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Registros recuperados: 15
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Dictyoptera (Blattodea, Isoptera), Orthoptera, Phasmatodea and Dermaptera Inra
Rasplus, J.Y.; Roques, A..
For convenience, we treat all “polyneopteran” orders together. Five orders of hemimetabolous “Polyneoptera” include species alien to Europe, namely Blattodea, Isoptera, Orthoptera, Phasmatodea and Dermaptera. A total of 37 species alien to Europe have been recorded. Th ese belong to 14 diff erent families. Most of these species show a detritivorous feeding regime (22 spp.), whereas 12 species are phytophagous and two are predators. Th e majority of species were fi rst observed between 1900 and 1975. Unlike other arthropod groups, the mean number of polyneopteran species newly recorded per year showed no acceleration since 1975. Th e alien “Polyneoptera” mostly originated from Central/ South America and Asia (10 species each, 27.0%), followed by Africa (7,...
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: ESPECES INVASIVES; TERMITE; DICTYOPTERE ALIEN; ORTHOPTERA; GRASSHOPPERS; BLATTODEA; COACKROACHES; ISOPTERA; TERMITES; PHASMATODEA; WALKING STICKS; DERMAPTERA; EARWIGS.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20102fa34b33&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/01/
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Ficus racemosa is pollinated by a single population of a single agaonid wasp species in continental South-East Asia Inra
Kobmoo, N.; Hossaert-McKey, M.; Rasplus, J.Y.; Kjellberg, F..
High specificity in the Ficus-agaonid wasp mutualism has lead to the assumption of a mostly 'one-to-one' relationship, albeit with some exceptions. This view has been challenged by new molecular data in recent years, but surprisingly little is known about local and spatial genetic structuring of agaonid wasp populations. Using microsatellite markers, we analysed genetic structuring of Ceratosolen fusciceps, the fig wasp pollinating Ficus racemosa, a fig tree species widely distributed from India to Australia. In sampling stretching from the south of China to the south of Thailand we found evidence for only a single pollinating wasp species in continental South-East Asian mainland. We found no evidence for the co-occurrence of cryptic species within our...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ALLOPATRIC SPECIATION; CRYPTIC SPECIES; FIG POLLINATING WASP; GENETIC STRUCTURING; MUTUALISM; SPECIFICITY;  GUEPE; POLLINISATION; SPECIATION; BIOGEOGRAPHIE; SPECIATION ALLOPATRIQUE; ESPECES CRYPTIQUES; STRUCTURATION GENETIQUE; MUTUALISME; SPECIFICITE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010dc99a3ff&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
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First record of the fig wasp genus Diaziella Grandi (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae: Sycoecinae) from the Asian mainland with description of two new species from China Inra
van Noort, S.; Peng, Y.Q.; Rasplus, J.Y..
Diaziella bizarrea van Noort & Rasplus sp. nov. is described from specimens reared from Ficus glaberrima and Diaziella yangi van Noort & Rasplus sp. nov. is described from specimens reared from Ficus curtipes in Xishuangbanna, China. Together with a new record of Diaziella macroptera Grandi from Thailand this is the first time the genus has been recorded from the Asian mainland. Previously the twelve described species of Diaziella were known from the islands of Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and the Philippines. Images are provided for both sexes of the two new species and for the female of D. macroptera. A key is included to all described species of Diaziella. An online key is available at:...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CHALCIDOIDEA; INSECTE POLLINISATEUR; GUEPE DIAZIELLA.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008f9785e75&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/08/
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Future trends Inra
Rasplus, J.Y..
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: ESPECES INVASIVES; ARTHROPODE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201072f25422&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/01/
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Hexacladia linci, n. sp. (Hymenoptera : Encyrtidae) endoparasite de Lincus malevolus Rolston (Heteroptera : Pentatomidae) au Pérou IRD
Rasplus, J.Y.; Pluot-Sigwalt, D.; Llosa, J.F.; Couturier, Guy.
Des #Pentatomidae$ adultes de l'espèce #Lincus malevolus$ Rolston, récoltés sur #Astrocaryum$ (#Palmae$) dans la forêt amazonienne du Pérou, nous ont livré un Hyménoptère parasite #Encyrtidae$. L'adulte, mâle et femelle, est décrit comme #Hexacladia linci$ Rasplus, n. sp. Cette espèce est un endoparasite grégaire effectuant la totalité de son développement - larvaire et nymphal - dans l'hôte vivant ; les imagos quittent l'hôte adulte après avoir découpé des orifices de sortie dans la face dorsale de l'abdomen. Le nombre de parasites par hôte varie de 1 à 26 (moyenne : 10). Tous les parasites sont à peu près au même stade de développement dans leur hôte. Les hôtes adultes parasités possèdent des gonades atrophiées mais les autres organes ne sont pas lésés....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ENTOMOLOGIE GENERALE; BIOSYSTEMATIQUE; ANATOMIE ANIMALE; INSECTE; ESPECE NOUVELLE; ENDOPARASITE; HOLOTYPE; CYCLE DE DEVELOPPEMENT; RELATION HOTE PARASITE; ZONE FORESTIERE; PLANTE SAUVAGE; PLANTE HOTE; GREGARISME; PARATYPE; INSECTE HOTE; LOCALISATION DE COLLECTION DE REFERENCE.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:31800
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Hymenoptera Inra
Rasplus, J.Y.; Villemant, C.; Paiva, M.R.; Delvare, G.; Roques, A..
We present the first review of Hymenoptera alien to Europe. Our study revealed that nearly 300 species of Hymenoptera belonging to 30 families have been introduced to Europe. In terms of alien species diversity within invertebrate orders, this result ranks Hymenoptera third following Coleoptera and Hemiptera. Two third of alien Hymenoptera are parasitoids or hyperparasitoids that were mostly introduced for biological control purposes. Only 35 phytophagous species, 47 predator species and 3 species of pollinators have been introduced. Six families of wasps (Aphelinidae, Encyrtidae, Eulophidae, Braconidae, Torymidae, Pteromalidae) represent together with ants (Formicidae) about 80% of the alien Hymenoptera introduced to Europe. The three most diverse...
Tipo: Book Chapter Palavras-chave: ESPECE INVASIVE; HYMENOPTERE HYMENOPTERA; ALIEN; BIOLOGICAL INVASION.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010335e87a0&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/01/
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Laying the foundations for a new classification of Agaonidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), a multilocus phylogenetic approach Inra
Cruaud, A.; Jabbour-Zahab, R.; Genson, G.; Cruaud, C.; Couloux, A.; Kjellberg, F.; van Noort, S.; Rasplus, J.Y..
A phylogeny of the Agaonidae (Chalcidoidea) in their restricted sense, pollinators of Ficus species (Moraceae), is estimated using 4182 nucleotides from six genes, obtained from 101 species representing 19 of the 20 recognized genera, and four outgroups. Data analysed by parsimony and Bayesian inference methods demonstrate that Agaonidae are monophyletic and that the previous classification is not supported. Agaonidae are partitioned into four groups: (i) Tetrapus, (ii) Ceratosolen + Kradibia, (iii) some Blastophaga + Wiebesia species, and (iv) all genera associated with monoecious figs and a few Blastophaga and Wiebesia. The latter group is subdivided into subgroups: (i) Pleistodontes, (ii) Blastophaga psenes and neocaledonian Dolichoris, (iii) some...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: HYMÉNOPTÈRES; INFERENCE BAYESIENNE; CLASSIFICATION.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2011ca24536e&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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L'entomofaune associée aux gousses des légumineuses du genre Vigna dans différents habitats de la zone forestière du Centre-Cameroun IRD
Bapfubusa, B.; Rasplus, J.Y.; Fabres, Gérard.
L'entomofaune inféodée aux gousses de plusieurs espèces de #Vigna$ a été étudiée dans la zone forestière camerounaise (régions de Yaoundé et de Bafia). Les principales espèces de séminivores obtenues, très nombreuses sur #Vigna unguiculata$, appartiennent à l'ordre des Coléoptères (#Bruchidae$, #Apionidae$, #Bostrychidae$), l'ordre des Lépidoptères (#Lycaenidae$, #Microlépidoptères$) et l'ordre des Diptères (#Agromyzidae$). Les entomophages récoltés appartiennent à neuf familles différentes : sept familles d'Hyménoptères, une famille d'Hétéroptères et une famille d'Acariens. La plupart des prédateurs attaquent les #Apionidae$ et les #Bruchidae$. (Résumé d'auteur)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ENTOMOLOGIE APPLIQUEE; ZONE FORESTIERE; BIOTOPE; INSECTE NUISIBLE; ENTOMOPHAGE; INVENTAIRE; PLANTE CULTIVEE; LEGUMINEUSE; PLANTE HOTE; RELATION HOTE PARASITE; GOUSSE; SEMINIVORE; ENTOMOFAUNE; PARASITOIDE.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:31796
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One fig to bind them all : host conservatism in a Fig wasp community unraveled by cospeciation analyses among pollinating and nonpollinating fig wasps Inra
Jousselin, E.; van Noort, S.; Berry, V.; Rasplus, J.Y.; Ronsted, N.; Erasmus, J.C.; Greeff, J.M..
The study of chalcid wasps that live within syconia of fig trees (Moraceae, Ficus), provides a unique opportunity to investigatethe evolution of specialized communities of insects. By conducting cospeciation analyses between figs of section Galoglychia andsome of their associated fig wasps, we show that, although host switches and duplication have evidently played a role in theconstruction of the current associations, the global picture is one of significant cospeciation throughout the evolution of thesecommunities. Contrary to common belief, nonpollinating wasps are at least as constrained as pollinators by their host associationin their diversification in this section. By adapting a randomization test in a supertree context, we further confirm that...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ECOLOGIE COMMUNAUTAIRE; GUEPE; HOTE D'UTILISATION; MUTUALISME; RANDOMISATION; SPECIALISATION; SPECIATION COMMUNITY ECOLOGY; FIG WASPS; HOST UTILIZATION; MUTUALISM; PHYLOGENY; RANDOMIZATION; SPECIALIZATION; SUPERTREE.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2009fff94508&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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One fig to bind them all : host conservatism in a Fig wasp community unraveled by cospeciation analyses among pollinating and nonpollinating fig wasps Inra
Jousselin, E.; van Noort, S.; Berry, V.; Rasplus, J.Y.; Ronsted, N.; Erasmus, J.C.; Greeff, J.M..
The study of chalcid wasps that live within syconia of fig trees (Moraceae, Ficus), provides a unique opportunity to investigate the evolution of specialized communities of insects. By conducting cospeciation analyses between figs of section Galoglychia and some of their associated fig wasps, we show that, although host switches and duplication have evidently played a role in the construction of the current associations, the global picture is one of significant cospeciation throughout the evolution of these communities. Contrary to common belief, nonpollinating wasps are at least as constrained as pollinators by their host association in their diversification in this section. By adapting a randomization test in a supertree context, we further confirm that...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: GUEPE; RAMDOMISATION; SPECIALISATION; SPECIATION COMMUNITY ECOLOGY; FIG WASPS; HOST UTILIZATION; MUTUALISM; PHYLOGENY; RANDOMIZATION; SPECIALIZATION; SUPERTREE.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD200944ef9fc2&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Phylogenetic analysis of Eurytominae (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) based on morphological characters Inra
Lotfalizadeh, H.; Delvare, G.; Rasplus, J.Y..
A phylogenetic study of the Eurytominae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) treating 178 taxa and based on 150 morphological characters is given. Several cladograms using the complete species sample, but obtained with different weightings, are presented. Local studies were also carried out to provide possible alternate topologies. The deep nodes of the trees were unstable and were never supported, but most of the superficial nodes were stable and robust. The results therefore provide support for a generic classification of the subfamily. The large genus Eurytoma – which includes about half of the described species of the subfamily – proved to be polyphyletic, and is redefined in a narrowed sense using putative synapomorphies. Bruchophagus and Prodecatoma were...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: HYMENOTERA; CHALCIDOIDEA.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD20085c9439f6&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2008/08/
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Phylogenetic information reveals the peculiarity of Caryedon serratus (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) feeding on Cassia sieberiana DC (Caesalpinioideae) Inra
Sembène, M.; Kébé, K.; Delobel, A.; Rasplus, J.Y..
Studies over the past 20 years on natural populations indicated that sympatric speciation may be far more common and widespread among plants and animals than previously thought. By using molecular phylogenetics (on a combined data set of two genes), the relationships between Caryedon serratus native forms and forms feeding on groundnut was investigated. The specific objectives were to clarify the taxonomic status of C. serratus feeding on Cassia sieberiana DC. Morphological analysis was conducted, using parts of the adult specimens which were dry-mounted for the studies. Morphological study comprised extraction of the genitalia, which were cleared and mounted in Canada balsam following standard procedures. Results showed a strong differentiation of insects...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: SPECIATION SYMPATRIQUE CARYEDON SERRATUS; PHYLOGENY; TAXONOMY; CYTOCHROME B; ITS; GROUNDNUT; CASSIA SIEBERIANA.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010e801baa1&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
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Phylogeny of the genus Aphis Linnaeus, 1758 (Homoptera: Aphididae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Inra
Coeur d'Acier, A.; Jousselin, E.; Martin, J.F.; Rasplus, J.Y..
Aphis is the largest aphid genus in the world and contains several of the most injurious aphid pests. It is also the most reluctant aphid genus to any comprehensive taxonomic treatment: while most species are easily classified into "species groups" that form well defined entities, numerous species within these groups are difficult to tell apart morphologically and identification keys remain ambiguous and mostly rely on host plant affiliation. In this paper, we used partial sequences of COI/COII and CytB genes to reconstruct the first phylogeny of Aphis and discuss the present systematics. The monophyly of the subgenus Bursaphis and of the tree major species groups, Black aphid, Black backed aphid and frangulae-like species was recovered by all phylogenetic...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ADN MITOCHONDRIAL MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS; SYSTEMATIC; APHID; BURSAPHIS; APHIDINAE; APHIDINI; MITOCHONDRIAL DNA; SPECIES-GROUP; BLACK APHID; BLACK BACKED APHID; FRANGULAE-LIKE SPECIES APHID.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2007a551d1ad&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2007/07/
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QBOL: a new EU project focusing on DNA barcoding of Quarantine organisms Inra
Bonants, P.; Groenewald, E.; Rasplus, J.Y.; Maes, M.; de Vos, P.; Frey, J.; Boonham, N.; Nicolaisen, M.; Bertacini, A.; Robert, V.; Barker, I.; Kox, L.; Ravnikar, M.; Tomankova, K.; Caffier, D.; Li, M.; Armstrong, K.; Freitas-Astua, J.; Stefani, E.; Cubero, J.; Mostert, L..
In 2009 a new three year EU funded project (QBOL) started on DNA barcoding of important plant pests. An international consortium of 20 partners (universities, research institutes, and phytosanitary organizations) from around the world, coordinated by Plant Research International (Wageningen, the Netherlands), will collect DNA barcodes from many plant pathogenic quarantine organisms, store these sequences in a database accessible over the internet, develop a DNA bank and train end-users. All these activities should help National Plant Protection Services in the correct identification and detection of plant pathogenic quarantine organisms
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ORGANISME DE QUARANTAINE.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2010de96c892&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2010/12/
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Utilisation des graines de légumineuses par un peuplement de Bruchidae et d'Anthribidae (Coleoptera) en zone de mosaïque forêt-savane (Lamto : Côte d'Ivoire) IRD
Gillon, Yves; Rasplus, J.Y.; Boughdad, A.; Mainguet, A.M..
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ENTOMOLOGIE APPLIQUEE; INSECTE NUISIBLE; LEGUMINEUSE; GRAINE; INVENTAIRE FAUNISTIQUE; CYCLE DE DEVELOPPEMENT; INFESTATION.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://www.documentation.ird.fr/hor/fdi:38630
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