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Registros recuperados: 4
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Anaerobic digestion of manure - consequences for plant production Organic Eprints
Løes, Anne-Kristin; Johansen, A.; Pommeresche, R.; Riley, H..
Organic farming systems are today dependent upon fossil energy. Another challenge are soil nutrient concentrations, which may be depleted with time even in animal husbandry systems (Løes & Øgaard 2001). Anaerobic digestion (AD) of animal manure may produce biogas to replace fossil fuels, and reduce methane (CH4) emissions during manure storage. Co-digestion of substrates rich in energy increases the economic viability of the biogas plant, and off-farm substrates such as fish silage or household waste may add nutrients to the farming system. AD may also ease manure handling, while reducing the amount of weed seeds and animal pathogens. A reduced proportion of easily degraded C in the AD-manure may however impact the soil fauna/microflora and humus...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Composting and manuring; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24552/1/24552.pdf
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Control of perennial weeds based on weed biology and environmental considerations Organic Eprints
Thomsen, M.G.; Brandsæter, L.O.; Mangerud, K.; Riley, H..
Timing, type and duration of tillage operations and cropping practices are of importance for reducing the regeneration of perennial weeds and also for minimizing the environmental impacts of such operations. In the present work and with reference to previous publications we find that, based on the knowledge gained on growth patterns, sensitivity to competition, growth potential of roots and mechanical and management measures it is possible to coordinate control of perennial weeds with considerations of yield and reduced environmental impact.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil tillage; Weed management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24523/1/24523.pdf
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Effect of green manure management on barley yields and N-recovery Organic Eprints
Hansen, S.; Frøseth, R.B.; Bakken , A.K.; Riley, H.; Thorup-Kristensen, K.; Bleken, M.A..
Mulching of GM herbage can increase cereal yields compared to its removal. However, the same GM herbage removed for biogas production will provide biogas residue that can be used as spring fertilizer to cereals. This will improve N-recovery and reduce the risk for N pollution. Cooperation with existing biogas plants will be more efficient, as building small biogas plants are costly and challenging.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Composting and manuring Post harvest management and techniques.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24600/1/24600.pdf
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Effects of applying anaerobically digested slurry on soil available organic C and microbiota Organic Eprints
Johansen, A.; Pommeresche, R.; Riley, H.; Løes, A.-K..
Anaerobic digestion of animal slurries and plant residues is a valuable technology to produce bioenergy and fertilizers in organic farming systems, while at the same time reducing propagules of weeds and parasites in the input material. However, the digestion changes the quality of the slurry by reducing its content of organic matter and increasing mineral nitrogen (N) levels. This may have profound impact on soil fauna and microorganisms as well as the biogeochemical processes they drive. Organic farmers fear that application of digested materials may have negative implications for soil fertility by reducing the input of organic matter to the soil, compared to fertilizing with traditional animal slurries or green manures. Hence, it is important to gain...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Composting and manuring; Nutrient turnover.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/24569/1/24569.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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