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Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean ArchiMer
Chust, Guillem; Allen, J. Icarus; Bopp, Laurent; Schrum, Corinna; Holt, Jason; Tsiaras, Kostas; Zavatarelli, Marco; Chifflet, Marina; Cannaby, Heather; Dadou, Isabelle; Daewel, Ute; Wakelin, Sarah L.; Machu, Eric; Pushpadas, Dhanya; Butenschon, Momme; Artioli, Yuri; Petihakis, Georges; Smith, Chris; Garcon, Veronique; Goubanova, Katerina; Le Vu, Briac; Fach, Bettina A.; Salihoglu, Baris; Clementi, Emanuela; Irigoien, Xabier.
Ocean warming can modify the ecophysiology and distribution of marine organisms, and relationships between species, with nonlinear interactions between ecosystem components potentially resulting in trophic amplification. Trophic amplification (or attenuation) describe the propagation of a hydroclimatic signal up the food web, causing magnification (or depression) of biomass values along one or more trophic pathways. We have employed 3-D coupled physical-biogeochemical models to explore ecosystem responses to climate change with a focus on trophic amplification. The response of phytoplankton and zooplankton to global climate-change projections, carried out with the IPSL Earth System Model by the end of the century, is analysed at global and regional basis,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem model; Food web; Plankton; Primary production; Sea warming; Trophic amplification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29966/28481.pdf
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Does Operational Oceanography Address the Needs of Fisheries and Applied Environmental Scientists? ArchiMer
Berx, Barbara; Dickey-collas, Mark; Skogen, Morten D.; De Roeck, Yann-herve; Klein, Holger; Barciela, Rosa; Forster, Rodney M.; Dombrowsky, Eric; Huret, Martin; Payne, Mark; Sagarminaga, Yolanda; Schrum, Corinna.
Although many oceanographic data products are now considered operational, continued dialogue between data producers and their user communities is still needed. The fisheries and environmental science communities have often been criticized for their lack of multidisciplinarity, and it is not clear whether recent developments in operational oceanographic products are addressing these needs. The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Working Group on Operational Oceanographic products for Fisheries and Environment (WGOOFE) identified a potential mismatch between user requirements and the perception of requirements by the providers. Through a questionnaire (98 respondents), WGOOFE identified some of these issues. Although products of...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14330/11616.pdf
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Long-Term Retrospective Analysis of Mackerel Spawning in the North Sea: A New Time Series and Modeling Approach to CPR Data ArchiMer
Jansen, Teunis; Kristensen, Kasper; Payne, Mark; Edwards, Martin; Schrum, Corinna; Pitois, Sophie.
We present a unique view of mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in the North Sea based on a new time series of larvae caught by the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey from 1948-2005, covering the period both before and after the collapse of the North Sea stock. Hydrographic backtrack modelling suggested that the effect of advection is very limited between spawning and larvae capture in the CPR survey. Using a statistical technique not previously applied to CPR data, we then generated a larval index that accounts for both catchability as well as spatial and temporal autocorrelation. The resulting time series documents the significant decrease of spawning from before 1970 to recent depleted levels. Spatial distributions of the larvae, and thus the spawning...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20114/17759.pdf
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Variation that can be expected when using particle tracking models in connectivity studies ArchiMer
Hufnagl, Marc; Payne, Mark; Lacroix, Genevieve; Bolle, Loes J.; Daewele, Ute; Dickey-collas, Mark; Gerkema, Theo; Huret, Martin; Janssen, Frank; Kreus, Markus; Paetsch, Johannes; Pohlmann, Thomas; Ruardij, Piet; Schrum, Corinna; Skogen, Morten D.; Tiessen, Meinard C. H.; Petitgas, Pierre; Van Beek, Jan K. L.; Van Der Veer, Henk W.; Callies, Ulrich.
Hydrodynamic Ocean Circulation Models and Lagrangian particle tracking models are valuable tools e.g. in coastal ecology to identify the connectivity between offshore spawning and coastal nursery areas of commercially important fish, for risk assessment and more for defining or evaluating marine protected areas. Most studies are based on only one model and do not provide levels of uncertainty. Here this uncertainty was addressed by applying a suite of 11 North Sea models to test what variability can be expected concerning connectivity. Different notional test cases were calculated related to three important and well-studied North Sea fish species: herring (Clupea harengus), and the flatfishes sole (Solea solea) and plaice (Pleuronectes platessa). For sole...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean circulation; Lagrangian approach; Variability; Marine protected areas; Renewable energy; Wind park; Model intercomparison; Ensemble.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49660/50198.pdf
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