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Registros recuperados: 64
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3D Reconstruction of Natural Underwater Scenes Using the Stereovision System IRIS ArchiMer
Brandou, Vincent; Allais, Anne-gaelle; Perrier, Michel; Malis, E.; Rives, P.; Sarrazin, Jozee; Sarradin, Pierre-marie.
The aim of this study is to propose a 3-dimension reconstruction method of small-scale scenes improved by a new image acquisition method for quantitative measurements. A stereovision system is used to acquire images in order to obtain several shots of an object, at regular intervals according to a predefined trajectory. A complete methodology of 3D reconstruction is exposed to perform a dense 3D model with texture mapping. A first result on natural images collected with the stereovision system during sea trials has been obtained.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Underwater imaging; Stereovision system; Visual servoing; Dense disparity map; 3D reconstruction.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3598.pdf
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A dual sensor device to estimate fluid flow velocity at diffuse hydrothermal vents ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Rodier, Philippe; Tivey, M. K.; Singh, H.; Schultz, A.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie.
Numerous attempts have been made over the last thirty years to estimate fluid flow rates at hydrothermal vents, either at the exit of black smoker chimneys or within diffuse flow areas. In this study, we combine two methods to accurately estimate fluid flow velocities at diffuse flow areas. While the first method uses a hot film anemometer that performs high-frequency measurements, the second allows a relatively rapid assessment of fluid flow velocity through video imagery and provides in situ data to calibrate the sensor. Measurements of flow velocities on hydrothermal diffuse flow areas were obtained on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). They range from 1.1 to 4.9 mm/s at the substratum level, in low-temperature (4.5-16.4 degrees C) diffuse flow areas from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diffuse flow; Video imagery; Hot film anemometer; Hydrothermal vent; Fluid flow velocity.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7299.pdf
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A real-time dive on active hydrothermal vents ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Buffier, Erick; Christophe, Alain; Clodic, Guillaume; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fouquet, Yves; Gouillou, Michel; Jannez, Michel; Le Fur, Yann; Le Rest, Jacques; Lecornu, Fabrice; Lefort, Olivier; Lux, Stephanie; Millet, Brigitte; Guillemet, Pascal.
The Momareto cruise was held from August 6 to September 6, 2006 on the new French oceanographic vessel Pourquoi pas? The ROV Victor 6000 visited three vent fields, ranging from 850m to 2300m, on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The scientific objective of the cruise was to study the spatial and temporal dynamics of hydrothermal communities colonizing these active vent sites. Aside scientific and technological objectives, one of the major goals of this cruise was to share the excitement of our science with the public. For this, the results of the project were shared through different media. The most challenging and exciting communication event remains the real-time transmission of images acquired by the ROV Victor at 1700m depth to a 250 person audience on land.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep-sea; Ecosystems; Outreach; Real-time.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3599.pdf
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Are spatial variations in the diets of hydrothermal fauna linked to local environmental conditions? ArchiMer
De Busserolles, F.; Sarrazin, Jozee; Gauthier, Olivier; Gelinas, Y.; Fabri, Marie-claire; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Desbruyeres, Daniel.
Trophic relationships in Bathymodiolus azoricus mussel bed communities on the Tour Eiffel hydrothermal edifice (Lucky Strike) were assessed using delta C-13 and delta N-15 signatures from 14 hydrothermal species. The nutritional basis of B. azoricus was also investigated with delta S-34. Faunal samples and environmental data (temperature, pH, total dissolved sulfide, iron and copper concentrations) were collected from 12 different locations on the edifice. Chemical conditions varied between microhabitats, and were all correlated to temperature. Carbon and nitrogen isotopic results revealed the presence of two, apparently independent, trophic groups. The first was composed of symbiont-bearing fauna (B. azoricus and their associated polychaetes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lucky Strike (37 degrees 17.29 ' N 32 degrees 16.45 ' W); Mid Atlantic Ridge; Food webs; Hydrothermal springs; Environmental conditions; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7312.pdf
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Astronomical and atmospheric impacts on deep-sea hydrothermal vent invertebrates ArchiMer
Lelievre, Yann; Legendre, Pierre; Matabos, Marjolaine; Mihaly, Steve; Lee, Raymond W.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Arango, Claudia P.; Sarrazin, Jozee.
Ocean tides and winter surface storms are among the main factors driving the dynamics and spatial structure of marine coastal species, but the understanding of their impact on deep-sea and hydrothermal vent communities is still limited. Multidisciplinary deep-sea observatories offer an essential tool to study behavioural rhythms and interactions between hydrothermal community dynamics and environmental fluctuations. Here, we investigated whether species associated with a Ridgeia piscesae tubeworm vent assemblage respond to local ocean dynamics. By tracking variations in vent macrofaunal abundance at different temporal scales, we provide the first evidence that tides and winter surface storms influence the distribution patterns of mobile and non-symbiotic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deep-sea observatory; Hydrothermal vents; Macrofaunal abundance; Surface storms; Ocean tides; Time-series analysis.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00380/49122/49554.pdf
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Behavioural study of two Hydrothermal crustacean decapods: Mirocaris fortunata and Segonzacia mesatlantica, from the lucky strike vent field (mid-Atlantic ridge) ArchiMer
Matabos, Marjolaine; Cuvelier, D.; Brouard, J.; Shillito, B.; Ravaux, J.; Zbinden, M.; Barthelemy, D.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Sarrazin, Jozee.
Identifying the factors driving community dynamics in hydrothermal vent communities, and in particular biological interactions, is challenged by our ability to make direct observations and the difficulty to conduct experiments in those remote ecosystems. As a result, we have very limited knowledge on species’ behaviour and interactions in these communities and how they in turn influence community dynamics. Interactions such as competition or predation significantly affect community structure in vent communities, and video time-series have successfully been used to gain insights in biological interactions and species behaviour, including responses to short-term changes in temperature or feeding strategies. In this study, we combined in situ and ex situ...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Abyss Box; Biological interactions; Deep-sea observatory; Eiffel Tower edifice; Feeding behaviour; Experimental research; Video imagery; Time series; Lucky Strike; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; 37 degrees 17 ' N; 32 degrees 16.3 ' W.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37714/35732.pdf
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Benthic Biology Time-Series in the Deep Sea: Indicators of Change ArchiMer
Larkin, K.e.; Rhul, H.a.; Bagley, P.; Benn, A.; Bett, B.j.; Billett, D.s.m.; Boetius, A.; Chevaldonné, P.; Colaco, A.; Copley, J.; Danovaro, R.; Escobar-briones, E.; Glover, A.; Gooday, A.j.; Hugues, J.a.; Kalogeropoulou, V.; Kelly-gerreyn, B.a.; Kitazato, H.; Klages, M.; Lampadariou, N.; Lejeusne, C.; Perez, T.; Priede, I.g.; Rogers, A.; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Sarrazin, Jozee; Soltwedel, T.; Soto, E.h.; Thatje, S.; Tselepides, A.; Tyler, P.a.; Van Den Hove, S.; Vanreusel, A.; Wenzhofer, F..
The responsiveness of benthic biological communities to climatic drivers and shifts makes them powerful indicators of biogeochemical and other environmental change in the oceans. In addition, benthic ecosystems have an economic value and are considered a vital marine resource. However deep-sea faunal dynamics and ecosystem functioning is not well defined. This has placed a higher priority in recent years on developing and sustaining long-term, time-series studies of benthic biodiversity, rate processes, and ecosystem change in deep-sea and extreme habitats. A few key long-term time-series sites exist across the global Ocean. Many of these sites are reviewed in this paper. However, much of the existing research is uncoordinated and the data collected are...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00280/39112/37665.pdf
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Biodiversity and trophic ecology of hydrothermal vent fauna associated with tubeworm assemblages on the Juan de Fuca Ridge ArchiMer
Lelievre, Yann; Sarrazin, Jozee; Marticorena, Julien; Schaal, Gauthier; Day, Thomas; Legendre, Pierre; Hourdez, Stephane; Matabos, Marjolaine.
Hydrothermal vent sites along the Juan de Fuca Ridge in the north-east Pacific host dense populations of Ridgeia piscesae tubeworms that promote habitat heterogeneity and local diversity. A detailed description of the biodiversity and community structure is needed to help understand the ecological processes that underlie the distribution and dynamics of deep-sea vent communities. Here, we assessed the composition, abundance, diversity and trophic structure of six tubeworm samples, corresponding to different successional stages, collected on the Grotto hydrothermal edifice (Main Endeavour Field, Juan de Fuca Ridge) at 2196 m depth. Including R. piscesae, a total of 36 macrofaunal taxa were identified to the species level. Although polychaetes made up the...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00439/55083/56515.pdf
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Biodiversity of Cold Seep Ecosystems Along the European Margins ArchiMer
Vanreusel, Ann; Andersen, Ann C.; Boetius, Antje; Connelly, Douglas; Cunha, Marina R.; Decker, Carole; Hilario, Ana; Kormas, Konstantinos Ar.; Maignien, Lois; Olu, Karine; Pachiadaki, Maria; Ritt, Benedicte; Rodrigues, Clara; Sarrazin, Jozee; Tyler, Paul; Van Gaever, Saskia; Vanneste, Heleen.
During the European Commission's Framework Six Programme, HERMES, we investigated three main areas along the European margin, each characterized by the presence of seep-related structures exhibiting different intensity of activity and biological diversity. These areas are: (1) the Nordic margin with the Hakon Mosby mud volcano and many pockmarks, (2) the Gulf of Cadiz, and (3) the eastern Mediterranean with its hundreds of mud volcanoes and brine pool structures. One of the main goals of the HERMES project was to unravel the biodiversity associated with these seep-associated ecosystems, and to understand their driving forces and functions, using an integrated approach. Several multidisciplinary research cruises to these three areas provided evidence of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mosby mud volcano; Gulf of mexico; Cadiz ne atlantic; Deep sea fan; Community structure; Microbial communities; Fluid flow; Mediterranean sea; Carbonate crusts; Norwegian sea.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6375.pdf
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Biodiversity patterns, environmental drivers and indicator species on a High-temperature Hydrothermal edifice, mid-Atlantic ridge ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Legendre, Pierre; De Busserolles, Fanny; Fabri, Marie-claire; Guilini, Katja; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Morineaux, Marie; Vanreusel, Ann; Sarradin, Pierre-marie.
Knowledge on quantitative faunal distribution patterns of hydrothermal communities in slow-spreading vent fields is particularly scarce, despite the importance of these ridges in the global mid-ocean system. This study assessed the composition, abundance and diversity of 12 benthic faunal assemblages from various locations on the Eiffel Tower edifice (Lucky Strike vent field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge) and investigated the role of key environmental conditions (temperature, total dissolved iron (TdFe), sulfide (TdS), copper (TdCu) and pH) on the distribution of macro- and meiofaunal species at small spatial scales (< 1 m). There were differences in macro- and meiofaunal community structure between the different sampling locations, separating the hydrothermal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity patterns; Environmental drivers; Indicator species; Hydrothermal vents; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Meiofauna; Macrofauna; Lucky Strike.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00266/37713/35731.pdf
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Biological and environmental rhythms in (dark) deep-sea hydrothermal ecosystems ArchiMer
Cuvelier, Daphne; Legendre, Pierre; Laes-huon, Agathe; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Sarrazin, Jozee.
During 2011, two deep-sea observatories focusing on hydrothermal vent ecology were up and running in the Atlantic (Eiffel Tower, Lucky Strike vent field) and the Northeast Pacific Ocean (NEP) (Grotto, Main Endeavour Field). Both ecological modules recorded imagery and environmental variables jointly for a time span of 23 days (7–30 October 2011) and environmental variables for up to 9 months (October 2011–June 2012). Community dynamics were assessed based on imagery analysis and rhythms in temporal variation for both fauna and environment were revealed. Tidal rhythms were found to be at play in the two settings and were most visible in temperature and tubeworm appearances (at NEP). A  ∼  6 h lag in tidal rhythm occurrence was observed between Pacific and...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00389/50069/50662.pdf
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Biological and geological dynamics over four years on a high-temperature sulfide structure at the Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal observatory ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Robigou, V; Juniper, Sk; Delaney, Jr.
An extensive videoscopic study of a high-temperature sulfide structure on the Juan de Fuca Ridge (northeast Pacific) examined temporal variation in vent community distribution and Links between faunal and environmental changes. Video imagery was acquired during a total of 5 manned submersible and ROV (remotely-operated vehicle) dive programs between 1991 and 1995. The structure was systematically mapped for each year of the study and a series of analytical tools was developed to quantify changes in biological and geological features and observable flow patterns. Results show: (1) heterogeneous faunal distribution characterized by decimeter-scale patchiness and general absence of vertical gradients; (2) apparent Links between community distribution, and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal ecology; Community structure; Spatio-temporal distribution; Flow patterns; Biological succession; Disturbances; Juan de Fuca Ridge; Endeavour segment.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00280/39117/37670.pdf
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Biological characteristics of a hydrothermal edifice mosaic community ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Juniper, Sk.
This study defines the composition and biomass characteristics of 5 of 6 previously described faunal assemblages that form a mosaic community on hydrothermal sulfide edifices of the Juan de Fuca Ridge (northeast Pacific). Quantitative samples of each assemblage were acquired during 'ROPOS' Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV) dive programs in 1994 and 1996. Total abundance, and species richness, as well as wet and dry weights, were calculated for each assemblage, and sampled surface area was measured directly or from scaled images of sample scars. These data were used to compare species composition, richness and biomass of the distinct assemblages and to estimate total biomass of a sulfide edifice. In addition to major compositional differences, we observed an...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vent ecology; Biomass; Faunal succession; Sulfide edifice; Assemblage characteristics; Image analysis; Juan de Fuca Ridge; Ecological model; Marine ecosystem biomass.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00280/39114/37667.pdf
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Biological data extraction from imagery - How far can we go? A case study from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge ArchiMer
Cuvelier, Daphne; De Busserolles, Fanny; Lavaud, Romain; Floc'H, Estelle; Fabri, Marie-claire; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Sarrazin, Jozee.
In the past few decades, hydrothermal vent research has progressed immensely, resulting in higher-quality samples and long-term studies. With time, scientists are becoming more aware of the impacts of sampling on the faunal communities and are looking for less invasive ways to investigate the vent ecosystems. In this perspective, imagery analysis plays a very important role. With this study, we test which factors can be quantitatively and accurately assessed based on imagery, through comparison with faunal sampling. Twelve instrumented chains were deployed on the Atlantic Eiffel Tower hydrothermal edifice and the corresponding study sites were subsequently sampled. Discrete, quantitative samples were compared to the imagery recorded during the experiment....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal vents; Image analyses; Deep ocean; Taxonomic diversity; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Data processing; Benthic ecology.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00117/22868/21643.pdf
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Changes of gill and hemocyte-related bio-indicators during long term maintenance of the vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus held in aquaria at atmospheric pressure ArchiMer
Bettencourt, R; Dando, P; Rosa, D; Riou, V; Colaco, A; Sarrazin, Jozee; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Santos, R.
The deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus azoricus has been the subject of several studies aimed at understanding the physiological adaptations that vent animals have developed in order to cope with the particular physical and chemical conditions of hydrothermal environments. In spite of reports describing successful procedures to maintain vent mussels under laboratory conditions at atmospheric pressure, few studies have described the mussel's physiological state after a long period in aquaria. In the present study, we investigate changes in mucocytes and hemocytes in B. azoricus over the course of several months after deep-sea retrieval. The visualization of granules of mucopolysaccharide or glycoprotein was made possible through their inherent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vent; Hydrothermal vent; Bathymodiolus azoricus; Aquarium acclimatization; Phagocytosis; Alcian blue Periodic Acid Schiff staining; Mucopolysaccharide.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4357.pdf
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Characteristics of meiofauna in extreme marine ecosystems: a review ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Leduc, Daniel; Fontanier, Christophe; Fontaneto, Diego; Fuchs, Sandra; Gooday, Andrew J.; Goineau, Aurelie; Ingels, Jeroen; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg; Neves, Ricardo Cardoso; Sanchez, Nuria; Sandulli, Roberto; Sarrazin, Jozee; Sorensen, Martin V.; Tasiemski, Aurelie; Vanreusel, Ann; Autret, Marine; Bourdonnay, Louis; Claireaux, Marion; Coquille, Valerie; De Wever, Lisa; Rachel, Durand; Marchant, James; Toomey, Lola; Fernandes, David.
Extreme marine environments cover more than 50% of the Earth’s surface and offer many opportunities for investigating the biological responses and adaptations of organisms to stressful life conditions. Extreme marine environments are sometimes associated with ephemeral and unstable ecosystems, but can host abundant, often endemic and well-adapted meiofaunal species. In this review, we present an integrated view of the biodiversity, ecology and physiological responses of marine meiofauna inhabiting several extreme marine environments (mangroves, submarine caves, Polar ecosystems, hypersaline areas, hypoxic/anoxic environments, hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, carcasses/sunken woods, deep-sea canyons, deep hypersaline anoxic basins [DHABs] and hadal zones)....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Extreme environments; Meiofauna; Mangroves; Submarine caves; Polar ecosystems; Melting ice; Hypersaline areas; Anoxic and hypoxic zones; Hydrothermal vents; Cold seeps; Carcasses and sunken woods; Deep sea; Submarine canyons; Deep hypersaline anoxic basins (DHABs); Hadal zones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52140/52851.pdf
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Colonization of synthetic sponges at the deep-sea Lucky Strike hydrothermal vent field (Mid-Atlantic Ridge): a first insight ArchiMer
Baldrighi, Elisa; Zeppilli, Daniela; Crespin, Rosalie; Chauvaud, Pierre; Pradillon, Florence; Sarrazin, Jozee.
The main objective of the present study was to investigate invertebrate colonization processes at deep-sea hydrothermal vents in response to environmental factors and to the presence of complex artificial substrata (i.e., synthetic sponges). We set out a pilot experiment at 1700 m depth on the Lucky Strike vent field (Eiffel Tower, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Synthetic sponges were deployed in 2011 at five sites along a gradient of hydrothermal activity and were recovered in 2013, and the composition of macro- and meiofauna was assessed on four of them. The influence of temperature and fluid inputs on colonizer faunal abundance and diversity was analyzed. Faunal abundance and diversity decreased with increasing distance from vent emission. The colonizers were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Synthetic sponges; Colonization; Lucky Strike; Meiofauna; Macrofauna; Substratum type.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52135/52937.pdf
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Community structure and temperature dynamics within a mussel assemblage on the Southern East Pacific Rise ArchiMer
Sarrazin, Jozee; Walter, Cecile; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Brind'Amour, Anik; Desbruyeres, Daniel; Briand, Patrick; Fabri, Marie-claire; Van Gaever, S; Vanreusel, A; Bachraty, Charleyne; Thiebaut, E.
The composition, biomass and diversity of the fauna in a Bathymodiolus thermophilus mussel assemblage colonizing diffuse flow areas on the SEPR is described and compared with biological characteristics of other hydrothermal assemblages. The spatio-temporal dynamics of temperatures over fine scales within the mussel habitat are characterized using newly-developed statistical approaches. Temperature data obtained from two adjacent habitats (a cirriped assemblage and a bare substratum) are compared. The results of the temperature data show that the mean temperature and the temperature variations were significantly higher in the mussel assemblage (mean temperature: 4.12 +/- 1.85 degrees C) in comparison with 2.40 +/- 0.14 degrees C in the cirriped assemblage...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: East Pacific Rise; Temperature dynamics; Biomass; Diversity; Bathymodiolus thermophilus; Mussel assemblage; Hydrothermal vents.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3570.pdf
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Comparative study of vent and seep macrofaunal communities in the Guaymas Basin ArchiMer
Portail, Marie; Olu, Karine; Escobar-briones, E.; Caprais, Jean-claude; Menot, Lenaick; Waeles, Mathieu; Cruaud, Perrine; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Godfroy, Anne; Sarrazin, Jozee.
Understanding the ecological processes and connectivity of chemosynthetic deep-sea ecosystems requires comparative studies. In the Guaymas Basin (Gulf of California, Mexico), the presence of seeps and vents in the absence of a biogeographic barrier, and comparable sedimentary settings and depths offers a unique opportunity to assess the role of ecosystem-specific environmental conditions on macrofaunal communities. Six seep and four vent assemblages were studied, three of which were characterised by common major foundation taxa: vesicomyid bivalves, siboglinid tubeworms and microbial mats. Macrofaunal community structure at the family level showed that density, diversity and composition patterns were primarily shaped by seep- and vent-common abiotic...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00280/39076/37642.pdf
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Copepod colonization of organic and inorganic substrata at a deep-sea hydrothermal vent site on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge ArchiMer
Plum, Christoph; Pradillon, Florence; Fujiwara, Yoshihiro; Sarrazin, Jozee.
The few existing studies on deep-sea hydrothermal vent copepods indicate low connectivity with surrounding environments and reveal high endemism among vents. However, the finding of non-endemic copepod species in association with engineer species at different reduced ecosystems poses questions about the dispersal of copepods and the colonization of hydrothermal vents as well as their ecological connectivity. The objective of this study is to understand copepod colonization patterns at a hydrothermal vent site in response to environmental factors such as temperature and fluid flow as well as the presence of different types of substrata. To address this objective, an in situ experiment was deployed using both organic (woods, pig bones) and inorganic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chemosynthetic ecosystems; Ecological connectivity; Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning; Community composition; Colonization experiment; Hydrothermal activity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00342/45318/44776.pdf
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