, Ika; Evans, Olivia; Hick, Paul; Dhand, Navneet K..
Marine herpesviruses are responsible for epizootics in economically, ecologically and culturally significant taxa. The recent emergence of microvariants of Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas has resulted in socioeconomic losses in Europe, New Zealand and Australia however, there is no information on their origin or mode of transmission. These factors need to be understood because they influence the way the disease may be prevented and controlled. Mortality data obtained from experimental populations of C. gigas during natural epizootics of OsHV-1 disease in Australia were analysed qualitatively. In addition we compared actual mortality data with those from a Reed-Frost model of direct transmission and analysed incubation...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00438/54989/56412.pdf
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Do transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) affect the toxicity of nanoplastics on Chaetoceros neogracile? ArchiMer
González-fernández, Carmen; Toullec, Jordan; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goïc, Nelly; Seoane, Marta; Moriceau, Brivaela; Huvet, Arnaud; Berchel, Mathieu; Vincent, Dorothée; Courcot, Lucie; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
The potential presence of nanoplastics (NP) in aquatic environments represents a growing concern regarding their possible effects on aquatic organisms. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of polystyrene (PS) amino-modified particles (50  nm PSNH2) on the cellular and metabolic responses of the diatom Chaetoceros neogracile cultures at two essential phases of the growth cycle, i.e. exponential (division) and stationary (storage) phases. Both cultures were exposed for 4 days to low (0.05 μg mL−1) and high (5 μg mL−1) concentrations of PS-NH2. Exposure to NP impaired more drastically the major cellular and physiological parameters during exponential phase than during the stationary phase. Only an increase in ROS production was observed at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastics; Diatoms; Physiology; Transparent exopolymer particles.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00491/60235/63627.pdf
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Exposure of marine mussels Mytilus spp. to polystyrene microplastics: Toxicity and influence on fluoranthene bioaccumulation ArchiMer
Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Gonzalez Fernandez, Carmen; Hegaret, Helene; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, Nelly; Frere, Laura; Cassone, Anne-laure; Sussarellu, Rossana; Fabioux, Caroline; Guyomarch, Julien; Albentosa, Marina; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe.
The effects of polystyrene microbeads (micro-PS; mix of 2 and 6 μm; final concentration: 32 μg L−1) alone or in combination with fluoranthene (30 μg L−1) on marine mussels Mytilus spp. were investigated after 7 days of exposure and 7 days of depuration under controlled laboratory conditions. Overall, fluoranthene was mostly associated to algae Chaetoceros muelleri (partition coefficient Log Kp = 4.8) used as a food source for mussels during the experiment. When micro-PS were added in the system, a fraction of FLU transferred from the algae to the microbeads as suggested by the higher partition coefficient of micro-PS (Log Kp = 6.6), which confirmed a high affinity of fluoranthene for polystyrene microparticles. However, this did not lead to a modification...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Fluoranthene; Mussel; Depuration; Oxidative system.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00344/45502/45848.pdf
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Interactions between polystyrene microplastics and marine phytoplankton lead to species-specific hetero-aggregation ArchiMer
Long, Marc; Paul-pont, Ika; Hegaret, Helene; Moriceau, Brivaela; Lambert, Christophe; Huvet, Arnaud; Soudant, Philippe.
To understand the fate and impacts of microplastics (MP) in the marine ecosystems, it is essential to investigate their interactions with phytoplankton as these may affect MP bioavailability to marine organisms as well as their fate in the water column. However, the behaviour of MP with marine phytoplanktonic cells remains little studied and thus unpredictable. The present study assessed the potential for phytoplankton cells to form hetero-aggregates with small micro-polystyrene (micro-PS) particles depending on microalgal species and physiological status. A prymnesiophycea, Tisochrysis lutea, a dinoflagellate, Heterocapsa triquetra, and a diatom, Chaetoceros neogracile, were exposed to micro-PS (2 μm diameter; 3.96 μg L−1) during their growth culture...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Polystyrene; Microplastic; Aggregates; Microalgae; Marine; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50016/50735.pdf
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Microplastic bacterial communities in the Bay of Brest: Influence of polymer type and size ArchiMer
Frere, Laura; Maignien, Lois; Chalopin, Morgane; Huvet, Arnaud; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Morrison, Hilary; Kerninon, Sandrine; Cassone, Anne-laure; Lambert, Christophe; Reveillaud, Julie; Paul-pont, Ika.
Microplastics (<5 mm) exhibit intrinsic features such as density, hydrophobic surface, or high surface/volume ratio, that are known to promote microbial colonization and biofilm formation in marine ecosystems. Yet, a relatively low number of studies have investigated the nature of microplastic associated bacterial communities in coastal ecosystems and the potential factors influencing their composition and structure. Here, we characterized microplastics collected in the Bay of Brest by manual sorting followed by Raman spectroscopy and studied their associated bacterial assemblages using 16S amplicon high-throughput sequencing. Our methodology allowed discriminating polymer type (polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene) within small size ranges...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Microplastics; Coastal ecosystem; Metabarcoding; Vibrios.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00449/56082/57614.pdf
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Microplastics in seafood: Benchmark protocol for their extraction and characterization ArchiMer
Dehaut, Alexandre; Cassone, Anne-laure; Frere, Laura; Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Himber, Charlotte; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Riviere, Gilles; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Duflos, Guillaume; Paul-pont, Ika.
Pollution of the oceans by microplastics (<5 mm) represents a major environmental problem. To date, a limited number of studies have investigated the level of contamination of marine organisms collected in situ. For extraction and characterization of microplastics in biological samples, the crucial step is the identification of solvent(s) or chemical(s) that efficiently dissolve organic matter without degrading plastic polymers for their identification in a time and cost effective way. Most published papers, as well as OSPAR recommendations for the development of a common monitoring protocol for plastic particles in fish and shellfish at the European level, use protocols containing nitric acid to digest the biological tissues, despite reports of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Digestion; Method; Seafood products; Tissue; Plastic integrity.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00335/44582/44469.pdf
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Nanoplastics impaired oyster free living stages, gametes and embryos ArchiMer
Tallec, Kevin; Huvet, Arnaud; Di Poi, Carole; Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Lambert, Christophe; Petton, Bruno; Le Goic, Nelly; Berchel, Mathieu; Soudant, Philippe; Paul-pont, Ika.
In the marine environment, most bivalve species base their reproduction on external fertilization. Hence, gametes and young stages face many threats, including exposure to plastic wastes which represent more than 80% of the debris in the oceans. Recently, evidence has been produced on the presence of nanoplastics in oceans, thus motivating new studies of their impacts on marine life. Because no information is available about their environmental concentrations, we performed dose-response exposure experiments with polystyrene particles to assess the extent of micro/nanoplastic toxicity. Effects of polystyrene with different sizes and functionalization (plain 2-μm, 500-nm and 50-nm; COOH-50 nm and NH2-50 nm) were assessed on three key reproductive steps...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Embryos; Gametes; Microplastics; Nanoplastics.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00453/56419/58090.pdf
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Occurrence and effects of plastic additives on marine environments and organisms: A review ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Dehaut, Alexandre; Paul-pont, Ika; Lacroix, Camille; Jezequel, Ronan; Soudant, Philippe; Duflos, Guillaume.
Plastics debris, especially microplastics, have been found worldwide in all marine compartments. Much research has been carried out on adsorbed pollutants on plastic pieces and hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) associated with microplastics. However, only a few studies have focused on plastic additives. These chemicals are incorporated into plastics from which they can leach out as most of them are not chemically bound. As a consequence of plastic accumulation and fragmentation in oceans, plastic additives could represent an increasing ecotoxicological risk for marine organisms. The present work reviewed the main class of plastic additives identified in the literature, their occurrence in the marine environment, as well as their effects on and transfers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastics; Plastic additives; Bisphenol A; Phthalates; Brominated flame retardant.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50227/51394.pdf
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Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics ArchiMer
Sussarellu, Rossana; Suquet, Marc; Thomas, Yoann; Lambert, Christophe; Fabioux, Caroline; Pernet, Marie Eve Julie; Le Goic, Nelly; Quillien, Virgile; Mingant, Christian; Epelboin, Yanouk; Corporeau, Charlotte; Guyomarch, Julien; Robbens, Johan; Paul-pont, Ika; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud.
Plastics are persistent synthetic polymers that accumulate as waste in the marine environment. Microplastic (MP) particles are derived from the breakdown of larger debris or can enter the environment as microscopic fragments. Because filter-feeder organisms ingest MP while feeding, they are likely to be impacted by MP pollution. To assess the impact of polystyrene microspheres (micro-PS) on the physiology of the Pacific oyster, adult oysters were experimentally exposed to virgin micro-PS (2 and 6 µm in diameter; 0.023 mg·L−1) for 2 mo during a reproductive cycle. Effects were investigated on ecophysiological parameters; cellular, transcriptomic, and proteomic responses; fecundity; and offspring development. Oysters preferentially ingested the 6-µm micro-PS...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Reproduction; Energy allocation; Oyster.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00311/42233/41600.pdf
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Polystyrene microbeads modulate the energy metabolism of the marine diatom Chaetoceros neogracile ArchiMer
Seoane, Marta; González-fernández, Carmen; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Esperanza, Marta; Cid, Ángeles; Paul-pont, Ika.
Due to the growing concern about the presence of microplastics (MP) in the environment, the number of studies evaluating the toxicity of these small persistent particles on different marine species has increased in recent years. Few studies have addressed their impact on marine phytoplankton, a subject of great concern since they are primary producers of the aquatic food web. The aim of this study is to unravel the cytotoxicity of 2.5 μg mL−1 unlabelled amino-modified polystyrene beads of different sizes (0.5 and 2 μm) on the marine diatom Chaetoceros neogracile. In addition to traditional growth and photosynthesis endpoints, several physiological and biochemical parameters were monitored every 24 h in C. neogracile cells by flow cytometry during their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Microplastic; Flow cytometry; Cytotoxicity; Scanning electron microscopy.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00492/60415/63850.pdf
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Reply to Lenz et al.: Quantifying the smallest microplastics is the challenge for a comprehensive view of their environmental impacts ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Paul-pont, Ika; Fabioux, Caroline; Lambert, Christophe; Suquet, Marc; Thomas, Yoann; Robbens, Johan; Soudant, Philippe; Sussarellu, Rossana.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45604/45224.pdf
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Surface functionalization determines behavior of nanoplastic solutions in model aquatic environments ArchiMer
Tallec, Kevin; Blard, Océane; González-fernández, Carmen; Brotons, Guillaume; Berchel, Mathieu; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Paul-pont, Ika.
Plastic debris are classified as a function of their size and recently a new class was proposed, the nanoplastics. Nano-sized plastics have a much greater surface area to volume ratio than larger particles, which increases their reactivity in aquatic environment, making them potentially more toxic. Only little information is available about their behavior whereas it crucially influences their toxicity. Here, we used dynamic light scattering (DLS) to explore the influence of environmental factors (fresh- and saltwater, dissolved organic matter) on the behavior (surface charge and aggregation state) of three different nano-polystyrene beads (50 nm), with (i) no surface functionalization (plain), (ii) a carboxylic or (iii) an amine functionalization. Overall,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastic; Dynamic light scattering; Behavior; Aggregation; Salinity; Organic matter.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59652/62684.pdf
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