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Integrated Observations of Global Surface Winds, Currents, and Waves: Requirements and Challenges for the Next Decade ArchiMer
Villas Bôas, Ana B.; Ardhuin, Fabrice; Ayet, Alex; Bourassa, Mark A.; Brandt, Peter; Chapron, Bertrand; Cornuelle, Bruce D.; Farrar, J. T.; Fewings, Melanie R.; Fox-kemper, Baylor; Gille, Sarah T.; Gommenginger, Christine; Heimbach, Patrick; Hell, Momme C.; Li, Qing; Mazloff, Matthew R.; Merrifield, Sophia T.; Mouche, Alexis; Rio,; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Shutler, Jamie D.; Subramanian, Aneesh C.; Terrill, Eric J.; Tsamados, Michel; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik.
Ocean surface winds, currents, and waves play a crucial role in exchanges of momentum, energy, heat, freshwater, gases, and other tracers between the ocean, atmosphere, and ice. Despite surface waves being strongly coupled to the upper ocean circulation and the overlying atmosphere, efforts to improve ocean, atmospheric, and wave observations and models have evolved somewhat independently. From an observational point of view, community efforts to bridge this gap have led to proposals for satellite Doppler oceanography mission concepts, which could provide unprecedented measurements of absolute surface velocity and directional wave spectrum at global scales. This paper reviews the present state of observations of surface winds, currents, and waves, and it...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Air-sea interactions; Doppler oceanography from space; Surface waves; Absolute surface velocity; Ocean surface winds.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62083/66271.pdf
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Measuring currents, ice drift, and waves from space: the Sea surface KInematics Multiscale monitoring (SKIM) concept ArchiMer
Ardhuin, Fabrice; Aksenov, Yevgueny; Benetazzo, Alvise; Bertino, Laurent; Brandt, Peter; Caubet, Eric; Chapron, Bertrand; Collard, Fabrice; Cravatte, Sophie; Delouis, Jean Marc; Dias, Frederic; Dibarboure, Gerald; Gaultier, Lucile; Johannessen, Johnny; Korosov, Anton; Manucharyan, Georgy; Menemenlis, Dimitris; Menendez, Melisa; Monnier, Goulven; Mouche, Alexis; Nouguier, Frederic; Nurser, George; Rampal, Pierre; Reniers, Ad; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Stopa, Justin; Tison, Celine; Ubelmann, Clement; Van Sebille, Erik; Xie, Jiping.
We propose a satellite mission that uses a near-nadir Ka-band Doppler radar to measure surface currents, ice drift and ocean waves at spatial scales of 40 km and more, with snapshots at least every day for latitudes 75 to 82 degrees, and every few days for other latitudes. The use of incidence angles of 6 and 12 degrees allows for measurement of the directional wave spectrum, which yields accurate corrections of the wave-induced bias in the current measurements. The instrument's design, an algorithm for current vector retrieval and the expected mission performance are presented here. The instrument proposed can reveal features of tropical ocean and marginal ice zone (MIZ) dynamics that are inaccessible to other measurement systems, and providing global...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00442/55318/56843.pdf
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Performances study of interferometric radar altimeters: from the instrument to the global mission definition ArchiMer
Enjolras, Vivien; Vincent, Patrick; Souyris, Jean-claude; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Phalippou, Laurent; Cazenave, Anny.
The main limitations of standard nadir-looking radar altimeters have been known for long. They include the lack of coverage (intertrack distance of typically 150 km for the T/P / Jason tandem), and the spatial resolution ( typically 2 km for T/P and Jason), expected to be a limiting factor for the determination of mesoscale phenomena in deep ocean. In this context, various solutions using off-nadir radar interferometry have been proposed by Rodriguez and al to give an answer to oceanographic mission objectives. This paper addresses the performances study of this new generation of instruments, and dedicated mission. A first approach is based on the Wide-Swath Ocean Altimeter (WSOA) intended to be implemented onboard Jason-2 in 2004 but now abandoned. Every...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Altimetry; Interferometry; Error budget; System analysis; Ocean; Mesoscale.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00284/39507/38002.pdf
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Remotely Sensed Winds and Wind Stresses for Marine Forecasting and Ocean Modeling ArchiMer
Bourassa, Mark A.; Meissner, Thomas; Cerovecki, Ivana; Chang, Paul S.; Dong, Xiaolong; De Chiara, Giovanna; Donlon, Craig; Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.; Elya, Jocelyn; Fore, Alexander; Fewings, Melanie R.; Foster, Ralph C.; Gille, Sarah T.; Haus, Brian K.; Hristova-veleva, Svetla; Holbach, Heather M.; Jelenak, Zorana; Knaff, John A.; Kranz, Sven A.; Manaster, Andrew; Mazloff, Matthew; Mears, Carl; Mouche, Alexis; Portabella, Marcos; Reul, Nicolas; Ricciardulli, Lucrezia; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Sampson, Charles; Solis, Daniel; Stoffelen, Ad; Stukel, Michael R.; Stiles, Bryan; Weissman, David; Wentz, Frank.
Strengths and weakness of remotely sensed winds are discussed, along with the current capabilities for remotely sensing winds and stress. Future missions are briefly mentioned. The observational needs for a wide range of wind and stress applications are provided. These needs strongly support a short list of desired capabilities of future missions and constellations.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Satellite; Wind; Stress; Ocean; Requirements.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62312/66565.pdf
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Satellite Altimetry and Key Observations: What We've Learned, and What's Possible with New Technologies ArchiMer
Scott, Robert B.; Bourassa, Mark; Chelton, Dudley; Cipollini, Paolo; Ferrari, Raffaele; Fu, Lee-lueng; Galperin, Boris; Gille, Sarah; Huang, Huei-ping; Klein, Patrice; Maximenko, Nikolai; Morrow, Rosemary; Qiu, Bo; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Stammer, Detlef; Tailleux, Remi; Wunsch, Carl.
The advent of high accuracy satellite altimetry in the 1990's brought the first global view of ocean dynamics, which together with a global network of supporting observations brought a revolution in understanding of how the ocean works [1]. At present a constellation of flying satellite missions routinely provides sea level anomaly, sea winds, sea surface temperature (SST), ocean colour, etc. with mesoscale resolution (50km to 100km, 20 to 150 days) on a near global scale. Concurrently, in situ monitoring is carried out by surface drifters, Argo floats, moorings, sea gliders as well as ship-borne CTD (Conductivity-Temperature-Depth) and XBT (Expendable Bathythermograph) (to measure profiles of temperature and salinity), and ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17791/15315.pdf
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Toward the Integrated Marine Debris Observing System ArchiMer
Maximenko, Nikolai; Corradi, Paolo; Law, Kara Lavender; Van Sebille, Erik; Garaba, Shungudzemwoyo P.; Lampitt, Richard Stephen; Galgani, Francois; Martinez-vicente, Victor; Goddijn-murphy, Lonneke; Veiga, Joana Mira; Thompson, Richard C.; Maes, Christophe; Moller, Delwyn; Löscher, Carolin Regina; Addamo, Anna Maria; Lamson, Megan R.; Centurioni, Luca R.; Posth, Nicole R.; Lumpkin, Rick; Vinci, Matteo; Martins, Ana Maria; Pieper, Catharina Diogo; Isobe, Atsuhiko; Hanke, Georg; Edwards, Margo; Chubarenko, Irina P.; Rodriguez, Ernesto; Aliani, Stefano; Arias, Manuel; Asner, Gregory P.; Brosich, Alberto; Carlton, James T.; Chao, Yi; Cook, Anna-marie; Cundy, Andrew B.; Galloway, Tamara S.; Giorgetti, Alessandra; Goni, Gustavo Jorge; Guichoux, Yann; Haram, Linsey E.; Hardesty, Britta Denise; Holdsworth, Neil; Lebreton, Laurent; Leslie, Heather A.; Macadam-somer, Ilan; Mace, Thomas; Manuel, Mark; Marsh, Robert; Martinez, Elodie; Mayor, Daniel J.; Le Moigne, Morgan; Molina Jack, Maria Eugenia; Mowlem, Matt Charles; Obbard, Rachel W.; Pabortsava, Katsiaryna; Robberson, Bill; Rotaru, Amelia-elena; Ruiz, Gregory M.; Spedicato, Maria Teresa; Thiel, Martin; Turra, Alexander; Wilcox, Chris.
Plastics and other artificial materials pose new risks to the health of the ocean. Anthropogenic debris travels across large distances and is ubiquitous in the water and on shorelines, yet, observations of its sources, composition, pathways, and distributions in the ocean are very sparse and inaccurate. Total amounts of plastics and other man-made debris in the ocean and on the shore, temporal trends in these amounts under exponentially increasing production, as well as degradation processes, vertical fluxes, and time scales are largely unknown. Present ocean circulation models are not able to accurately simulate drift of debris because of its complex hydrodynamics. In this paper we discuss the structure of the future integrated marine debris observing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plastics; Marine debris; Sensor development; Observing network; Ecosystemstressors; Maritime safety.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00511/62272/66477.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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