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A general framework for indicator design and use with application to the assessment of coastal water quality and marine protected area management ArchiMer
Beliaeff, Benoit; Pelletier, Dominique.
Environmental management decisions based upon indicators are the end point of a process involving stakeholders and scientists. These steps should be explicit and follow a chronology. This paper presents a general framework for the design and use of management-oriented indicators, integrating management questions and performance criteria. We first examined the desirable characteristics of indicators aimed at providing decision-support for marine environmental management. Ideally, one should select the indicator that guarantees a safe and unambiguous decision leading to the appropriate measures in terms of regulation, remediation or control. In the present study, indicators are assessed according to two criteria: relevance and effectiveness. Relevance...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14331/11638.pdf
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A model-based evaluation of Marine Protected Areas: the example of eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua callarias L.) ArchiMer
Kraus, Gerd; Pelletier, Dominique; Dubreuil, Julien; Moellmann, Christian; Hinrichsen, Hans-harald; Bastardie, Francois; Vermard, Youen; Mahevas, Stephanie.
The eastern Baltic cod stock collapsed as a consequence of climate-driven adverse hydrographic conditions and over fishing and has remained at historically low levels. Spatio-temporal fishing closures [Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)] have been implemented since 1995, to protect and restore the spawning stock. However, no signs of recovery have been observed yet, either suggesting that MPAs are an inappropriate management measure or pointing towards suboptimal closure design. We used the spatially explicit fishery simulation model ISIS-Fish to evaluate proposed and implemented fishery closures, combining an age-structured population module with a multifleet exploitation module and a management module in a single model environment. The model is parameterized...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stock recovery; Model; Marine Protected Areas; Fishery management; Baltic cod.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6094.pdf
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A step toward the definition of ecological indicators of the impact of fishing on the fish assemblage of the Abore reef reserve (New Caledonia) ArchiMer
Amand, Marion; Pelletier, Dominique; Ferrari, Jocelyne; Kulbicki, Michel.
Marine Protected Areas (MPA) are often contemplated as a tool for the sustainable management of exploited resources and ecosystem conservation. This paper proposes an approach to establish a statistical diagnostic of the effects of MPAs on fish assemblages, and define corresponding ecological indicators. This requires choosing relevant variables (abundance, diversity, demographic parameters..) and appropriate statistical methods. The study was based on data from the Abore reef Reserve in New Caledonia. Two sets of methods: 1-inferential linear models (ANOVA, GLM): 2- Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods of regression, were used to test the effects of this MPA. PLS enabled us to test simultaneously within a model, density, species richness, biomass and mean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: New Caledonia; PLS regression; Ecological indicators; Fishing impact; Coral reef; Fish; Marine Protected Areas.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-398.pdf
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Aerial and snorkelling census techniques for estimating green turtle abundance on foraging areas: A pilot study in Mayotte Island (Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Roos, David; Pelletier, Dominique; Ciccione, Stéphane; Taquet, Marc; Hughes, George.
Monitoring the abundance of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) is necessary to assess population trends and risks of collapse. This note presents a study aimed at comparing three techniques for the direct estimation of green turtle numbers in their foraging habitats (seagrass beds and reef flats). The experiment was carried out at Mayotte Island, Western Indian Ocean. The techniques involved were surveys by snorkel, and aerial surveys using a microlight aircraft and a paramotor. Each technique had shortcomings and advantages. While each technique provided estimations of turtle numbers only surveys by snorkel permitted identification of species and sex, whenever visibility and turtle behaviour permitted. Along the shorelines, and over foraging areas, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Foraging habitats; Snorkelling survey; Aerial survey; Abundance estimation; Chelonia mydas; Green turtle.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-432.pdf
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Are commercial logbook and scientific CPUE data useful for characterizing the spatial and seasonal distribution of exploited populations? The case of the Celtic Sea whiting ArchiMer
Verdoit, Marion; Pelletier, Dominique; Bellail, Robert.
A statistical approach is proposed to utilize the information contained both in scientific surveys and commercial fishing logbooks, in order to determine spatial and temporal distributions of recruiting and spawning fish of exploited populations. The approach is based on multivariate descriptive methods including ordination methods and classification techniques. A typology involving a principal component analysis (PCA), followed by a hierarchical ascending classification (HAC), is applied to both scientific and commercial data. PCA that accounts for spatial and temporal contiguities were performed. These analyses allow to compare structures observed at global and local scales, with those observed without focusing on a particular scale. The method is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Contiguity analysis; Cluster analysis; Factorial analysis; Atlantic Ocean; Whiting; Survey data; Commercial catch and effort data; Stock assessment; Bottom trawl survey design.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-335.pdf
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Assessing the effects of marine protected area (MPA) on a reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean marine reserve: Identifying community-based indicators ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Pelletier, Dominique; Jouvenel, J.y; Bachet, F; Galzin, R.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly envisaged as a tool to manage coastal ecosystems and fisheries. Assessment of their performance with respect to management objectives is therefore important. A number of WAS provided conservation benefits for fished species. Observed benefits do not apply to all species at all times, and responses to protection are also highly variable among fish taxa. Among the many empirical studies on marine reserves, only a few designs considered 'before and after data' and spatial variation. In this paper, we are interested in assessing the effect of a no-take reserve on the reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean example. Data were obtained from a three-year survey using underwater visual censuses (UVC),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northwestern Mediterranean; Reef fish assemblage; Multivariate regression trees; Permutational multivariate analysis of variance; Ecological indicator; Marine protected area; Impact assessment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1702.pdf
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Assessing the impact of different management options using ISIS-Fish*: the French Merluccius merluccius Nephrops norvegicus mixed fishery of the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Drouineau, Hilaire; Mahevas, Stephanie; Pelletier, Dominique; Beliaeff, Benoit.
In this paper, we present an approach to compare the impact of different management options oil the dynamics of a mixed fishery. We used ISIS-Fish, a simulation tool aimed at evaluating the impact of spatial and seasonal management measures on the dynamics of mixed fisheries. The French Nephrops norvegicus (Norway lobster) Merluccius merluccius (hake) mixed fishery of the Bay of Biscay was chosen as a Study case. First, we parameterised the Population and exploitation models. We then selected several management measures, including marine protected fishermen's reaction to each measure. Then, a sensitivity analysis (MPAs) and total allowable catches (TAC), and parameterised fish sensitivity analysis was performed according to a fractional factorial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Simulation design; Sensitivity analysis; Management measures; Spatial model; Fisheries dynamics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1340.pdf
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Assessing the impact of removing reserve status on the Abore Reef fish assemblage in New Caledonia ArchiMer
Ferraris, Jocelyne; Pelletier, Dominique; Kulbicki, M; Chauvet, C.
We propose a statistical approach based on multivariate analysis and general linear models to test the consequences of removal of reserve status from the Abore Reef fish assemblage of the Abore Reef reserve, New Caledonia. Consequences on fish density were examined at the level of fish assemblage, accounting for habitat. Fish counts and habitat-related information were collected before and after the removal of reserve status, both inside and outside the reserve. Species groups were constructed on the basis of additional information on behavioural characteristics and taxonomy. The impact of the removal of reserve status was assessed by using 2 habitat proxies corresponding to 2 spatial scales and by considering several criteria for grouping species. Habitat...
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Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/10970/7574.pdf
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Avantages et inconvénients de la stéréo vidéo : applicabilité au protocole pour STAVIRO ArchiMer
Powell, Abigail; Pelletier, Dominique; Roman, William; Giraud-carrier, Charlotte; Jac, Cyrielle; Gins, Niels; Preuss, Bastien.
La stéréo vidéo repose sur l’utilisation synchronisée de 2 caméras permettant de produire une image en 3 dimensions. Elle permet par triangulation d’obtenir une estimation précise de la taille de chaque individu et de mesurer les distances. En 2007 en Nouvelle Calédonie l’ IFREMER a développé des systèmes mono-vidéo autonomes et rotatifs (STAVIRO et MICADO). La caméra est déployée 12 minutes depuis un bateau sans immersion de plongeurs, le temps d’effectuer 3 rotations complètes. L’objectif de l’étude est de réaliser un bilan comparatif entre l’utilisation d’un système STAVIRO classique et l’utilisation d’un système équipé en stéréo vidéo. 59 stations ont été réalisées entre le 2 et le 13 juin 2014 dans le lagon sud ouest de la Nouvelle Calédonie.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stéréo vidéo; Système vidéo rotatif; Vidéo sous-marine; Aires marines protégées.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00274/38570/37094.pdf
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Bilan des campagnes terrain vidéo 2012. Site : Bourail – Borindi – Hienghène - Pouébo ArchiMer
Roman, William; Pelletier, Dominique.
Ce document présente sous forme de fiches les missions IFREMER réalisées dans le cadre du projet AMBIO. Ces fiches, qui se veulent synthétiques, présentent pour les 4 sites : Bourail – Borindi – Hienghène- Pouebo - Le matériel vidéo utilisé. - Le déroulement de la mission. - Le bilan des stations réalisées, les stations exploitables et les stations analysées. - La distribution des stations selon un type géomorphologique, un statut de protection et le nom des récifs. - La complémentarité de la mission avec les suivis précédents.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Terrain vidéo; Biodiversité; STAVIRO 2012; Bourail; Borindi; Hienghène; Pouebo.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00274/38569/37092.pdf
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Borendy 2012. Bilan de l’état de santé des récifs par stations vidéo rotatives STAVIRO ArchiMer
Roman, William; Pelletier, Dominique; Powell, Abigail.
• Conducted within the AMBIO project, this work deals with coral reef fish communities and associated habitats, in the New Caledonian lagoons. It relies on remote unbaited underwater video observations, using the STAVIRO rotating technique. The study takes place in the Borendy area, encompassing two no-take marine reserves Nemou and Moindé-Ouémié. The sampling design covers the entire area, and was stratified according to reef geomorphology and protection status. 66 stations were validated within 3.5 days. They were analyzed to characterize at each station habitat and fish, from a species list that includes fished, emblematic and functionally important species. • 32 indicators were computed and mapped (Sextant server). 24 indicators were analysed using the...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00274/38523/37034.pdf
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Changes in the catch composition of artisanal fisheries attributable to dolphin depredation in a Mediterranean marine reserve ArchiMer
Rocklin, Delphine; Santoni, Marie-catherine; Culioli, Jean-michel; Tomasini, Jean-antoine; Pelletier, Dominique; Mouillot, David.
There is increasing evidence from previous studies, and from fishers' observations, that coastal dolphins use fishing nets as an easily accessible feeding source, damaging or depredating fish caught in the nets. This study investigates the impact of dolphin depredation on artisanal trammelnets by analysing the catch composition of 614 artisanal fishing operations in the Bonifacio Strait Natural Reserve (France). Common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) attacked, on average, 12.4% of the nets and damaged 8.3% of the catch. However, attacked nets were characterized by statistically significantly higher catch per unit effort than unattacked ones. Catch composition also differed significantly after dolphin attacks; bentho-pelagic fish were more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine protected area; Interactions with fisheries; Depredation; Catch per unit effort; Catch composition; Bottlenose dolphin; Artisanal fisheries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6808.pdf
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Combining sensitivity and uncertainty analysis to evaluate the impact of management measures with ISIS-Fish: marine protected areas for the Bay of Biscay anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) fishery ArchiMer
Lehuta, Sigrid; Mahevas, Stephanie; Petitgas, Pierre; Pelletier, Dominique.
Spatio-seasonal explicit simulation models can predict the impact of spatial management measures on marine fish populations and fishing activities. As fisheries are complex systems, fisheries simulation models are often complex, with many uncertain parameters. Here, the methodology is provided to deliver fishery diagnostics within an uncertainty context using a complex simulation tool. A sensitivity analysis of the model is performed on model outputs using partial least-squares to identify the most sensitive parameters. The impact of several management measures is then simulated using a statistical simulation design taking into account the uncertainty of the selected sensitive parameters. This approach was applied to the Bay of Biscay anchovy stock using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay anchovy; Marine protected area; Sensitivity analysis; Simulation; Uncertainty analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12234/9281.pdf
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Comparison of visual census and high definition video transects for monitoring coral reef fish assemblages ArchiMer
Pelletier, Dominique; Leleu, Kevin; Mou-tham, Gerard; Guillemot, Nicolas; Chabanet, Pascale.
Monitoring fish and underwater habitats, particularly in and around marine protected areas (MPAs) requires non-destructive observation methods. This is generally achieved by divers conducting underwater visual censuses (UVC), but video-based techniques are now being used more often to observe underwater macrofauna and habitats. A comparison of these two techniques is relevant with the development of high-definition (HD) video, which constitutes a substantial improvement over previously available video resolutions at limited extra cost. We conducted a paired observation experiment involving both HD video and UVC in an MPA located in the New Caledonian lagoon, which is a highly diversified coral reef ecosystem. We compared three techniques for counting fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish assemblages; MPA monitoring; High-definition underwater video; Underwater visual censuses (UVC); Coral reefs.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00031/14192/11470.pdf
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Complementarity of Rotating Video and Underwater Visual Census for Assessing Species Richness, Frequency and Density of Reef Fish on Coral Reef Slopes ArchiMer
Mallet, Delphine; Wantiez, Laurent; Lemouellic, Soazig; Vigliola, Laurent; Pelletier, Dominique.
Estimating diversity and abundance of fish species is fundamental for understanding community structure and dynamics of coral reefs. When designing a sampling protocol, one crucial step is the choice of the most suitable sampling technique which is a compromise between the questions addressed, the available means and the precision required. The objective of this study is to compare the ability to sample reef fish communities at the same locations using two techniques based on the same stationary point count method: one using Underwater Visual Census (UVC) and the other rotating video (STAVIRO). UVC and STAVIRO observations were carried out on the exact same 26 points on the reef slope of an intermediate reef and the associated inner barrier reefs. STAVIRO...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28132/26352.pdf
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Considering multiple-species attributes to understand better the effects of successive changes in protection status on a coral reef fish assemblage ArchiMer
Preuss, Bastien; Pelletier, Dominique; Wantiez, Laurent; Letourneur, Yves; Sarramegna, Sebastien; Kulbicki, Michel; Galzin, Rene; Ferraris, Jocelyne.
The response of fish assemblages to changes in protection status is a major issue for both biodiversity conservation and fishery management. In New Caledonia, the Abore reef marine reserve harbours more than 500 fish species, and has been subjected to changes in protection status since 1988. The present study investigates the impact of these changes on a wide subset of species (213), based on underwater visual counts collected before the opening and after the closure to fishing of this marine protected area (MPA). We analysed the spatial and temporal variability in fish assemblage attributable to protection status, explicitly considering habitat. To understand the successive responses of fish assemblage to fishing and protection, the assessment models...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: MPA effect; Fishing effect; Fish assemblage; Coral reef ecosystem; Assessment model.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6130.pdf
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Decadal increase in the number of recreational users is concentrated in no-take marine reserves ArchiMer
Gonson, Charles; Pelletier, Dominique; Gamp, Elodie; Preuss, Bastien; Jollit, Isabelle; Ferraris, Jocelyne.
In coastal areas, demographic increase is likely to result in greater numbers of recreational users, with potential consequences on marine biodiversity. These effects may also occur within Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), which are popular with recreational users. Our analysis builds on data collected over a ten-year period during three year-round surveys to appraise changes in recreational boating activities in coral ecosystems. Results show that the number of boaters has greatly increased, particularly so within MPAs during weekends and the warm season, when peaks in boat numbers have become more frequent. We also observed that the number of anchored boats has increased over the period. These changes may be resulting in biophysical impacts that could be...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recreational uses; MPA; Coral reef ecosystem; Spatio-temporal pattern; New Caledonia; Mooring practices.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00327/43776/44014.pdf
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Description et évaluation initiale par stations vidéo rotatives STAVIRO des habitats et peuplements de poissons des îles volcaniques de Matthew et Hunter, Parc Naturel de la Mer de Corail. Campagne 2014. ArchiMer
Roman, William; Pelletier, Dominique.
This study deals with fish communities and associated habitats of New Caledonian remote coral reef ecosystems. It was conducted in June 2014 within the AMBIO project. It relies on remote unbaited underwater video observations, using the STAVIRO rotating technique. The study takes place at Matthew and Hunter volcanic islands within the Coral Sea Natural Park which encompasses New Caledonia’s Exclusive Economic Zone. The sampling design covers the leeward coast of each island. 9 stations were validated within 2 days. Stations were analyzed to characterize the habitat surrounding each station, and fish communities, including fished species, emblematic species and functionally important species. Species composition, abundances, trophic structure of...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38084/36218.pdf
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Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standpoint ArchiMer
Pelletier, Dominique; Garcia Charton, Jose; Ferraris, Jocelyne; David, Gilbert; Thebaud, Olivier; Letourneur, Yves; Claudet, Joachim; Amand, Marion; Kulbicki, Michel; Galzin, René.
The present paper aims at identifying and assessing indicators of the effects of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in coral reef regions, based on a bibliography review in ecology, economics and social sciences. First the various effects Studied within each of these domains and the variables used to measure them were censused. Potential ecological indicators were assessed through their link with the question used (here termed "relevance") and their "effectiveness" which encompasses the issues of precision, accuracy and statistical power. Relevance and effectiveness were respectively measured by the frequency of use of each indicator and the proportion of significant results in the reviewed articles. For social and economic effects, the approach was not...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal management Coral reef ecosystems Pluridisciplinary Ecological; Economic and social indicators Marine Protected Areas.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-409.pdf
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Diurnal temporal patterns of the diversity and the abundance of reef fishes in a branching coral patch in New Caledonia ArchiMer
Mallet, Delphine; Vigliola, Laurent; Wantiez, Laurent; Pelletier, Dominique.
Small-scale spatial and temporal variability in animal abundance is an intrinsic characteristic of marine ecosystems but remains largely unknown for most animals, including coral reef fishes. In this study, we used a remote autonomous unbaited video system and recorded reef fish assemblages during daylight hours, 10 times a day for 34 consecutive days in a branching coral patch of the lagoon of New Caledonia. In total, 50 031 fish observations belonging to 114 taxa, 66 genera and 31 families were recorded in 256 recorded videos. Carnivores and herbivore-detritus feeders dominated the trophic structure. We found significant variations in the composition of fish assemblages between times of day. Taxa richness and fish abundance were greater in the early...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coral reef fish; High-frequency sampling; Patterns; Temporal variation; Underwater video.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00326/43755/45787.pdf
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