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Registros recuperados: 29
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A Differential Examination of the Effect of Mandatory Country of Origin of Labeling on the Beef Sector AgEcon
Schmitz, Andrew; Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Troy G..
The introduction of mandatory country of origin labeling in the agricultural sector promises to yield consumer benefits by providing additional information to consumers. However, these benefits will be partially offset by the cost of labeling paid by producers. This study derives the labeling cost required to offset consumer gains from labeling.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19158
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A SYSTEM-WIDE APPROACH FOR ANALYZING JAPANESE WHEAT IMPORT ALLOCATION DECISIONS AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Wahl, Thomas I..
This paper develops and implements an import allocation model based on Theil's system-wide approach to demand and tests the assumption of blockwise dependence and uniform substitutability among different sources and types of wheat imported by Japan.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20780
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A SYSTEM-WIDE APPROACH FOR ANALYZING THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATES ON FRESH APPLE IMPORT DEMAND AgEcon
Acharya, Ram N.; Schmitz, Troy G..
This study examines the impact of changes in exchange rate and import market composition on fresh apple import demand using source differentiated import demand functions. We modify the standard Rotterdam model to incorporate exchange rate effects by revisiting Barten's fundamental matrix equation of consumer demand theory and viewing exchange rate as a "sticky" preference variable. The results show that the preference variable had a significant impact on UK but not on Malaysian and Saudi Arabian import demands.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20219
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Agricultural Policy: High Commodity and Input Prices AgEcon
Schmitz, Andrew; Furtan, William Hartley; Schmitz, Troy G..
Because of high commodity prices, beginning in 2006, subsidies to farmers in the United States, the European Union, and Canada have been reduced significantly. However, significant losses have been experienced by the red meat sector, along with escalating food prices. Because of rising input costs, the “farm boom” may not be as great as first thought. Ethanol made from corn and country-of-origin labeling cloud the U.S. policy scene. Higher commodity prices have caused some countries to lower tariff and non-tariff barriers, resulting in freer commodity trade worldwide. Policymakers should attempt to make these trade-barrier cuts permanent and should rethink current policy legislation to deal with the possibility of a collapse of world commodity markets....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; High commodity prices; Input prices; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49862
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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL FEED AND MALTING BARLEY MARKETS: AN ECONOMETRIC SPATIAL OLIGOPOLISTIC APPROACH AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Koo, Won W..
A "hybrid" spatial price equilibrium model is developed to evaluate changes in production, consumption, and trade of feed and malting barley under alternative domestic and agricultural trade policy regimes. The analysis includes the economic welfare impacts of changes in various farm subsidy programs on the United States, Canada, Australia, and European Union (EU-15) which are the four major barley exporting countries in the world. The actions of competitive U.S. grain traders under the Export Enhancement Program cause feed barley exports to be segmented into two distinct markets. A spatial equilibrium is established in which the Canadian Wheat Board and Australian marketing boards behave as oligopolists in export markets under arbitrage conditions induced...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malting; Feed; Farm Subsidy; Trade Policy; Export Market; Welfare; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23286
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Analysis of the Effects of a Healthy Dining Campaign on Sales of Healthy Menu Items AgEcon
Patterson, Paul M.; Acharya, Ram N.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Foerster, Susan B.; Hill, Esther; Jones, Anita; Bohm, Erica.
Although so-called "“Heart Healthy”" menu items exist, restaurateurs rarely promote them and consumers seem to avoid them. Still, concerns over obesity and poor nutrition have become priority policy issues. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a social marketing campaign in promoting the sale of healthy menu items.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19892
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COUNTERVAILING DUTIES, ANTIDUMPING TARIFFS, AND THE BYRD AMENDMENT: A WELFARE ANALYSIS AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
The so-called “"Byrd Amendment"” effectively empowers producers and processors, who successfully petition the U.S. government to impose ADCV duties on competing imports, to keep the proceeds of those tariffs. We determine the effect that the Amendment has on domestic producers, consumers, and taxpayers. We derive the "optimum antidumping tariff" that would maximize the welfare of producers that receive payments under the Amendment. We compare and contrast this newly derived “optimal antidumping tariff” (that maximizes the sum of producer surplus and tariff revenue) with the optimal revenue tariff (that maximizes tariff revenue alone) and the optimal welfare tariff (that maximizes the sum of consumer surplus, producer surplus, and tariff revenue).
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19980
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DISCUSSANT'S COMMENTS FOR AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING, SELECTED PAPERS SESSION SP-8P: "CONTRACT, BARGAINING AND SELECTION MODELS" AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G..
These papers examine various aspects of contract, bargaining, adverse selection, and monopoly models. Quality Measurement and Risk-Sharing in Contracts for California Fruits and Vegetables Brent Heuth and Ethan Ligon, University of California. Understanding Production Contracts: Testing an Agency Theory Model Rachael Goodhue, Gordon Rausser, Leo K. Simon. Opposition to Contract Production: Self-Selection, Status, and Stranded Assets David Skully, USDA/ERS. A Dynamic Analysis of Price Determination Under Joint Profit Maximization in Bilateral Monopoly Stephen Devadoss, University of Idaho.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20834
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Ethanol from Sugar: The Case of Hidden Sugar Subsidies in Brazil AgEcon
Schmitz, Andrew; Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15679
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IMPORT DEMAND FOR DISAGGREGATED FRESH FRUITS IN JAPAN AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
Using annual Japanese fresh fruit import data from 1971 to 1997, this study analyzes the import patterns of Japan's seven most popular fresh fruits by implementing and testing a general differential dmand system that nests four alternative import demand specifications. When tested against the general system using the five-good case (bananas, grapefutis, oranges, and lemons and aggregating pineapples, berries, and grapes), the analysis rejects the Almost Ideal Demand System and National Bureau of Research specifications but does not reject Rotterdam and Central Bureau of Statistics models. When estimated using the six-good case (bananas, grapefuits, oranges, lemons, and pineapples and aggregating berries and grapes), the analysis rejects all...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; Consumer demand; Fruit; Import demand; Japan; Rotterdam; Demand and Price Analysis; C3; F1; Q0.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15081
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Import Demand for Disaggregated Fresh Fruits in Japan AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Seale, James L., Jr..
Using annual Japanese fresh fruit import data from 1971-1997, this study analyzes the import patterns of Japan's seven most popular fresh fruits by implementing and testing a general differential demand system that nests four alternative import demand specifications. When tested against the general system using the five-good case (bananas, grapefruits, oranges, and lemons and aggregating pineapples, berries, and grapes), the analysis rejects the AIDS and NBR specifications, but does not reject Rotterdam and CBS. When estimated using the six-good case (bananas, grapefruits, oranges, lemons, pineapples, and aggregating berries and grapes), the analysis rejects all specifications except the Rotterdam model.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Almost Ideal Demand System; Consumer demand; Fruit; Import demand; Japan; Rotterdam model; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15639
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Import Demand for Fresh Fruit in Japan and Uniform Substitution for Products from Different Sources AgEcon
Seale, James L., Jr.; Lee, Jonq-Ying; Schmitz, Andrew; Schmitz, Troy G..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15700
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INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND THE EMERGENCE OF E-COMMERCE IN AGRIBUSINESS AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Kagan, Albert; Schmitz, Andrew.
The emergence of E-commerce in the 1990s heralded the arrival of the New Economy. However, the failure of numerous dotcoms since early 2001 has led to a debate regarding the future direction of E-commerce and its potential relevance for agribusiness. This study examines the economic implications of E-commerce for agribusiness within the framework of New Institutional Economics. The New Institutional Economics implies that E-commerce has the potential to reduce direct transactions costs in agricultural markets, but that it also may add additional indirect transactions costs. Depending upon the tradeoff between these costs, an institutional innovation which reduces the transactions costs may provide the impetus for an alternative marketing channel for...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: E-commerce; Marketing channels; New Institutional Economics; Schumpeter; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14675
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MARKETING CHANNELS COMPETE FOR U.S. STOCKER CATTLE AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Andrew.
This study investigates the underlying reasons for a producer's choice of marketing channels for stocker cattle in the United States. In addition to traditional public auctions, private sales, video auctions, and Internet auctions have been recently used in the marketing of stocker cattle. Findings show that while the number of marketing options may have increased in recent years, only relatively large producers can actually take advantage of these options. The marketing options for smaller producers are still limited due to their relative size. Also, the number of cattle marketed privately and through video and Internet auctions is found to be positively correlated with herd size. In addition, the New Institutional Economics (NIE) provides insights into...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Internet sales; Livestock; Marketing channels; New Institutional Economics; Transaction costs; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14665
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MEASURING INEFFICIENCY IN THE PRESENCE OF AN EXPORT TAX, AN IMPORT TARIFF, AND A STATE TRADING ENTERPRISE AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G..
Agricultural sales cooperative unions (ASCUs) in Turkey are heavily influenced by both domestic and international government policies. Both export taxes and import tariffs are used as policy tools to regulate cotton markets. Domestic price support programs, water subsidies, fertilizer subsidies, and credit subsidies have also been used as domestic policy tools. These types of subsidies are not uncommon among developing countries. This paper provides empirical estimates of the degree of economic inefficiency associated with government intervention in Turkish cotton markets. A two-region partial equilibrium model of cotton exports and imports is developed under the "small country assumption" to obtain empirical estimates of the deadweight welfare loss...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Export tax; Tariff; Agricultural policy; Turkey; Cotton; Agricultural cooperatives; Welfare; State trading enterprises; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15510
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Producer and Processor Rents Under the Byrd Amendment AgEcon
Seale, James L., Jr.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Schmitz, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15690
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RESTAURANT DINER'S’ ATTITUDES AND RESPONSES TO A HEALTHY DINING CAMPAIGN AgEcon
Acharya, Ram N.; Patterson, Paul M.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Foerster, Susan B.; Hill, Esther; Jones, Anita; Bohm, Erica.
This study examines the impact of a healthy dining campaign on consumer's menu choices. Four restaurant chains operating in the greater San Diego area participated in the "Treat Yourself Well" (TYW) campaign. Menu entrees, which contain at least 2 servings of fruits and/or vegetables and less than 30% calories from fat or less than 20 gram of fat, were identified as healthy items and promoted. The study area was divided into experimental and control region and various promotional activities including paid advertising, public relations, networking with health providers, and in-restaurant and neighborhood promotions were conducted in experimental region. Consumer surveys were conducted in both experimental and control regions at the beginning and towards...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Social marketing campaign; Reminder and attitude effects; Consumer food choices; Simultaneous equation model.; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19707
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STATE TRADING ENTERPRISES AND REVENUE GAINS FROM MARKET POWER: THE CASE OF BARLEY MARKETING AND THE CANADIAN WHEAT BOARD AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Gray, Richard S..
According to the U.S. General Accounting Office, the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) is the largest state trading enterprise reporting to the World Trade Organization under article XVII requirements. This study estimates the market power exerted by the CWB in international barley markets. The analysis incorporates international price discrimination across markets for similar types of barley, the intertwining relationships between feed and malting barley markets, and producer behavior in the absence of the CWB. The CWB was able to capture an annual average of $72 million in additional revenue beyond the amount that would have been generated by purely competitive multiple sellers of Canadian barley during the period 1985-94.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30897
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Sweetener-Ethanol Complex in Brazil, the United States, and Mexico: Do Corn and Sugar Prices Matter? AgEcon
Schmitz, Andrew; Seale, James L., Jr.; Schmitz, Troy G..
Sugar is a major commodity, produced and traded around the world, but it is no longer the only sweetener. For example, in the United States, roughly 50 percent of the sweetener market is made up of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), which is also making inroads into Mexico. This is not the case, however, for the European Union and countries such as Brazil, which dominates the world sugar market in almost all aspects (Schmitz, 2002). In the United States, 8 to 10 percent of the U.S. corn crop goes into HFCS production, with roughly the same percentage of corn being used for the production of ethanol (Schmitz and Polopolous, 1999). In Brazil, however, sugarcane, rather than corn, is used in the production of ethanol. Because of relative price differences for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15666
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The brave new world: imperfect information, segregation costs, and genetically modified organisms AgEcon
Moss, Charles B.; Schmitz, Troy G.; Schmitz, Andrew.
The introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops in the mid 1990s appeared to be the latest in a string of technological innovations in agriculture. However, consumer resistance, particularly in Europe has limited the sector’s enthusiasm. One response to the limited enthusiasm has been the emergence of segregated markets for GM and non-GM products. These separated markets reduce economic welfare because they require additional costs in the marketing system. Offsetting these segregation costs, however, the introduction of GM technologies offers increased economic welfare through reduced commodity prices for consumers who are indifferent to the presence of GM traits and increased profits to producers who adopt GM technologies. This study develops the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Genetically modified (GM) crops; Compensation principle; Segregation costs; Pareto principle; Immiserizing growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97497
Registros recuperados: 29
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