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Cooperatives as a tool for poverty alleviation and food production in Sub-Saharan Africa Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John; Tenaw, Shimelles.
Self-sufficiency in food production can be guaranteed when agriculture is practiced on the basis of reasonable policy and optimal system. In doing so, the possibility of securing food production becomes possible in sub-SaharanAfrica. In this regard cooperatives have played a significant role. The present food production system in many sub-Saharan African countries is such that much of the food supply is produced by the small-scale farmers owning less than 5 hectares of arable land and with 75 percent or moreowning less than one hectare. Obviously this is a strong reason for the creation of poverty to which attention should be drawn to. Farmer controlled cooperatives can assist poor farmers in strengthening their position in the food chain. In addition...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/16455/1/sumelius.doc
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How can sustainable agricultural systems promote food security in a changing climate? Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John; Bäckman, Stefan; Kahiluoto, Helena; Rötter, Reimund; Nyairo, Newton; Valkila, Joni; Parviainen, Tuulikki; Zahidul Islam, K.M.; Motaher Hossain, Md.; Tenaw, Shimelles; Ingutia, Rose.
A theoretical framework of the link between climate change, rural development, sustainable agriculture, poverty, and food security is presented. Some options to respond to climate change are described. Current knowledge and potential effects on agricultural productivity is discussed. Necessary conditions for successful adaptation includes secured property rights to land, institutions that make market access possible and credit possibilities. The options of mitigation and enhanced capacity and the requirements for their implementation are discussed.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17308/1/Sumelius.pdf
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Introduction Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John; Vesala, Kari Mikko.
This volume consists of two papers approaching the question of social sustainability in the context of alternative food systems. Both papers originate from Beras project, and consequently have their empirical base on case studies conducted within the Baltic Sea region.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/7071/1/ekolantbruk47.pdf
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Introduction Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John.
This research report begins by analysing the economic consequences of switching to local production in combination with ecological methods. This entails not only focus on either organic agriculture or localised production but on a combination of these two requirements. The outcomes depend on which actor one analyses: the farmer, the consumer, the local community or municipality or society at large.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Markets and trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/6169/1/ekolant.pdf
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Localisation and recycling in rural food systems - impact and solutions Organic Eprints
Kahiluoto, Helena; Granstedt, Artur; Bäckman, Stefan; Fischer, Holger; Hannula, Annamari; Kakriainen, Salla; Krumalova, Veronica; Larsson, Markus; Lehto, Tiina; Nousiainen, Marko; Pylkkänen, Päivi; Schneider, Thomas; Seppänen, Laura; Seuri, Pentti; Sumelius, John; Thomsson, Olof; Vesala, Kari; Vihma, Antto.
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of an increased share of local organic food based on local resources, especially on increased recycling (i.e. the impact of increased locality or localization), on sustainability of rural food systems around the Baltic Sea. Obstacles and solutions for sustainable localization and recycling were also identified. In addition to these main objectives, a methodological interest in developing interdisciplinary research processes was also incorporated. Case food systems in eight Baltic countries were studied on the basis of interviews and stakeholder workshops, as well as by analysis of environmental indicators and economic parameters at farm and food system level by a European multidisciplinary research group....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Recycling; Balancing and resource management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/5942/1/Kahiluoto.rtf
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Marginal abatement costs for reducing leaching of nitrates in Croatian agriculture Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John; Mesic, Milan; Grgic, Zoran; Kisic, Ivica; Franic, Ramona.
The aim of this paper is to estimate marginal abatement costs (MAC) of N-fertiliser tax policies which aim to prevent NO3 levels from rising. Estimates of MAC provide information on how large reductions in Nfertilisation rates should be before other measures are considered. Based on N-response experiments from Croatian field trials with maize, N-response curves were estimated and profit maximising N-doses were derived. Values of NO3-N concentration in lysimeter water from the same treatments were used to estimate an NO3-leaching function. A sample of 20 Croatian family farms was used to obtain records of producer and input prices as well as actual N-doses. Abatement costs and MAC for an N-tax, a product tax and an Nquota were estimated. The MAC for all the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/16842/1/sumelius.pdf
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Material and methods Organic Eprints
Kahiluoto, Helena; Kakriainen, Salla; Granstedt, Artur; Sumelius, John.
This chapter introduces the cases and the disciplinary approaches and methods. The BERAS study had a case study approach, and this report presents the interdisciplinary synthesis of the multidisciplinary study. Ultimately, the BERAS study attempted to clarify the potential impacts of enhanced localisation and recycling rather than to compare the average status of the present local, organic food systems and organic farms with the dominant food systems and agriculture.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Recycling; Balancing and resource management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8776/1/BERAS4.pdf
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Sustainable rural development with emphasis on agriculture and food security within the climate change setting : SARD-climate final report Organic Eprints
Sumelius, John; Bäckman, Stefan; Kahiluoto, Helena; Rötter, Reimund.
Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development (SARD) is considered an essential step toward achieving the first Millenium Development Goal (MDG) of eradicating extreme hunger and poverty. In order to achieve this important goal, first it is important to find ways of increasing the incomes of the rural poor, who mostly depend on upon agriculture for their livelihoods. This means improving development, cooperation, trade and agricultural policy to improve agriculture's contribution to economic development and poverty reduction. Current projects estimate that 1.02 billion people will go hungry in 2009 alone; an indication that if efforts are not directed at reversing this trend it would most likely continue. The research on climate change effect on...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/17115/1/DP40.pdf
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