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Registros recuperados: 6
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A Pilot Study of the Mandibular Angle and Ramus in Indian Population International Journal of Morphology
Rai,Rajalakshmi; Ranade,Anu Vinod; Prabhu,Latha Venkatraya; Pai,Mángala M; Madhyastha,Sampath; Kumaran,Mángala.
To evaluate the mandibular angle and to analyze the relationship of the angle and height & breadth of the ramus of the mandible to the gender, so as to study its role in the anthropological diagnosis. The angle, height and breadth of the ramus of adult dry human mandibles of both sexes were measured using a goniometer. The values obtained were analyzed statistically. The present study showed a statistically significant difference in the mandibular angle as well as height of the ramus between both the sexes. The mean mandibular angle of Indian population when compared to that of European population was found to be lower by 9 degrees. The findings of this study might be useful in providing anthropological data that can also be used in dental and...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Mandíbula; Mandibular angle; Ramus of the Mandible; Indian population.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000200019
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Morphometric Study on the Tibial Collateral Ligament International Journal of Morphology
Ranade,Anu Vinod; Rai,Rajalakshmi; Prabhu,Latha Venkatraya; Kumaran,Mangala; Kumar,Arunachalam.
Tibial collateral ligament by virtue of its length, composite attachments, and biomechanical exertions is more prone to lesions. A systematic analysis of the dimensions and variations of this ligament has been presented in this article. With the decrease emphasis on anatomy as a preclinical subject and recent successful moves to curtail total teaching hours for dissection, coupled with the increasing shortage of cadavers, data of this nature will in our opinion becomes scarce progressively. With these factors in context, and attempt is made to record the gross morphological features of the ligament from a series of dissections
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Tibial collateral ligament; Anatomy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022006000500026
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Multiple Variations of Extensor Muscles of Forearm in Relation to the Radial Nerve: a Case Report and Review International Journal of Morphology
Prakash,; Rai,Rajalakshmi; Ranade,Anu Vinod; Prabhu,Latha V; Pai,Mangala M; Gajendra,Singh.
During routine dissection in the Department of Anatomy, multiple variations of forearm muscles in relation to the radial nerve and its branches were observed on the right side of a 34 year old male cadaver. Brachioradialis close to its origin was receiving muscle fibers from the brachialis and the radial nerve was passing in between them. Extensor carpi radialis brevis was absent and the extensor carpi radialis longus was giving two tendons in the second compartment of extensor retinaculum before its insertion while passing deep to the abductor pollicis longus. Absence of extensor carpi radialis brevis can be explained with the arrangement in lower mammals, where the two extensores carpi radiales are represented by one muscle. Ontogeny repeats phylogeny...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anatomical variations; Development; Extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis muscles; Forearm; Radial nerve.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000200034
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Prevalence of Bifid Tongue and Ankyloglossia in South Indian Population with an Emphasis on its Embryogenesis International Journal of Morphology
Rai,Rohan; Rai,Ashwin R; Rai,Rajalakshmi; Bhat,Keshav; Muralimanju,B. V.
Disturbance in the organogenesis of tongue might lead to some malformations like tongue tie, bifid tongue and hairy tongue. Severe degrees of these anomalies may cause speech impairment or periodontal defects. The present study was done on patients of the southern coastal belt of India during the past two years, on gross tongue anomalies. The results of the present study reveal that occurrence of tongue tie is 0.2% and bifid tongue is 0.3% in the southern coastal population. Since great majority of these oral anomalies have genetic basis the purpose of the present report is to highlight that these anomalies can exist without any familial background and also to suggest that environmental factor may play a role in the etiogenesis of these anomalies.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bifid tongue; Inheritance; Prevalence tongue anomalies; Tongue tie.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022012000100032
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The Scalenus Accessorious Muscle International Journal of Morphology
Rajanigandha,V; Ranade,Anu V; Pai,Mangala, M; Rai,Rajalakshmi; Prabhu,Latha V; Nayak,Soubhagya R.
Many of the anatomical variations that are inadequately described or quantified are actually more clinically and surgically significant than being just anatomical curiosities. We report about such a variation where an aberrant slip existed in the scalene group, in a 56 year old embalmed female cadáver. This kind of variation may affect the size of the scalene triangle, and thus, may potentially result in varied signs and symptoms in patients vulnerable to thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Proximity of the scalene muscles to the brachial plexus, subclavian artery and vein, coexisting with aberrant slips or bundles may also predispose to compression syndromes.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Scalene muscles; Aberrant slip; Thoracic outlet syndrome; Subclavian artery; Brachial plexus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000200021
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Unilateral Pectoralis Minimus Muscle: A Case Report International Journal of Morphology
Rai,Rajalakshmi; Ranade,Anu V; Prabhu,Latha V; Prakash,; Rajanigandha,V; Nayak,Soubhagya R.
Presence of additional muscles in the pectoral region has often been reported. We report about the presence of Pectoralis Minimus muscle, in a male cadaver. It was present deep to the pectoralis major muscle and superomedial to the pectoralis minor muscle. The variant was closely related to the branches of thoracoacromial vessels where one of the branches was passing between the pectoralis minor muscle and the variant muscle. Hyperabduction of the arm may compress these vessels giving rise to certain vascular symptoms. Also these variations should be borne in mind during certain surgical procedures in the pectoral region.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle variation; Anatomy; Pectoral muscles.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000100004
Registros recuperados: 6
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