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Registros recuperados: 47
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A New Framework for Evaluating Commodity Promotion Programs: What Can We Learn from Disaggregate Data? AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21229
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A Perspective on Helmberger and Hoos' Theory of Cooperatives AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J..
Helmberger and Hoos' (HH) 1962 paper is a landmark in the economic theory of agricultural cooperatives, Along with the related work by Helmberger (1964), it represented the definitive treatment of marketing cooperative behavior and standard reading for graduate students in agricultural marketing for more than two decades, To understand fully HH's paper, appreciate its many strengths, and also recognize its weaknesses: one must interpret it both in the context of the work on cooperatives that preceded it over the prior two decades and in the framework of developments in general economic theory at that time, In this comment I attempt to provide such a perspective.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46178
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A Study in Cooperative Failure: Lessons from the Rice Growers Association of California AgEcon
Bond, Jennifer Keeling; Carter, Colin A.; Sexton, Richard J..
This case study on the former Rice Growers Association (RGA) analyzes the effects of a variety of business decisions and market changes, relative to the ongoing Farmers’ Rice Cooperative (FRC). Interview and survey findings reveal that many respondents felt RGA’s Board of Directors was passive and, despite its large size, lacked the necessary expertise to direct management and represent the best interest of the broader cooperative membership. In the midst of challenging market conditions, RGA’s management teams were accused of making a number of poor business decisions that led to significant financial stress and the eventual dissolution of the firm.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56929
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A Survey of Noncooperative Game Theory with Reference to Agricultural Markets: Part 1. Theoretical Concepts AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J..
This paper is the first of a two-part survey on noncooperative game theory relevant to agricultural markets. Part 1 discusses types of noncooperative games and reviews important developments in noncooperative game theory solution concepts, including Nash equilibrium, subgame perfect equilibrium, and perfect Bayesian equilibrium. Strengths and weaknesses of game theory as a modelling tool are also assessed. Part 2 of the survey will discuss specific applications to agricultural markets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12401
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A Survey of Noncooperative Game Theory with Reference to Agricultural Markets: Part 2. Potential Applications in Agriculture AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J..
This paper is the second of a two-part survey on noncooperative game theory relevant to agricultural markets. Part 1 of the survey focused on important game theory concepts, while this paper illustrates applications of the theory to agricultural markets. Game theory is relevant when markets are imperfectly competitive, and this paper argues that this condition is commonly met in agriculture. Specific topics of application include principal-agent models, auctions, and bargaining.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12484
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A THEORY ON INFORMATION AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE EFFECT OF LABELING ON FOOD PRODUCTS AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1979 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/13450
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An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotion Order’s First Five Years AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
The U.S. avocado industry has evolved from an emphasis on seasonal domestic production of a mix of avocado varieties to year-round availability of domestic and imported Hass avocados. California avocado producers, who account for approximately 90% of U.S. avocado production and essentially all U.S. Hass avocado production, have funded promotional programs for avocados since 1961. With few imports of avocados prior to the early 1990s, the benefits from these demand-enhancing programs flowed directly to California producers. Imports of avocados into the United States have increased steadily since then, resulting in a free-rider problem that led ultimately to creation of the Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 2000. This act established...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Avocados; Commodity promotion; Marketing order; HAB; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121697
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ANALYZING VERTICAL MARKET STRUCTURE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR TRADE LIBERALIZATION AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Sheldon, Ian M.; McCorriston, Steve; Wang, Humei.
A model is developed to characterize the vertically linked and concentrated nature of developed country food markets. This model is then parameterized and used to simulate the effects of varying food market structures on the benefits to developing country exporters of agricultural commodities from trade liberalization by developed countries.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20060
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ANALYZING VERTICAL MARKET STRUCTURE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND MARKET ACCESS AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Sheldon, Ian M.; McCorriston, Steve; Wang, Humei.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14600
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ASYMMETRIC GRADING ERROR AND ADVERSE SELECTION: LEMONS IN THE CALIFORNIA PRUNE INDUSTRY AgEcon
Chalfant, James A.; James, Jennifer S.; Lavoie, Nathalie; Sexton, Richard J..
Grading systems are often introduced to address the classic adverse selection problem associated with asymmetric information about product quality. However, grades are rarely measured perfectly, and adverse selection outcomes may persist due to grading error. We study the effects of errors in grading, focusing on asymmetric grading errors- namely when low-quality product can erroneously be classified as high quality, but not vice versa. In conceptual model, we show the effects of asymmetric grading errors on returns to producers. Application to the California prune industry shows that grading errors reduce incentives to produce more valuable, larger prunes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30878
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CAN FOOD PROCESSORS USE CONTRACTS TO INFLUENCE FARM CASH PRICES? THE COMPETITIVE IMPLICATIONS OF TOP-OF-THE-MARKET AND RELATED PRICING CLAUSES AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Sexton, Richard J..
When contract production is marketed contemporaneously with production sold through a spot market, it is conveninet to specify the contract price in terms of the subsequent cash price. This paper examines the competitive implications of such pricing arrangements, focusing in particular upon so-called "top-of-the-market (TOMP) pricing in cattle procurement, wherein the contract guarantees the producer the highest cash price prevailing at the time of delivery. We show that these contracts have anticompetitive consequences when the same buyers who purchase cattle with the TOMP clause also compete to procure cattle in the subsequent spot market. By committing to purchase cattle at a price to be determined later, beef packers' incentives to compete...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19776
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CAPTIVE SUPPLIES AND THE CASH MARKET PRICE: A SPATIAL MARKETS APPROACH AgEcon
Zhang, Mingxia; Sexton, Richard J..
Exclusive contracts (often called “"captive supplies”") between processors and farmers are in increasingly important feature of modern agriculture. We study an interesting empirical regulatory occurring in markets that feature both contract and spot exchange: the spot price is inversely related to the incidence of contract use in the market. We use a spatial model and a noncooperative game approach to show that processors can use exclusive contracts to manipulate the spot price in certain situations. Captive supplies in these settings represent geographic buffers that reduce competition among processors. However, in markets where the spatial dimension is less important, captive supplies are ineffective as barriers to competition because firms have...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30842
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Contracts, Quality, and Default: Endogenizing a Buyer's Rejection Rate AgEcon
Thome, Karen E.; Sexton, Richard J..
Replaced with revised version of paper 08/06/07.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9954
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Countercyclical Price Movements during Periods of Peak Demand: Evidence from Grocery Retail Price for Avocados AgEcon
Li, Lan; Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
Using a unique micro dataset and advanced panel models, this study examines the effects of demand shocks on grocery retail price for avocados, a key Californian fresh produce commodity. Retail prices for avocados exhibited countercyclical movements over seasonal demand shocks for avocados associated with some holidays and events. Demand for avocados is shown to be higher during some holidays/events, e.g., Christmas/New Year, Super Bowl Sunday, and Cinco de Mayo. Super Bowl Sunday and Cinco de Mayo are identified as holidays/events associated with idiosyncratic demand peaks for avocados, but not associated with high aggregate consumer demand. Retail price and margin were significantly lower during some holidays/events associated with high demand for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Retail price; Retail price determination; Countercyclical price movement; Dynamic panel model; GMM; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6251
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Do Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives Advertise Less Intensively Than Investor-Owned Food-Processing Firms? AgEcon
Gruber, Jennifer E.; Rogers, Richard T.; Sexton, Richard J..
A common belief is that agricultural marketing cooperatives advertise less than their investor-owned counterparts, holding other factors constant. This paper presents both a conceptual and an empirical analysis that questions this conventional wisdom. Our conceptual model analyzes a cooperative’s optimal advertising-to-sales (A/S) ratio under three alternative objective functions. In each instance, the optimal A/S ratio is characterized by the well-known Dorfman-Steiner condition that also characterizes optimal advertising for an investor-owned firm. The empirical analysis examines forty-nine processed food markets, each containing at least one cooperative. The results do no support the conventional wisdom that cooperatives advertise less, ceteris paribus....
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46410
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DOES BRANDED FOOD PRODUCT ADVERTISING HELP OR HURT FARMERS? AgEcon
Zhang, Mingxia; Sexton, Richard J.; Alston, Julian M..
A two-stage model is developed to study food processing firms' brand advertising and its welfare effects on farmers in a duopsony/duoploy setting. In stage 1 firms compete to differentiate their products through brand advertising, and in stage 2 firms engage in quality competition. Farmers may benefit or lose form brand advertising under alternative market conditions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21582
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DOES BRANDED FOOD PRODUCT ADVERTISING HELP OR HURT FARMERS? AgEcon
Zhang, Mingxia; Sexton, Richard J.; Alston, Julian M..
This study investigates market conditions when food processor/handler brand advertising, whether undertaken by an investor-owned firm or by a cooperative, will benefit or harm farmers. Addressing this question provides insight into the policy issue of whether and when promotion funds intended to benefit farmers should be used in support of brand advertising. Analysis of a two-stage oligopoly-oligopsony model shows that advertising by an investor-owned firm is most likely to be harmful to farmers when it takes place in a relatively unconcentrated industry and when advertising is relatively more effective at creating brand market power than at increasing total demand.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31131
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Effective Marketing of Hass Avocados: The Impacts of Changing Trade Policy and Promotion/Information Programs AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Sexton, Richard J..
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Avocado; Promotion; Mexico; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117600
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Effects of Market Power on the Size and Distribution of Subsidy Benefits: The Case of Ethanol Promotion AgEcon
Saitone, Tina L.; Sexton, Richard J.; Sexton, Steven E..
The subject of market power is discussed frequently in debates about subsidies for ethanol production, and structural conditions in the industry create a prima-facie case for concerns about market power. This paper develops a prototype model for determining the production and price impacts and distribution of benefits from the U.S. ethanol subsidy when upstream sellers in the seed sector and downstream buyers in the processing sector may exercise market power. The impact of the subsidy is analyzed within a simulation framework for alternative levels of market power. Results demonstrate that the impacts on prices and output are limited for modest departures from competition. Distributional impacts are much greater. Seed producers and corn processors with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9810
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Factors Critical to the Success or Failure of Emerging Agricultural Cooperatives AgEcon
Sexton, Richard J.; Iskow, Julie.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11921
Registros recuperados: 47
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