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Registros recuperados: 23
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A Profile of the Eastern Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Eastern Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 1.7% of the Eastern Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.9% of the population in the Eastern Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58051
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A Profile of the Free State Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Phaladi, Sepitle Frans.
The Free State agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 4.2% of the Free State value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.3% of the population in the Free State is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58053
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A Profile of the Gauteng Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Gauteng agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 0.46% of the Gauteng value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 0.61% of the population in Gauteng is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58056
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A Profile of the KwaZulu-Natal Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Buthelezi, D.J..
The KwaZulu-Natal agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.9% of the KwaZulu-Natal value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.5% of the population in KwaZulu-Natal is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58054
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A Profile of the Limpopo Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Ramathoka, Mabu; Masekoameng, Abel.
The Limpopo agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 2.7% of the Limpopo value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 1.1% of the population in Limpopo is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58059
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A Profile of the Mpumalanga Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Scheepers, Kabelo.
Mpumalanga’s agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.5% of Mpumalanga value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 2.3% of the population in Mpumalanga is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being dominated by...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size and Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58058
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A Profile of the North West Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Bothloko, Constance.
The North West agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 2.6% of the North West value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 1.7% of the population in the North West is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities to ensure growth in agricultural industries. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58055
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A Profile of the Northern Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia; Uchezuba, David Ifeanyi; Bashi, Molao.
The Northern Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 7% of the Northern Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 5.4% of the population in the Northern Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58052
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A Profile of the Western Cape Province: Demographics, Poverty, Income, Inequality, and Unemployment from 2000 till 2007 AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
The Western Cape agricultural sector is a dynamic and livelihood sustainable sector. Approximately 3.9% of the Western Cape value added gross domestic product comes through agriculture and 3% of the population in the Western Cape is working in this sector. There is thus a need for macro-economic research in order to investigate potential and current challenges and opportunities. This paper examines several of these challenges namely demographic compositions, unemployment, income distribution, poverty and inequality. It will provide results from the Labour Force Surveys from 2000 until 2007 with a more in-depth look into 2007. Population and labour force statistics provide the foundation for further analysis. This paper indicates that unemployment is being...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demographic Trends and Forecasts; Labor Force and Employment; Size; And Structure; Agricultural Labor Markets; Food Security and Poverty; Labor and Human Capital; J11; J21; J43.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58050
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Compiling National, Multiregional and Regional Social Accounting Matrices for South Africa AgEcon
van Schoor, Melt; Punt, Cecilia; McDonald, Scott.
This report provides a technical description of the development of a set of Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) for South Africa for the base year 2000. The set of SAMs consists of a national SAM, four regional SAMs and a multiregional SAM. The point of departure is a National Accounting Matrix (NAM) for South Africa. The report discusses the structure of each type of SAM, the main data sources that were used and the way in which different sets of data were organised for inclusion in the SAM. Entropy techniques were used to estimate missing information in order to derive complete and consistent SAMs. The theory and practical implementation of the entropy techniques are discussed in this report. The large number of accounts included in the SAMs warranted that...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D5.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58067
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Costs and benefits of higher tariffs on wheat imports to South Africa AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Punt, Cecilia; Rantho, Lillian; van Schoor, Melt.
Low international wheat prices, caused by tariffs and subsidies in developed countries, have been blamed for causing financial difficulty to South African farmers. While indignation at unfair trade practices may be valid, it does not necessarily follow that protection of the local industry is the best response. This study uses a static general equilibrium model to describe and quantify the effects of increased tariffs (by up to 25 percentage points) on the local wheat industry, other affected industries-- particularly downstream industries-- and the economy at large. The effects on factors, households and the government are also analysed. The results show that the benefits to the wheat industry are highly concentrated and smaller than the loss of income...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Computable general equilibrium (CGE); Wheat; Import tariffs; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6031
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Costs and Benefits of Higher Tariffs on Wheat Imports to South Africa - A General Equilibrium Analysis AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Punt, Cecilia; Rantho, Lillian; van Schoor, Melt.
Low international wheat prices caused by tariffs and subsidies in developed countries have been blamed for causing financial difficulty to local farmers. While the indignation at these unfair trade practices may be valid, it does not follow that protection of the local industry is necessarily the best course of action. This paper uses a static general equilibrium model to describe and quantify the effects of increased tariffs (by up to 25 percentage points) on the local wheat industry, other affected industries, particularly downstream industries, and the economy at large. Additionally, the effects on factors, households and the government are also analysed. The results show that the benefits to the wheat industry are highly concentrated and smaller than...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15635
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General equilibrium modelling in South Africa: What the future holds AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Punt, Cecilia.
This paper provides an overview of the main research contributions of the past decade using general equilibrium models to analyse agricultural issues in South Africa. The methodological developments since the change to democracy ten years ago are viewed in the context of developments in this area of research carried out internationally. It will be shown in this paper that the modelling and computing techniques have vastly improved during the past decade, both in an ongoing attempt to refine existing models, and in an attempt to extend the modelling framework to make provision for issues that cannot be sufficiently captured in the standard comparative static models. These extensions include dynamic modelling, global modelling, environmental modelling and...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31721
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SeeResults: A Spreadsheet Application for the Analysis of CGE Model Results AgEcon
van Schoor, Melt; McDonald, Scott; Punt, Cecilia.
CGE models tend to produce large amounts of result data, and it can be difficult and timeconsuming to view, import, process and keep track of these. SeeResults is an Excel-based spreadsheet application that has been developed within the PROVIDE project to facilitate viewing results and producing presentation output, such as charts. It effectively functions as a GDX (a binary format used for output from GAMS) file viewer, and has been designed to be flexible, user-friendly and immediately usable with minimal configuration. This paper describes the rationale for the application, its main features, a number of screen captures and implementation notes.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15624
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South African trade in 2008, focusing on agriculture, forestry and fisheries AgEcon
Jacobs, Elne; Punt, Cecilia.
This paper aims to identify trade trends for primary products from the South African agricultural, forestry and fisheries sector for 2008. Annual trade data was received from the South African Revenue Service (SARS). The postal code information were used to identify from which province exports were sent or for which province the imports were destined. The postal code provided is that of the exporter or importer, and thus does not necessarily reflect the final destination in South Africa of imports or the origin (province) of our exports. Traded goods are classified using the Harmonised System (HS) that is used internationally. Results indicate that in South Africa, the value of total imports are more than total exports, but in the agricultural sector of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: General Trade; Country and Industry Studies of Trade; International Relations/Trade; F10; F14.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58065
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The impact of an increase in wine industry exports on the South African economy, focusing on the Western Cape AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Punt, Cecilia; Bhanisi, Sipho.
A marketing strategy undertaken by role players in the wine industry is expected to lead to increases in South African wine exports. A multi-sector analysis, which takes into account the linkage effects in an economy, was conducted to estimate the impact of an increase in wine exports on the South African economy. The increase in wine exports will be the result of changed perceptions and hence increases in the export price faced by South African wine producers. Results of a 10% increase in the international wine price indicated an increase of 0.1% in gross domestic product (GDP). The general positive effect on the economy is reflected by the creation of 5 824 employment opportunities, of which 20% is in the Western Cape. Factor incomes shows varied...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Computable General Equilibrium Models; Agriculture in International Trade; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C68; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58210
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The Organisation of Trade Data for Inclusion in a Social Accounting Matrix AgEcon
Punt, Cecilia.
This paper describes the procedure followed to organise trade data obtained from the South African Revenue Service for inclusion in the PROVIDE Project Social Accounting Matrices. The data is aggregated in order to determine the custom's value of imports and exports, respectively, for each of the commodity groups identified in the Social Accounting Matrices. With regard to trading partners the trade data for South Africa is organized in such a way that it allows for the inclusion of multiple trading partners in the Social Accounting Matrices and that international trade at provincial level can be distinguished. Each data entry was mapped to a relevant commodity, province, and trading partner in three separate stages using three different mappings. General...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15621
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The Potential Impact of Increased Irrigation Water Tariffs in South Africa AgEcon
Gill, Tania; Punt, Cecilia.
In South Africa, a water scarce country, conflict between water users is mounting, while there are few remaining bulk water augmentation options. Water demand management is thus increasingly taking centre stage in water management debates. Water pricing is regarded as an important component of managing the demand for water resources. This article traces the efficacy of increasing irrigation water tariffs to save water and the impact thereof on the national economy and the Western Cape economy using the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model and Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) constructed by Hassan et al (2008). Two scenarios are investigated in which the water tariff is increased by 50 percent from a base of 2c/m³. In the first scenario water demand is...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96425
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The potential impact of the Doha Development Agenda on the South African economy: liberalising OECD agriculture and food trade AgEcon
Nyhodo, Bonani; Punt, Cecilia; Vink, Nick.
This article reports the results of a static computable general equilibrium (CGE) model on the possible liberalisation of agriculture and food trade in the OECD countries. Liberalisation of trade was simulated assuming a reduction in import tariffs, the tax rate on factor use and export subsidies in four steps of 25% points each. Such simulations were run in the GLOBE model then adjusted and used as a policy shock to the PROVIDE model. The results show that the weighed average world price (adjusted) changes will range between -19.6 to +3.8% for imports and between -3.0 and +29.7% for exports at 75% liberalisation. The results from the single country CGE model show that the South African economy would respond positively to the world price changes, with...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49288
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The Welfare Impacts of Domestic and International Agricultural Efficiency Gains – A South African Case Study AgEcon
McDonald, Scott; Pauw, Kalie; Punt, Cecilia.
A large proportion of the on-going reductions in global food prices are attributable to the efficiency gains associated with various ‘green revolutions’. Unfortunately the welfare gains associated with such productivity growth are unevenly distributed, with many African states reaping relatively few benefits. One possible reason for this is the failure of African agriculture to retain its relative competitiveness in global agricultural and food markets, and hence, the welfare gains associated with reductions in consumer prices are largely offset by the welfare losses associated with reductions in producer prices. The analyses reported in this paper explore how changes in domestic and international agricultural efficiency will impact upon the welfare of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9522
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