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Authigenic carbonate mounds from active methane seeps on the southern Aquitaine Shelf (Bay of Biscay, France): evidence for anaerobic oxidation of biogenic methane and submarine groundwater discharge during formation ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Demange, Jerome; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Dupre, Stephanie.
The widespread methane emissions that were discovered in 2013 on the Aquitaine Shelf at water depth between 140 and 220 m are associated with authigenic carbonate crusts that cover meter-high subcircular reliefs of 10 to 100 m in diameter. These authigenic carbonates are primarily aragonite plus calcite and dolomite, which cement the fine- to medium-grained sandy sediment. The carbonate cement is often pierced by numerous circular cavities of 5 to 10 µm in diameter that are considered to be moulds of gas bubbles. Conversely, micron-sized cavities in the aragonite crystals are attributed to dissolution features, in relation to the production of CO2 during the aerobic oxidation of methane. The oxygen isotopic compositions of bulk carbonate (+1.7 to +3.7‰)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquitaine Shelf; Methane-derived authigenic carbonates; Oxygen isotopes; Carbon isotopes; Submarine groundwater discharge; Anaerobic oxidation of methane; Aerobic oxidation of methane.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00361/47209/47164.pdf
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Authigenic carbonates from methane seeps of the Congo deep-sea fan ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Fouquet, Yves.
Submersible investigations with the ROV Victor 6000 of some pockmark structures on the seafloor of the Congo deep-sea fan have shown that they are active venting sites of methane-rich fluids, associated with abundant fauna and carbonate crusts. Moreover, methane hydrates have been observed both outcropping and deep in the sediments in the centre of the "Regab" giant pockmark. Authigenic carbonates, mostly calcite sometimes mixed with aragonite, are cementing the sedimentary matrix components and fauna; diatoms are abundant but only as moulds, indicating that biogenic silica dissolution occurred in situ synchronous with carbonate precipitation. The occurrence of diagenetic barite and pyrite in some carbonate crusts demonstrates that they can be formed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen isotopes; Carbon isotopes; Congo deep sea fan; Gas hydrate; Methane seep; Authigenic carbonate.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2608.pdf
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Authigenic carbonates related to active seepage of methane-rich hot brines at the Cheops mud volcano, Menes caldera (Nile deep-sea fan, eastern Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Bayon, Germain; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Mascle, Jean; Dupre, Stephanie.
On the passive margin of the Nile deep-sea fan, the active Cheops mud volcano (MV; ca. 1,500 m diameter, ~20–30 m above seafloor, 3,010–3,020 m water depth) comprises a crater lake with hot (up to ca. 42 °C) methane-rich muddy brines in places overflowing down the MV flanks. During the Medeco2 cruise in fall 2007, ROV dives enabled detailed sampling of the brine fluid, bottom lake sediments at ca. 450 m lake depth, sub-surface sediments from the MV flanks, and carbonate crusts at the MV foot. Based on mineralogical, elemental and stable isotope analyses, this study aims at exploring the origin of the brine fluid and the key biogeochemical processes controlling the formation of these deep-sea authigenic carbonates. In addition to their patchy occurrence in...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00186/29735/28189.pdf
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Diversity and distribution of cold-seep fauna associated with different geological and environmental settings at mud volcanoes and pockmarks of the Nile Deep-Sea Fan ArchiMer
Ritt, Benedicte; Pierre, Catherine; Gauthier, Olivier; Wenzhoefer, Frank; Boetius, Antje; Sarrazin, Jozee.
The Nile Deep-Sea Fan (NDSF) is located on the passive continental margin off Egypt and is characterized by the occurrence of active fluid seepage such as brine lakes, pockmarks and mud volcanoes. This study characterizes the structure of faunal assemblages of such active seepage systems of the NDSF. Benthic communities associated with reduced, sulphidic microhabitats such as sediments and carbonate crusts were sampled by remotely operated vehicles during two cruises in 2006 (BIONIL) and 2007 (MEDECO). Environmental conditions and biological factors including family-level faunal composition, density and diversity were measured at local and regional scales. Significant differences were detected at different spatial scales: (1) the fauna of reduced habitats...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00037/14798/12212.pdf
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First insights into the structure and environmental setting of cold-seep communities in the Marmara Sea ArchiMer
Ritt, Benedicte; Sarrazin, Jozee; Caprais, Jean-claude; Noel, Philippe; Gauthier, Olivier; Pierre, Catherine; Henry, Pierre; Desbruyeres, Daniel.
A brackish-water cold seep on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) in the Marmara Sea was investigated with the Nautile submersible during the MarNaut cruise in 2007. This active zone has already been surveyed and revealed evidence of active seeping on the seafloor, such as bubble emissions, patches of reduced sediments, microbial mats and authigenic carbonate crusts. MarNaut was the first opportunity to sample benthic communities in the three most common microhabitats (bioturbated and reduced sediments, carbonate crust) and to examine their relationships with environmental conditions. To do so, faunal communities were sampled and chemical measurements were taken close to the organisms. According to diversity indices, the bioturbated microhabitat exhibited the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marmara Sea; Cold seep; Benthic fauna; Biological diversity; Environmental conditions; Chemosynthetic.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12506/9528.pdf
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Formation of carbonate chimneys in the Mediterranean Sea linked to deep-water oxygen depletion ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Dupre, Stephanie; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Etoubleau, Joel; Cheron, Sandrine; Pierre, Catherine; Mascle, Jean; Boetius, Antje; De Lange, Gert J..
Marine sediments at ocean margins vent substantial amounts of methane(1,2). Microbial oxidation of the methane released can trigger the precipitation of carbonate within sediments and support a broad diversity of seafloor ecosystems(3,4). The factors controlling microbial activity and carbonate precipitation associated with the seepage of submarine fluid over geological time remain poorly constrained. Here, we characterize the petrology and geochemistry of rocks sampled from metre-size build-ups of methane-derived carbonate chimneys located at the Amon mud volcano on the Nile deep-sea fan. We find that these carbonates comprise porous structures composed of aggregated spherules of aragonite, and closely resemble microbial carbonate reefs forming at present...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00156/26734/24854.pdf
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Marine Transform Faults and Fracture Zones: A Joint Perspective Integrating Seismicity, Fluid Flow and Life ArchiMer
Hensen, Christian; Duarte, Joao C.; Vannucchi, Paola; Mazzini, Adriano; Lever, Mark A.; Terrinha, Pedro; Géli, Louis; Henry, Pierre; Villinger, Heinrich; Morgan, Jason; Schmidt, Mark; Gutscher, Marc-andre; Bartolome, Rafael; Tomonaga, Yama; Polonia, Alina; Gràcia, Eulàlia; Tinivella, Umberta; Lupi, Matteo; Çağatay, M. Namık; Elvert, Marcus; Sakellariou, Dimitris; Matias, Luis; Kipfer, Rolf; Karageorgis, Aristomenis P.; Ruffine, Livio; Liebetrau, Volker; Pierre, Catherine; Schmidt, Christopher; Batista, Luis; Gasperini, Luca; Burwicz, Ewa; Neres, Marta; Nuzzo, Marianne.
Marine transform faults and associated fracture zones (MTFFZs) cover vast stretches of the ocean floor, where they play a key role in plate tectonics, accommodating the lateral movement of tectonic plates and allowing connections between ridges and trenches. Together with the continental counterparts of MTFFZs, these structures also pose a risk to human societies as they can generate high magnitude earthquakes and trigger tsunamis. Historical examples are the Sumatra-Wharton Basin Earthquake in 2012 (M8.6) and the Atlantic Gloria Fault Earthquake in 1941 (M8.4). Earthquakes at MTFFZs furthermore open and sustain pathways for fluid flow triggering reactions with the host rocks that may permanently change the rheological properties of the oceanic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Transform faults; Fractures zones; Coupling of seismicity and fluid flow; Microbial life; Heat flow; Fluid geochemistry; Seafloor observation systems; Seismic precursors.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60085/63422.pdf
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MARNAUT 2017. Dive report ArchiMer
Henry, Pierre; Tryon, Mike; Bourlange, Sylvain; Geli, Louis; Zitter, Tiphaine; Bouloubassi, Ioanna; Burnard, Pete; Cagatay, M Namik; Chevalier, Nicolas; Gasperini, Luca; Gorur, Naci; Gerigk, Christoph; Leveque, Claude; Le Pichon, Xavier; Lopez-garcia, Purification; Massol, Alain; Mercier De Lepinay, Bernard; Natalin, Boris; Ozeren, Sinan; Pierre, Catherine; Ritt, Benedicte; Sengor, Am Celal; Ucarkus, Gulsen.
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00398/50962/51714.pdf
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MEDECO Leg 2 cruise report. R/V Pourquoi pas ? 02 to 30 November 2007 Rhodes-Toulon ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Mascle, Jean; Dupre, Stephanie.
The MEDECO Leg 2 cruise followed the MEDECO Leg 1 cruise that had crossed the Mediterranean Sea from the west to the east to study benthic communities of the Var canyon, deep corals found on the Calabrian Margin and cold seep ecosystems of the Mediterranean Ridge. The main objective of the MEDECO Leg 2 cruise was to study and compare, using a multidisciplinary approach, the structure and dynamics of deep-sea ecosystems at various active cold seep sites from the Nile deep sea fan and the Calabrian Arc, in the Eastern Mediterranean sea. During MEDECO Legs 1 & 2, a multiscale strategy was promoted to integrate (1) a high resolution cartography of geological structures (km2 scale), (2) a detailed mapping, including video imagery, of smaller-scale areas...
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Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00134/24550/22583.pdf
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Methanogenesis and clay minerals diagenesis during the formation of dolomite nodules from the Tortonian marls of southern Spain ArchiMer
Pierre, Catherine; Rouchy, Jean-marie; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Etoubleau, Joel; Fouquet, Yves.
Dolomite nodules are widespread within the Tortonian marls of Fortuna and Lorca basins in southern Spain. They occur as large bodies of various forms (round, ovoid, tabular) that are parallel or secant relative to the stratification. They are massive and present sometimes internal conduits that are considered as drains used for the migration of fluids. This study brings new results on the mineralogy and elemental and isotopic geochemistry of these dolomite nodules to better describe the processes that were occurring during their formation. The diagenetic reactions that have driven authigenic dolomite precipitation within the sediments involved on the one hand methanogenesis that produced 13C-poor CH4 and 13C-rich CO2, on the other hand carbonate and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Authigenic dolomite nodules; Elemental geochemistry; Oxygen and carbon isotopes; Methanogenesis; Clay minerals diagenesis.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37752/35803.pdf
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Multidisciplinary investigation on cold seeps with vigorous gas emissions in the Sea of Marmara (MarsiteCruise): Strategy for site detection and sampling and first scientific outcome ArchiMer
Ruffine, Livio; Ondreas, Helene; Blanc-valleron, Marie-madeleine; Teichert, Barbara M. A.; Scalabrin, Carla; Rinnert, Emmanuel; Birot, Dominique; Croguennec, Claire; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pierre, Catherine; Donval, Jean-pierre; Alix, Anne-sophie; Germain, Yoan; Bignon, Laurent; Etoubleau, Joel; Caprais, Jean-claude; Knoery, Joel; Lesongeur, Francoise; Thomas, Bastien; Roubi, Angelique; Legoix, Ludovic Nicolas; Burnard, Pete; Chevalier, Nicolas; Lu, Hailong; Dupre, Stephanie; Fontanier, Christophe; Dissard, Delphine; Olgun, Nazli; Yang, Hailin; Strauss, Harald; Ozaksoy, Volkan; Perchoc, Jonathan; Podeur, Christian; Tarditi, Corinne; Ozbeki, Eyyup; Guyader, Vivien; Marty, Bernard; Madre, David G; Pitel-roudaut, Mathilde; Grall, Celine; Embriaco, Davide; Polonia, Mina; Gasperini, Lucas; Cagatay, M. Namik; Henry, Pierre; Geli, Louis.
MarsiteCruise was undertaken in October/November 2014 in the Sea of Marmara to gain detailed insight into the fate of fluids migrating within the sedimentary column and partially released into the water column. The overall objective of the project was to achieve a more global understanding of cold-seep dynamics in the context of a major active strike-slip fault. Five remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dives were performed at selected areas along the North Anatolian Fault and inherited faults. To efficiently detect, select and sample the gas seeps, we applied an original procedure. It combines sequentially (1) the acquisition of ship-borne multibeam acoustic data from the water column prior to each dive to detect gas emission sites and to design the tracks of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acoustic survey; Authigenic carbonates; Biogeochemistry; Chemical analyses; Cold seeps; Dissolved major elements; Fluid seepage; Geology; In situ Raman analysis; Methane; ROV dives.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54434/55783.pdf
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Paleo-environmental controls on cold seep carbonate authigenesis in the Sea of Marmara ArchiMer
Cremiere, Antoine; Bayon, Germain; Ponzevera, Emmanuel; Pierre, Catherine.
The factors controlling fluid emission dynamics at ocean margins are poorly understood. In particular, there are significant uncertainties on how fluid seepage at cold seeps may have responded to abrupt environmental changes in the geological past. This study reports on a detailed geochemical investigation of seafloor carbonate crusts sampled at cold seeps along the submerged part of the North Anatolian Fault system in the Sea of Marmara - an inland sea, which has experienced major paleo-environmental changes over the last deglaciation period. We also analyzed a series of authigenic carbonate concretions recovered from two sediment cores at the Western-High ridge, an active fluid venting area. The ages of seafloor carbonate crusts derived from isochron...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: U-Th dating; Authigenic carbonates; Sea of Marmara; Cold seeps; Sapropel event; Carbon and oxygen isotopes.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00161/27249/25488.pdf
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Structure and Drivers of Cold Seep Ecosystems ArchiMer
Foucher, Jean-paul; Westbrook, Graham K.; Boetius, Antje; Ceramicola, Silvia; Dupre, Stephanie; Mascle, Jean; Mienert, Jurgen; Pfannkuche, Olaf; Pierre, Catherine; Praeg, Daniel.
Submarine hydrocarbon seeps are geologically driven "hotspots" of increased biological activity on the seabed. As part of the HERMES project, several sites of natural hydrocarbon seepage in the European seas were investigated in detail, including mud volcanoes and pockmarks, in study areas extending from the Nordic margin, to the Gulf of Cadiz, to the Mediterranean and Black seas. High-resolution seabed maps and the main properties of key seep sites are presented here. Individual seeps show ecosystem zonation related to the strength of the methane flux and distinct biogeochemical processes in surface sediments. A feature common to many seeps is the formation of authigenic carbonate constructions. These constructions exhibit various morphologies ranging...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mosby mud volcano; Deep sea fan; Eastern mediterranean sea; Black sea; Anaerobic oxidation; Hydrocarbon seeps; Carbonate crusts; Sidescan sonar; Hydrate ridge; Gas chimneys.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6387.pdf
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Warm brine lakes in craters of active mud volcanoes, Menes caldera off NW Egypt: evidence for deep-rooted thermogenic processes ArchiMer
Dupre, Stephanie; Mascle, Jean; Foucher, Jean-paul; Harmegnies, Francois; Woodside, John; Pierre, Catherine.
The Menes caldera is a fault-controlled depression (~8 km in diameter) at ~3,000 m water depth in the western province of the Nile deep-sea fan off NW Egypt, comprising seven mud volcanoes (MVs) of which two are active. Based on multichannel and chirp seismic data, temperature profiles, and high-resolution bathymetric data collected during the 2000 Fanil, 2004 Mimes and 2007 Medeco2 expeditions, the present study investigates factors controlling MV morphology, the geometry of feeder channels, and the origin of emitted fluids. The active Cheops and Chephren MVs are 1,500 m wide with subcircular craters at their summits, about 250 m in diameter, generally a few tens of metres deep, and filled with methane-rich muddy brines with temperatures reaching 42 °C...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00185/29668/28151.pdf
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