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Registros recuperados: 34
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A MODEL OF NEW ZEALAND APPLE SUPPLY RESPONSE TO TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Carman, Hoy F..
A supply response model for New Zealand apples is specified and equa•tions for new plantings, removals, yields and adoption of an innovation are estimated. The model expands on perennial crop models previously estimated by incorporating the time pattern of adoption of a planting innovation and formulation of a measure of yield expectations given technological change.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22553
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A PAM ANALYSIS OF LIVESTOCK POLICIES IN INDONESIA AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Kasryno, Faisal.
With the rapid increase in consumption of some livestock products in Indonesia, expansion of domestic production of these commodities may enhance smallholders' incomes, increase rural employment and add to the country's trade balance. Policy analysis matrices (PAMs) were constructed to estimate divergences between private and social costs and returns in poultry and pig production in selected regions of Indonesia. In each case, producers' use of capital was subsidized but feed input private costs exceeded social values, and output prices received by producers fell short of values based on world prices. Production of all products as import substitutes was socially profitable, but in many instances private returns to farmers were negative. Product price...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31641
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A Rising Tide of Anti-Animal Consumerism? Issues and Opportunities AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
The livestock revolution that has occurred over the last few decades has seen a phenomenal increase in demand for livestock products in much of the developing world. This has largely been matched with growth in supplies, driven by government policies, and increased animal numbers and productivity. But this growth has been accompanied by a number of side-effects which in many cases impose negative externalities on society and suggest that current trends in animal product consumption are unsustainable. As a result there is emerging an anti-animal sentiment among some consumer groups. These people are concerned about livestock issues such as human health effects, biodiversity losses, deforestation, emissions to the air and water, diversion of grains from...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock revolution; Diet transformation; Externalities; Opportunities; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96940
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A ROAD AHEAD FROM CANCUN? WEIGHING UP SOME GIVE-AND-TAKE SCENARIOS IN A DDA SPIRIT AgEcon
Shakur, Shamim; Rae, Allan N.; Chatterjee, Srikanta.
Given that around 20 percent of the members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) are identified as least developed countries (LDC's), global trade negotiations, resumed after the Cancun fiasco of September 2003, must address some major development issues in the spirit of the Doha Development Agenda (DDA), if they are to make any headway. This will, predictably, involve some sensible give-and-take not only between the developed countries and the LDC's, but also amongst the LDC's themselves, and between them and other developing countries. Issues of restrictions affecting agricultural trade - a major factor in the failure at Cancun - need re-addressing; but non-agricultural trade issues must also feature in the negotiations as that could make some...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23709
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Adjustment to Agricultural Policy Reform - Issues and Lessons from the New Zealand Experience AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Nixon, Chris; Lattimore, Ralph G..
Pressures for the reform of agricultural policies in wealthy countries will increase. Current policies are expensive and inefficient and impose substantial costs on countries that cannot afford to subsidize their agricultural sectors. A major political impediment to policy reform is the real or assumed costs of adjustment that would be imposed on farmers. In this paper, we illustrate some of the key issues by reference to the New Zealand experience. Issues covered include adjustments in output and input markets, productivity and innovation. Adjustments by farmers and others, along with reforms outside of agriculture, ensured that farm incomes and the agricultural sector recovered from the initial shock of deregulation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15741
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Agricultural Policy Reform and Industry Adjustment in Australia and New Zealand AgEcon
Harris, David N.; Rae, Allan N..
Some sectors of Australian and New Zealand farming have been heavily assisted in the past. New Zealand underwent an economy-wide deregulation in the mid-to-late 980s that included abrupt removal of practically all agricultural assistance. Policy reform in Australia has been more gradual and is industry focused, but in some cases substantial industry assistance has been withdrawn. Deregulation of the Australian dairy industry, and that of the sheep and beef sector in New Zealand, are discussed as case studies of these deregulations. Conclusions are drawn from these experiences, a major one being that previously-assisted farmers can successfully make the transition to market-driven agriculture.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural adjustment; Policy reform; Australia; New Zealand; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15762
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AJAE Appendix: Livestock in China: Commodity-specific Total Factor Productivity Decomposition Using New Panel Data AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Ma, H.; Huang, J.; Rozelle, Scott.
The material contained herein is supplementary to the article named in the title and published in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 88, Number 3, August 2006.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7398
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AN EVALUATION OF A NEW ZEALAND MARKETING BOARD'S SUPPLY DIVERSION STRATEGIES AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
It appears that the agricultural economics literature lacks much evidence upon which we can judge the performance of statutory boards as marketing institutions. This paper reports the achievements of the New Zealand Apple and Pear Marketing Board in two areas of supply diversion--the allocation of fruit between fresh and process markets, and the allocation of fresh fruit sales over time. Results indicate that the Board has achieved considerable gains for producers in the first of these areas, while in the second its behaviour has favoured consumers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1978 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22492
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Book Reviews AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Lal, Padma; Tanner, Carolyn.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117188
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CAPITAL BUDGETING, INTERTEMPORAL PROGRAMMING MODELS, WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
Investment decision processes typically involve the selection of projects, the timing of their initiation and the determination of the amount to be invested in each time period. A linear programming model considered appropriate for solving such models is described, in which the multi-dimensional criterion function is expressed as a linear combination of the appropriately-weighted objectives. An empirical application is then discussed, the objectives of the firm being the maximization of tax-free cash and assets on hand at the end of the planning period. Finally, the appropriate length of the planning horizon, and some approaches to capital budgeting under non-certainty, are discussed.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1970 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22812
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China’s agriculture, smallholders and trade: driven by the livestock revolution? AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
China’s sustained rapid economic growth and development has contributed to the surge in consumption and production of livestock in that country termed the livestock revolution. Consumption trends are first reviewed, and changes in food consumption patterns include a marked shift away from grains and towards meats and dairy products. A question is to what extent this rapid increase in demand for livestock products is reflected in China’s agri-food trade statistics? While her agri-food imports have dramatically increased since China’s accession to the WTO, livestock products have not made a noticeable contribution, although the import of certain animal feedstuffs has. This implies China’s continuing self-sufficiency in most livestock products. The paper next...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: China; Livestock; Trade; Domestic markets; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118544
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China’s Agri-food Trade (Power Point) AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97620
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China's Expanding Role in Global Horticultural Markets AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Zhong, Funing; Zhou, Yingheng; Geng, Xianhui.
China's horticultural exports have almost doubled in value over the past decade, her imports have increased by even more, and China is increasingly a net exporter of horticultural products. After adjusting trade data for irregularities in the reported trade between Hong Kong and mainland China, growth in China's exports and imports is discussed. Major traded products and markets will be identified. Case studies are China's trade in fresh apples, which have become the major fruit export, and in cut flowers which are a relatively new export product for China. China's competitive position and market shares relative to other suppliers of apples and cut flowers to foreign markets are examined.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Trade patterns; Apples; Cut flowers; Competitiveness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31963
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Chinese animal product consumption in the 1990s AgEcon
Ma, Hengyun; Rae, Allan N.; Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Chinese animal product consumption behaviour was analysed for both urban and rural households using a complete regional consumption dataset that was augmented to include away‐from‐home consumption. Seven animal product expenditure share equations were estimated with an extended Almost Ideal Demand System model. The results suggest that Chinese consumers will continue to increase their consumption of animal products, but that consumption patterns have changed in the 1990s. A large percentage of household animal product expenditure is still on pork. However, the shares for aquatic and poultry products consumption will increase substantially. As a consequence, the pork expenditure share will be gradually reduced as incomes grow and diet preferences change in...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117992
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FARM AND FOOD INDUSTRY REFORMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Bailey, William C..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23683
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Food consumption patterns and nutrition in urban Java households: the discriminatory power of some socioeconomic variables AgEcon
Rae, Allan N..
Food consumption patterns are undergoing substantial change in many countries as economic development proceeds. The trend is a move away from traditional cereals towards higher‐value and higher‐protein foods. Explaining such changes only in terms of traditional economic variables can lead to biased estimates of income effects and perhaps biased projections of food demand. Household survey data from Indonesia are used to measure the importance of several socioeconomic variables in explaining differences in household food consumption patterns and nutrition. Household expenditure and the level of women’s education are shown to be the most influential in this explanation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117169
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Foot-and-mouth disease and trade restrictions: Latin American access to Pacific Rim beef markets AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Nixon, Chris; Gardiner, Peter.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117212
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Future developments in global livestock and grains markets: the impacts of livestock productivity convergence in Asia-Pacific AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Hertel, Thomas W..
Increasing livestock product consumption in many Asian countries has been accompanied by growth in some countries’ imports of feedgrains for their domestic livestock sectors. This contributes to debate over future levels of grain imports. Yet projections often pay little attention to developments in livestock production. The impacts of technological catch‐up in livestock production on trade in livestock and grains products among countries in the Asia‐Pacific region are assessed. Tests are conducted of the hypothesis that productivity levels in the Asia‐Pacific region are converging. Projections of livestock productivity are made and incorporated in a modified GTAP model. The consequences for regional and global trade in livestock and grains products are...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117844
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HOG PRODUCTION IN CHINA: TECHNOLOGICAL BIAS AND FACTOR DEMAND AgEcon
Ma, Hengyun; Rae, Allan N..
China's agricultural output has expanded rapidly since the economic reforms of the late 1970s, reflecting both productivity growth and mobilization of inputs. Over the same period, increased consumption of livestock products has been a feature of China's food consumption. Widely different projections of China's demand for feedgrains to feed its expanding livestock sector have motivated this research. Productivity growth is an important component of such projections, but past estimates have been controversial, few focus on livestock, and we are aware of none that examine technological bias in China's livestock production. For example, does the nature of technical progress lead to increased or reduced use of feedgrains relative to other inputs? A feature of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23688
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Livestock in China: Commodity specific total factor productivity decomposition using new panel data AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Ma, Hengyun; Huang, Jikun; Rozelle, Scott.
Studies of total factor productivity in livestock production are rare, but when available provide useful information especially in the context of developing countries such as China where livestock is becoming more important in the domestic agricultural economy. We estimate total factor productivity (TFP) for four major livestock products in China employing the stochastic frontier approach, and decompose productivity growth into its technical efficiency and technical progress components. Efforts are made to adjust and augment the available livestock statistics. The results show that growth in TFP and its components varied between the 1980s and the 1990s as well as over production structures. While there is evidence of considerable technical innovation in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Stochastic production frontier; Total factor productivity; Technical efficiency and progress; China; Livestock; Adjusted panel data; Livestock Production/Industries; D240; Q100; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19527
Registros recuperados: 34
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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