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Registros recuperados: 16
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A case for re-inventory of Australia’s plant pathogens Naturalis
Hyde, K.D.; Chomnunti, P.; Crous, P.W.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Damm, U.; Ko Ko, T.W.; Shivas, R.G.; Summerell, B.A.; Tan, Y.P..
Several filamentous oomycete species of the genus Halophytophthora have recently been described from marine environments, mostly from subtropical and tropical ecosystems. During a survey of oomycetes from leaf litter of Spartina alterniflora in salt marshes of southeastern Georgia, isolates of four taxa were recovered that bore similarity to some members of Halophytophthora but were highly divergent from isolates of Halophytophthora s.str. based on a combined sequence analysis of two nuclear loci. In phylogenetic analyses, these isolates were placed basal to a monophyletic group comprised of Pythium of the Pythiaceae and the Peronosporaceae. Sequence and morphology of these taxa diverged from the type species Halophytophthora vesicula, which was placed...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Internal transcribed spacer; Nuclear ribosomal large subunit (nrLSU); Peronosporales; Phylogeny; Pythiaceae.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532294
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A re-appraisal of Harknessia (Diaporthales), and the introduction of Harknessiaceae fam. nov. Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Carnegie, A.J.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Harknessiaceae is introduced as a new family in the ascomycete order Diaporthales to accommodate species of Harknessia with their Wuestneia-like teleomorphs. The family is distinguished by having pycnidial conidiomata with brown, furfuraceous margins, brown conidia with hyaline, tube-like basal appendages, longitudinal striations, and rhexolytic secession. Six species occurring on Eucalyptus are newly introduced, namely H. australiensis, H. ellipsoidea, H. pseudohawaiiensis, and H. ravenstreetina from Australia, H. kleinzeeina from South Africa, and H. viterboensis from Italy. Epitypes are designated for H. spermatoidea and H. weresubiae, both also occurring on Eucalyptus. Members of Harknessia are commonly associated with leaf spots, but also occur as...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Fungal pathogens; Harknessiaceae; ITS; LSU; Phylogeny; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532250
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Co-occurring species of Teratosphaeria on Eucalyptus Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Summerell, B.A.; Wingfield, B.D.; Wingfield, M.J..
A common leaf spot disease occurring on Eucalyptus cladocalyx and E. lehmannii in the Western Cape Province of South Africa is known from literature to be caused by the fungus Coniothyrium ovatum, which is a pathogen native to several eucalypts in Australia. Recent collections have shown that Australian material identified as C. ovatum is morphologically and phylogenetically distinct from the South African specimens, and that all these taxa would be better accommodated in the genus Teratosphaeria. South African specimens previously identified as C. ovatum were found to represent two species that co-occur in the same leaves and even spots and are described here as T. juvenalis and T. verrucosa. Furthermore, a fresh collection of T. ovata from E. phoenicea...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Colletogloeopsis; Coniothyrium; Eucalyptus; Kirramyces; Mycosphaerella; Mycosphaerella leaf disease; Readeriella; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532187
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Fungal pathogens of Proteaceae Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Swart, L.; Denman, S.; Taylor, J.E.; Bezuidenhout, C.M.; Palm, M.E.; Marincowitz, S.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Species of Leucadendron, Leucospermum and Protea (Proteaceae) are in high demand for the international floriculture market due to their brightly coloured and textured flowers or bracts. Fungal pathogens, however, create a serious problem in cultivating flawless blooms. The aim of the present study was to characterise several of these pathogens using morphology, culture characteristics, and DNA sequence data of the rRNA-ITS and LSU genes. In some cases additional genes such as TEF 1-α and CHS were also sequenced. Based on the results of this study, several novel species and genera are described. Brunneosphaerella leaf blight is shown to be caused by three species, namely B. jonkershoekensis on Protea repens, B. nitidae sp. nov. on Protea nitida and B....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Cut-flower industry; Fungal pathogens; ITS; LSU; Phylogeny; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532487
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 107–127 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Burgess, T.I.; Decock, C.A.; Dreyer, L.L.; Granke, L.L.; Guest, D.I.; Hardy, G.E.St.J.; Hausbeck, M.K.; Hüberli, D.; Jung, T.; Koukol, O.; Lennox, C.L.; Liew, E.C.Y.; Lombard, L.; McTaggart, A.R.; Pryke, J.S.; Roets, F.; Saude, C.; Shuttleworth, L.A.; Stukely, M.J.C.; Vánky, K.; Webster, B.J.; Windstam, S.T.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Phytophthora amnicola from still water, Gnomoniopsis smithogilvyi from Castanea sp., Pseudoplagiostoma corymbiae from Corymbia sp., Diaporthe eucalyptorum from Eucalyptus sp., Sporisorium andrewmitchellii from Enneapogon aff. lindleyanus, Myrmecridium banksiae from Banksia, and Pilidiella wangiensis from Eucalyptus sp. Several species are also described from South Africa, namely: Gondwanamyces wingfieldii from Protea caffra, Montagnula aloes from Aloe sp., Diaporthe canthii from Canthium inerne, Phyllosticta ericarum from Erica gracilis, Coleophoma proteae from Protea caffra, Toxicocladosporium strelitziae from Strelitzia reginae, and Devriesia agapanthi from...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532141
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 128–153 Naturalis
Crous, PW.; Shivas, R.G.; Wingfield, M.J.; Summerell, B.A.; Rossman, A.Y.; Alves, J.L.; Adams, G.C.; Barreto, R.W.; Bell, A.; Coutinho, M.L.; Flory, S.L.; Gates, G.; Grice, K.R.; Hardy, G.E.St.J.; Kleczewski, N.M.; Lombard, L.; Longa, C.M.O.; Louis-Seize, G.; Macedo, F.; Mahoney, D.P.; Maresi, G.; Martin-Sanchez, P.M.; Marvanová, L.; Minnis, A.M.; Morgado, L.N.; Noordeloos, M.E.; Phillips, A.J.L.; Quaedvlieg, W.; Ryan, P.G.; Saiz-Jimenez, C.; Seifert, K.A.; Swart, W.J.; Tan, Y.P.; Tanney, J.B.; Thu, P.Q.; Videira, S.I.R.; Walker, D.M.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Catenulostroma corymbiae from Corymbia, Devriesia stirlingiae from Stirlingia, Penidiella carpentariae from Carpentaria, Phaeococcomyces eucalypti from Eucalyptus, Phialophora livistonae from Livistona, Phyllosticta aristolochiicola from Aristolochia, Clitopilus austroprunulus on sclerophyll forest litter of Eucalyptus regnans and Toxicocladosporium posoqueriae from Posoqueria. Several species are also described from South Africa, namely: Ceramothyrium podocarpi from Podocarpus, Cercospora chrysanthemoides from Chrysanthemoides, Devriesia shakazului from Aloe, Penidiella drakensbergensis from Protea, Strelitziana cliviae from Clivia and Zasmidium syzygii from...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532113
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 214–280 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Shivas, R.G.; Quaedvlieg, W.; Bank, M. van der; Zhang, Y.; Summerell, B.A.; Guarro, J.; Wingfield, M.J.; Wood, A.R.; Alfenas, A.C.; Braun, U.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; García, D.; Marin-Felix, Y.; Alvarado, P.; Andrade, J.P.; Armengol, J.; Assefa, A.; Breeÿen, A. den; Camele, I.; Cheewangkoon, R.; De Souza, J.T.; Duong, T.A.; Esteve-Raventós, F.; Fournier, J.; Frisullo, S.; García-Jiménez, J.; Gardiennet, A.; Gené, J.; Hernández-Restrepo, M.; Hirooka, Y.; Hospenthal, D.R.; King, A.; Lechat, C.; Lombard, L.; Mang, S.M.; Marbach, P.A.S.; Marincowitz, S.; Marin-Felix, Y.; Montaño-Mata, N.J.; Moreno, G.; Perez, C.A.; Pérez Sierra, A.M.; Robertson, J.L.; Roux, J.; Rubio, E.; Schumacher, R.K.; Stchigel, A.M.; Sutton, D.A.; Tan, Y.P.; Thompson, E.H.; Linde, E. van der; Walker, A.K.; Walker, D.M.; Wickes, B.L.; Wong, P.T.W.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Cercosporella dolichandrae from Dolichandra unguiscati, Seiridium podocarpi from Podocarpus latifolius, Pseudocercospora parapseudarthriae from Pseudarthria hookeri, Neodevriesia coryneliae from Corynelia uberata on leaves of Afrocarpus falcatus, Ramichloridium eucleae from Euclea undulata and Stachybotrys aloeticola from Aloe sp. (South Africa), as novel member of the Stachybotriaceae fam. nov. Several species were also described from Zambia, and these include Chaetomella zambiensis on unknown Fabaceae, Schizoparme pseudogranati from Terminalia stuhlmannii, Diaporthe isoberliniae from Isoberlinia angolensis, Peyronellaea combreti from Combretum...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal genera; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531854
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 281–319 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Schumacher, R.K.; Summerell, B.A.; Giraldo, A.; Gené, J.; Guarro, J.; Wanasinghe, D.N.; Hyde, K.D.; Camporesi, E.; Gareth Jones, E.B.; Thambugala, K.M.; Malysheva, E.F.; Malysheva, V.F.; Acharya, K.; Álvarez, J.; Alvarado, P.; Assefa, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Bartlett, J.S.; Blanchette, R.A.; Burgess, T.I.; Carlavilla, J.R.; Coetzee, M.P.A.; Damm, U.; Decock, C.A.; Breeÿen, A. den; Vries, B. de; Dutta, A.K.; Holdom, D.G.; Rooney-Latham, S.; Manjón, J.L.; Marincowitz, S.; Mirabolfathy, M.; Moreno, G.; Nakashima, C.; Papizadeh, M.; Shahzadeh Fazeli, S.A.; Amoozegar, M.A.; Romberg, M.K.; Shivas, R.G.; Stalpers, J.A.; Stielow, B.; Stukely, M.J.C.; Swart, W.J.; Tan, Y.P.; Bank, M. van der; Wood, A.R.; Zhang, Y.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Alanphillipsia aloeicola from Aloe sp., Arxiella dolichandrae from Dolichandra unguiscati, Ganoderma austroafricanum from Jacaranda mimosifolia, Phacidiella podocarpi and Phaeosphaeria podocarpi from Podocarpus latifolius, Phyllosticta mimusopisicola from Mimusops zeyheri and Sphaerulina pelargonii from Pelargonium sp. Furthermore, Barssia maroccana is described from Cedrus atlantica (Morocco), Codinaea pini from Pinus patula (Uganda), Crucellisporiopsis marquesiae from Marquesia acuminata (Zambia), Dinemasporium ipomoeae from Ipomoea pes-caprae (Vietnam), Diaporthe phragmitis from Phragmites australis (China), Marasmius vladimirii from leaf litter (India),...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532074
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 92–106 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Romberg, M.; Mel’nik, V.A.; Verkley, G.J.M.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Diaporthe ceratozamiae on Ceratozamia robusta, Seiridium banksiae on Banksia marginata, Phyllosticta hymenocallidicola on Hymenocallis littoralis, Phlogicylindrium uniforme on Eucalyptus cypellocarpa, Exosporium livistonae on Livistona benthamii and Coleophoma eucalyptorum on Eucalyptus piperita. Several species are also described from South Africa, namely: Phoma proteae, Pyrenochaeta protearum and Leptosphaeria proteicola on Protea spp., Phaeomoniella niveniae on Nivenia stokoei, Toxicocladosporium leucadendri on Leucadendron sp. and Scorias leucadendri on Leucadendron muirii. Other species include Myrmecridium phragmitis on Phragmites australis (Netherlands)...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532150
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Genera of diaporthalean coelomycetes associated with leaf spots of tree hosts Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Alfenas, A.C.; Edwards, J.; Pascoe, I.G.; Porter, I.J.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Four different genera of diaporthalean coelomycetous fungi associated with leaf spots of tree hosts are morphologically treated and phylogenetically compared based on the DNA sequence data of the large subunit nuclear ribosomal DNA gene (LSU) and the internal transcribed spacers and 5.8S rRNA gene of the nrDNA operon. These include two new Australian genera, namely Auratiopycnidiella, proposed for a leaf spotting fungus occurring on Tristaniopsis laurina in New South Wales, and Disculoides, proposed for two species occurring on leaf spots of Eucalyptus leaves in Victoria. Two new species are described in Aurantiosacculus, a hitherto monotypic genus associated with leaf spots of Eucalyptus in Australia, namely A. acutatus on E. viminalis, and A....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Leaf spot disease; Molecular phylogeny; Systematics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531869
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Host specificity and speciation of Mycosphaerella and Teratosphaeria species associated with leaf spots of Proteaceae Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Mostert, L.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Cheirosporium gen. nov. is characterised by the production of sporodochial conidiomata, semi-macronematous to macronematous onidiophores that possess several distinct sterile branches, and cheiroid, smooth-walled conidia with rhexolytic secession. The 28S rDNA and ITS rDNA operon of this taxon were amplified and sequenced. A BLAST search revealed low homology between Cheirosporium triseriale and existing sequences in public databases, supporting the hypothesis that the species is new to science. Phylogenetic analysis showed that C. triseriale groups with Dictyosporium and allied species, and nests within the Pleosporales (Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota).heirosporium is morphologically distinct from the cheirosporous genera Cheiromyces, Cheiromycina,...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS; Leucadendron; Leucospermum; Mycosphaerella; Protea; Teratosphaeria.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532268
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Introducing the Consolidated Species Concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae Naturalis
Quaedvlieg, W.; Binder, M.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Summerell, B.A.; Carnegie, A.J.; Burgess, T.I.; Crous, P.W..
The Teratosphaeriaceae represents a recently established family that includes numerous saprobic, extremophilic, human opportunistic, and plant pathogenic fungi. Partial DNA sequence data of the 28S rRNA and RPB2 genes strongly support a separation of the Mycosphaerellaceae from the Teratosphaeriaceae, and also provide support for the Extremaceae and Neodevriesiaceae, two novel families including many extremophilic fungi that occur on a diversity of substrates. In addition, a multi-locus DNA sequence dataset was generated (ITS, LSU, Btub, Act, RPB2, EF-1α and Cal) to distinguish taxa in Mycosphaerella and Teratosphaeria associated with leaf disease of Eucalyptus, leading to the introduction of 23 novel genera, five species and 48 new combinations. Species...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Eucalyptus; Multi-locus; Phylogeny; Species concepts; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532346
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Myrtaceae, a cache of fungal biodiversity Naturalis
Cheewangkoon, R.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Summerell, B.A.; Hyde, K.D.; To-anun, C.; Crous, P.W..
Twenty-six species of microfungi are treated, the majority of which are associated with leaf spots of Corymbia, Eucalyptus and Syzygium spp. (Myrtaceae). The treated species include three new genera, Bagadiella, Foliocryphia and Pseudoramichloridium, 20 new species and one new combination. Novelties on Eucalyptus include: Antennariella placitae, Bagadiella lunata, Cladoriella rubrigena, C. paleospora, Cyphellophora eucalypti, Elsinoë eucalypticola, Foliocryphia eucalypti, Leptoxyphium madagascariense, Neofabraea eucalypti, Polyscytalum algarvense, Quambalaria simpsonii, Selenophoma australiensis, Sphaceloma tectificae, Strelitziana australiensis and Zeloasperisporium eucalyptorum. Stylaspergillus synanamorphs are reported for two species of...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Corymbia; Eucalyptus; Microfungi; Syzygium; Taxonomy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532182
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Novel species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Carnegie, A.J.; Wingfield, M.J.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Recent phylogenetic studies based on multi-gene data have provided compelling evidence that the Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae represent numerous genera, many of which can be distinguished based on their anamorph morphology. The present study represents the second contribution in a series describing several novel species in different capnodealean genera defined in a previous study. Novelties on Eucalyptus from Australia include: Penidiella pseudotasmaniensis, P. tenuiramis, Phaeothecoidea intermedia, P. minutispora, Pseudocercospora tereticornis, Readeriella angustia, R. eucalyptigena, R. menaiensis, R. pseudocallista, R. tasmanica, Teratosphaeria alboconidia, T. complicata, T. majorizuluensis, T. miniata, T. profusa, Zasmidium aerohyalinosporum...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Mycosphaerella; Penidiella; Phaeophleospora; Phaeothecoidea; Pseudocercospora; Readeriella; Teratosphaeria; Zasmidium.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532086
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Phylogeny and taxonomy of obscure genera of microfungi Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Braun, U.; Wingfield, M.J.; Wood, A.R.; Shin, H.D.; Summerell, B.A.; Alfenas, A.C.; Cumagun, C.J.R.; Groenewald, J.Z..
The recently generated molecular phylogeny for the kingdom Fungi, on which a new classification scheme is based, still suffers from an under representation of numerous apparently asexual genera of microfungi. In an attempt to populate the Fungal Tree of Life, fresh samples of 10 obscure genera of hyphomycetes were collected. These fungi were subsequently established in culture, and subjected to DNA sequence analysis of the ITS and LSU nrRNA genes to resolve species and generic questions related to these obscure genera. Brycekendrickomyces (Herpotrichiellaceae) is introduced as a new genus similar to, but distinct from Haplographium and Lauriomyces. Chalastospora is shown to be a genus in the Pleosporales, with two new species, C. ellipsoidea and C....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Brycekendrickomyces; Chalastospora; Cyphellophora; Dictyosporium; Edenia; Phylogeny; Taxonomy; Thedgonia; Trochophora; Verrucisporota; Vonarxia; Xenostigmina.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531925
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Unravelling Mycosphaerella: do you believe in genera? Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Summerell, B.A.; Carnegie, A.J.; Wingfield, M.J.; Hunter, G.C.; Burgess, T.I.; Andjic, V.; P.A. Barber; J.Z. Groenewald.
Many fungal genera have been defined based on single characters considered to be informative at the generic level. In addition, many unrelated taxa have been aggregated in genera because they shared apparently similar morphological characters arising from adaptation to similar niches and convergent evolution. This problem is aptly illustrated in Mycosphaerella. In its broadest definition, this genus of mainly leaf infecting fungi incorporates more than 30 form genera that share similar phenotypic characters mostly associated with structures produced on plant tissue or in culture. DNA sequence data derived from the LSU gene in the present study distinguish several clades and families in what has hitherto been considered to represent the Mycosphaerellaceae....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Cibiessia; Colletogloeum; Dissoconium; Kirramyces; Mycosphaerella; Passalora; Penidiella; Phaeophleospora; Phaeothecoidea; Pseudocercospora; Ramularia; Readeriella; Stenella; Teratosphaeria; Zasmidium.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531971
Registros recuperados: 16
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