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Registros recuperados: 4
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Decoupled Payments to EU Farmers, Production, and Trade: An Economic Analysis for Germany AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
After an extended process of reform the European Union has introduced direct payments to farmers which are decoupled from production decisions as a central element of its Common Agricultural Policy. They are also referred to as Single Farm Payments. In this paper we analyze the production and trade effects of this policy and its compatibility with WTO international trade rules. A survey of the literature suggests that the system of direct payments in its present form has effects which are analogous to a subsidization of agricultural land. Thus, they act to increase production and trade. Furthermore we quantify the total economic cost of production of selected commodities in the European Union and compare them to the price at which EU production is sold in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: European Union; Common Agricultural Policy; WTO rules; Decoupled payments; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59853
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Global agricultural market trends and their impacts on European Union agriculture AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
The economic, political and climatic conditions in which farmers around the world have to make their production and investment decisions are changing dramatically. This study analyses the driving forces of changes in agricultural world markets and their implications for European Union agriculture for the time period 2003/05 - 2013/15. The impacts on European Union agriculture are quantified using of a multi-market-model. The mega-trend of declining world market prices has ended. Since the turn of the millennium world market prices for agricultural goods have been increasing. This trend can be expected to continue. Not only will prices have a tendency to increase, but also fluctuations of agricultural world market prices are likely to be higher in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: World agriculture; Food security; Climate change; Agriculture productivity growth; Weltlandwirtschaft; Sicherung der Welternährung; Landwirtschaftliches Produktivitätswachstum; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6276
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Global agricultural market trends revisited: The roles of energy prices and biofuel production AgEcon
von Witzke, Harald; Noleppa, Steffen; Schwarz, Gerald.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Global agricultural market; Trends energy prices; Biofuel production; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48596
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THE EFFECTS OF SINGLE FARM PAYMENTS ON SCOTTISH AGRICULTURE: A CGE MODELING APPROACH AgEcon
Gelan, Ayele; Schwarz, Gerald.
Using a CGE model calibrated on Scottish data, this paper examines two important issues related to evaluating impacts of the Single Farm Payment. These are specification of product transformation functions and investigation into supply elasticity parameter. Simulation results from a standard CGE were compared with those from an alternative optimisation framework proposed in this study. The latter yielded a policy effect that is likely to represent behaviour of a profit maximising farmer. The parameter sensitivity analysis showed the important role differences in supply conditions can play; which implied a need for further econometric studies to estimate supply parameters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Single farm payments; Decoupling; Multi-output farming; Farm types; CET function; CGE modelling; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6470
Registros recuperados: 4
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