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Liberalizing Trade, and its Impact on Poverty and Inequality in Nicaragua AgEcon
Sanchez, Marco V.; Vos, Rob.
The Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations stalled in 2008 owing in no small degree to a lack of agreement on the terms of substantially reducing trade-distorting support for agricultural products and to what extent this would be beneficial to developing countries. Nicaragua presents an interesting case in point, being one of the poorest economies in Latin America with still a relatively large agricultural sector and high degrees of rural poverty. In 2005, the country signed a free trade agreement with the United States. A previous study showed that most welfare gains of this agreement for Nicaragua would potentially come from the increased market access for textiles and clothing exported to the United States. Under the agreement, the country stands...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52796
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The Impact of the Central America Free Trade Agreement on the Central American Textile Maquila Industry AgEcon
Jansen, Hans G.P.; Morley, Samuel A.; Kessler, Gloria; Pineiro, Valeria; Sanchez, Marco V.; Torero, Maximo.
While the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) remains a hotly debated issue in all five Central American countries that are part of the treaty, most discussions are based on preconceived opinions rather than grounded in research-based results. The point of departure of the paper is that the provisions in the agreement concerning the textile maquila industry are likely to have a significant impact on household welfare, despite the already existing preferential access of textile maquila exports to the U.S. market under the rules of origin set by the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and the U.S.–Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA). What CAFTA does for maquila production in Central America is to make permanent and expand the liberalized...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Apparel industry; CAFTA; Central America; CGE model; Maquila; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42393
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