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A DYNAMIC MODEL OF THE FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR IN THE NEW MARKET ECONOMIES OF CENTRAL EUROPE AgEcon
Lyons, Robert F.; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
We evaluate the importance of the competitiveness and productive efficiency of the food processing sector for predicting policy outcomes, and the sector's performance under selected government interventions. Our model is based on firm-level decisions and focuses explicitly on the effects of government policies on firms' incentives.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21003
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A Fully Calibrated Generalized CES Programming Model of Agricultural Supply AgEcon
Merel, Pierre R.; Simon, Leo K.; Yi, Fujin.
The use of prior information on supply elasticities to calibrate programming models of agricultural supply has been advocated repeatedly in the recent literature (Heckelei and Britz 2005). Yet, Mérel and Bucaram (2009) have shown that the dual goal of calibrating such models to a reference allocation while replicating an exogenous set of supply elasticities is not always feasible. This article lays out the methodological foundation to exactly calibrate programming models of agricultural supply using generalized CES production functions. We formally derive the necessary and sufficient conditions under which such models can be calibrated to replicate the reference allocation while displaying crop-specific supply responses that are consistent with prior...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Positive mathematical programming; Generalized CES; Supply elasticities; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60906
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A Noncooperative Model of Collective Decision Making: A Multilateral Bargaining Approach AgEcon
Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
This paper extends the Stahl-Rubinstein model of bilateral bargaining to incorporate many players and multidimensional issue spaces. A central feature of our framework is that in each round of negotiations, a proposer is selected randomly. Our bargaining model consists of a sequence of finite-horizon games, in which the horizon increases without bound. A solution to our model is a limit of equilibrium outcomes for the finite horizon games. A necessary condition for existence of a deterministic solution is that the limit outcome belongs to the core of the underlying bargaining problem. Solutions, if they exist, are generically unique. Two sets of sufficiency conditions for existence are presented. The paper concludes with examples and applications. In...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7198
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Agri-environmental Policy in the European Union: Who's in Charge? AgEcon
Baylis, Katherine R.; Peplow, Stephen; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
European Union (EU) agri-environmental programmes (AEPs) represent a significant step in the region's efforts to decouple agricultural output from production and export subsidies. While AEPs comprise only a small share of EU agricultural support, they have two possible external impacts: 1) the composition of the EU's imports and exports may change as their producers become more market responsive; and 2) the WTO's Green Box (subsides considered minimally trade distorting and hence not disciplined) may become increasingly contentious. Our concern is with the drivers of AEPs in the EU and their implications for Canada.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24149
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Agri-environmental Policy in the European Union: Who's in Charge? AgEcon
Baylis, Katherine R.; Peplow, Stephen; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
The EU has argued that some agricultural subsidies are needed to provide the optimal amount of externalities (both positive and negative) produced by agriculture. The argument is that agriculture is "multifunctional" and externalities such as rural development and landscape would be underproduced, while some forms of pollution (such as nitrogen runoff) would be overproduced without government intervention. Meanwhile, the United States has raised the concern that multifunctionality is primarily an argument to transfer income to producers. One way to try and determine how much of these non-commodity payments are directed to externalities and how much is intended to distribute income to producers is to analyze the variation of the programs among the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24162
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Biotechnology, Intellectual Property and Value Differentiation in Agriculture AgEcon
Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rausser, Gordon C.; Scotchmer, Suzanne; Simon, Leo K..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25083
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Capturing Uncertainties in Evaluation of Biofuels Feedstocks: A Multi-Criteria Approach for the US AgEcon
Ziolkowska, Jadwiga; Simon, Leo K.; Zilberman, David.
Current research evaluating biofuels policies focuses primarily on market-economic criteria. While it is widely acknowledged that both the economic and environmental, and social aspects of biofuels policy must all be balanced with each other in the process of developing a viable biofuels policy, little progress has been made to date on evaluating these uncertain non-market relationships. In this paper, we develop a fuzzy theory holistic approach evaluating the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation biofuels feedstocks in meeting multiple economic, environmental and social criteria of the biofuels policies and capturing the uncertainties of evaluation processes. We use a multi-criteria approach PROMETHEE (Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Uncertainties; Multi-criteria decision support; PROMETHE; Fuzzy set theory; Decision making; Policy evaluation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115980
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Causes of Multifunctionality: Externalities or Political Pressure? AgEcon
Baylis, Katherine R.; Casamatta, Georges; Peplow, Stephen; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
The EU has argued that some agricultural subsidies are needed to provide the optimal amount of externalities (both positive and negative) produced by agriculture. The argument is that agriculture is "multifunctional" and externalities such as rural development and landscape would be underproduced, while some forms of pollution (such as nitrogen runoff) would be overproduced without government intervention. Meanwhile, the United States has raised the concern that multifunctionality is primarily an argument to transfer income to producers. In this paper, we discuss the motivation for the EU agri-environmental measures and empirically test for those underlying causes. We find that the programs are not targeted at those regions with the highest...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19297
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CAUSES OF MULTIFUNCTIONALITY: EXTERNALITIES OR POLITICAL PRESSURE AgEcon
Baylis, Katherine R.; Peplow, Stephen; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15841
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Chal­len­ges of edu­ca­ti­on and in­no­va­ti­on. Pro­cee­dings of the Fourth Green Week Sci­en­ti­fic Con­fe­rence. AgEcon
Kashtanova, Elena G.; Leeds, Elke M.; Rivera, William M.; Mandler, Andreas; Imami, Drini; Leonetti, Luciano; Stefanllari, Andi; Zhllima, Edvin; Dajnoki, Krisztina; Peto, Karoly; Grasselli, Norbert; Drejerska, Nina; Ziolkowska, Jadwiga; Simon, Leo K.; Appel, Franziska; Ostermeyer, Arlette; Milic, Branislav B.; Leshem, Asaf; Aenis, Thomas; Grotz, Patrick Artur; Tang, Lixia; Nagel, Uwe Jens; Hoffmann, Volker; Ahrorov, Farhod; Djanibekov, Nodir; Lamers, John P.A.; Bobojonov, Ihtiyor.
This volume of proceedings, available as both a hard copy and a pdf file, is an edited compilation of selected contributions to the Conference on Modern Agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe (MACE) 2010, held in Berlin, Germany, at the ICC on the 13th and 14th of January 2010. We would like to thank all those persons and organizations who contributed to the realisation of the MACE Conference 2010 as well as to this edited volume. First of all, we thank all presenters, whose commitment made the conference possible. The conference would not have been successful without the active engagement of such a large number of colleagues from IAMO, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and the Council for Tropical and Sub-Tropical Agricultural Research (ATSAF). Thanks to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96199
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IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE REGULATION ON THE CALIFORNIA STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Carter, Colin A.; Chalfant, James A.; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Groves, Kiara; Simon, Leo K..
Environmental regulation of agriculture is becoming increasingly important, and growers are increasingly concerned about the effects of regulations on their profitability. Regulations governing the use of a pesticide affect its economic value. Further, growers often face a choice among pesticide alternatives, each with its own set of regulatory restrictions. In this environment, the introduction of a new regulation can have complex effects on growers'’ profit-maximizing pesticide choices. Buffer zones and regional emissions caps mean that pesticide choices can have important spatial components. Our paper presents an optimization model that incorporates spatial considerations at the field and regional level. We apply our model to fumigant choice by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20166
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INPUT CONTROL AND INFORMATION ASYMMETRY AgEcon
Goodhue, Rachael E.; Simon, Leo K..
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Asymmetric Information Input Control; Demand and Price Analysis; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123654
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Intellectual Property and Market Structure in Agriculture AgEcon
Rausser, Gordon C.; Scotchmer, Suzanne; Simon, Leo K..
In the past several years, the seed industry worldwide has been dramatically restructured, mostly through mergers and acquisitions. We argue that the restructuring has been technologically driven, and has also resulted in the transformation of several chemical conglomerates into life-science firms. We discuss why the restructuring has mostly occurred through mergers rather than contractual relationships such as licensing, and investigate its efficiency implications, both as it concerns anticompetitive effects and the joint use of complementary assets.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7156
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Optimal taxation with joint production of agriculture and rural amenities AgEcon
Casamatta, Georges; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
We show that, when there is joint production of an agricultural good and rural amenities, the first-best allocation of resources can be implemented with a tax on the agricultural good and some subsidies on the production factors (land and labor). The use of a subsidy on the agricultural good can only be explained by the desire of the policymaker to redistribute income from the consumers to the farmers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Taxation; Externalities; Agriculture; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45869
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Participation games and international environmental agreements: a nonparametric model AgEcon
Karp, Larry S.; Simon, Leo K..
We examine the size of stable coalitions in a participation game that has been used to model international environmental agreements, cartel formation, R&D spillovers, and monetary policy. The literature to date has relied on parametric examples; based on these examples, a consensus has emerged that in this kind of game, the equilibrium coalition size is small, except possibly when the potential benefits of cooperation are also small. In this paper, we develop a non-parametric approach to the problem, and demonstrate that the conventional wisdom is not robust. In a general setting, we identify conditions under which the equilibrium coalition size can be large even when potential gains are large. Contrary to previously examined leading special cases, we...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Stable coalitions; Participation game; International Environmental Agreement; Climate agreement; Trans-boundary pollution; Investment spillovers; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123717
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Public vs. Private Good Research at Land-Grant Universities AgEcon
Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; Stevens, Reid.
The basic concern of this paper is the effect of private sponsorship of university research on the allocation of expenditures between public good research and commercial applications. Throughout the land-grant university system, there is much concern that as a result of reduced government funding, fundamental research will be neglected at the expense of research that is geared toward commercial applications. This paper attempts to shed some light on the relationship between research priorities and the availability of public funding for university research. In particular, we use both a static and a dynamic model to investigate the conditions under which university/private research partnerships can "crowd-in" or "crowd-out" basic science research as public...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land-grant colleges; Land-grant university; Research; Government aid; Scientific research; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43794
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Rational Exaggeration in Information Aggregation Games AgEcon
Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; Zhao, Jinhua.
This paper studies a class of information aggregation models which we call “aggregation games.” It departs from the related literature in two main respects: information is aggregated by averaging rather than majority rule, and each player selects from a continuum of reports rather than making a binary choice. Each member of a group receives a private signal, then submits a report to the center, who makes a decision based on the average of these reports. The essence of an aggregation game is that heterogeneous players engage in a “tug-of-war,” as they attempt to manipulate the center’s decision process by mis-reporting their private information. When players have distinct biases, almost of them rationally exaggerate the extent of these biases. The degree of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Information aggregation; Majority rule; Proportional representation; Mean versus median mechanism; Strategic communication; Incomplete information games; Strategic information transmission; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; F71; D72; D82.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43976
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Structure and bargaining power in multilateral negotiations: Application to water management policies in France AgEcon
Simon, Leo K.; Thoyer, Sophie; Morardet, Sylvie; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rio, Patrick; Rausser, Gordon C..
Environmental policies are characterized by a growing emphasis on participation, devolution and negotiated decision making. Increasingly, centralized top down decision making systems are being replaced by new forms of local governance. In their strongest versions, these involve delegation of formal authority to local stakeholders who are expected to decide collectively upon the management rules of local common-pool resources. Devolution is particularly important in relation to the allocation and management of scarce water resources. Indeed the French water law of 1992 institutionalised the notion of devolution by requiring that water management rules be negotiated at the river basin level between all stakeholders. Although stakeholder negotiation is...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C78; Q25; D78.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58258
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Structure and Power in Multilateral Negotiations: An Application to French Water Policy AgEcon
Simon, Leo K.; Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rausser, Gordon C.; Thoyer, Sophie; Morardet, Sylvie; Rio, Patrick.
Stakeholder negotiation is an increasingly important policymaking tool. However, relatively little is understood about the relationship between the structure of the negotiating process and the effectiveness with which stakeholders can pursue their individual interests. We apply the Rausser- Simon multilateral bargaining model to a specific negotiation process involving water storage capacity and use in the upper Adour Basin in southwestern France. We focus on a coalition of three stakeholder groups with aligned but distinct interests. In addition to the standard indices of bargaining power—the distribution of political weights (“access”) and players’ utilities if an agreement is not reached, our analysis identifies other less obvious sources of power....
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Water; Bargaining; Negotiations; Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37630
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UNDERSTANDING PRODUCTION CONTRACTS: TESTING AN AGENCY THEORY MODEL AgEcon
Goodhue, Rachael E.; Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K..
Production contracts are increasingly important in American agriculture. Unfortunately, little is known about the fundamental forces governing their adoption and design. In order to better-understand the underlying incentives, we construct and test an agency-theoretic model of broiler production contracts. We discuss the analysis' implications for industry participants and government policy.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20946
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