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A 37 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model and its use for fisheries oceanography in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Sourisseau, Marc; Lazure, Pascal.
Overexploitation and climate change are increasingly causing unanticipated changes in marine ecosystems, such as higher variability in fish recruitment and shifts in species distribution, pressing for developing fisheries oceanography. In the meantime, operational oceanography rapidly progresses and its products become easy to access to a large community, among them fisheries scientists. Multiyear oceanographic reanalyses (hindcasts) were identified has a priority product by the ICES WG on Operational Oceanographic Products for Fisheries and Environment (WGOOFE). We performed a 37 years hindcast (1972-2008) run with a coupled physical-biogeochemical model (ECO-MARS3D) over the Bay of Biscay, using realistic meteorological and run-off forcing. We first...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13432/10442.pdf
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A 38 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model and derived indices for fisheries oceanography ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Sourisseau, Marc; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Lazure, Pascal.
Operational oceanography rapidly progresses and its products become easy to access to a large community, among them fisheries scientists. The products cover both near real-time environment information (on scales of days to weeks) but also retrospective analysis providing long time series of environment parameters. Here we describe a 38 years hindcast of a coupled physical-biogeochemical model of the Bay of Biscay as well as the indices and major information that were derived from it.
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00023/13454/10466.pdf
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A behavioural fish movement approach within an anchovy IBM model to study fish migration patterns in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Politikos, Dimitrios; Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre.
Modelling of fish movement behaviour within a heterogeneous marine environment is a challenging but also key issue for understanding the effect of environmental factors and climatic change on fish processes (growth, distribution, mortality, reproduction). Fish movement models have the capability to encompass the combined effect of environment and empirical knowledge of fish individuals as energy requirements, known preys and predators, swimming capacities into a unified framework. Following an Individual Based Model (IBM) approach, a fish movement model has been developed to simulate the active movement of adult anchovy in the Bay of Biscay (BoB) in response to the spatio-temporal variations of both biotic and abiotic factors, as well as its internal...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28709/27161.pdf
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A coupled movement and bioenergetics model to explore the spawning migration of anchovy in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Politikos, Dimitrios; Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre.
Adult anchovies in the Bay of Biscay perform north to south migration from late winter to early summer for spawning. However, what triggers and drives the geographic shift of the population remains unclear and poorly understood. An individual-based fish model has been implemented to explore the potential mechanisms that control anchovy's movement routes toward its spawning habitats. To achieve this goal, two fish movement behaviors – gradient detection through restricted area search and kinesis – simulated fish response to its dynamic environment. A bioenergetics model was used to represent individual growth and reproduction along the fish trajectory. The environmental forcing (food, temperature) of the model was provided by a coupled...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Individual-based model; Behavioral movement; Dynamic Energy Budget; Anchovy; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38446/36868.pdf
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A Geostatistical Definition of Hotspots for Fish Spatial Distributions ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Woillez, Mathieu; Doray, Mathieu; Rivoirard, Jacques.
Research surveys at sea are undertaken yearly to monitor the distribution and abundance of fish stocks. In the survey data, a small number of high fish concentration values are often encountered, which denote hotspots of interest. But statistically, they are responsible for important uncertainty in the estimation. Thus understanding their spatial predictability given their surroundings is expected to reduce such uncertainty. Indicator variograms and cross-variograms allow to understand the spatial relationship between values above a cutoff and the rest of the distribution under that cutoff. Using these tools, a “top” cutoff can be evidenced above which values are spatially uncorrelated with their lower surroundings. Spatially, the geometric set...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hotspots; Indicators; Non-linear geostatistics; Multivariate geostatistics; Anchovy; Biscay.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00273/38380/36734.pdf
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A geostatistical method for assessing biomass of tuna aggregations around moored fish aggregating devices with star acoustic surveys ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Josse, E.
Universal kriging was used to model the spatio-temporal variability in the acoustic density of tuna aggregations recorded during star echosounding surveys around moored fish aggregating devices (FADs) in Martinique (Lesser Antilles). The large-scale deterministic drift in the tuna spatial distribution was modeled using an advection-diffusion equation applied to animal grouping. Residuals from the drift were modeled as a random component with small-scale spatial correlation. An estimation variance formula was derived from this deterministic-statistical mixed model to assess the mean precision of density estimates of daytime tuna aggregation. The mean relative error obtained with our star design for daytime surveys was 24%. The methodology was applied to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustic survey precision; Advection diffusion model; Moored fish aggregating devices; Tuna; Geostatistics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4559.pdf
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A method for controlled target strength measurements of pelagic fish, with application to European anchovy ( Engraulis encrasicolus ) ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Berger, Laurent; Le Bouffant, Naig; Coail, Jean-yves; Vacherot, Jean-philippe; De La Bernardie, Xavier; Moriniere, Pierre; Lys, Elisabeth; Schwab, Romain; Petitgas, Pierre.
Measuring fish target strength (TS) in the wild is challenging because: (i) TS varies versus physical (orientation relative to the incident sound wave, size, and depth) and physiological fish attributes (maturity and condition), (ii) the target species and its aforementioned attributes are difficult to assess in near real time, and (iii) in the case of packed fish schools, accepted echoes may originate from multiple unresolved targets. We propose a method for controlled TS measurements of densely packed small pelagic fish during daytime, based on the joint use of a Remotely Operated Towed Vehicle, “EROC”, with a pelagic trawl fitted with a codend opening system, “ENROL”. EROC, equipped with a 70-kHz split-beam echosounder (Simrad EK60) and a low-light...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustics; Deformed cylinder model; Engraulis encrasicolus; Remotely operated vehicle; Target strength; Video.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45693/45623.pdf
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A multi-decadal hindcast of a physical–biogeochemical model and derived oceanographic indices in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Sourisseau, Marc; Petitgas, Pierre; Struski, Caroline; Leger, Fabien; Lazure, Pascal.
Multiple year oceanographic simulations (hindcast) are identified as a priority oceanography product for fisheries and environment studies since they provide a unique continuous long-term dataset allowing integrated assessment of the ocean state and evolution. We performed a 37 year (1972–2008) hindcast run with a coupled physical–biogeochemical model in the Bay of Biscay. The coupled model and the hindcast configuration are described. A model skill assessment is performed with a large set of in-situ data. Average seasonal currents show major circulation patterns over the shelf. Among tracers, temperature and salinity have the best agreement, ahead of nitrates and silicates, chlorophyll, and finally phosphates and ammonium. For chlorophyll, improved...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Physical-biogeochemical model; Hindcast; Skill assessment; Environmental indices; Seasonal pattern; Interannual variability; Fisheries oceanography; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22538/20237.pdf
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A multivariate indicator to monitor changes in spatial patterns of age-structured fish populations ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Poulard, Jean-charles.
Quantitative analysis of the spatial patterns in age-structured fish populations provides a useful complement to stock assessment methods. The spatial distribution of an age-structured population is characterized by indicators for location, dispersion and aggregation, which are estimated from survey data. The times series of spatial indicators are organised in a 3D data structure with dimensions along indicators, age classes and years. Multi factor analysis (MFA) is applied to quantify the reproducibility in time of the multivariate structure between age classes and indicators. MFA computes the mean annual pattern over the age classes. The deviation around that pattern in each year is also quantified. A multivariate indicator that characterise the spatial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial distribution; Monitoring; CUSUM; Multi factor analysis.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6688.pdf
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A partnership between science and industry for a monitoring of anchovy & sardine in the Bay of Biscay: When fishermen are actors of science ArchiMer
Masse, Jacques; Sanchez, Florence; Delaunay, Damien; Robert, J. M.; Petitgas, Pierre.
Anchovy and sardine are small pelagic species occupying similar geographic areas in the Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic). Their biomass is strongly dependent on recruitment, making the annual assessment of TAC (Total Allowable Catch) a risky strategy due to uncertainty in predicting the magnitude of recruitment. Monitoring these resources more often and throughout their life cycle could allow management strategies to be adjusted based on observations which indicate the level of recruitment. In order to achieve a more frequent monitoring, an innovative data collection strategy involving a partnership between fishermen and scientists, was developed in 2009 and 2010 called “pilot sentinel surveys”. This paper details the partnership, the information such a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sporadic acoustic surveys; Bay of Biscay; Small pelagic monitoring; Recruitment indicators; Fishermen's surveys.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41214/41006.pdf
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A simulation-based approach to assess sensitivity and robustness of fisheries management indicators for the pelagic fishery in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Lehuta, Sigrid; Mahevas, Stephanie; Le Floc'H, Pascal; Petitgas, Pierre.
Indicators are widely promoted as means to monitor ecosystem status or to evaluate fisheries management performance. "Which indicators are most relevant as decision-support tools in fisheries management?" still remains a topical question. Indicators should be metrics related to fish populations and fleets and should be sensitive to management strategies. However, given the complexity of the processes involved, it is often difficult to unequivocally interpret variations in metrics. A simulation approach was used to study metric properties and to identify robust and relevant fishery indicators. By applying sensitivity analysis methods, simulation designs were built that cross a variety of management scenarios and uncertainty hypotheses. Bio-economic outputs...
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Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28093/26627.pdf
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An individual Based Model of anchovy early life stages in the Bay of Biscay: validation of vertical distribution and growth ArchiMer
Huret, Martin; Petitgas, Pierre; Bourriau, Paul; Grellier, Patrick.
The objective of the study is a better understanding of recruitment variability in anchovy population. An Individual Based Model (IBM) is being developed for the full life cycle of anchovy. The early life stages are presented on this poster. The model is tested in a 1D-vertical framework for validation of the vertical distribution of modelled eggs and larvae against in-situ data. The dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory is the biological baseline for individual growth. We test its ability to simulate the observed growth curves between years with contrasted temperatures.
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00054/16508/14022.pdf
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Anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) egg density measurements in the Bay of Biscay: evidence for the spatial variation in egg density with sea surface salinity ArchiMer
Goarant, Anne; Petitgas, Pierre; Bourriau, Paul.
Knowledge of the pelagic vertical distribution of fish eggs is central for several aspects of fisheries science including fisheries recruitment and egg production studies. In modelling egg vertical distributions, variation in fish egg density is an important issue. Though variation in egg density between individual eggs has been reported, evidence for significant spatial variation in egg density is novel. The present study provides evidence that egg density of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) varies spatially across spawning sites in the Bay of Biscay, depending on the regional scale variation in sea water properties due to river discharge. We measured the density of the eggs using a density gradient column at 17 stations in 2005 and 2006 as well as their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Anchovy; Fish egg density; Density gradient column.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3007.pdf
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Anchovy population expansion in the North Sea ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Alheit, Juergen; Peck, Myron A.; Raab, Kristina; Irigoien, Xabier; Huret, Martin; Van Der Kooij, Jeroen; Pohlmann, Thomas; Wagner, Carola; Zarraonaindia, Iratxe; Dickey-collas, Mark.
The abundance and spatial occupation of European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus have increased in the North Sea since the mid-1990s. We use a cross-disciplinary approach combining genetics, transport modelling, survey time series analyses and physical oceanographic modelling to investigate 3 hypotheses on the reasons for this change. Evidence from connectivity studies suggests that the population of North Sea anchovy is separate from that in the Bay of Biscay. The recruitment pulses observed in survey data fit a life cycle which includes spawning in early summer and larval development in late summer. This also supports the concept of population expansion originating from local remnant population(s). In terms of growth physiology, suitable thermal windows...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate variability; Small pelagic fish; Regime shift; Temperature; Anchovy; North Sea.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00060/17140/14638.pdf
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Assessing natural mortality of Bay of Biscay anchovy from survey population and biomass estimates ArchiMer
Uriarte, Andres; Ibaibarriaga, Leire; Pawlowski, Lionel; Masse, Jacques; Petitgas, Pierre; Santos, Maria; Skagen, Dankert.
La fermeture de la pêche de l’anchois (Engraulis encrasicolus) du Golfe de Gascogne entre 2005 et 2010, en raison de la faible biomasse du stock, a été une opportunité pour estimer la mortalité naturelle à partir de données de campagnes halieutiques issues de l’observation de la présence d’oeufs (DEPM) et de mesures acoustiques, utilisées pour l’évaluation de cette population depuis 1987. En considérant que la mortalité naturelle est constante au cours du temps et que la capturabilité des deux campagnes est identique pour tous les âges, la mortalité naturelle peut être estimée par des modèles log-linéaires appliquées aux séries temporelles de nombres aux âges issues des campagnes, et par des modèles d’évaluations de stock prenant en compte la saison....
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00334/44510/45923.pdf
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Bioenergetic condition of anchovy and sardine in the Bay of Biscay and English Channel ArchiMer
Gatti, Paul; Cominassi, Louise; Duhamel, Erwan; Grellier, Patrick; Le Delliou, Herve; Le Mestre, Sophie; Petitgas, Pierre; Rabiller, Manuella; Spitz, Jerome; Huret, Martin.
There is a growing interest in monitoring body condition of marine organisms in the context of the ecosystem approach to fisheries and global change. Fish condition is under the influence of environmental variability on seasonal scale, but also on longer timescales. It represents a good indicator of habitat quality or individual fitness, and is also a relevant parameter to evaluate energy transfer through the trophic chain. However, the sources of variability in fish condition need to be accurately understood and the significance of existing indices has to be correctly assessed. Here, we measured the energy density, a precise and global indicator of fish bioenergetic condition, for anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Energy density; Calorimetry; Small pelagic fish; Engraulis encrasicolus; Sardina pilchardus; Northeast Atlantic.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00416/52754/53615.pdf
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Biophysical modelling of larval drift, growth and survival for the prediction of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) recruitment in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic) ArchiMer
Allain, Gwenhael; Petitgas, Pierre; Lazure, Pascal; Grellier, Patrick.
Fish recruitment is the result of the integration of small-scale processes affecting larval survival over a season and large oceanic areas. A hydrodynamic model was used to explore and model these physical-biological interaction mechanisms and then to perform the integration from individual to population scales in order to provide recruitment predictions for fisheries management. This method was applied to the case of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic). The main data available to investigate survival mechanisms were past growth (otolith) records of larvae and juveniles sampled at sea. The drift history of these individuals was reconstructed by a backtracking procedure using hydrodynamic simulations. The relationships...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recruitment; Physical biological interactions; Individual based models; Biscay; Anchovy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3422.pdf
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Characterization of sound scattering layers in the Bay of Biscay using broadband acoustics, nets and video ArchiMer
Blanluet, Arthur; Doray, Mathieu; Berger, Laurent; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Le Bouffant, Naig; Lehuta, Sigrid; Petitgas, Pierre.
Sound scattering layers (SSLs) are observed over a broad range of spatio-temporal scales and geographical areas. SSLs represent a large biomass, likely involved in the biological carbon pump and the structure of marine trophic webs. Yet, the taxonomic composition remains largely unknown for many SSLs. To investigate the challenges of SSL sampling, we performed a survey in a small study area in the Northern Bay of Biscay (France) by combining broadband and narrowband acoustics, net sampling, imagery and video recordings. In order to identify organisms contributing to the observed SSLs, we compared measured frequency spectra to forward predicted spectra derived from biological data. Furthermore, to assess the confidence in SSL characterization, we evaluated...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/70035/67955.pdf
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Combining acoustic and CUFES data for the quality control of fish-stock survey estimates ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Goarant, Anne; Masse, Jacques; Bourriau, Paul.
Petitgas, P., Goarant, A., Masse, J., and Bourriau, P. 2009. Combining acoustic and CUFES data for the quality control of fish-stock survey estimates. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 1384-1390.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: CUFES; Biscay; Bias; Anchovy; Acoustics; Abundance.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6566.pdf
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Combining sensitivity and uncertainty analysis to evaluate the impact of management measures with ISIS-Fish: marine protected areas for the Bay of Biscay anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) fishery ArchiMer
Lehuta, Sigrid; Mahevas, Stephanie; Petitgas, Pierre; Pelletier, Dominique.
Spatio-seasonal explicit simulation models can predict the impact of spatial management measures on marine fish populations and fishing activities. As fisheries are complex systems, fisheries simulation models are often complex, with many uncertain parameters. Here, the methodology is provided to deliver fishery diagnostics within an uncertainty context using a complex simulation tool. A sensitivity analysis of the model is performed on model outputs using partial least-squares to identify the most sensitive parameters. The impact of several management measures is then simulated using a statistical simulation design taking into account the uncertainty of the selected sensitive parameters. This approach was applied to the Bay of Biscay anchovy stock using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay anchovy; Marine protected area; Sensitivity analysis; Simulation; Uncertainty analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12234/9281.pdf
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