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A latitudinal gradient of seasonal temperature variation recorded in oyster shells from the coastal waters of France and The Netherlands ArchiMer
Lartaud, Franck; Emmanuel, Laurent; De Rafelis, Marc; Ropert, Michel; Labourdette, Nathalie; Richardson, Christopher A.; Renard, Maurice.
Cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy of the foliated calcite shell hinge sections of live-collected oyster Crassostrea gigas collected at seven locations along a latitudinal gradient from the Netherlands in the North Sea to the Atlantic coast of France, revealed variations in luminescence that were attributable to seasonal variations in calcification of the hinge. Photomicrographs of hinge sections and luminescence profiles were analyzed to define a micro-sampling strategy that was adopted to drill the hinge samples to determine their isotopic composition. Reconstructed seasonal seawater temperatures determined from the stable oxygen isotope (delta O-18) composition along growth profiles from 32 oyster shell hinges showed distinct seasonal isotopic cycles...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonality; Palaeotemperatures; Stable isotopes; Cathodoluminescence; Crassostrea gigas; Mollusk shells.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2010/publication-7296.pdf
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Ambient flow velocity and resulting clearance rates of the terebellid polychaete Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) ArchiMer
Denis, L; Desroy, Nicolas; Ropert, Michel.
A laboratory flume study was conducted to determine the effect of flow velocity on clearance rates of the Polychaeta Terebellidea Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1966). Using sets of 75 individuals collected along the east coast of the English Channel, we measured clearance rates at five flow velocities of approximate to 4, 9, 15, 22 and 27 cm s(-1) with a culture of the diatom Chaetoceros calcitrans as food source. During each control (without polychaetes) or clearance (with Lanice conchilega) experiment, in vivo fluorescence was continuously monitored. Further HPLC analysis confirmed the sediment resuspension for the highest flow velocities tested, indicating the need for 'corrections' from control experiments. The global pattern resulted in a dome-shaped...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recirculating flume; Feeding activity; Terebellidea; Polychaetes; Clearance rate; Lanice conchilega.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3418.pdf
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Amylase polymorphism affects growth in the cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Samain, Jean-francois; Boudry, Pierre; Bedier, Edouard; Ropert, Michel; Van Wormhoudt, A..
The better understanding of physiological and environmental factors that determine optimal food conversion efficiencies is of major interest for the cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas for which the strong increase of aquaculture has been correlated in France with a decrease in productivity due to competition between aquatic species for limited food supplies at grow-out sites. To investigate the non-neutrality of the polymorphism of amylase, a key enzyme for carbohydrate assimilation, in oyster physiology, we report in the present paper the growth and survival measurement of amylase genotypes within five bi-parental C. gigas families, bred to be polymorph at the two PCR-RFLP amylase markers, and reared over one year under standard culture conditions in two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amylase markers; Growth; Amylase Polymorphism; Genetic; Oysters; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3311.pdf
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An amylase gene polymorphism is associated with growth differences in the Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Prudence, Marie; Moal, Jeanne; Boudry, Pierre; Daniel, Jean-yves; Quere, Claudie; Jeffroy, Fanny; Mingant, Christian; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Van Wormhoudt, A; Samain, Jean-francois; Huvet, Arnaud.
This study investigated the non-neutrality of genetic polymorphism in two alpha-amylase genes (AMYA and AMYB) in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Bi-parental oyster families, bred to be polymorphic for markers in these genes, were monitored for growth and survival for 1 year under standard culture conditions in two French production sites. Within-family genotype frequencies indicated that the two amylase genes were closely linked (c. 1.7 cM). Within two of three families, significant differences in growth were observed between genotypes at one of the two production sites, suggesting that this polymorphism is not neutral and might be under selection because of its role in digestive function. Estimated daily yields were different between amylase genotypes,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Genotype; Digestive enzyme; Bivalve; Alpha amylase.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1691.pdf
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Assessment and interpretation of temporal or spactial differences in shellfish productivity of typical French ecosystems ArchiMer
Mazurie, Joseph; Soletchnik, Patrick; Ropert, Michel; Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Auby, Isabelle; Maurer, Daniele; Bacher, Cedric.
Monitoring of Crassostrea gigas performances, from two year-classes, during 12 years, in various French shellfish farming areas have revealed great inter-annual and inter-sites differences in reproduction, growth, mortality or quality of oysters (meat content, Polydora infestation...). The presentation attempts to highlight how a comparative analysis of existing temporal or spatial data on molluscs, water quality, geography or meteorogoly may help to better understand and manage shellfish ecosystems. The range of hydrobiological conditions (food availability, turbidity, temperature...) recorded at national, pluriannual scale, in relation to shellfish performances, enlarges the base of such relationship. However, undirect causative factors, either natural...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climatic modulation; Hydro geography; Reproduction; Growth; Spatial differences; Water quality; Mortality; Shellfish productivity.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3318.pdf
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Atlas de sensibilité du littoral aux pollutions marines. Création d’un site dédié Sextant. Atlas Polmar Réunion. ArchiMer
Vermenot, Coralie; Quimbert, Erwann; Satra Le Bris, Catherine; Ropert, Michel.
Dans le cadre de l’élaboration de l’Atlas de sensibilité du littoral aux pollutions marines, L’IFREMER a souhaité mettre à disposition des institutions un outil permettant d’accéder à l’ensemble des informations cartographiques ayant permis l’élaboration de cette annexe technique du dispositif spécifique POLMAR/TERRE. Le portail Sextant, infrastructure de données géoréférencées marines et littorales, permettant la mise en commun et le partage de l‘information géographique, permet de répondre à ces exigences.
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00187/29827/28277.pdf
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ATLAS des Résultats du traitement des images hyperspectrales et des données Lidar sur les plateformes récifales de La Réunion ArchiMer
Mouquet, Pascal; Bajjouk, Touria; Maurel, Laurence; Cebeillac, Alexandre; Le Goff, Ronan; Ropert, Michel.
Cet atlas présente les résultats de l'exploitation d’images hyperspectrales et de données Lidar à des fins de cartographie des plateformes récifales de la Réunion. Les méthodes mises en œuvres (traitement du signal, classification, démélangeage spectral, ...) ont permis de générer différents produits cartographiques à haute résolution parmi lesquels des images en réflectance et des fonds marins (jusqu'à des profondeurs supérieures à 30 m), un MNT bathymétrique haute résolution (40 cm) de la plate-forme récifale, des cartes de synthèse permettant d'appréhender qualitativement et quantitativement les taux de couverture en algues, sable, corail et herbier. En intégrant l'ensemble de ces informations, un indicateur surfacique, proxi de la "vitalité...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00185/29653/28095.pdf
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Atlas électronique web de la pêche palangrière réunionnaise ArchiMer
Bourjea, Jerome; Evano, Hugues; Hoarau, Ludovic; Satra Le Bris, Catherine; Meillon, Julien; Saintilan, Alexandre; Goudard, Erwann; Ropert, Michel.
Cet atlas interactif de la pêcherie palangrière de l'océan Indien a été réalisé dans la suite du projet IOSSSESPADON. Il synthétise d’une part, l'historique de la pêche palangrière de l'océan Indien depuis les années 1950 (efforts de pêche et captures d'espadon – Xiphias gladius par période de 5 ans et par rectangle statistique de 5°) et d’autre part, l'évolution de l'activité de la flottille palangrière réunionnaise depuis 1994 (efforts de pêche, captures et rendements pour les principales espèces ciblées). Pour le volet relatif à la Réunion, les données sont présentées : 1- annuellement par rectangle statistique de 5° (1994 – 2014), 2- annuellement ou par trimestre par rectangle statistique de 1° -2006 – 2014). Cet outil interactif permet une...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Atlas; Cartographie; Pêche palangrière; Statistiques de pêche; Capture; Effort; Rendement; Océan Indien; Espadon; Thon Germon; Thon Albacore; Thon obèse; Grands pélagiques.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00272/38327/36568.pdf
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BABE : Comparaison des sites de Ronce et Baie de Veys, incidence sur la reproduction et les mortalités : Ecologie côtière, mortalités, croissance, environnement - Physiologie - Immunologie ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Le Moine, Olivier; Faury, Nicole; Guilpain, Patrice; Geairon, Philippe; Razet, Daniel; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Robert, Stephane; Ropert, Michel; Simonne, Charlotte; Hugonnet, Virginie; Moal, Jeanne; Pouvreau, Stephane; Huvet, Arnaud; Samain, Jean-francois; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Frouel, Stephane; Choquet, Gwenaelle; Delaporte, Maryse; Paillard, Christine.
Four laboratories are involved in this multidisciplinary study: the Conchological Laboratory of Normandie (LCN), the Invertebrates Physiology Laboratory (LPI), the Université Bretagne Occidentale (LEMAR IHP) and the Conchological Laboratory of Poitou-Charentes (LCPC). The part of the study which is presented here (thematics "Coastal ecology") was produced in collaboration with the LCN. The data on the Bay of Veys was collected by Michel Ropert. This study aims at observing the "sites" effect on mortality and on the general biology of the animal, as well as measuring some environmental elements (e.g. water temperature, etc.). The geographical sites are Gefosse in the Bay of Veys (East Cotentin) and the Ronce bank in the south of the Marennes Oléron Bay. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Immunologie; Physiologie; Paramètres environnementaux; Croissance; Ecologie côtière; Baies des Veys Cotentin; Ronce Charente Maritime; Comparaison sites; Reproduction; Mortalités; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/acte-3405.pdf
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Bilan 2004 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Francois, Cyrille; Goubet, Anne; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Alain; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Le Gal, Dominique; Rocher, Gregory; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Costantini, Louis; Masson, Jean-claude; Martin, Anne-genevieve.
Created in 1986, the REPAMO network (Network of mollusc pathology), is a national zoosanitary surveillance network of shellfish health status along the French coasts. Its activities are in keeping with two European Directives, 91 /67/EEC and 95/70/EC and are a patt of the institutional tasks ofIfremer. The aims of the network are to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens and to survey the evolution of notifiable pathogens already present in France. The network focused on the survey of listed diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis of flat oyster) in two areas under agreement process (Banc de Granville and zone X). In 2004, no sample couId be analysed to these two areas because of the difficulty to obtain flat oysters (sparse oyster beds,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé; Network; Surveillance; Pathology; Molluscs; Shellfish; Health status.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19702/17343.pdf
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Bilan 2005 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance zoosanitaire des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Lefebvre, Alain; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Le Gal, Dominique; Rocher, Gregory; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; D'Amico, Florence; Rumebe, Myriam; Pichot, Yves; Le Gall, Patrik.
Created in 1992, the REPAMO network (Network of mollusc pathology), is a national zoosanitary surveillance network of shellfish health status along the French coasts. Ils activities are in keeping with two European Directives, 91167/EEC and 95170/EC and are a part of the institutional tasks of Ifremer. The aims of the network are to prevent the introduction and spread of exotic pathogens and to sm'vey the evolution of notifiable pathogens already present in France. The network focused on the survey of listed diseases (bonamiosis and marteiliosis of flat oyster) in two areas under agreement process (Granville bed and zone X). In 2005, only samples of the Granville bed could be analysed due to the difflculty to obtain flat oysters (sparse oyster beds, beds...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé; Network; Surveillance; Pathology; Molluscs; Shellfish; Health status.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19704/17346.pdf
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Bilan 2007 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Robert, Maeva; Cuvelier, Nicolas; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Martin, Jean-louis; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; D'Amico, Florence; Rumebe, Myriam; Pichot, Yves; Le Gall, Patrik; Bouchoucha, Marc; Baldi, Yoann; Ravel, Christophe.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de deux Directives Européennes, les Directives 91 /67/CEE et 95/70/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae et la Marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez l'huître...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19708/17349.pdf
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Bilan 2008 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Garcia, Celine; Arzul, Isabelle; Joly, Jean-pierre; Miossec, Laurence; Chollet, Bruno; Ferrand, Sylvie; Robert, Maeva; Tourbiez, Delphine; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Cobret, Laetitia; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Renault, Tristan; Antajan, Elvire; Rauflet, Fabienne; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Nourry, Max; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Fillon, Alain; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19709/17351.pdf
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Bilan 2009 du réseau REPAMO - Réseau national de surveillace de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Miossec, Laurence; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Cobret, Laetitia; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Breerette, Stephane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s'inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l'introduction et la propagation d'organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l'évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l'IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Banamia ostreae chez l'huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Etat de santé.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19711/17352.pdf
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Bilan 2010 du réseau Repamo - Réseau national de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins ArchiMer
Guichard, Benjamin; Francois, Cyrille; Joly, Jean-pierre; Garcia, Celine; Saulnier, Denis; Pepin, Jean-francois; Arzul, Isabelle; Omnes, Emmanuelle; Tourbiez, Delphine; Faury, Nicole; Haffner, Philippe; Chollet, Bruno; Robert, Maeva; Renault, Tristan; Rauflet, Fabienne; Le Gagneur, Eric; Ropert, Michel; Mouillard, Gilbert; Gerla, Daniel; Annezo, Jean-pierre; Le Gal, Dominique; Langlade, Aime; Bedier, Edouard; Brerette, Stéphane; Chabirand, Jean-michel; Grizon, James; Robert, Stephane; Courtois, Olivier; Rumebe, Myriam; Cantin, Christian.
Créé en 1992, le réseau REPAMO (REseau de PAthologie des MOllusques) est un réseau de surveillance de la santé des mollusques marins du littoral français. Son activité s’inscrit dans le cadre de la Directive Européenne 2006/88/CE. Les objectifs du réseau sont de prévenir l’introduction et la propagation d’organismes pathogènes, en particulier ceux à déclaration obligatoire et de surveiller l’évolution de ceux déjà présents sur le territoire national. Ces activités font parties des missions institutionnelles de l’IFREMER. La surveillance assurée par le réseau vise en premier lieu les infections à déclaration obligatoire présentes en France, la bonamiose à Bonamia ostreae chez l’huître plate Ostrea edulis et la marteiliose à Marteilia refringens chez...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Réseau; Surveillance; Pathologie; Mollusques; Coquillages; Santé; Surveillance.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00059/17050/14599.pdf
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Caractérisation des mortalités de C. gigas dans leurs écosystèmes. Rapport du thème I du projet Morest en 2004 ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Ropert, Michel.
L'objectif de ce thème est de préciser les relations entre Mortalités et Environnement, en déclinant cette relation à travers les "risques environnementaux" caractérisés depuis le début du programme MOREST. La température, les bassins versant et/ou l'eau douce, la ressource trophique, le compartiment sédimentaire, autant de facteurs impliqués directement ou indirectement dans les processus de mortalité. Ces facteurs d'influence "externes" sont étudiés à différentes échelles d'espace (du national au régional) et de temps (Interannuel à saisonnier) en s'appuyant à la fois sur des données issues de bases institutionnelles (REMORA, REPHY, METEO-FRANCE) mais également sur les résultats de terrain observés depuis le début du programme MOREST sur les 3 sites...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mortalité estivale; Huîtres creuses; Crassostrea gigas; Bassin de Marennes Oléron; MOREST.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00164/27551/25716.pdf
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Caractérisation et déterminisme du développement d'une population de l'annélide tubicole Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766) (Polychète Terebellidae) associé à la conchyliculture en Baie des Veys (Baie de Seine Occidentale) ArchiMer
Ropert, Michel.
Since the mid 80's, a tidal population of the polychaete Lanice conchilega has proliferated along the eastern part of the "Baie des Veys" (Western part of the Bay of Seine). Population density 7 000 individuals per square meter. This proliferation affected significantly the local oyster farming industry, by resulting increased sedimentation rates. This work try to improved understanding the phenomenon by analyzing at various temporal and spatial scales the ecosystem and its relationship with the Lanice conchilega population dynamics. Several field works were carried out (i.e. bottom type mapping, topography, hydrology) to analyse the occurrence and development of this population taking into account the overall changes of the "Baie des Veys" ecosystem....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Veys Bay; Seine Bay; Crassostrea gigas; Lanice conchilega; Mussel culture; Baie de Seine; Baie des Veys; Crassostrea gigas; Lanice conchilega; Conchyliculture.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/these-3.pdf
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Characterization of Cr. gigas oysters mortalities according to the French Ifremer/REMORA monitoring network ; with complements from phytoplankton and meteorogolical data ArchiMer
Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Mazurie, Joseph; Ropert, Michel; Soletchnik, Patrick; Le Coz, Florence.
The wide range of data from the French Ifremer/REMORA network, collected since 1993 allow a global characterization of mortalities of 1-year old and 2-years old cupped oysters Crassostrea gigas, that are cultivated in the main French oyster areas (Fleury et al, 2003), and thus a better understanding of the causes of these mortalities (Ifremer /MOREST project). The average annual mortalities on intertidal sites range from 10 to 20%. Most of the mortalities take place in Spring and Summer. 1-year oyster mortalities occur in Marennes and several sites in Brittany whilst 2-years oyster mortalities occur in the same sites and in baie des Veys (Normandy). In addition, 2-years oyster mortalities appear more variable according to different annual surveys....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Meteorolgical factors; Phytoplankton; REMORA; Mortalities; Oysters; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/acte-4547.pdf
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Characterization of summer mortalities of C. gigas oyster in France in relation to environmental parameters ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Costil, K. S.; Dubois, Brice; Degremont, Lionel; Bouget, Jean-francois; Martin, Jean-louis; Enriquez-diaz, M.; Faury, Nicole; Le Moine, Olivier; Renault, Tristan; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Huvet, Arnaud; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois.
Field characterization of summer mortality was performed in France in the frame of the Morest project. Natural and hatchery spat were compared between three oyster production areas in France. Regardless of the natural or hatchery origin, oysters died during the reproduction period after temperature reaches 19 degree C. Thus, in southern areas, temperature accelerated gametogenesis of small spat (10mm) as well as adults, and mortality appeared for the two age classes. In contrast, sexual maturation proceeded more slowly in northern where spat mortality was lower compared to 18 months old oysters. However, critical gametogenesis and temperature were not sufficient to induce mortalities, as observed in examples with stable environment. Alternatively sediment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variation; Oyster culture; Mortality causes; Hatcheries; Gametogenesis; Environmental factors; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/acte-3348.pdf
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Contributions du Laboratoire Conchylicole de Normandie (LCN) au défi MOREST en 2002 ArchiMer
Ropert, Michel; Simonne, Charlotte; Hugonnet, Virginie; Le Gagneur, Eric; Kopp, Joel.
This report present results obtained by the LCN in coastal Ecology of the MOREST program. Most of works presented here have been realised in collaboration with different partners who are cited before each action. This report is divided in 8 parts in 3 themes. WP2 : Characterisation of in-situ summers mortalities • Task 2.2.1. : dynamics of mortality, reproduction and spawning. lntersite comparisons (BASE) • Task 2.2.4 : study of the summer mortalities dynamics of Crassostrea gigas in Bay of Veys (SUMO) WP4 : Experimental tests to cast off summer mortalities problem • Task 4.3.: reduce the critical period before laid: induce oyster laid in the Bay of Veys. • Task 4.4.1.: effects of transfer livestock on summer mortalities : move oysters before the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Mortalité; MOREST; Baie de Veys; Normandie; Crassostrea gigas; Mortality; MOREST; Bay of Veys; Normandy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00436/54780/56238.pdf
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