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Morphometry of Vertebral Pedicles: a Comprehensive Anatomical Study in the Lumbar Region International Journal of Morphology
Prakash,; Prabhu,Latha V; Vadgaonkar,Rajanigandha; Pai,Mángala M; Ranade,Anu V; Singh,Gajendra.
This comprehensive anatomical study on bones and X-rays regarding pedicles of lumbar vertebrae was performed in two parts. In the first part of the present work direct gross measurements of 3 different diameters (v, d, and 1) of both the pedicles of LI to L5 vertebrae (200 male and 200 female) were recorded through sliding vernier caliper. In the second part plain anteroposterior radiographs of the lumbar spine from 500 individuals (250 males and 250 females) were collected, and divided in 6 age groups and 2 different diameters (t and h) were recorded. The minimum horizontal diameter (d) of both the pedicles increased from LI to L5. Whereas, the vertical height (v) of both the pedicles increased from LI to L2, decreased from L2 to L3 and increased from L3...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Pedicle; Vertebra lumbar; Spine; Morphometry.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022007000200026
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The Scalenus Accessorious Muscle International Journal of Morphology
Rajanigandha,V; Ranade,Anu V; Pai,Mangala, M; Rai,Rajalakshmi; Prabhu,Latha V; Nayak,Soubhagya R.
Many of the anatomical variations that are inadequately described or quantified are actually more clinically and surgically significant than being just anatomical curiosities. We report about such a variation where an aberrant slip existed in the scalene group, in a 56 year old embalmed female cadáver. This kind of variation may affect the size of the scalene triangle, and thus, may potentially result in varied signs and symptoms in patients vulnerable to thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Proximity of the scalene muscles to the brachial plexus, subclavian artery and vein, coexisting with aberrant slips or bundles may also predispose to compression syndromes.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Scalene muscles; Aberrant slip; Thoracic outlet syndrome; Subclavian artery; Brachial plexus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000200021
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Unilateral Pectoralis Minimus Muscle: A Case Report International Journal of Morphology
Rai,Rajalakshmi; Ranade,Anu V; Prabhu,Latha V; Prakash,; Rajanigandha,V; Nayak,Soubhagya R.
Presence of additional muscles in the pectoral region has often been reported. We report about the presence of Pectoralis Minimus muscle, in a male cadaver. It was present deep to the pectoralis major muscle and superomedial to the pectoralis minor muscle. The variant was closely related to the branches of thoracoacromial vessels where one of the branches was passing between the pectoralis minor muscle and the variant muscle. Hyperabduction of the arm may compress these vessels giving rise to certain vascular symptoms. Also these variations should be borne in mind during certain surgical procedures in the pectoral region.
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Muscle variation; Anatomy; Pectoral muscles.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022008000100004
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