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Assessment of Genetic Variability of Fish Personality Traits using Rainbow Trout Isogenic Lines ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Pean, Samuel; Labbe, Laurent; Kerneis, Thierry; Quillet, Edwige; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Begout, Marie-laure.
The study of inter-individual variability of personality in fish is a growing field of interest but the genetic basis of this complex trait is still poorly investigated due to the difficulty in controlling fish genetic origin and life history. When available, isogenic lines that allow performing independent tests on different individuals having identical genotype constitute a very relevant experimental material to disentangle the genetic and environmental components of behavioural individuality. We took advantage of heterozygous isogenic lines to investigate the personality in rainbow trout through the analysis of their reactions to different experimental situations. To this end, seven to ten rainbow trout isogenic lines were screened for their spatial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Personality; Isogenic lines; Genetic variability; Risk taking; Spatial exploration; Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00194/30496/29976.pdf
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Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Pean, Samuel; Lucas, Gael; Blanc, Nancy; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Behavioural studies comparing hatchery and wild-caught fish are useful to improve selection for aquaculture and restocking programmes. We examined swimming behaviour characteristics in wild captured and domesticated sea bass juveniles before and after eliciting a startle response at 8 different ages and always on naive individuals. We specifically investigated whether domestication impacts juvenile sea bass behaviour and whether the first months of captivity induce behavioural modifications in wild juveniles. An apparatus was designed to mimic a predator attack by presenting a sudden visual and mechanical stimuli simultaneously in 8 arenas where single individuals were placed and video recorded. The reactivity response was evaluated and different swimming...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Domestication; Swimming activity; Restocking; Selection; Coping styles.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00102/21363/19403.pdf
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Effect of fasting on self-feeding activity in juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Begout, Marie-laure; Pean, Samuel; Brisset, Blandine; Leguay, Didier; Chatain, Beatrice.
In various experiments under self-feeding conditions, sea bass groups could be divided into three categories regarding feeder actuation: high, low and zero-triggering fish. In all cases few high-triggering fish were responsible for a high percentage of the feed delivery. A question was raised about the role played by feeding motivation in such high-triggering status acquisition. It was approached by applying a 3-week fasting period in order to induce similar negative specific growth rate (SGR) in two groups of fish of similar mean weight but with either a low or a high coefficient of variation for weight (CVw)(T-low: CVw similar to 11%, 3 tanks of 60 fish each; T-high: CVw similar to 20%, 3 tanks of 60 fish each). These groups were created to test the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Personality; Plasticity; Feeding-behaviour; Self-feeder; Social structure.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00069/18004/15672.pdf
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Effect of size grading on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juvenile self- feeding behaviour, social structure and culture performance ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Pean, Samuel; Brisset, Blandine; Leguay, Didier; Begout, Marie-laure; Chatain, Beatrice.
This study aims to test the influence of size grading on self-feeding behaviour, social structure (measured by the percentage of triggering acts per individual), growth performances, and blood physiological variables of individually passive integrated transponder (PIT)-tagged sea bass juveniles, using a computerized on-demand feeding system coupled with a PIT tag monitoring device. Three consecutive periods of 27 days each were compared: a first period (P1) before grading (6 tanks of 100 fish; 40.2 +/- 8.9 g) followed by a second period (P2) after grading. The protocol applied aimed to create two groups of fish of similar mean weight but with either a low or a high coefficient of variation of weight (CV(w)) corresponding to an imposed difference in social...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feeding behaviour; Self feeder; Triggering activity; Heterogeneity; Growth; Grading.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16858/14340.pdf
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Electronic individual identification of zebrafish using radio frequency identification (RFID) microtags ArchiMer
Cousin, Xavier; Daouk, Tarek; Pean, Samuel; Lyphout, Laura; Schwartz, Marie-elise; Begout, Marie-laure.
Although individual electronic tagging using passive integrated acoustic (PIT) tags is established, it is mainly for fish >60. mm in length and is unsuitable for fish of <30. mm, like zebrafish. We used radio frequency identification (RFID) microtags (1 mm in diameter and 6 mm in length, with a mass of similar to 10 mg) to individually identify juvenile zebrafish (length 16-42 mm, mass 138-776 mg) for the first time, and studied the effects of intracoelomic implantation on fish survival and microtag loss, growth, spawning and exploratory behaviour. After 5.5 months, both high survival (82%) and low microtag loss (11%) were achieved. The smallest surviving fish weighed 178 mg, and success in microtag reading was 73% for the size class 350-450 mg (26...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Effects; Fish; Marking.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00089/20066/17835.pdf
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Evaluation of behavioral changes induced by a first step of domestication or selection for growth in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): A self-feeding approach under repeated acute stress ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Pean, Samuel; Leguay, Didier; Vergnet, Alain; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Among other strategies to improve fish welfare in rearing environment, domestication and/or selective breeding was proposed to minimize fish responsiveness to husbandry practices. To verify this hypothesis on a recently domesticated specie, the sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, L., an experiment was realized, using four populations differing according to their level of domestication or selection: one population produced from wild parents (Wild), one population produced from parents domesticated for one generation (Domesticated) and two produced from parents selected for growth for one generation (Selected A and Selected B). The experiment was carried out over 91 days with 600 fish (50 fish per tank, 150 fish per population). After a control period, the fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed intake; Feeding rhythm; Specific growth rate; Adaptation capacities; Welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12254/9030.pdf
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Impact of a plant-based diet on behavioural and physiological traits in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Benhaim, David; Begout, Marie-laure; Pean, Samuel; Manca, Michael; Prunet, Patrick; Chatain, Beatrice.
Replacing aquaculture feeds based on fisheries-derived resources with plant-based diets could be a relevant strategy to improve the sustainability of aquaculture. Recent studies on sea bass have shown that the total and early replacement of marine products by plant products would have a moderate effect on fish growth and body lipid content. Whether a plant-based diet impacts behavioural and physiological traits possibly linked to fish welfare, is not known, however. Here, we studied the effect of a totally plant-based diet introduced at an early stage of sea bass development on self-feeding behaviour, learning ability in a T-maze and stress biomarkers. We first compared learning processes in self-feeding conditions, between naive fish fed a plant-based...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Self-feeder; Plant-based diet; Learning; Exploratory behaviour; Cortisol; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26309/24381.pdf
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Long-term dietary-exposure to non-coplanar PCBs induces behavioral disruptions in adult zebrafish and their offspring ArchiMer
Pean, Samuel; Daouk, Tarek; Vignet, Caroline; Lyphout, Laura; Leguay, Didier; Loizeau, Veronique; Begout, Marie-laure; Cousin, Xavier.
The use of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has been banned for several decades. PCBs have a long biological half-life and high liposolubility which leads to their bioaccumulation and biomagnification through food chains over a wide range of trophic levels. Exposure can lead to changes in animal physiology and behavior and has been demonstrated in both experimental and field analyses. There are also potential risks to high trophic level predators, including humans. A maternal transfer has been demonstrated in fish as PCBs bind to lipids in eggs. In this study, behavioral traits (exploration and free swimming, with or without challenges) of contaminated zebrafish (Danio rerio) adults and their offspring (both as five-day-old larvae and as two-month-old fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Exploration; Swimming activity; Organic pollutant effects; Generation; Video analysis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27799/26068.pdf
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Self-feeding behavior changes induced by a first and a second generation of domestication or selection for growth in the European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Pean, Samuel; Chatain, Beatrice; Begout, Marie-laure.
Among the strategies that can be used to improve fish welfare in a rearing environment, domestication and/or selective breeding was proposed to minimize fish responsiveness to husbandry practices. To verify this hypothesis on a recently domesticated species, the sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax, two experiments were realized, each using two populations differing according to their level of domestication or selection. For the first experiment, we used one population produced from wild parents (Wild; initial body mass: 106 +/- 3 g), and one population from parents selected for growth for one generation (Selected 1; initial body mass: 129 +/- 4 g). For the second experiment, we used one population produced from parents domesticated for two generations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feed intake; Feeding rhythm; Specific growth rate; Adaptation capacities; Fish welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14604/11924.pdf
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Systematic Screening of Behavioral Responses in Two Zebrafish Strains ArchiMer
Vignet, Caroline; Begout, Marie-laure; Pean, Samuel; Lyphout, Laura; Leguay, Didier; Cousin, Xavier.
Wild-type (WT) zebrafish are commonly used in behavioral tests, but the term WT is not a precise description, and corresponds to many different strains (e.g., AB, TU, WIK, and others). Previous studies compared the physiological, behavioral, or metabolic characteristics of different zebrafish strains (indigenous WT populations versus laboratory WT strains). AB and TU are widely used, but at least one study has demonstrated behavioral differences between them. To choose the most appropriate strain for our experiments, we systematically screened behavioral responses of AB and TU fish in several assays. We analyzed the locomotion activity and responses to a light/dark challenge in adults and larvae, and exploratory behavior and color conditioning in adults....
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00172/28311/26606.pdf
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