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Changes in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) sperm quality during the spawning season ArchiMer
Rouxel, Catherine; Suquet, Marc; Cosson, J; Severe, Armelle; Quemener, Loic; Fauvel, Christian.
The biology of cod reproduction is well described in the scientific literature. However, sperm biology and spermatozoa management are poorly studied in this species. Because of its recent farming expansion, a better knowledge of cod gametes is becoming especially useful. This work aimed at establishing tools to study sperm biology in cod, and also investigated the existence of changes in cod sperm quality during the spawning period. We showed that sperm concentration could be assessed using spectrophotometry at 260 nm. Sperm motility significantly decreased after a 168-h storage at 4 degrees C. A 1:9 dilution of sperm in a non-activating medium (1/3 seawater and 2/3 freshwater, osmotic pressure: 360 mOsm kg(-1)) improved sperm storage. Sperm concentration,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spermatozoa; Quality; Ageing; Sperm; Cod; Gadus morhua.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3829.pdf
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Cod (Gadus morhua) rearing attempts in France ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Omnes, Marie-helene; Normant, Yvon; Petton, Bruno; Severe, Armelle; Fauvel, Christian; Barone, Herve; Quemener, Loic; Buchet, Vincent; Pasco, Laurent; Menard, E; Gaignon, Jean-louis.
Because of its rapid growth, its good reputation and the promising aquaculture experiences conducted in Norway and Scotland, cod is considered as a good candidate for cold water aquaculture. The aim of this paper is to present the work carried out in France since 1999: the selection of cod as a promising candidate for aquaculture and the assessment of its rearing performances in this environment.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28142/26362.pdf
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Combined effects of water quality and stocking density on welfare and growth of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Person, Jeannine; Labbe, Laurent; Le Bayon, Nicolas; Severe, Armelle; Le Roux, Annick; Le Delliou, Herve; Quemener, Loic.
An 84-day experiment assessed the combined effects of two fresh water quality levels (H: 1.71 +/- 0.15 mg O(2)l(-1) and 0.28 +/- 0.01 mg l(-1) total ammonia nitrogen (T-AN), L: 5.15 +/- 0.07 mg O2l(-1) and 0.54 +/- 0.01 mg T- AN l(-1)) and 3 stabilized stocking densities: 24.8 +/- 0.2, 74.2 +/- 0.5 and 120.0 +/- 0.9 kg m(-3)) on rainbow trout. Fish were fed using demand feeders with rewards proportional to stocking density. Mass increase was significantly affected by water quality and stocking density, being highest in H water and the lowest at 120 kg m(-3). There was no significant difference in final weight between 25 and 74 kg m(-3), but at 120 kg m(-3) it was 27% and 19% lower in H and L water respectively than at 25 kg m(-3). Feed intake (FI) from day...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Welfare; Stocking density; Water quality; Rainbow trout.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4555.pdf
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Comparative effects of long-term hypoxia on growth, feeding and oxygen consumption in juvenile turbot and European sea bass ArchiMer
Pichavant, Karine; Person, Jeannine; Le Bayon, Nicolas; Severe, Armelle; Le Roux, Annick; Boeuf, Gilles.
When juvenile turbot Scophthulmus maximus and sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax were fed to satiation, growth and food intake were depressed under hypoxia (3.2 +/- 0.3 and 4.5 +/- 0.2 mg O-2 l(-1)). However, no significant difference in growth was observed between fishes maintained in hypoxia and fed to satiation and fishes reared in normoxia (7.4 +/- 0.3 mg O-2 l(-1)) and fed restricted rations (same food intake of fishes at 3.2 mg O-2 l(-1)). Routine oxygen consumption of fishes fed to satiation was higher in normoxia than in hypoxia due to the decrease in food intake in the latter. Of the physiological parameters measured, no significant changes were observed in the two species maintained in hypoxia. This study confirms the significant interaction between...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oxygen consumption; Growth; Hypoxia; Sea bass; Turbot.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-617.pdf
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Daily variations of the saccular endolymph and plasma compositions in the turbot Psetta maxima: relationship with the diurnal rhythm in otolith formation ArchiMer
Edeyer, Anaick; De Pontual, Helene; Payan, P; Troadec, Herve; Severe, Armelle; Mayer-gostan, N.
We studied the circadian variations of the ionic composition ([Na+], [K+], [Cl-]), total CO2 ([tot CO2]), and protein concentration ([protein]) in the plasma and endolymph in the distal and proximal sides of the sacculus in the turbot Psetta maxima. Daily variations in total plasma calcium ([tot Ga]) were also recorded. Significant diurnal fluctuations occurred in most parameters and the spatial heterogeneity of the endolymph composition was maintained throughout a 24 h period. The main parameters implicated in otolith calcification, endolymph [tot CO2] and endolymph [protein], fluctuated diurnally, [tot CO2] was highest and [protein] lowest at night; the relative concentrations were reversed during the day. The inverse, alternating relationship of maximal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Daily cycle; Endolymph; Otolith; Chemical composition; Teleost.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/10572/7603.pdf
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Effects of O-2 supersaturation on metabolism and growth in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) ArchiMer
Person, Jeannine; Pichavant, Karine; Vacher, Coralie; Le Bayon, Nicolas; Severe, Armelle; Boeuf, Gilles.
Effects of O-2 supersaturation on metabolism and growth were studied in juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.). When fish were reared for 30 days in water containing O-2 at 147% or 223% air saturation, there were no significant differences in food intake, growth, food conversion or protein utilization compared to fish exposed to normoxia (100% air saturation in water outlet). Exposure to hyperoxia resulted in increased body fat deposition. Daily rates of O-2 consumption of resting fish were not affected by O-2-concentrations, and there were no significant differences in rates of nitrogenous excretion among fish exposed to the different O-2-concentrations. Turbot tolerated severe hyperoxia, 350% air saturation, for 10 days.There were changes in acid-base...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ion regulation; Acid base; Metabolism; Growth; Hyperoxia; Turbot.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/publication-627.pdf
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Evaluation of the impact of polyethylene microbeads ingestion in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae ArchiMer
Mazurais, David; Ernande, Bruno; Quazuguel, Patrick; Severe, Armelle; Huelvan, Christine; Madec, Lauriane; Mouchel, Olivier; Soudant, P.; Robbens, J.; Huvet, Arnaud; Zambonino-infante, J..
Microplastics are present in marine habitats worldwide and may be ingested by low trophic organisms such as fish larvae, with uncertain physiological consequences. The present study aims at assessing the impact of polyethylene (PE 10-45µM) microbeads ingestion in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae. Fish were fed an inert diet including 0, 104 and 105 fluorescent microbeads per gram from 7 until 43 days post-hatching (dph). Microbeads were detected in the gastrointestinal tract in all fish fed diet incorporating PE. Our data revealed an efficient elimination of PE beads from the gut since no fluorescent was observed in the larvae after 48h depuration. While the mortality rate increased significantly with the amount of microbeads scored per...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microplastic; Fish; Larvae; Ingestion; Survival.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00279/39057/37621.pdf
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Feed demand behavior in sea bass juveniles: Effects on individual specific growth rate variation and health (inter-individual and inter-group variation) ArchiMer
Millot, Sandie; Begout, Marie-laure; Person, Jeannine; Breuil, Gilles; Di Poi, C; Fievet, Julie; Pineau, Philippe; Roue, M; Severe, Armelle.
Feeding motivation is one major indicator of fish welfare and an investigation on the link between feed demand, growth and physiological variables in sea bass juveniles was developed. A computerized on-demand feeding system coupled with a PIT tag monitoring device was used to continuously record for 219 days the triggering activity of 150 individuals (initial average body weight 131.6 +/- 1.80 g and coefficient of variation 16.8%). Each group was held in 400 1 tanks at 22.2 +/- 1.5 degrees C and light regime was 16:8 LD. In all the tanks, 89% of the fish actuated the trigger, but only two or three fish accounted for 45% of the total triggering activity. These few high-triggering individuals had a transient higher growth i.e. at the time an individual was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Welfare; Social interaction; Growth; Feeding activity.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3738.pdf
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Growth and reproductive performances of juveniles and sexually mature pollack Pollachius pollachius in different conditions ArchiMer
Omnes, Marie-helene; Severe, Armelle; Barone, Herve; Suquet, Marc; Buchet, Vincent; Le Roux, Annick; Gaignon, Jean-louis; Fostier, Alexis; Fauvel, Christian.
The pollack Pollachius pollachius is a commercially important fish, considered as a candidate for aquaculture in France. Rearing attempts are promising (Suquet et al., 1996), and more information is required about its reproduction, to contribute to a better management of breeders for this species. This study was designed to examine the first maturity in pollack and the effects of conditions such as origin and delayed reproduction season, on gonad maturation, reproductive and growth performances of adults.
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11324/7861.pdf
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Haematological and physiological characteristics of diploid and triploid sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. ArchiMer
Peruzzi, Stefano; Varsamos, Stamatis; Chatain, Beatrice; Fauvel, Christian; Menu, Bruno; Falguiere, Jean-claude; Severe, Armelle; Flik, Gert.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether diploid and triploid sea bass differed in terms of main haematological and physiological characteristics. Diploid and triploid fish were produced by sub-optimal pressure treatments and held in communal environments under standard rearing conditions. Total red blood cell count (RBCC), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cellular haemoglobin content (MCH), mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), plasma metabolites, osmotic pressure, gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity, electrolytes, cortisol, and 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T-3) were measured and compared. Triploidisation in sea bass led to an increase in erythrocyte size (32% in cytoplasm surface area, and 50% in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Sea bass; Triploid; Diploid; Physiology; Haematology.
Ano: 2005 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-508.pdf
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Hypoxia tolerance of common sole juveniles depends on dietary regime and temperature at the larval stage: evidence for environmental conditioning ArchiMer
Zambonino, Jose-luis; Claireaux, Guy; Ernande, Bruno; Quazuguel, Patrick; Severe, Armelle; Huelvan, Christine; Mazurais, David.
An individual's environmental history may have delayed effects on its physiology and life history at later stages in life because of irreversible plastic responses of early ontogenesis to environmental conditions. We chose a marine fish, the common sole, as a model species to study these effects, because it inhabits shallow marine areas highly exposed to environmental changes. We tested whether temperature and trophic conditions experienced during the larval stage had delayed effects on life-history traits and resistance to hypoxia at the juvenile stage. We thus examined the combined effect of global warming and hypoxia in coastal waters, which are potential stressors to many estuarine and coastal marine fishes. Elevated temperature and better trophic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish; Environmental programming; Climate change; Hypoxia; Nutrition.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00127/23858/21810.pdf
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Hypoxic episode during the larval period has long-term effects on European sea bass juveniles (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Vanderplancke, Gwenaelle; Claireaux, Guy; Quazuguel, Patrick; Madec, Lauriane; Ferraresso, Serena; Severe, Armelle; Zambonino-infante, Jose-luis; Mazurais, David.
Hypoxia episodes have been generally studied over the last decade for their lethal consequences in coastal areas, which are nurseries for several fish species. The possible long-lasting effects of non-lethal hypoxia exposures at larval stage are, however, poorly documented. We investigated the long-lasting phenotypic impact of an experimental exposure to moderate hypoxia (40 % air saturation) between 30 and 38 days post-hatching in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). At the juvenile stage, our data indicate that this early hypoxia exposure impacted on juvenile growth rate but not on hypoxia tolerance. Growth depression was associated with a regulation of metabolism as suggested by a decrease in blood glycaemia, a decreased hepatic expression of the...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36517/36676.pdf
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Identification of Hypoxia-Regulated Genes in the Liver of Common Sole (Solea solea ) Fed Different Dietary Lipid Contents ArchiMer
Mazurais, David; Ferraresso, Serena; Gatta, Pier Paolo; Desbruyeres, Elisabeth; Severe, Armelle; Corporeau, Charlotte; Claireaux, Guy; Bargelloni, Luca; Zambonino, Jose-luis.
Coastal systems could be affected by hypoxic events brought about by global change. These areas are essential nursery habitats for several fish species including the common sole (Solea solea L.). Tolerance of fish to hypoxia depends on species and also on their physiological condition and nutritional status. Indeed, high dietary lipid content has been recently shown to negatively impact the resistance of sole to a severe hypoxic challenge. In order to study the molecular mechanisms involved in the early response to hypoxic stress, the present work examined the hepatic transcriptome in common sole fed diets with low and high lipid content, exposed to severe hypoxia. The activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) was also investigated through the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish; Hypoxia; Nutrition; Liver; Transcriptome; AMPK.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00169/28062/26474.pdf
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Influence of tank volume on vitellogenesis and spawning performances in sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L. ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Coquard, Elodie; Severe, Armelle; Barone, Herve.
Sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (mean weight: 748 +/- 13 g), were maintained before and during vitellogenesis in 1, 3, 8, 16 and 32 m(3) tanks, and then they were transferred to 2 m(3) tanks, for the spawning season. During the first 2 months of the experiment, the growth rates were significantly lower in smaller tanks (1 m(3)). In August, the oocyte diameters were significantly lower in smaller tanks (1, 3 and 8 m(3)) than in larger (16-32 m(3)) tanks. At the end of the experiment, the fish mean weight in the 1 m(3) tanks was significantly lower than in the 3 m(3) tanks, but oocyte diameters and plasma oestradiol concentrations were not significantly different between the volumes. This shows a longer acclimation requirement in smaller volume rearing....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Volume; Aquaculture; Vitellogenesis; Reproduction; Sea bass.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4068.pdf
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Long-term ammonia exposure of turbot: effects on plasma parameters ArchiMer
Person, Jeannine; Lamers, A; Le Roux, Annick; Severe, Armelle; Boeuf, Gilles; Mayer Gostan, N.
Turbot juveniles were exposed to four ammonia concentrations [0.17 (L), 0.34 (M), 0.73 (MH) and 0.88 (H) mgl(-1) NH3-N] for different exposure durations (28 days minimum to 84 days). Their physiological status and growth performances were compared to a control group [0.004 (C) mgl(-1) NH3-N]. No growth was observed in the H group, and by day 57, mass increase in the MH group was only 15% of that in group C. During the first month growth in the L group was similar to that in control group while it was lower (33%) in the M group; afterwards the L and M groups had a similar growth (half that of controls). Accumulation of total ammonia nitrogen (TA-N) in plasma was dependent on ambient ammonia concentrations. Plasma urea levels in ammonia-exposed fish were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Urea; Total ammonia nitrogen; Scophthalmus maximus; Ion regulation; Cortisol; Chronic toxicity.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-618.pdf
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Pollack (Pollachius pollachius): Acquisition of biologic data in a breeding purpose ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Suquet, Marc; Omnes, Marie-helene; Petton, Bruno; Normant, Yvon; Severe, Armelle; Quemener, Loic; Barone, Herve; Fauvel, Christian; Gaignon, Jean-louis.
The fishing of pollack which concerns essentially, France, United Kingdom and Norway, and at a lower level Ireland and Denmark, is situated between 10 and 15000 tons a year. In 1996, France was the first producer of Pollack. Since 1980, a decrease of production is observed in Europe. In France, landing reached 3000t. in 1998 (Suquet, 2001). However, the demand remaining strong, aquaculture could be a solution to satisfy the deficit between the French production and the domestic demand.
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28144/26365.pdf
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Slow-release GnRHa therapy prevented atresia during vitellogenesis and induced ovulation of captive wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) ArchiMer
Fauvel, Christian; Suquet, Marc; Severe, Armelle; Mylonas, Constantinos C.; Papandroulakis, Nikos.
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00346/45750/45392.pdf
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Slow-release GnRHa treatment prevented atresia during vitellogenesis and induced ovulation of captive wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) ArchiMer
Fauvel, Christian; Suquet, Marc; Severe, Armelle; Mylonas, Constantinos C.; Papandroulakis, Nikos.
The potential of wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) to breed in captivity was examined. Ovarian activity varied seasonally, with vitellogenesis beginning in November and ending in May. Slow-release implant with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) prevented atresia, and both GnRHa injections or implants at the end of vitellogenesis triggered ovulation after 7 days. Spontaneous spawning was obtained only in one female, and the few eggs produced were of poor viability. Manual stripping and artificial fertilization produced viable gametes and embryos. Therefore, present captivity conditions inhibited final oocyte maturation (FOM) and spawning, but not vitellogenesis and spermatogenesis. GnRHa treatments stimulate FOM and ovulation of viable eggs.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Polyprion americanus; Wreckfish; GnRHa; Gametogenesis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6554.pdf
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Sperm motility in European hake, Merluccius merluccius, and characterization of its spermatozoa concentration and volume, spermatocrit, osmolality and pH ArchiMer
Groison, Anne-laure; Suquet, Marc; Cosson, Jacky; Mayer, Ian; Severe, Armelle; Bouquet, Jean-marie; Geffen, Audrey J.; Utne-palm, Anne Christine; Kjesbu, Olav Sigurd.
Due to stock declines there is a growing interest in farming of European hake Merluccius merluccius. Thus, knowledge of its sperm biology is of importance not only for purposes of broodstock management, but also for the development of sperm preservation techniques. Hake sperm were collected from mature males caught during the summer-early autumn waters off western Norway and during the winter-early spring in the Bay of Biscay (France). Sperm quality characteristics were assessed after storage at 4 degrees C for 25 +/- 14 h. Average (+/- SD) values for Norwegian and French samples respectively were (i) sperm volume: 3.9 +/- 4.0 and 2.6 +/- 4.0 ml; (ii) spermatozoa concentration: 6.6 +/- 3.2 and 13.9 +/- 5.1 x 10(9) spermatozoa/ml; (iii) spermatocrit: 80.2...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cryopreservation; Merluccius merluccius; Osmolality; PH; Sperm motility; Spermatocrit.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11393/8021.pdf
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The effects of dietary carbohydrate sources and forms on metabolic response and intestinal microbiota in sea bass juveniles, Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Gatesoupe, Joel; Huelvan, Christine; Le Bayon, Nicolas; Severe, Armelle; Aasen, Inga Marie; Degnes, Kristin F.; Mazurais, David; Panserat, Stephane; Zambonino, Jose-luis; Kaushik, Sadasivam.
The aim of this work was to investigate the catabolic process of three kinds of dietary carbohydrates in the gut of sea bass juveniles, with the possible contribution of the intestinal microbiota to the nutrition of the host, and the subsequent effects on intermediary metabolism. A first diet contained waxy maize (99% amylopectin), a highly digestible form of starch. A second diet was less quickly digestible due to its high amylose content of resistant starch. Two other diets contained fibre instead of starch, either only cellulose as control, or also other non-starch polysaccharides brought by lupin meal. The effect of the diets on the host confirmed previous results, with the stimulation of glucose storage in the liver in sea bass fed the starchy diets,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Digestive enzymes; Glucose metabolism; Intestinal microbiota; Viscerosomatic index; Gene expression; Metabolite analyses; Vegetable feedstuffs.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00166/27763/25944.pdf
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