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Registros recuperados: 52
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A STATIC POLICY FOR A DYNAMIC INDUSTRY: THE CALIFORNIA YOUNG ACT OF 1935 AgEcon
Sumner, Daniel A.; Wilson, Norbert L.W..
An economic history of the development of California dairy policies from 1935 to 1965 is used to support the hypothesis that the incompatibility of discrete policy changes for a dynamic industry generates deadweight losses. Combining quantitative industry data with legal and personal narratives provides evidence in support of the hypothesis.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy policy; Quota; Agricultural history; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21566
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AGRICULTURAL TRADE RELATIONS BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Barichello, Richard R.; Josling, Timothy E.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15852
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ANALYSIS OF RECENT OPTIONS FOR CHANGES IN U.S. DAIRY POLICY AgEcon
Cox, Thomas L.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16967
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Are Agricultural Policies Making Us Fat? Likely Links Between Agricultural Policies and Human Nutrition and Obesity, and their Policy Implications AgEcon
Alston, Julian M.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Vosti, Stephen A..
Rates of obesity among adults and children in the U.S. are soaring, with potentially huge private and social costs. Increasing attention is being paid to agricultural policies as both the culprits through their perceived roles in reducing the relative prices of energy-dense foods, and as the potential saviors through their perceived ability to do the opposite. However, the effects of agricultural policies on human nutrition and obesity are not well understood. This paper considers (1) trends in agricultural commodity prices, and the contributions of commodity policies and agricultural R&D policies to those trends, (2) the links between changes in commodity prices and changes in food prices; and (3) the implications of price-induced changes in food...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: H5; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; Q16; I0.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25343
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Combining Consumer Valuation Research with Sensory Science Techniques: A Laboratory Experiment AgEcon
Gustafson, Christopher R.; Lybbert, Travis J.; Sumner, Daniel A..
In this research, we integrated an experimental auction with sensory science techniques—namely, trained sensory panels used to analyze the sensory attributes of wines—to examine the effects of objective and sensory information in the market for California-produced Cabernet Sauvignons. The experiment permitted observation of consumer valuation for sensory attributes of wine, appellations, expert ratings, and wineries. Participants submitted bids each time they received new information about the wines. The balanced experimental design permits evaluation of the effects of consumer characteristics on attribute valuation. We had 236 people participate in the research, which consisted of nine rounds of bidding and one round of hedonic liking scores. Rounds...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Experimental Economics; Willingness to Pay; WTP; Wine; Consumer Valuation; Hedonic Pricing; Sensory Analysis; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103430
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COMMODITY POLICY COMPATIBILITY WITH FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS AgEcon
Sumner, Daniel A.; Hallstrom, Daniel G..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16914
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Demand Enhancement through Food-Safety Regulation: Benefit-Cost Analysis of Collective Action in the California Pistachio Industry AgEcon
Alston, Julian M.; Brunke, Henrich; Gray, Richard S.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Food safety shocks can threaten the health of consumers, create havoc within an industry and result in severe losses to producers. Governments often attempt to enhance food safety by mandating standards and inspection of food products to supplement the voluntary efforts by private firms. This paper assesses a form of collective action that falls between typical government mandates and purely private action. The California pistachio industry recently established a U.S. federal marketing order. This order sets quality standards and requires inspection and certification, aiming to reduce the likelihood of dangerous or poor quality pistachios being sold to consumers and to provide some quality assurance to consumers. Simulation results indicate that, across...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Safety; Collective Action; Specialty Crops; Government Regulation; Marketing Orders; Pistachios; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q18; Q13; I18; H4.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25461
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Domestic support and the WTO negotiations AgEcon
Sumner, Daniel A..
In their attempt to maximise trade benefits, agricultural trade negotiators must allocate scarce resources and consider trade‐offs across issues such as liberalising foreign border measures or reducing foreign domestic subsidies. Analysis and examples support the notion that more liberalisation will be achieved in the new WTO round by emphasis on lowering border barriers and export subsidies rather than attempting to discipline domestic farm subsidies directly. Analyses of EU grain policy, Korean rice policy and US sugar policy show how reduced export subsidy or more import access have substantial trade benefits, even if farmers are compensated with payments or price supports.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117847
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Domestic Support Reform? A Closer Look at EU Policies Applied to Processed Fruits and Vegetables AgEcon
Rickard, Bradley J.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Recent trade negotiations have attracted much attention to the consequences of domestic support applied to agricultural markets. In various markets, researchers have examined the economic effects of regimes and scenarios with less, or different forms of, domestic support including decoupled payments. Here we examine the domestic support regimes for processed fruits and vegetables in the European Union (EU) where major policy changes were applied in 2001 and again in 2008. The changes were billed as policy “reform” but no analysis has yet evaluated quantitatively the nature of what was reformed and what was not. A simulation model is used here to assess the price, production, and welfare effects of policies that have been applied to the EU processing tomato...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy reform; Domestic support; Horticultural markets; European Union; Common Agricultural Policy; Processing tomatoes; Simulation analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51174
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ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN DISPUTES OVER TRADE REMEDY AND RELATED MEASURES IN AGRICULTURE, WITH EXAMPLES FROM RECENT CASES AgEcon
Sumner, Daniel A.; Barichello, Richard R.; Paggi, Mechel S..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15845
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Economic Consequences of Mandated Grading and Food Safety Assurance: Ex Ante Analysis of the Federal Marketing Order for California Pistachios AgEcon
Gray, Richard S.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Alston, Julian M.; Brunke, Henrich; Acquaye, Albert K.A..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11935
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ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF MANDATED GRADING AND TESTING TO AVOID A NEGATIVE FOOD SAFETY EVENT: EX ANTE ANALYSIS OF THE FEDERAL MARKETING ORDER FOR PISTACHIOS AgEcon
Gray, Richard S.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Alston, Julian M.; Brunke, Henrich.
The California pistachio industry led an initiative to establish a federal marketing order, which mandates quality standards and an inspection program to assure food safety and consistency in the quality of California pistachios. We develop a stochastic dynamic simulation model of the pistachio market to investigate quantitatively the likely effects of such collective action enforced by government mandates. Simulation results indicate that, across the full range of parameters used in the analysis, the benefit-cost analysis was always favorable to the proposed policy. The measured benefits to producers, the nation, or the world always well exceeded the corresponding measure of costs, typically by many times.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20031
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ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF THE AUSTRALIA-U.S. FREE TRADE AGREEMENT FOR U.S. DAIRY MARKETS AND DOMESTIC DAIRY FARM PROGRAMS AgEcon
Alston, Julian M.; Sumner, Daniel A.; Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Brunke, Henrich.
We develop a simulation model to analyze the effects on U.S. milk markets of an Australia-U.S. free trade agreement. An important contribution to the literature is the derivation of explicit supply and demand relationships for milk components, which allows an analysis of long-term production, consumption, and trade patterns that is not tied to specific products. Simulations indicate that increased imports from Australia, resulting from bilateral trade liberalization, would result in modest reductions in U.S. milk prices and production.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20164
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EFFECTS OF PROPOSED TRADE BARRIERS FOR MILK PROTEIN CONCENTRATE AND CASEIN IMPORTS ON THE U.S. DAIRY INDUSTRY AgEcon
Balagtas, Joseph Valdes; Rickard, Bradley J.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Tight import barriers cover many milk products, but import quotas or prohibitive tariffs have not covered imports of a variety of high-protein specialty products. These products without tariff rate quotas include various casein and milk protein concentrate products. In recent years, imports of milk protein products into the United States have received increasing attention from U.S. dairy interests. A simulation model is used to study the effects of imports of milk protein products on U.S. prices and production of milk protein, on government purchases of dairy products, and on the production, prices and incomes of U.S. milk producers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19730
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Effects of the WTO and Free Trade Agreements on Japonica Rice Markets AgEcon
Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A..
Three trade policy changes underway and on the horizon have the prospect to alter global markets for japonica rice. This paper considers likely global market effects of expansion of access into the market in Japan and Korea, and reduced subsidy for japonica rice (among other crops) in the United States. We consider these policy changes in the context of a proposed Doha Development Agenda WTO agreement and one potential outcome of the proposed Free Trade Agreement between Korea and the United States (KUS-FTA). We use an equilibrium displacement model to ask how market prices, quantities and other aggregates change as a result of policy changes. The global model includes six aggregates in the world market, China, Korea, Japan, the United States, other...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Japonica rice; WTO; Import access; FTA; Domestic subsidies; Policy simulation; International Development; Q17; Q18; F13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25460
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Explaining Variations in the Price of Dairy Quota: Flow Returns, Liquidity, Quota Characteristics, and Policy Risk AgEcon
Wilson, Norbert L.W.; Sumner, Daniel A..
An econometric model based on the net present value model is used to examine factors that drive the variation of California dairy quota values over a 29-year period. The results suggest the price of quota is based on expected returns, variations in quota owner liquidity, and the risk of policy default. The dominant influence on the variation of the quota price was the historical variation in monthly flow of net benefits from owning quota. This analysis confirms that the rate of return to quota rises in periods of policy uncertainty.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Adaptive expectations; Capitalization of policy; Dairy policy; Policy risk; Quota; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31145
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FARM HOUSEHOLD INCOMES AND REFORMING THE CAP AgEcon
Frahan, Bruno Henry de; Nkunzimana, Tharcisse; De Blander, Rembert; Gaspart, Frederic; Sumner, Daniel A..
Low and variable farm income has been a main rationale for heavy government intervention in agricultural markets and income transfers to farmers whether in Europe in response to disruptive agricultural imports and low world prices at the end of the 19th century or in the US in response to the Great Depression. While the future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is again discussed and new directions are examined, it is fundamental to know to what extent low and variable farm income is still a problem in contemporary European agriculture and a valid rationale for designing the new CAP. In this context, this paper first examines the income level and distribution of farm households compared to those of non-farm households for a selection of OECD...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm household income; Poverty; Common Agricultural Policy; European Union; OECD.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q10; Q18..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44814
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FARM PROGRAMS AND RELATED POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES AgEcon
Sumner, Daniel A..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16742
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HETEROGENEITY IN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY ACROSS FARM SIZES: ANALYSIS OF MULTI-OUTPUT PRODUCTION FUNCTION USING KOREAN FARM-LEVEL PANEL DATA AgEcon
Kang, Hye-Jung; Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A..
This paper analyzes the rice production technology in Korea in the context of multi-output framework. The estimation uses a set of national farm-level panel data within the primal approach. The particular focus of the study is to analyze the existence of heterogeneous technologies for different farm sizes, and the possibility of output substitution. Unlike many previous studies, we employ a farm-specific fixed effects model, which accounts for the effects of individual specific characteristics or constraints on production. Our results suggest that considerable differences in technology exist across various farm sizes. Interestingly, input substitution and output substitution possibilities are more limited for smaller farms. However, in general, output...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22245
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Hired hooves: Transactions in a south Indian village factor market AgEcon
Mueller, Rolf A.E.; Prescott, Edward S.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Bullocks are an important resource in Indian agriculture where they are used as draft animals. Previous research suggests that farmers who do not own bullocks, or own bullocks in insufficient numbers relative to their land holdings, adjust bullock‐land ratios through transactions in the land market, rather than by hiring bullock services. The reasons given for this behaviour are that there are ‘inhibited’ or ‘missing’ village markets for bullock services. Results from a survey of the activities and transactions of six bullock contractors during an entire cropping period show that village markets for bullock services exist continuously and are far from being inhibited. Close monitoring of the bullock contractors’ transactions supplied rich evidence of the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118997
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