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A framework for qualitatively evaluating management plans in a results-based perspective ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Trenkel, Verena; Rice, Jake.
Currently many multi-year management plans are being developed either for rebuilding depleted stocks or for avoiding difficult negotiations when management decisions must be revisited on a regular basis. Management plans are commonly evaluated by intensive model simulations that describe the ecological and economic dynamics, and the management loop. Under the results-based management paradigm, the fishing industry or particular fishing sectors will develop their own management plans, potentially leading to a huge number of plans to be evaluated. Guidelines for evaluating the plans on a qualitative level before launching quantitative evaluations will be essential. Here we propose a framework for evaluating management strategies in a qualitative way. A...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/13988/11166.pdf
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A framework for selecting a suite of indicators for fisheries management ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle.
We develop a framework for the objective selection of a suite of indicators for use in fisheries management. The framework encompasses eight steps, and provides guidance on pitfalls to be avoided at each step. Step I identifies user groups and their needs, featuring the setting of operational objectives, and Step 2 identifies a corresponding list of candidate indicators. Step 3 assigns weights to nine screening criteria for the candidate indicators: concreteness, theoretical basis, public awareness, cost, measurement, historic data, sensitivity, responsiveness, and specificity. Step 4 scores the indicators against the criteria, and Step 5 summarizes the results. Steps 3-5 offer technical aspects on which guidance is provided, including scoring standards...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scoring; Objectives; Indicators; Guidelines; Framework; Ecosystem; Criteria.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-484.pdf
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Balanced harvest in the real world. Scientific, policy and operational issues in an ecosystem approach to fisheries ArchiMer
Garcia, Serge M.; Bianchi, Gabriella; Charles, Anthony; Kolding, Jeppe; Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Zhou, Shijie; Delius, Gustav; Reid, David; Van Zwieten, Paul A. M.; Atcheson, Megan; Bartley, Devin; Borges, Lisa; Bundy, Alida; Dagorn, Laurent; Dunn, Daniel C.; Hall, Martin; Heino, Mikko; Jacobsen, Brigitte; Jacobsen, Nis S.; Law, Richard; Makino, Mitsutaku; Martin, Felix; Skern-mauritzen, Mette; Suuronen, Petri; Symons, Despina.
The concept of the Ecosystem Approach has entered the fishery harvesting discussions both from fishery perspectives (Reykjavik Declaration; FAO 2003 Annex to the Code of Conduct and from the principles of the Ecosystem Approach adopted by the CBD in 1995. Both perspectives establish the need to maintain ecosystem structure and functioning, whether for sustainable use of biodiversity (CBD) or simply to keep exploited ecosystems healthy and productive (fisheries). In response, the “Balanced Harvest” (BH) concept was suggested by a group of scientists brought together by the IUCN Fisheries Experts Group during the CBD CoP 10 in 2010. The meeting and the BH concept as consolidated there highlighted some of the collateral ecological effects of current fishing...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36575/35113.pdf
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Climate‐induced changes in the suitable habitat of cold‐water corals and commercially important deep‐sea fishes in the North Atlantic ArchiMer
Morato, Telmo; González‐irusta, José‐manuel; Dominguez‐carrió, Carlos; Wei, Chih‐lin; Davies, Andrew; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Taranto, Gerald H.; Beazley, Lindsay; García‐alegre, Ana; Grehan, Anthony; Laffargue, Pascal; Murillo, Francisco Javier; Sacau, Mar; Vaz, Sandrine; Kenchington, Ellen; Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Callery, Oisín; Chimienti, Giovanni; Cordes, Erik; Egilsdottir, Hronn; Freiwald, André; Gasbarro, Ryan; Gutiérrez‐zárate, Cristina; Gianni, Matthew; Gilkinson, Kent; Wareham Hayes, Vonda E.; Hebbeln, Dierk; Hedges, Kevin; Henry, Lea‐anne; Johnson, David; Koen‐alonso, Mariano; Lirette, Cam; Mastrototaro, Francesco; Menot, Lenaick; Molodtsova, Tina; Durán Muñoz, Pablo; Orejas, Covadonga; Pennino, Maria Grazia; Puerta, Patricia; Ragnarsson, Stefán Á.; Ramiro‐sánchez, Berta; Rice, Jake; Rivera, Jesús; Roberts, J. Murray; Ross, Steve W.; Rueda, José L.; Sampaio, Íris; Snelgrove, Paul; Stirling, David; Treble, Margaret A.; Urra, Javier; Vad, Johanne; Oevelen, Dick; Watling, Les; Walkusz, Wojciech; Wienberg, Claudia; Woillez, Mathieu; Levin, Lisa A.; Carreiro‐silva, Marina.
The deep sea plays a critical role in global climate regulation through uptake and storage of heat and carbon dioxide. However, this regulating service causes warming, acidification and deoxygenation of deep waters, leading to decreased food availability at the seafloor. These changes and their projections are likely to affect productivity, biodiversity and distributions of deep‐sea fauna, thereby compromising key ecosystem services. Understanding how climate change can lead to shifts in deep‐sea species distributions is critically important in developing management measures. We used environmental niche modelling along with the best available species occurrence data and environmental parameters to model habitat suitability for key cold‐water coral and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Cold-water corals; Deep-sea; Fisheries; Fishes; Habitat suitability modelling; Octocorals; Scleractinians; Species distribution models; Vulnerable marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00610/72211/71007.pdf
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Do explicit criteria help in selecting indicators for ecosystem-based fisheries management? ArchiMer
Rochet, Marie-joelle; Rice, Jake.
An evaluation framework developed to help select an appropriate suite of indicators to support an ecosystem approach to fisheries management was tested experimentally by asking independent experts to weight the selection criteria provided and to score indicators against those criteria in several ecological settings. The steps in selecting indicators proved to be prone to subjectivity and value judgement, and differences in scores between experts were the main factor contributing to variability in evaluation results. Having to justify scores in a written document did not improve consistency among the experts. The framework, however, did enhance transparency by explicitly stating each issue to be addressed in the selection process, and by giving experts or...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selection criteria; Indicators; Fisheries management; Ecosystems; Criteria weights.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-483.pdf
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Indicators for Sea-floor Integrity under the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive ArchiMer
Rice, Jake; Arvanitidis, Christos; Borja, Angel; Frid, Chris; Hiddink, Jan G.; Krause, Jochen; Lorance, Pascal; Ragnarsson, Stefan Aki; Skold, Mattias; Trabucco, Benedetta; Enserink, Lisette; Norkko, Alf.
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires European states to maintain their marine waters in 'Good Environmental Status'. The MSFD includes 11 descriptors of "Good Environmental Status" (GES), including "Sea-floor Integrity". This descriptor is defined as: "Sea-floor integrity is at a level that ensures that the structure and functions of the ecosystems are safeguarded and benthic ecosystems, in particular, are not adversely affected." This contribution briefly summarizes the main conclusions of an international expert group established to review the scientific basis for making this concept operational. The experts concluded that consideration of 8 attributes of the seabed system would provide adequate information to meet...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea-floor Integrity; Benthic indicators; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Good Environmental Status.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00049/16039/18002.pdf
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Selective fishing and balanced harvest in relation to fisheries and ecosystem sustainability. Report of a scientific workshop organized by the IUCN-CEM Fisheries Expert Group (FEG) and the European Board of Conservation and Development (EBCD) in Nagoya (Japan) 14-16 October 2010 ArchiMer
Garcia, Serge; Kolding, Jeppe; Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Zhou, Shijie; Arimoto, Takafumi; Borges, Lisa; Bundy, Alida; Dunn, Daniel; Graham, Norman; Hall, Martin; Heino, Mikko; Law, Richard; Makino, Mitsutaku; Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Simard, François; Smith, Anthony D.m.; Symons, Despina.
The conventional selectivity paradigm is briefly reviewed and its performance examined from an ecosystem perspective. It is stressed that the overall (cumulative) selectivity of the harvest process in an ecosystem is the result of nested selection by fishers and fisheries of: (i) habitats; (ii) species assemblages; (iii) populations and (iv) individuals. A range of ecosystem models predict a strong impact of concentrated fishing (selective fishing) on the ecosystem structure stability, resilience and productivity. There seem to be advantages (in both yield and maintenance of ecosystem structure and functioning) to distribute fishing pressure broadly across available species and ecosystem compartments. Balanced harvesting was therefore defined by the...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00026/13697/10775.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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