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Assessment of microalgae and nitrifiers activity in a consortium in a continuous operation and the effect of oxygen depletion Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Vargas,Gustavo; Donoso-Bravo,Andrés; Vergara,Christian; Ruiz-Filippi,Gonzalo.
Background: Industrial wastewaters with a high content of nitrogen are a relevant environmental problem. Currently, treatments to remove nitrogen are not efficient, so is necessary to develop alternative methods. The objective of this study is to investigate a consortium of microalgae - nitrifying, that due to the symbiosis between them could be an interesting alternative. Results: In this study, it was possible to obtain a consortium of nitrifying bacteria (NB) and microalgae (MA) capable of operating with low requirements of dissolved oxygen, using aerobic sludge from wastewater treatment plants. During the operation, this consortium presents removal percentages above 98% of ammonia, even at concentrations of DO of 0.5 mg O2 L-1. It is estimated that the...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Ammonium; Consortium nitrifying-microalgae; Oxygen; Respirometry.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582016000500007
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Biofilm formation for organic matter and sulphate removal in gas-lift reactors Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Pizarro,Carolina; Donoso-Bravo,Andrés; Jeison,David; Ruiz-Filippi,Gonzalo; Chamy,Rolando.
A start-up strategy was presented and evaluated to obtain a well-established biofilm in a gas lift-reactor capable both for the removal of organic matter and sulphate. Pumice stone was used as material support. The influence of shear forces, given by the biogas recirculation, the effect of the COD/SO4-2 ratio and the OLRs increase were evaluated on the reactor performance. From the first stages, cell colonization was observed along with the presence of extracellular polymeric substances. The COD and sulphate removal was over 70%, for all conditions. The increase of gas flow did not have an adverse effect on biofilm development even though there was some detachment. Specific methanogenic activity of the biofilm increased along the experiments. Operational...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Anaerobic biofilm; Gas-lift reactors; Sulphate; Start-up.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582011000400003
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Improved sanitary landfill design using recirculation of anaerobically treated leachates: generation of advanced design criteria Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Schiappacasse,María Cristina; Palma,Juan; Poirrier,Paola; Ruiz-Filippi,Gonzalo; Chamy,Rolando.
In Latin Americ a, the most accepted disposal systems for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) are landfills, which nowadays have low rates of stabilization. The objective of this study was to develop design criteria for sanitary landfills which lead to a reduction in the stabilization times of MSW, based on experiment results obtain from a pre-pilot scale operation of two sanitary landfills (0.5 Ton), one with recirculation of leachates treated in an anaerobic digester and the other with recirculation of untreated leachates. This was complemented by another pilot scale sanitary landfill (1440 Ton) with recirculation of leaches treated in an anaerobic filter, and additionally by a computer simulation of leachate generation through the water balance of a theoretical...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Hydrological balance; Landfill; Leachate recycle; Municipal solid waste; Stabilization.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000300009
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Simultaneous effects of pH and substrate concentration on hydrogen production by acidogenic fermentation Electron. J. Biotechnol.
Cubillos,Genoveva; Arrué,Ramon; Jeison,David; Chamy,Rolando; Tapia,Estela; Rodríguez,Jorge; Ruiz-Filippi,Gonzalo.
The present research examined the effects of initial substrate concentration and pH on the yield and productivity of hydrogen production by acidogenic fermentation. Assays were carried out at three different initial pH levels (5.5, 6.5 and 7.5) and three initial substrate concentrations (3, 5 and 10 g COD/L). Glucose was used as carbon source and the experiments were conducted at 37°C in batch tests, after a thermal pretreatment to eliminate methanogenic microorganisms. Conversions of glucose into hydrogen were between 16.75 and 27.25% of theoretical maximum, and high values of hydrogen productivity were obtained. An optimum value for the yield of glucose between initial pH of 6.3 and 3.7 g COD/L and productivity of the 5.95 H2/gVSS h and initial pH of 6.7...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Acidogenic; Gompertz modified; Heat treatment; Hydrogen; Surface response.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-34582010000100011
Registros recuperados: 4
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