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Registros recuperados: 19
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An Empirical Assessment of Agricultural Trade Policies in the Mediterranean Basin - Regional Effects on the EU Member States AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
The objective of this paper is to provide deeper insights on the impacts of agricultural policy reforms in the Mediterranean basin focusing on regional effects in the EU. The empirical analysis has been undertaken using the partial equilibrium multi commodity, multi region world trade model AGRISIM. The simulation results indicated that the CAP Reform for the Mediterranean commodities seems to affect only the EU Mediterranean Member states and the enlargement with Bulgaria and Romania only this two countries. Moreover the impacts on the markets of typical Mediterranean commodities included in the modelling exercise are limited. The supply in the EU changes mainly for those commodities that are of high protection as beef, whereas the demand increases being...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9395
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Analysing agricultural productivity growth in a framework of institutional quality AgEcon
Ahmed, Mirza Nomman; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, P. Michael.
This paper addresses the question whether the institutional environment of transition countries in Eastern Europe affects productivity growth in the agricultural sector. Situated in a neoclassical growth framework, a dynamic panel model for the period 1996-2005 provides evidence that poor institutional quality leads to a slowdown in agricultural productivity growth. Productivity growth is limited by a high degree of corruption, which is of particular importance given that corruption has been proven to be most prevalent in Eastern European countries. Moreover, agricultural productivity in countries where privatisation and transferability of land is restricted is found to grow at a slower rate than countries supporting market-oriented land reforms....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Eastern Europe; Transition; Productivity growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90793
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Bewertung von Landschaftsfunktionen mit Choice Experiments AgEcon
Schmitz, Kim; Schmitz, P. Michael; Wronka, Tobias C..
The first application of choice experiments as an environmental valuation method in Germany clearly demonstrates the potential of this method for the valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality. Choice experiments are a reasonable enhancement of the conjoint analysis as they are capable of calculating the theoretically correct welfare measures in the form of implicit prices. In combination with business and ecological models this allows for the comprehensive valuation of agriculture's multifunctionality in the sense, that in addition to the supply or cost side of land use scenarios the demand or benefit side is accounted for. In this study the integrated ecological and economical valuation of land use scenarios was demonstrated for two different...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Choice experiments; Environmental valuation; Multifunctional agriculture; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98082
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CAP Reform and the Mediterranean EU-Member States AgEcon
Borresch, Rene; Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In the previous years the Mediterranean Member States of the EU came across the Reform of the CAP and especially last year faced the second wave of the Reform for three typical Mediterranean products, namely cotton, olive oil and tobacco. In this paper a partial equilibrium model is used to simulate the impacts of decoupling, as a key point of the decided CAP Reform. The second wave of the Reform appears to be of crucial importance for the southern EU countries and although the producer's income is reduced, there are positive welfare effects.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Partial equilibrium model; CAP reform; Greece; Italy; Spain; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18; Q17; D59.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24607
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DO DEVELOPED EXPORTING COUNTRIES CONTRIBUTE TO FOOD SECURITY? THE CASE OF THE EC AgEcon
Schmitz, P. Michael.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13351
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Evolution of olive oil import demand structures in nonproducing countries: the cases of Germany and the UK AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Consumption patterns of olive oil have changed over recent years influencing the supply chain. The consumption has increased in countries where olive oil is not part of the traditional diet as for example Germany and the UK, where the average consumption grew by 11 and 13% respectively during the period 1995-2003. The opening of new non-traditional markets has shifted exports and re-structured the supply chain. Mediterranean countries have been the traditional suppliers of olive oil with the EU Mediterranean Member States being the main exporters and with the non-EU Mediterranean countries trying to gain market shares in the EU markets in an attempt to benefit from the preferential access due to the Barcelona Agreement. This paper tries to identify which...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Olive oil; Gravity model; Import demand; Germany; UK; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58073
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Explaining German imports of olive oil: evidence from a gravity model AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In this study the case of olive oil imports of Germany is examined since olive oil is a traditional Mediterranean commodity and Germany is the biggest importer in the EU. A gravity model has been employed so as to analyse those factors that explain the German imports of olive oil that were identified in a preceding analysis of the German olive oil supply chain. The results of two random-effects models corrected for serial correlation and heteroskedasticity suggest that being a Mediterranean Partner country of the EU has the highest impact on trade flows to Germany, thus supporting further Euromediterranean trade integration. The level of trade to Germany is positively related to existence of direct marketing channels and to tourism implying that these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gravity model; Olive oil; Germany; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44217
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Halbzeitbewertung der Agenda 2000: Chancen und Risiken von Fischlers Reformkurs AgEcon
Schmitz, P. Michael.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98261
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IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL PROTECTION IN OECD-COUNTRIES ON SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Pustovit, Nataliya; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Agricultural protection in industrialized countries and price distortions in developing countries are accused to hamper economic and agricultural development and are partly responsible for poverty and hunger in the Third World. A multi-commodity multi-country comparative static trade model is used to simulate the impact of different policy scenarios in this typical second best world for the case of South Africa. Special emphasis is given to the disincentive effect of production and to endogenous policy responses in South Africa. In conclusion South Africa could benefit a lot by liberalizing trade and agricultural policies world wide, although it is an importer for most of the considered commodities.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25828
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IMPACT OF EC'S REBALANCING STRATEGY ON DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF FEED AgEcon
Hartmann, Monika; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14085
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IMPACTS OF CAP REFORM ON RURAL EMPLOYMENT: A MULTIMODELING CROSS COUNTRY APPROACH AgEcon
Mattas, Konstadinos; Arfini, Filippo; Midmore, Peter; Schmitz, P. Michael; Surry, Yves R..
Expected impacts due to recently introduced CAP reforms can be felt beyond the agricultural sector affecting the entire regional economy. Employment levels will be affected within the farming sector and probably non-agricultural sector will feel the pinch too. Policies influencing employment levels attract the attention of the media and the public. Therefore, policy makers are more sensitive on employment issues than rural and agricultural policies as it is widely admitted that no vibrant regions in Europe can be envisioned without enhancing job opportunities. The influence of CAP reform on employment has not been thoroughly studied within a comprehensive approach, accounting for agricultural and non-agricultural effects and covering the diversity of EU...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Rural employment; I/O analysis; PMP; Qualitative analysis.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q12; Q18; R15..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44801
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Modelling agricultural policy reforms in the Mediterranean basin - Adjustments of AGRISIM AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Borresch, Rene; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In recent years the Mediterranean countries encounter a number of changes of the agricultural policy that could influence significantly their agricultural sector and thus their overall economy. They are faced with the ongoing trade liberalisation, the Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union (EU), since the EU is one of the major trade partners of the Mediterranean countries and the establishment of a Free Trade Area between the EU and the Mediterranean Countries after 2010. The latest is/will be accomplished through the Euro- Mediterranean Association Agreements, was decided in the Summit of Barcelona in 1995 and is particularly up- to date after 2005, 10 years after the establishment of the Barcelona Agreement. These changes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: MPCs; Euro- Mediterranean Association; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10074
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Modelling the value of a multifunctional landscape – A discrete choice experiment AgEcon
Borresch, Rene; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, Kim; Schmitz, P. Michael.
In the context of today’s intensive discussion of landscape multifunctionality, one primary objective of the current European Union policy is to support the implementation of multifunctionaly within the EU. In order to assess the economical feasibility of the implementation of a multifunctional land use in the Wetterau region in Germany this study addresses the question whether the local population, which is above all affected by the degradation of landscapes, benefits from a change from today’s landscape dominated by intensive agricultural production towards a multifunctional landscape. Based on data obtained by discrete choice experiments in the Wetterau region, a cost-benefit-analysis is carried out using the modelling and assessment framework CHOICE....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Landscape multifunctionality; CHOICE; Discrete choice experiments; Willingness-to-Pay; Cost-benefit-analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q24; Q51; Q57.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51641
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Multilateral trade liberalisation and Preference erosion: Effects on the agricultural sector of the EU's Mediterranean Partner Countries AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
This paper analyses preference erosion effects on the agricultural sector of the EU’s ten Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs). The modelling exercise is carried out with the partial equilibrium multi-commodity multi-region world trade model AGRISIM. The effects vary between the markets and depend mainly on the initial level of trade protection. Supposing that level of preferences granted to the MPCs by the EU remains as of 2001 then the effects are particularly distinguishable for high protected markets like beef in Turkey, milk and rice in Morocco and olive oil in all MPCs. Supposing that the free trade area with the EU is accomplished, then the impacts are evident mainly on beef, milk and sugar markets, where the prices among the preferential partners...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Preference erosion; Mediterranean Partner Countries; AGRISIM; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44177
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Preference erosion effects on the agricultural sector of the EU’s Mediterranean Partner Countries AgEcon
Kavallari, Aikaterini; Schmitz, P. Michael.
This paper analyses preference erosion effects on the agricultural sector of the EU’s Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs) with the partial equilibrium multi-commodity multi-region world trade model AGRISIM. Supposing that the preferences to the MPCs granted by the EU remain as of 2001 then the effects are evident for high protected markets like beef in Turkey, milk and rice in Morocco and olive oil in the MPCs. Supposing a free trade area between the EU and the MPCs, then the impacts are high for beef, milk and sugar. The farmers’ income decreases, but the consumers and the taxpayers benefit from lower prices and the overall welfare in all MPCs increases.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Preference erosion; Multilateral liberalisation; Mediterranean Partner Countries; AGRISIM; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q17; Q18; Q13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118864
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Technical efficiency improvement of rice farming in southern Thailand AgEcon
Kiatpathomchai, Sirirat; Schmitz, P. Michael; Thongrak, Sutonya.
The objective of this study is to assess the technical efficient frontier of rice farms using input-oriented data envelopment analysis. The frontier represents the minimum applicable level of efficiency of inputs given the current level of yields, technologies, and managerial ability among the farmers which can be used as a benchmark for efficiency improvement of rice farms. Two-stage DEA methodology of efficiency analysis was applied. The empirical results revealed that the technical efficiency of rice farming in southern Thailand could be improved through reduction of inputs by 8-14 % and the current output at 3.5 tons of paddy rice per ha could be maintained. In order to improve technical efficiency of rice farms in southern Thailand, our findings lead...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rice farming; Technical efficiency; Southern Thailand; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50554
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THE ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF CHEMICAL USE RESTRICTIONS IN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Hartmann, Monika; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51221
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THE REAL RATE OF PROTECTION: THE STABILIZING EFFECT OF PRICE POLICIES AND DIRECT PAYMENTS AgEcon
Thompson, Stanley R.; Schmitz, P. Michael.
Traditional indicators of protection refer to the level effect of price policies on income and ignore the stabilizing effect. We derive a measure of the real rate of protection which incorporates these dual dimensions. The income stabilizing effects of price policy protection lead to a greater level of real protection than would be measured conventionally. Computed real protection rates for the European Union wheat market over the pre- and post-MacSharry reform periods were found to be some 3-5 percent greater than traditional indicators. Moreover, the compensatory payments to farmers following the 1992 reforms had a major risk reducing impact.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20503
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Using the Ricardian Technique to estimate the impacts of climate change on Crop Farming in Pakistan AgEcon
Ahmed, Mirza Nomman; Schmitz, P. Michael.
This study uses the Ricardian valuation technique to estimate the effect of climate change on the crop farming sector in Pakistan. As a main contribution this paper uses a large household level dataset comprising 3336 farming entities to analyze long-term climate impacts on farm net crop revenues. In particular temperature increases in key growing seasons can be harmful. Annual losses for crop farming ranging from 100-200US$ can be expected. Given an average crop net income of 450US$ per hectare, these impacts can be devastating for farmers. The climate impacts will vary across geographic regions. Temperature is found to be the detrimental factor for farming in Pakistan. Precipitation changes seem to have a rather negligible effect.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114217
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