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A Credit Point System for assessing and enhancing biodiversity at the farm scale – and beyond Organic Eprints
Zellweger-Fischer, Judith; Birrer, Simon; Jenny, Markus; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Conclusions The Credit Point System is a suitable tool to assess biodiversity at the farm scale. The resulting CPS score reflects biodiversity efforts made by farmers on their land. The CPS as an assessment tool and the uptake of biodiversity directives in a label programme for sustainable and wildlife friendly foods have opened up new perspectives towards promoting farmland biodiversity at a large scale.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/32871/1/Zellweger_et_al_2015_Teagasc_-_A_Credit_Point_System_for_assessing_and_enhancing_biodiversity_at_the_farm_scale_-_and_beyond.pdf
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A global synthesis of the effects of diversified farming systems on arthropod diversity within fields and across agricultural landscapes Organic Eprints
Lichtenberg, Elinor M.; Kennedy, Christina M.; Kremen, Claire; Batáry, Péter; Berendse, Frank; Bommarco, Riccardo; Bosque-Pérez, Nilsa A.; Carvalheiro, Luísa G.; Snyder, William E.; Williams, Neal M.; Winfree, Rachael; Klatt, Björn K.; Åström, Sandra; Benjamin, Faye; Brittain, Claire; Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca; Clough, Yann; Danforth, Bryan; Diekötter, Tim; Eigenbrode, Sanford D.; Ekroos, Johan; Elle, Elizabeth; Freitas, Breno M.; Fukuda, Yuki; Gaines-Day,, Hannah R.; Grab, Heather; Gratton, Claudio; Holzschuh, Andrea; Isaacs, Rufus; Isaia, Marco; Jha, Shalene; Jonason, Dennis; Jones, Vincent P.; Klein, Alexandra-Maria; Krauss, Jochen; Letourneau, Deborah K.; Macfadyen, Sarina; Mallinger, Rachel E.; Martin, Emily A.; Martinez, Eliana; Memmott, Jane; Morandin, Lora; Neame, Lisa; Otieno, Mark; Park, Mia G.; Pfiffner, Lukas; Pocock, Michael J. O.; Ponce, Carlos; Potts, Simon G.; Poveda, Katja; Ramos, Mariangie; Rosenheim, Jay A.; Rundlöf, Maj; Sardiñas, Hillary; Saunders, Manu E.; Schon, Nicole L.; Sciligo, Amber R.; Sidhu, C. Sheena; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Tscharntke, Teja; Veselý, Milan; Weisser, Wolfgang W.; Wilson, Julianna K.; Crowder, David W..
Agricultural intensification is a leading cause of global biodiversity loss, which can reduce the provisioning of ecosystem services in managed ecosystems. Organic farming and plant diversification are farm management schemes that may mitigate potential ecological harm by increasing species richness and boosting related ecosystem services to agroecosystems. What remains unclear is the extent to which farm management schemes affect biodiversity components other than species richness, and whether impacts differ across spatial scales and landscape contexts. Using a global metadataset, we quantified the effects of organic farming and plant diversification on abundance, local diversity (communities within fields), and regional diversity (communities across...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31821/1/Lichtenberg-etal-2017_GlobChangBiol_global_metastudy_arthropods_org_conv_.pdf
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Abeilles sauvages et pollinisation Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Müller, Andreas.
La publication résume l’état actuel des connaissances scientifiques sur l’importance des abeilles sauvages dans la pollinisation des plantes sauvages et cultivées. Elle cite les causes actuellement connues du recul des abeilles sauvages, présente l’effet de l’agriculture biologique et propose une liste de mesures destinées à favoriser et à protéger ces pollinisateurs en plus de celles qui sont déjà appliquées.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/26321/1/1646-abeilles-sauvages.pdf
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Agriculture biologique et biodiversité Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Balmer, Oliver.
Par rapport à l'agriculture conventionnelle, l'agriculture biologique fournit sensiblement plus de prestations en faveur de la biodiversité. Selon l'altitude à laquelle elles se trouvent, les exploitations biologiques comptent entre 46 et 72 pour cent de surfaces proches de l'état naturel en plus, abritent 30 pour cent d'espèces en plus et 50 pour cent d'individus en plus que les exploitations non-biologiques. Grâce à la faible intensité d'exploitation et la proportion plus élevée de surfaces proches de l'état naturel, on rencontre encore beaucoup d'espèces végétales et animales régionales typiques sur les exploitations biologiques. Les agriculteurs peuvent ainsi profiter d'un écosystème intact et fonctionnant de manière durable.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/20246/1/1547-biodiversite.pdf
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Amara ovata und A. similata (Coleoptera, Carabidae), zwei phytophage Laufkäferarten in Rapsfeldern Organic Eprints
Luka, Henryk; Pfiffner, Lukas; Wyss, Eric.
Amara ovata und A. similata, zwei im Adultstadium phytophage Laufkäferarten, wiesen in Rapskulturen im Vergleich zu Winterweizenflächen und ökologischen Ausgleichsflächen (Buntbrache und extensiven Wieslandstreifen) in der Nähe von Basel ein mit TRichterfallen gemessene, hohe Aktivitätsdichte auf. Handfänge und Beobachtungen auf fünf anderen Rapsfeldern in der Umgebung von Basel zeigten, dass Amara ovata und A. similata Schoten, Samen und Blüten der Rapskultur fressen. Aufgrund der nahen Verwandtschaft des Rapses mit anderen Brassicaceen nehmen wir an, dass Raps für A. ovata und A. similata eine bevorzugte Nahrungsquelle darstellt. Ob dadurch ein wirtschaftlicher Schaden entsteht, ist zurzeit noch nicht klar. Ein stärkerer Befall ist in der Nähe von...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://orgprints.org/20216/1/19_Luka_et_al_PCA_1998_Amara_Raps.pdf
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An innovative approach to enhance biodiversity on farmland: the credit point system Organic Eprints
Stöckli, Sibylle; Pfiffner, Lukas; Chevillat, Véronique; Jenny, Markus; Birrer, Simon.
Background and objectives - Agri-environment schemes (AES) aim to reverse the decrease in farmland biodiversity. - The implemented AES did not result in a general increase in farmland biodiversity. - There is a need of innovative tools to motivate farmers to enhance biodiversity on their farms. - Objectives: (1) Develop a simple tool with which farmers can assess individual efforts for biodiversity on their farms. (2) Evaluate the effect of advisory support to optimize ecological and economical aspects for individual farms.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27965/1/stoekli-etal-2014-ECE-York_Poster_CPS.pdf
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Approaches to pest management in organic agriculture: a case study in European apple orchards Organic Eprints
Wyss, Eric; Luka, Henryk; Pfiffner, Lukas; Schlatter, Christian; Gabriela, Uehlinger; Daniel, Claudia.
Although the European organic agriculture movement was founded by Rudolf Steiner and Hans Mueller in the years between 1924 and 1940, it was not until the 1980s that pest management researchers began to develop strategies to control pests in organic systems. Today, insect pest management in organic agriculture involves the adoption of scientificallybased and ecologically sound strategies as specified by international and national organic production standards. These include a ban on synthetic insecticides and, more recently, on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The first phase of an insect pest management program for organic systems is the adoption of cultural practices including diverse crop rotation, enhancement of soil quality by incorporation of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/8717/1/Wyss-2005-OrganicResearchAustralien.pdf
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Arthropod reaction to landscape and habitat features in agricultural landscapes Organic Eprints
Jeanneret, Philippe; Schüpbach, Beatrice; Pfiffner, Lukas; Walter, Th..
Determining explanatory environmental factors that lead to patterns of biodiversity in cultivated landscapes is an important step for the assessment of the impact of landscape changes. In the context of an assessment of the effect of agricultural national extensification programme on biodiversity, field data of 2 regions were collected according to a stratified sampling method. A distribution model of 3 indicator species taxa (butterflies, spiders, and carabid beetles) is related to influencing factors by means of multivariate statistics (CCA, partial CCA). Hypothetical influencing factors are categorised as follows: (1) habitat (habitat type, management techniques) and (2) landscape (habitat heterogeneity, variability, diversity, proportion of natural and...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2758/1/no-document-rft.rtf
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Auswirkungen verschiedener Ackerkulturen auf die Laufkäfer (Coleoptera, Carabidae) Organic Eprints
Luka, Henryk; Pfiffner, Lukas; Niggli, Urs.
Carabid populations (species diversity and abundance) in different crops were investigated during the period from April to July 1993 to 1995. The study was carried out on two farms in North-Western Switzerland. Nine fields with winter cereals (4x wheat, 2x spelt, 2x barley, lx rye), three rape fields, five spring cultures (3x maize, lx soybeans, lx potatoes) and an arable meadow were studied. In winter cereals, more carabid species were found than in spring cultures. In barley, we recorded fewer carabid species and individuals, larger numbers of hygrophilaus carabids and a more even population structure than in the other cereals. In rape, we recorded the highest numbers of carabid species and individuals, and very large numbers of Amara similata and A...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/20212/1/38_Lukaetal_2000_Carab_Kultureinfluss.pdf
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Auswirkungen zweier Low-Input Anbausystemen auf die Vielfalt der Laufkäfer- und Spinnenfauna - unter Berücksichtigung naturnaher Flächen Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Luka, Henryk.
Fazit Unter Einbezug der Erkenntnisse von Betriebspaarvergleichen und Parzellenexaktversuchen (Langzeit DOK-Versuch) kommen wir zur Schlussfolgerung, dass biologischer Anbau kombiniert mit qualitativ wertvollen naturnahen Flächen eine Schlüsselrolle für eine nachhaltige Förderung der Nutzarthropodenfauna in der ackerbaulich geprägten Kulturlandschaft darstellt. Regional ausgelegte Agrarumweltprogramme müssten so ausgerichtet sein, dass nicht nur ‚punktuell’ auf Betriebsebene sondern vermehrt auf der Landschaftsebene unter Berücksichtigung der Anbauintensitäten die Kulturlandschaft spezifisch aufgewertet wird. Dies würde zur Verbesserung verschiedener Umweltfunktionen (z.B. Biodiversität, natürliche Schädlingsregulation) wesentlich beitragen.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2572/1/pfiffner%2D2003%2Dlaufkaefer%2Dspinnen.pdf
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Bandes fleuries pour les pollinisateurs et les autres organismes utiles - Sources de nourriture précieuses parmi les cultures Organic Eprints
Benz, Regula; Jucker, Phillip; Albrecht, Matthias; Charrière, Jean-Daniel; Herzog, Felix; Jacot, Katja; Tschumi, Matthias; Luka, Henryk; Pfiffner, Lukas; Ramseier, Hans; Knauer, Katja; Steinmann, Patricia; Tschumi, Eva; Silvestri, Gabriella.
Le document aide les conseillères et conseillers, exploitantes et exploitants et autres acteurs agricoles dans la mise en oeuvre du nouveau type de surface de promotion de la biodiversité Bandes fleuries pour les pollinisateurs et les autres organismes utiles. La présente fiche décrit l’utilité spécifique aux cultures des bandes fleuries, leur mise en place et leur retournement. De plus, des recommandations pour une mise en oeuvre optimale sont formulées afi n de permettre aux pollinisateurs et autres auxiliaires d’accomplir les services attendus à long terme.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/28780/1/benz-etal-2015-Bandes_fleuries_AGRIDEA-Fiche.pdf
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Bandes fleuries vivaces – un outil pour améliorer le contrôle des ravageurs en vergers Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Laurent, Jamar; Cahenzli, Fabian; Maren, Korsgaard; Weronika, Swiergiel; Lene, Sigsgaard.
Les bandes fleuries vivaces améliorent l'efficacité de la lutte biologique contre les ravageurs en arboriculture fruitière. La fiche technique présente les résultats du projet européen EcoOrchard et d'autres études, explique comment fonctionnent les bandes fleuries et comment elles sont appliquées dans la pratique.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Fruit and berries Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33795/1/Bandes%20fleuries%20vivaces%20%E2%80%93%20un%20outil%20pour%20am%C3%A9liorer%20le%20contr%C3%B4le%20des%20ravageurs%20en%20vergers%20.pdf
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Beiträge der Abschlusstagung „Landwirtschaft punktet mit Biodiversität“ am 30. Juni 2017 in Olten Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Birrer, Simon; Zellweger-Fischer, Judith; Chevillat, Véronique; Graf, Roman; Home, Robert.
Im Projekt „Mit Vielfalt punkten – Bauern beleben die Natur“ erforschten und erprobten das FiBL und die Vogelwarte Sempach seit 2009 Massnahmen und Instrumente, um die Biodiversität auf Landwirtschaftsbetrieben wirksam zu fördern. Es hat sich gezeigt, dass die Produktion von Nahrungsmitteln sehr wohl mit der Erhaltung und Förderung der Biodiversität vereinbar ist, ja sogar ökonomische Vorteile bringen kann. An der Schlussveranstaltung vom 30. Juni 2017 wurden die wichtigsten Resultate einem breiteren Publi­kum vorgestellt und deren Stellenwert für die Weiterentwicklung nachhaltiger Produktions- und Er­nährungssysteme mit Akteuren aus Verwaltung, Politik und Markt beleuchtet und diskutiert.
Tipo: Proceedings Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33468/1/1%20Pfiffner_Birrer%20-%20Projekt%20MVP.pdf
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Bio fördert Bodenfruchtbarkeit und Artenvielfalt - Erkenntnisse aus 21 Jahren DOK-Versuch Organic Eprints
Fliessbach, Andreas; Mäder, Paul; Pfiffner, Lukas; Dubois, David; Gunst, Lucie.
In leicht verständlicher Sprache fasst das Dossier die eindrücklichen Ergebnisse aus dem DOK-Langzeitversuch zusammen, in dem die biologisch-dynamische mit der organisch-biologischen und der konventionellen Anbaumethode verglichen werden. Ausgewertet und kommentiert werden die Erträge, Nährstoffzufuhr und -entzug, Bodenstruktur, Bodenleben und Artenvielfalt.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Nutrient turnover; Soil biology; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Soil quality.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/2913/1/1089-dok.pdf
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Bioagricoltura per gli insetti utili Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas.
La bioagricoltura favorisce gli insetti utili e riduce il carico di pesticidi. La Confederazione lo sa ma non agisce.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32212/1/Bioattualita_8_2017_L.Pfiffner.pdf
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Biodiversität - Anpassungsfähig dank Vielfalt Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas.
Der Ökolandbau fördert die Biodiversität vorbildlich. Letztlich werden unsere Anbausysteme dadurch anpassungsfähiger – in Zeiten des Klimawandels eine wichtige Leistung im Dienste der Gesellschaft.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/21855/1/Pfiffner-2012-OeL-4-164-p18-20.pdf
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Biodiversität fördern und nutzen – Schädlingsbekämpfung in Kohlgewächsen Organic Eprints
Luka, Henryk; Daniel, Claudia; Barloggio, Guendalina; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Projektbericht zur Nützlingsföderung im Kohlanbau
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015
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Biodiversitätsbewertung von Bio-Ackerbaubetrieben in Österreich Organic Eprints
Drapela, Thomas; Petrasek, Richard; Meier, Matthias Samuel; Pfiffner, Lukas; Lindenthal, Thomas; Schader, Christian.
This paper presents results of an on-farm biodiversity assessment of 45 organic arable farms in eastern Austria (region Weinviertel). The core of the assessment method consists of 99 parameters concerning agricultural practices and semi-natural habitats and their impacts on genetic diversity, habitat diversity and species diversity of eleven indicator species groups. For each farm, a biodiversity performance score was calculated ranging from 0 to 100 %, where 100 % would be reached with the highest possible scores for all parameters. The biodiversity assessment of the 45 organic arable farms revealed big between-farm differences in the biodiversity performance (16.8 to 50.6 %; Ø 32.8 ± 6.1 %). While 32 farms for example achieved biodiversity scores > 40...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21460/1/21460_drapel.pdf
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Biodiversity as a prerequisite of sustainable organic farming Organic Eprints
Pfiffner, Lukas; Armengot, Laura.
Over the last century, the intensification of agriculture with high inputs of synthetic pesticides and fertilisers combined with monocrop specialisation has been detrimental to the diversity of genetic resources of crop varieties and livestock breeds, to the wild flora and fauna species and to the diversity of ecosystems. Higher levels of biodiversity can strengthen farming systems and its resilience under changing environmental conditions. This chapter gives an overview of the impact of organic farming on biodiversity. The chapter considers land-use intensity, the impact of organic farming on biodiversity, biodiversity at different spatial scales and the impact of organic farming on selected functional groups. Finally, the chapter discusses some examples...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34334/1/Book-%20Improving%20organic%20crop%20cultivation.pdf
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Biodiversity at the farm scale: A novel credit point system Organic Eprints
Birrer, Simon; Zellweger-Fischer, Judith; Stoeckli, Sibylle; Korner-Nievergelt, Fränzi; Balmer, Oliver; Jenny, Markus; Pfiffner, Lukas.
Farmland biodiversity has often been assessed, but seldom at the farm scale, although it is ultimately the farm level at which decisions are taken. Therefore, a credit point system (CPS) was developed based on 32 options known to enhance farmland biodiversity. It was verified whether the resulting CPS score and farm-scale biodiversity are correlated considering four indicator groups (plants, grasshoppers, butterflies and birds) on 133 farms in the Swiss lowland. We further compared the suitability of the CPS score in reflecting farm-scale biodiversity to three alternative habitat measures, i.e. the amount of ecological compensation areas (ECAs, i.e. agri-environment scheme options), ECAs with a high ecological quality and valuable semi-natural elements...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27308/1/Birrer-etal-2014%20AGEE-p195-203.pdf
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