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THE EFFECT OF WTO AND FTAA ON AGRICULTURE AND THE RURAL SECTOR IN LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Morley, Samuel A.; Pineiro, Valeria.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16171
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The Impact of CAFTA on Employment, Production and Poverty in Honduras AgEcon
Morley, Samuel A.; Nakasone, Eduardo; Pineiro, Valeria.
In this paper we develop a dynamic CGE model to examine the impact of CAFTA on production, employment and poverty in Honduras. We model four aspects of the agreement: tariff reductions, quotas, changes in the rules of origin for maquila and more generous treatment of foreign investment. We first show that trade liberalization under CAFTA has a positive effect on growth, employment and poverty but the effect is small. What really matters for Honduras is the assembly (maquila) industry. CAFTA liberalized the rules of origin for imports into this industry. That raises the growth rate of output by 1.4% and reduces poverty by 11% in 2020 relative to what it would otherwise have been. Increasing capital formation through an increase in foreign investment in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAFTA; Honduras; Growth; Poverty; CGE model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42349
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The Impact of CAFTA on Poverty, Distribution, and Growth in El Salvador AgEcon
Morley, Samuel A.; Nakasone, Eduardo; Pineiro, Valeria.
In this paper we develop a dynamic CGE model to examine the impact of CAFTA on production, employment and poverty in El Salvador. We model four aspects of the agreement: tariff reductions, quotas, changes in the rules of origin for maquila and more generous treatment of foreign investment. The model shows that CAFTA has a small positive effect on growth, employment and poverty. Tariff reduction under CAFTA adds about .2% to the growth rate of output up to 2020. Liberalizing the rules of origin for maquila has a bigger positive effect on growth and poverty mainly because it raises the demand for exportables produced by unskilled labor. We model the foreign investment effect by assuming that capital inflows go directly to capital formation. This raises the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: CAFTA; El Salvador; Growth; Poverty; CGE model; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42356
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The Impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the Central American Textile Maquila Industry AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Pineiro, Valeria; Sanchez, Marco V.; Torero, Maximo.
While the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) remains a hotly debated issue in all five Central American countries that are part of the treaty, most discussions are based on preconceived opinions rather than grounded in research-based results. The point of departure of the paper is that the provisions in the agreement concerning the textile maquila industry are likely to have a significant impact on household welfare, despite the already existing preferential access of textile maquila exports to the U.S. market under the rules of origin set by the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and the U.S.–Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA). What CAFTA does for maquila production in Central America is to make permanent and expand the liberalized...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Apparel industry; CAFTA; Central America; CGE model; Maquila; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42393
Registros recuperados: 4
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