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Fine-scale recognition and use of mesoscale fronts by foraging Cape gannets in the Benguela upwelling region ArchiMer
Sabarros, Philippe S.; Gremillet, David; Demarcq, Herve; Moseley, Christina; Pichegru, Lorien; Mullers, Ralf H. E.; Stenseth, Nils C.; Machu, Eric.
Oceanic structures such as mesoscale fronts may become hotspots of biological activity through concentration and enrichment processes. These fronts generally attract fish and may therefore be targeted by marine top-predators. In the southern Benguela upwelling system, such fronts might be used as environmental cues by foraging seabirds. In this study we analyzed high-frequency foraging tracks (GPS, 1 s sampling) of Cape gannets Morus capensis from two colonies located on the west and east coast of South Africa in relation to mesoscale fronts detected on daily high-resolution chlorophyll-a maps (MODIS, 1 km). We tested the association of (i) searching behavior and (ii) diving activity of foraging birds with mesoscale fronts. We found that Cape gannets shift...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seabird; Environmental cue; Behavioral shift; Area-restricted search; Feeding activity; Fractal landscape; Oceanographic fronts; Morus capensis; Southern Benguela; South Africa.
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00236/34756/34575.pdf
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Reference points for predators will progress ecosystem‐based management of fisheries ArchiMer
Hill, Simeon L.; Hinke, Jefferson; Bertrand, Sophie; Fritz, Lowell; Furness, Robert W.; Ianelli, James N.; Murphy, Matthew; Oliveros‐ramos, Ricardo; Pichegru, Lorien; Sharp, Rowland; Stillman, Richard A.; Wright, Peter J.; Ratcliffe, Norman.
Ecosystem‐based management of fisheries aims to allow sustainable use of fished stocks while keeping impacts upon ecosystems within safe ecological limits. Both the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets promote these aims. We evaluate implementation of ecosystem‐based management in six case‐study fisheries in which potential indirect impacts upon bird or mammal predators of fished stocks are well publicized and well studied. In particular, we consider the components needed to enable management strategies to respond to information from predator monitoring. Although such information is available in all case‐studies, only one has a reference point defining safe ecological limits for predators and none has a method to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Aichi Biodiversity Targets; Ecosystem interactions; Indirect impacts; Management strategy; Precautionary approach.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00602/71400/69850.pdf
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