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Registros recuperados: 41
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Caractérisation de la qualité biologique des Masses d'Eau Côtières : Cartographie des herbiers de Zostera noltii et Zostera marina du Bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Dalloyau, Sebastien; Trut, Gilles; Plus, Martin; Auby, Isabelle; Emery, Eric.
Le suivi surfacique des herbiers de zostères du Bassin d'Arcachon (a été entrepris en 2007 (pour Zostera noltii) et 2008 (pour Zostera marina). Pour Zostera noltii, cette cartographie a été réalisée par photo-interprétation d’une mosaïque d’images de résolution 1 mètre. Ces clichés IGN, orthorectifiés et georéferencés ont été acquis en août et septembre 2007. Un important travail de validation terrain a permis d'attribuer des indices de fiabilité aux cartographies obtenues. Pour Zostera marina, la méthode a consisté à coupler une information de présence/absence déterminée par superposition de signaux issus d’un sonar latéral et d’un sondeur acoustique à des observations terrain obtenues par une caméra vidéo tractée sous marine reliée à un système de...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27833/26039.pdf
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Caractérisation des composantes hydrodynamiques d'un système côtier semi-fermé : Le Bassin de Marennes-Oléron ArchiMer
Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Dumas, Franck; Plus, Martin; Maurer, Daniele; Robert, Stephane.
Introduction and objectives of the study: Understanding the operating modes of the coastline systems requires the study of the hydrodynamics responsible for transporting the whole of the geobiological compartments of which they are composed. The idea of maintaining a close connexion between the physics, biology, geology and chemistry of the oceans is not new, and was for that matter the subject of a note in the first report of the International Council for the Study of the Oceans (ICSS) in 1902 (Sverdrup et al., 1954): ... it was seen from the beginning that the study of the physical conditions, of the chemical nature of the ocean waters, of the currents, etc., was of the greatest importance for the investigation of the problems connected with life, that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Atlantic north east; Marennes Oleron basin; Modellling; Hydrodynamic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2353.pdf
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Caractérisation des composantes hydrodynamiques d'une lagune mésotidale, le Bassin d'Arcachon. ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Maurer, Daniele; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Dumas, Franck.
Introduction and objectives of the study: Understanding the operation modes of the coastline systems requires the study of the hydrodynamics responsible for transporting the whole of the chemical and biological elements of which they are composed. The idea of maintaining a close connexion between the physics, biology, geology and chemistry of the oceans is not new, and was for that matter the subject of a note in the first report of the International Council for the Study of the Oceans (ICSS) in 1902 (Sverdrup et al., 1954): " it was seen from the beginning that the study of the physical conditions, of the chemical nature of the ocean waters, of the currents, etc., was of the greatest importance for the investigation of the problems connected with life,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Atlantic north east; Arcachon basin; Modelling; Measuring; Current; Hydrodynamic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-2352.pdf
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Carbon sequestration loss following Zostera noltei decline in the Arcachon Bay (France) ArchiMer
Ribaudo, Cristina; Plus, Martin; Ganthy, Florian; Auby, Isabelle.
The worldwide decline of seagrass meadows may result in the loss of relevant ecosystem services such as the carbon sequestration within marine ecosystems. In this paper, net primary production (NPP) of Zostera noltei meadows was assessed in the Arcachon Bay (SW France) with the aim of understanding the impact of meadows decline on C sequestration capacity at a basin scale. Net growth rates obtained by means of a year-long leaf-marking experiment (2005-2006) were coupled to interannual biomass measurements (1983-2010) to obtain a direct estimate of NPP. Concurrently, an indirect estimate was obtained through a mathematical model which embedded natural factors variation (temperature, light and nutrients). Z. noltei seasonal growth and leaf morphometry...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seagrass; Meadow regression; Macrotidal lagoon; Growth model; Nutrient leaf resorption.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/42061/41357.pdf
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Comparaison des capacités photosynthétiques des zostères naines de deux étangs méditerranéens : Lagune de Thau et étang du Vaccarès. ArchiMer
Auby, Isabelle; Levavasseur, Guy; Plus, Martin; Deslous Paoli, Jean-marc; Grillas, Patrick.
Zostera noltii colonise en Méditerranée des baies abritées et des lagunes présentant des conditions abiotiques (e.g. atténuation lumineuse et salinité) très variées. Les zostères constituent des herbiers étendus et stables à Thau (Gerbal et Verlaque, 1995) qui est une lagune profonde et bien connectée à la mer (salinité peu variable). Dans le Vaccarès, moins bien connecté à la mer, cette espèce a présenté un développement important entre 1984 et 1996, alors que la salinité (moyenne annuelle) variait entre 30,1 et 4,8 (Grillas et Auby, 1996). L'objectif de ce travail était de préciser dans quelle mesure les conditions suboptimales (Tableau 1) auxquelles sont soumises les zostères du Vaccarès affecte leur production. Les capacités photosynthétiques...
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Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26287/24370.pdf
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Compte rendu des travaux d’accompagnement de l’opération Resur 2 menée par le Comité Régional Conchylicole d’Arcachon ArchiMer
Gouillieux, Benoit; Plus, Martin; Auby, Isabelle; Tchaleu, Gwenaelle; Lapegue, Sylvie.
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00033/14386/11678.pdf
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Diagnostic étendu de l'eutrophisation (DIETE). Rôle des sédiments dans le cycle des nutriments et impacts sur l'eutrophisation de la baie de Vilaine (2014-2017) ArchiMer
Souchu, Philippe; Cochennec-laureau, Nathalie; Ratmaya, Widya; Retho, Michael; Andrieux, Francoise; Le Merrer, Yoann; Barille, Laurent; Barille, Anne-laure; Goubert, Evelyne; Plus, Martin; Laverman, Anniet.
Le projet DIETE a exploré les données hydrobiologiques (paramètres physico-chimiques, nutriments, phytoplancton) acquises depuis les années 80 dans les eaux côtières au large de la Loire et de la Vilaine, parallèlement à celles des deux fleuves. L’augmentation des concentrations de nitrates dans les eaux de la Loire, appuyée par les réserves sédimentaires de phosphates et de silicate ont entraîné de profonds bouleversements dans la dynamique du phytoplancton de la baie de Vilaine ces deux dernières décennies avec 1) une augmentation substantielle de la biomasse, 2) une modification importante de l’évolution saisonnière, 3) un changement dans les proportions entre diatomées et dinoflagellés au profit des diatomées. Ces résultats ouvrent tout un champ...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eutophisation; Azote; Phosphore; Silicium; Sédiments; Modélisation.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53695/54593.pdf
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Environmental factors contributing to the development of brown muscle disease and perkinsosis in Manila clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) and trematodiasis in cockles (Cerastoderma edule) of Arcachon Bay ArchiMer
Binias, Cindy; Do, Van Tu; Jude-lemeilleur, Florence; Plus, Martin; Froidefond, Jean-marie; De Montaudouin, Xavier.
The aim of the present study was to identify environmental factors that could explain the distribution of different pathologies of commercially exploited intertidal bivalves in an Atlantic lagoon, Arcachon Bay. In particular, the role of the salinity gradient as a driver was explored. The Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum experienced two severe pathologies, perkinsosis, which is due to a protozoan parasite, and brown muscle disease (BMD), the etiological agent of which remains unknown. Perkinsus olseni infection was very low in a small low-salinity area but, at the scale of the entire lagoon, was more influenced by organic matter content in the sediment and by emersion time. BMD prevalence was also 2.6 times higher in the higher organic content area but...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arcachon bay; Bivalves; Diseases; Distribution; Parasites.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00200/31083/31922.pdf
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Etude de faisabilité d’opérations de ‘repeuplement orienté’ dans deux sites français de captage de l’huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Bernard, Ismael; Lapegue, Sylvie; Dumas, Franck; Talarmain, Eric; Cornette, Florence; Degremont, Lionel; Chavanne, Herve; Pouvreau, Stephane; Auby, Isabelle; Maurer, Daniele; Plus, Martin; Le Moine, Olivier; Boudry, Pierre.
La forte augmentation des mortalités de juvéniles d’huître creuse depuis 2008 a relancé la problématique de l’approvisionnement en naissains de l’ostréiculture française. Dans ce contexte, cette étude a pour objectif d’étudier la faisabilité d’opérations de repeuplement en huîtres génétiquement plus résistantes, afin d’améliorer les performances de survie du naissain capté dans le milieu naturel. Cette étude s’est ainsi focalisée sur les deux bassins naisseurs historiques, Marennes-Oléron et Arcachon. Nous avons donc cherché à établir (1) une hiérarchie des bancs en fonction de l’expulsion de larves d’huître dans le bassin d’Arcachon, (2) une cartographie des liens en termes de connectivité entre les bancs des pertuis charentais et (3) la faisabilité du...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19410/17013.pdf
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Etude de la fécondité de l’huître creuse dans le bassin d’Arcachon en 2013 en lien avec la qualité de l’eau. Compte-rendu final du programme FeLiBA ArchiMer
Bernard, Ismael; Allain, Gwenhael; Auby, Isabelle; Plus, Martin; Drean, Tugdual; Gasmi, Sonia; David, Valérie; Pouvreau, Stephane; Maurer, Daniele.
De 2009 à 2011, le captage à Arcachon fut particulièrement mauvais. Des pontes tardives associées à de faibles quantités de larves “petites” indiquaient un problème probablement au niveau de la maturation ou de la ponte. Le programme FéLiBA consiste en un zoom, pour l’année 2013, sur la Fécondité des huîtres creuses en Lien avec la qualité de l’eau du Bassin d’Arcachon. Ce programme s’est traduit par différentes actions de terrain. Tout d’abord, la maturation des huîtres issues du captage d’Arcachon ou de Marennes-Oléron a été suivie à Arcachon (site du Tès) et comparée avec celle de la Rade de Brest (pointe du Château) au cours de l’année 2013. Puis, un bilan de la maturation des huîtres sauvages d’Arcachon a été établi fin juin 2013. La ponte a également...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00179/29002/27428.pdf
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Etude de la flore introduite dans le Bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Verlaque, Marc; Auby, Isabelle; Plus, Martin; Belsher, Thomas.
An inventory of the marine macrophytes introduced into the Arcachon Basin has been carried out through an exhaustive bibliographical analysis complemented by several sampling campaign made in November 2005, July 2006, February and December 2007. As a result, 22 introduced species have been listed. Nine of them are new to the region, and Herposiphonia parca and Pterosiphonia tanakae, are recorded for the first time from the Atlantic Ocean. Of this exotic flora, 17 species have also been introduced into the Thau Lagoon (France, Mediterranean). Except for some old introductions for which the most probable vector is the shipping, an introduction along with shellfish transfers, directly from Japan or via other aquaculture sites is highly probable. The great...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arcachon; Macrophytes marins; Inventaire; Espèces introduites; France.; Arcachon; Marines macrophytes; Checklist; Introduced species; France..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26285/24368.pdf
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Étude et modélisation des populations de macrophytes dans la lagune de Thau (Hérault, France) ArchiMer
Plus, Martin.
The works carried out can be divided in three main lines : design and management of experimental studies on primary production processes, macrophyte spatial distribution study and development of macrophyte and seagrass numerical models. In situ and in vitro experiments have been performed with the aim of studying the processes and the parameters involved in the photosynthesis-respiration system, as well as to establish the main biotic (self-shading effect, physiology of the photosynthesis, carbon, nitrogen and chlorophyll tissu contents) and abiotic (temperature, light and nutrients) factors controlling macrobenthic primary production. A seagrass ecosystem model based on nitrogen and oxygen fluxes has been developped. Model calibration and validation have...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Primary production; Light; Nitrogen; Nutrients; Mathematical model; Thau lagoon; Seagrass; Macrophytes; Production primaire; Lumière; Azote; Nutriments; Model mathématique; Thau; Phanérogames; Macrophytes.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/these-6518.pdf
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Étude sur la prolifération de la micro algue Alexandrium minutum en rade de Brest ArchiMer
Chapelle, Annie; Le Bec, Claude; Amzil, Zouher; Dreanno, Catherine; Guillou, Laure; Klouch, Khadidja; Labry, Claire; Le Gac, Mickael; Pineau-guillou, Lucia; Siano, Raffaele; Abernot, Chantal; Andrieux, Francoise; Caradec, Florian; Destombe, Christophe; Dia, A.; Doner, Anne; Duval, Julia; Gouriou, Jeremie; Lazure, Pascal; Le Brun, Luc; Le Gal, Dominique; Malestroit, Pascale; Petton, Sebastien; Plus, Martin; Quere, Julien; Savar, Veronique; Schmitt, Sophie; Terre, A.; Youenou, Agnes.
Suite à l’événement de grande ampleur d’efflorescence d’Alexandrium minutum et des toxicités associées en Rade de Brest en 2012, un projet a été élaboré avec la Région Bretagne dans le cadre du développement du port de Brest. L’Ifremer a organisé un échantillonnage dans l’estuaire de la rivière de Daoulas, zone la plus touchée en 2012, au cours des printemps-été 2013 et 2014. Un suivi de la présence d’A. minutum dans les sédiments a également été réalisé en hiver 2014. De ces suivis, des mesures réalisées au laboratoire à ce jour, des simulations du modèle Prévimer ainsi que des résultats du réseau Rephy et Velyger, il ressort que: * La rade de Brest peut aujourd’hui être considérée comme une zone à risque pour Alexandrium minutum. En effet, depuis 2012...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36487/35029.pdf
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Évolution spatio-temporelle des herbiers de zostères du Bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Dalloyau, Sebastien; Trut, Gilles; Plus, Martin; Kantin, Roger; Emery, Eric; Noël, Claire; Auby, Isabelle.
Dans le cadre de la DCE, et plus particulièrement de l’évaluation de l’état écologique des habitats benthiques, le laboratoire IFREMER d'Arcachon a réalisé la cartographie des herbiers de zostères du Bassin d’Arcachon en 2007-2008 et comparé leur extension avec les données antérieures (1988 pour Zostera marina - 1989 et 2005 pour Zostera noltii).
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00259/37009/35507.pdf
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Factors influencing primary production of seagrass beds (Zostera noltii Hornem.) in the Thau lagoon (French Mediterranean coast) ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Auby, Isabelle; Dagault, Francoise.
The primary production and the respiration of Zostera noltii beds in the Thau lagoon were studied by means of the benthic bell jar technique, Concurrently, environmental data (temperature, light and nutrients) as well as morphological data of seagrass meadows (leaf width and height, density of shoots, above/below-ground biomass ratio) were collected with the purpose of explaining most of the observed variations in metabolism, Seagrass plus epiphyte respiration rates were influenced mainly by the water temperature, showing a typical exponential response to an increase in temperature, Surprisingly, measurements of production rates were not related to incoming light intensities recorded at the seagrass canopy level, An equation frequently used for terrestrial...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nitrogen contents; Temperature; Intercepted light by canopies; Seagrass ecosystem; Primary production.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-458.pdf
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Hydrodynamic characterization of the Arcachon Bay, using model-derived descriptors ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Dumas, Franck; Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Maurer, Daniele.
A numerical model (MARS-2D) was developed, with the aim of describing the hydrodynamics that prevail in Arcachon Bay. Direct model results as well as derived mixing and transport time-scales (tidal prism, local and integrated flushing times, age of water masses), were used to understand the behaviour of water masses and exchanges between the Bay and its frontiers. Particular attention was paid to the processes that drive the hydrodynamics (tides, wind and rivers), in order to understand their respective influence. The Arcachon Bay hydrodynamic system appears primarily to be highly influenced by tides; secondarily, by winds. About two third of the lagoon total volume is flushed in and out at each tidal cycle, which represent a mean tidal prism of 384...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Arcachon Bay; Tracer; Age of seawater; Flushing time; Tidal prism; Residual fluxes; Hydrodynamics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6424.pdf
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Long-term evolution (1988-2008) of Zostera spp. meadows in Arcachon Bay (Bay of Biscay) ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Dalloyau, Sebastien; Trut, Gilles; Isabelle, Auby; De Montaudouin, Xavier; Emery, Eric; Claire, Noel; Christophe, Viala.
The spatial variability of seagrass meadows in Arcachon Bay, was studied between 1988 and 2008 using a combination of mapping techniques based on aerial photographs for intertidal dwarf-grass (Zostera noltti) beds and acoustic sonar for permanently submerged eelgrass (Zostera marina) populations. The results show a severe decline over the period for both species, as well as an acceleration of the decline since 2005 for Z. noltii. The total surface regression over the studied period is estimated to be 22.8 km(2) for Z. noltii and 2.7 km(2) for Z. marina, which represent declines of 33 and 74% respectively. Environmental data time series spanning the same period were investigated in order to seek the causes for such a decline. The calculated inter-annual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seagrass; Temporal evolution; Aerial photography; Acoustic sonar; Zostera noltii; Zostera marina; Arcachon Bay.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11376/7969.pdf
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Modelling of oxygen and nitrogen cycling as a function of macrophyte community in the Thau lagoon ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Chapelle, Annie; Lazure, Pascal; Auby, Isabelle; Levavasseur, G; Verlaque, M; Belsher, Thomas; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Zaldivar, J; Murray, C.
A three-dimensional model coupling physical and biological processes for the whole Than lagoon (Mediterranean coast of France) was developed in order to assess the relationships between macrophytes and the oxygen and nitrogen cycles. Ten species have been inserted as forcing variables in the model. Plankton dynamics, shellfish cultivation impact and mineralization of organic matter are also considered, as well as nutrient and oxygen exchanges between the sediment and the water column. Simulations with and without the macrophytes have shown that the system can be characterized as having a highly structured pattern involving lagoon nitrogen and oxygen cycles. This pattern is created by the combined influence of macrophytes, watershed and oyster farming....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Thau lagoon; Biogeochemical cycles; Ecological modelling; Macrophytes.
Ano: 2003 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-459.pdf
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MODELLING REPORT. Coastal lagoon modelling : An integrated approach. Deliverables D12 – D13 – D14 ArchiMer
Chapelle, Annie; Bacher, Cedric; Duarte, P; Fiandrino, Annie; Galbiati, L; Marinov, D; Martinez, J; Norro, A; Pereira, A; Plus, Martin; Rodriguez, S; Tsirtsis, G; Zaldivar, Jm.
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Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00348/45930/45622.pdf
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Modelling seasonal dynamics of biomasses and nitrogen contents in a seagrass meadow (Zostera noltii Hornem.): application to the Thau lagoon (French Mediterranean coast) ArchiMer
Plus, Martin; Chapelle, Annie; Menesguen, Alain; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc; Auby, Isabelle.
A numerical deterministic model for a seagrass ecosystem (Zostera noltii meadows) has been developed for the Thau lagoon. It involves both above- and belowground seagrass biomasses, nitrogen quotas and epiphytes. Driving variables are light intensity, wind speed, rain data and water temperature. This seagrass model has been coupled to another biological model in order to simulate the relative contributions of each primary producer to: (i) the total ecosystem production, (ii) the impact on inorganic nitrogen and (iii) the fluxes towards the detritus compartment. As a first step in the modelling of seagrass beds in the Thau lagoon, the model has a vertical structure based on four boxes (a water box on top of, three sediment boxes) and the horizontal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Thau lagoon; Nitrogen cycle; Oxygen cycle; Box model; Seagrass ecosystem.
Ano: 2003 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-461.pdf
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