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Registros recuperados: 16
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Agri-environmental schemes in the European Union: the role of ex ante costs AgEcon
Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Polman, Nico B.P..
The purpose of this paper is to analyse land allocation between competing agri-environmental contracts taking into account institutional issues and farm household and farm characteristics. We consider a Biodiversity Protection Contract, Landscape Management Contract and a Restriction on Intensive Practises Contract. The paper shows that it is important to study the choice for an agrienvironmental contract in combination with the choice for other agri-environmental contracts. The reasons being that a unit of land can only be allocated to one contract (although a farm can select more than one contract) and perceived relative marginal costs of contracts can change if institutional settings and farm household and farm characteristics alter. The model uses a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental contracts; Transaction costs; Contract choice; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6698
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Changing governance in the EU milk supply chain AgEcon
Krol, Noortje; Polman, Nico B.P.; Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Nikolov, Dimitre.
With the 2008 EU’s CAP reform the governance of the EU’s dairy sector changes. This paper focuses on governance structures between dairy farms and milk processors. To get insight in regional differences within the EU, a literature research and interviews are conducted in three case study areas, namely: the Netherlands, Bulgaria and France. Results show that in these countries both farmers and processors have incentives to form hybrid governance structures with a higher level of control compared to the current structures. Most dairy cooperatives have no additional advantage in managing milk quality and milk supply compared to investor owned firms. Chain integration could go a step further in Bulgaria compared to the Netherlands and France given the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Markets; Marketing; Governance and Cooperatives; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90810
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Economic and environmental effects of an EU flat rate for the Dutch agricultural sector AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
The objective of this research is to give insights into the production, income and environmental effects of the introduction of an EU flat rate for Dutch agriculture. For this purpose, a detailed agri-environmental programming model for Dutch agriculture is used. Results of the EU flat rate scenario are compared to a reference scenario that describes agricultural production in the Netherlands in 2020. Results show that total gross margin in Dutch agriculture decreases because of the EU flat rate with 7%. The supply of starch potatoes and cow milk decreases most. Production of seed and consumption potatoes, vegetables and intensive livestock products increases slightly. This is largely due to a shift of farm payments from milk and starch potatoes...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: EU flat rate; Mathematical programming; Income volatility; Agricultural and Food Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Q1; D8.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122481
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EFFECTS OF EU DAIRY POLICY REFORM FOR DUTCH AGRICULTURE AND ECONOMY: APPLYING AN AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMMING/MIXED INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
A modelling system is presented and used to analyse the effects of EU dairy policy reform (Agenda 2000 and milk quota abolition with and without decoupled direct income payments) on Dutch agriculture and economy. The modelling system consists of a regionalised, agri-environmental, partial equilibrium, mathematical programming model of agriculture supply in the Netherlands integrated into a mixed input-output model. It was e.g. found that decoupling of direct income payments gives an extra stimulus to milk production after milk quota abolition. However, the increase in milk production is restricted by nutrient and manure policies in the Netherlands. It is also found that, although the total effect on Dutch GDP is limited, the income effects for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25815
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Effects of volatile output prices on agricultural land-use change AgEcon
Boere, Esther; Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Reinhard, Stijn; Kuhlman, Tom; Heijman, Wim J.M..
Volatile output prices lead to a fluctuating shadow price (profitability) of agricultural land, and therefore may impact land use decisions in case of risk-averse behaviour. In this paper we assess the effect of volatile agricultural output prices on agricultural land-use change over the past decade in the Netherlands. Using regional data from 2000 through 2009, the number of hectares of land for 10 land uses was calculated. To determine the joint distribution of agricultural activities, hectares of land for each land use were converted to land share equations. Land share equations were estimated to determine the contribution of increased price volatility to land use change. Results show that larger volatility affects land shares negatively. Producer’s...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Land-use; Risk; Price volatility; Risk and Uncertainty; Q1; D8.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122472
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Effects on Investment of the 2003 CAP Reform: A Household Production Model for Dutch Dairy Farms AgEcon
Peerlings, Jack H.M..
This paper develops a non-separable household production model capable of analysing the effects of the 2003 CAP reform, and especially EU farm payments, on individual Dutch dairy farms. Model results show that the 2003 CAP reform farm payments do not fully compensate the income loss caused by the milk price decrease. This implies that savings, and therefore, investment decreases. Investment shifts away from on-farm investment to off-farm investment. On-farm investment in milk quotas falls compared to investment in capital and land because the shadow price of milk quotas decreases relatively to the shadow prices of land and capital.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Direct income payments; Investment; Household production model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24649
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Externalities Imposed on Residential Properties in Highly Urbanized Areas AgEcon
Cotteleer, Geerte; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
In highly industrialized areas open spaces such as farmland and nature are under pressure since urban areas are expanding at their expense. Because of the high opportunity costs of development in urban areas, a high price has to be paid for the maintenance or creation of open space. The question is if this high price can be justified by the value of the open space. We estimate the value residents attach to surrounding open space in a hedonic pricing model. More specifically, we investigate in a highly urbanized area in the Netherlands how the externalities of farmland, nature, and other uses, such as industrial areas and the sea affect residential property prices. Moreover, spatial lag and error dependence are corrected for in the hedonic pricing model...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing; Spatial econometrics; Externalities; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43950
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Farm growth and exit: consequences of EU dairy policy reform for Dutch dairy farming AgEcon
Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Ooms, Daan L..
The purpose of this paper is to analyse farm growth and exit and its interaction in Dutch dairy farming as consequences of the 2003 CAP reform and 2008 CAP Health Check. Results indicate that the decision to exit dairy farming is largely determined by household characteristics as age and the size of the household. Farm growth is strongly influenced by the availability of labour, capital and land. Simulation results show that the dairy policy reforms reduce farm growth and exit. This is mainly caused by the quota increases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44384
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Farm Households Entry and Exit Into and From Non-farm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: Does Clustering Play a Role? AgEcon
Ali, Merima; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114220
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Plant Species Protection Contracts: Modelling Contract Choice for Specialised Dairy Farms and Mixed Dairy Pig Fattening Farms in the Netherlands AgEcon
Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Polman, Nico B.P..
Proposals of the European Commission stress the future importance of agri-environmental payments within the rural development policy of the European Union. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss a model for choice for plant species protection contracts in the Netherlands. The model includes transaction costs, time and the possibility of lock-in situations related to contract choice. The approach discussed is flexible because it makes it possible to introduce all kinds of technical and institutional restrictions (differences in contract design).
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental contracts; Contract choice; Environmental Economics and Policy; C61; L14; Q12; Q24.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24728
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Resilience of European farms under different CAP scenarios AgEcon
Polman, Nico B.P.; Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Slangen, Louis H.G..
The upcoming reform of the Common Agricultural Policy will put pressure on agricultural incomes and will cause more price volatility and income risk for farms in the EU. This raises the question if and how farms will survive these disturbances. Farms are able to survive only if they respond appropriately to disturbances. This resilience of farms is explained in this research by analysing the number of strategies that farmers indicate that they will use in a situation where the current CAP will continue and in a situation where it will disappear. The outcomes show that under both scenarios large more specialised farms with young farm heads are most resilient, and small more diversified farms headed by old farmers are least resilient. Results also show that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resilience; Governance; CAP reform; Count model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114758
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Structural change in the EU dairy sector AgEcon
Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Polman, Nico B.P.; Krol, Noortje.
The aim of this paper to determine how structure and governance in the dairy sector in four different regions in the European Union alter as a result of the change in EU’s dairy policy. For this purpose two models of structural change are developed and interviews are held. Results differ between the regions depending on whether or not they are export oriented, their growth in farm size and farm exit rates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Structural change; Dairy policy; Governance; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61088
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The Impact of Milk Quota Abolishment on Dutch Agriculture and Economy: Applying an Agricultural Sector Model Integrated Into a Mixed Input-Output Model AgEcon
Helming, John F.M.; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
A modelling system is presented and used to analyse the impact of milk quota abolishment on Dutch agriculture and economy. The modelling system consists of a regionalised, agri-environmental, partial equilibrium, mathematical programming model of agriculture supply in the Netherlands integrated into a mixed input-output model. It was found that abolition of the milk quota system has large impacts on milk production and livestock numbers and composition. The latter is explained by the strict mineral and manure policies in the Netherlands; an increase in the numbers of dairy cows leaves less room for other livestock. It is also found that, although the total effect on gross value added in the Dutch economy is limited, the effects for individual industries...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mathematical programming; Manure markets; Input-Output; Dairy policy; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24911
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The Role of Transaction Costs and Bargaining Power in Wildlife and Landscape Services Production: A Micro-Econometric Model for Dutch Dairy Farms AgEcon
Polman, Nico B.P.; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
In this paper a theoretical and empirical model is developed for analysing the decisions of individual farmers whether or not to produce wildlife and landscape services, how much of these services to produce and form an environmental co-operative in order to reduce transaction costs or to build up bargaining power. The model is applied for Dutch dairy farmers as the main users of agricultural land in the Netherlands. Simulations show that the reduction of transaction costs makes it attractive for farmers to form an environmental cooperative in case of a fixed price for wildlife and landscape services. Therefore more wildlife and landscape services are produced and more farmers are involved compared to a situation with individual supply. If demand is no...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wildlife and landscape management; Micro-econometrics; Transaction costs; Co-operation; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24948
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Uncertain Land Availability and Perceived Biases in Investment Decisions: The Case of Dutch Dairy Farms AgEcon
Feinerman, Eli; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
Uncertainty about the possibility of acquiring land can be rather large in the EU for sectors like dairy farming. Farm-level investment decisions are commonly made ex-ante when the farmer is not certain about the possibility of purchasing land. This possibility is realized only in a future period. In this paper, we have developed and applied a simple two-period model in which a profit-maximizing farmer, facing uncertainty about the possibility of acquiring land, had to choose the optimal mix of capital (buildings) investment and land endowment. We have shown that commonly "observed" biases towards non-optimal investment decisions are not necessarily justified. Rather, these perceived biases may be the result of evaluating investment decisions without...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investment; Land; Uncertainty; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24949
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Value added of Cluster Membership for Micro Enterprises of the Handloom Sector in Ethiopia AgEcon
Ali, Merima; Peerlings, Jack H.M..
By contrasting the performance of clustered micro enterprises with that of dispersed ones in the handloom sector in Ethiopia, this study shows that clustering significantly increases profit. To correct for selection bias, we match clustered and dispersed micro enterprises that share similar observable characteristics except for being clustered both in urban and rural areas. Results show that clustering is more profitable in urban than rural areas. It is also found that regional specific factors determining clustering of micro enterprises are different in urban and rural areas, highlighting the need to focus on local circumstances when formulating policies to promote clusters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cluster; Micro enterprises; Propensity score matching; Handloom; Africa; Ethiopia.; Industrial Organization; L10; L67; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49922
Registros recuperados: 16
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