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Foxes, people and hens: human dimensions of a conflict in a rural area of southern Chile RChHN
SILVA-RODRÍGUEZ,EDUARDO A; SOTO-GAMBOA,MAURICIO; ORTEGA-SOLÍS,GABRIEL R; JIMÉNEZ,JAIME E.
Human-carnivore conflict has been recognized as one of the main threats to carnivore conservation. When small livestock or poultry are available, small carnivores will likely prey upon them. Centinela -a rural área located in Southern Chile where chillas (Lycalopex griseus Gray) and small farmers coexist- was chosen as a study site. To understand potential conflicts we conducted interviews to assess local knowledge, experiences, and attitudes toward this fox and small stock management. Almost a third of the interviewed people reported the loss of poultry during the last year due to chillas, which was confirmed by dietary analysis in a parallel study. Consequently, most research participants (67.4 %) had negative attitudes toward the chilla. Management...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Carnivore conservation; Human attitudes; Human-wildlife conflicts; Lycalopex griseus; Subsistence farming.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2009000300005
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Legítima dispersión de semillas Ugni molinae Turcz. (Myrtaceae), por monito del monte, Dromiciops gliroides Gayana Botánica
MORA,JUAN PABLO; SOTO-GAMBOA,MAURICIO.
We investigated if the marsupial Dromiciops gliroides (Microbiotheriidae) is a legitimate seed disperser of Ugni molinae (Myrtaceae). We compared the germination rate of defecated and not-defecated seeds. The results show that defecated seeds are viable and show a high germination rate than no-defecated seeds. We conclude that D. gliroides is a legitimate seed disperser of U. molinae, and it may affect their reproductive success. These results are the first evidence of a seed disperser for U. molinae, and also support the proposal that D. gliroides have an important role as a seed disperser in the temperate forest of southern South America.
Tipo: Journal article
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-66432011000200018
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Terrestrial birds living on marine environments: does dietary composition of Cinclodes nigrofumosus (Passeriformes: Furnariidae) predict their osmotic load? RChHN
SABAT,PABLO; FARIÑA,JOSÉ M.; SOTO-GAMBOA,MAURICIO.
Feeding on saline marine foods may be especially challenging for passerine birds that lack functional salt glands and have a limited ability to concentrate urine. To reduce the salt load imposed by consumption of marine food these birds may select food with low salt contents and/or increase their intake of freshwater. The genus Cinclodes is particular among passerines because it includes species that inhabit both inland and maritime shores. We analyzed the diet of Cinclodes nigrofumosus and explored the possible relationships between dietary composition and salt load at mesic and arid coastal sites of Chile. From a biogeographical perspective, we hypothesized that freshwater availability is critical to the relationship between diet composition and osmotic...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Cinclodes; Dietary habits; Osmoregulation; Osmotic load.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2003000200017
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