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Registros recuperados: 106
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1st Report of the Working Group on Standard Development Organic Eprints
Walkenhorst, Michael; Sundrum, Albert.
The initial meeting of the working group on standard development took place at the 1st SAFO-Workshop, September 2003, in Florence. In accordance with the main topic of the Workshop, the discussion was primarily focused on the relationship between socio-economic aspects of the standards and the issue of animal health and food safety in organic farming. The report cover the additional issues discussed in the 1st Working Group meeting in Florence.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2709/1/walkenhorst%2D2003%2Dreport%2Dstandard%2Ddevelopment.pdf
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A deductive approach to animal health planning in organic dairy farming: Method description Organic Eprints
Selle, Margret; Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne; Sundrum, Albert.
Organic farming is often directly associated with an enhanced level of animal health and welfare. However, in spite of ongoing efforts in the fields of animal science, the animal health status in organic dairy farming does not in all respect meet consumers’ expectations. Reasons are manifold and differ considerably between farms as do the multi-factorial production diseases. Success of animal health planning highly depends on a sound diagnostic procedure at farm level and farmers’ intrinsic motivation to improve the animal health status. Both aspects are essential preconditions for the identification and implementation of the most appropriate farm-specific management measures. The aim of this paper is to introduce a participatory and farm-centric...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle Systems research and participatory research Education; Extension and communication.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27935/13/WS_1_6_Selle.pdf
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A field trial on the effects of pure sodium propionate and a combination with herbal extracts on short term development of subclinical ketosis Organic Eprints
Dorn, Katharina; Leiber, Florian; Sundrum, Albert; Holinger, Mirjam; Mayer, Philipp; Walkenhorst, Michael.
While glucogenic substances in ketosis prevention are commonly used, there is a lack of clinical studies about the effectiveness of ketosis therapy in particular by means of sodium propionate and herbal extracts. Fresh cows between 5 and 50 days in milk of 25 Swiss and German dairy farms were tested weekly for ketone bodies in blood. From 283 cows, 121 (42.8%) exceeded the threshold of 1.0 mmol/l blood-β-hydroxybutyrate (BBHB). Thereof 84 cows were randomly assigned to three treatments on each farm. Treatment SP-H was composed of sodium propionate (120 g per application) and an aqueous extract of seven herbs (13.5 g drug equivalent per application), treatment SP comprised pure sodium propionate (120 g per application) and treatment PL was a placebo. All...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Feeding and growth; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/34520/1/dorn-etal-2016-LivestockScience-Vol187-p87%E2%80%9395.pdf
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Aktuelle Tiergesundheitssituation in ausgewählten Betrieben der ökologischen Schweinehaltung Organic Eprints
Sommer, Hendrik; Werner, Christina; Heine, Ulrike; Meemken, Diana; Blaha, Thomas; Sundrum, Albert.
Die Tiergesundheitssituation in der ökologischen Schweinehaltung ist seit Jahren als problematisch zu betrachten. Bei 42 Mastbetrieben, Ferkelerzeugern und geschlossenen Systemen wurde die Lage erneut untersucht. Ausgewählte Managementkriterien wurden erfasst und mit Ergebnissen vorhergehender Studien verglichen. Ferkelverluste in einer Größenordnung von 18 % (Spanne von 5-26,6%) wurden beobachtet. Obwohl etwa 80% der Betriebe ihre Ställe reinigen wird eine Desinfektion auf nur 50% der Betriebe durchgeführt. . Es besteht nach wie vor erheblicher Bedarf an der Umsetzung zielführender Managementmaßnahmen zur Verbesserung der Tiergesundheit und Reduzierung von Tierverlusten. Betriebe, die nicht in der Lage sind, ein tolerables Gesundheitsniveau zu...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/17598/3/Sommer_17598.pdf
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Animal health and welfare in organic livestock production in Europe– current state and future challenges Organic Eprints
Hovi, Malla; Sundrum, Albert; Thamsborg, M.S..
Existing data on animal health and welfare in organic livestock production systems in the European Community countries are reviewed in the light of the demands and challenges of the recently implemented EU regulation on organic livestock production. The main conclusions and recommendations of a three-year networking project on organic livestock production are summarised and the future challenges to organic livestock production in terms of welfare and health management are discussed. The authors conclude that, whilst the available data are limited and the implementation of the EC regulation is relatively recent, there is little evidence to suggest that organic livestock management causes major threats to animal health and welfare in comparison with...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/954/1/handbuch%2Dkein%2DDokument.pdf
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Assessing impacts of organic production on pork and beef quality Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert.
Organic livestock farming is based on a low input production method, aiming to provide products of a high product and process quality rather than maximizing production. The production of a high meat quality corresponds to the expectations of consumers who are both seeking a premium product and who are willing to pay premium prices. This review focuses on the question of whether organic pork and beef production currently meet consumer demands, and it elaborates the potentials and limitations for producing high-quality meats under the current organic framework. Although defined by specific and basic guidelines, organic livestock production is characterised by largely heterogeneous farming conditions that allow for huge differences in the availability of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Animal husbandry.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18462/1/Sundrum_CAB_Review_Meat_quality.pdf
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Ausfallkosten durch Eutererkrankungen und Lahmheiten auf ökologisch wirtschaftenden Milchviehbetrieben in Deutschland Organic Eprints
Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne; Krieger, Margret; Sundrum, Albert.
Production diseases have severe economic impacts in dairy farms. Financial losses due to culling, decreased productivity, discarded milk as well as costs for treatment and labour efforts are failure costs related to the occurrence of production diseases. To support decision making regarding herd health measures, failure costs caused by clinical and subclinical mastitis as well as mild and severe lameness were assessed on 60 organic dairy farms in Germany. Failure costs varied substantially between farms. Decision-making in terms of animal health requires a farm specific calculation of failure costs to enable the identification of those measures that provide the best cost-benefit relationship.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31845/1/Ausfallkosten%20durch%20Eutererkrankungen%20und%20Lahmheiten.pdf
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Aussagegehalt von Schlachthofdaten zur Verbesserung der Tiergesundheit Organic Eprints
Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne; Sundrum, Albert.
Pathologisch-anatomische Befunde, die routinemäßig am Schlachthof erhoben werden, lassen Rückschlüsse auf den Gesundheitsstatus der Nutztiere zu. Allerdings werden von Seiten der landwirtschaftlichen Betriebe immer wieder Zweifel an der Genauigkeit und Reproduzierbarkeit der Befundergebnisse geäußert. Um den Aussagegehalt der Schlachthofbefundung zu untersuchen, wurde die Befunderfassung Von 20 ausgewählten Schlachtkörpern und 20 Organen durch 11 amtliche Tierärzte und Fachassistenten einer Prüfung unterzogen. Die merkmalsbezogene Übereinstimmung der Beurteilungsergebnisse wurde mittels Kendalls Konkordanzkoeffizient W berechnet. Mit großer Übereinstimmung klassifizierten die Beurteiler die Befunde Brustfellentzündung, Nierenveränderung und...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/17591/3/Hoischen%2DTaubner_17591.pdf
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Auswirkungen der Umstellung schweinehaltender Betriebe in einem Verbundsystem im Hinblick auf Nährstoffeffizienz und Ökonomie [conversion of pig production and its effects on nutrients efficiency and economcy] Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert; Trangolao, Abraham.
Thema: Einer steigenden Nachfrage nach Schweinefleisch aus der Ökologischen Tierhaltung steht auf der Produktionsseite ein geringes, kleinstrukturiertes Angebot gegenüber. Am Beispiel einer Erzeugergemeinschaft zwischen der Thönes-Großschlachterei am Niederrhein und seinen Lieferanten sollen die Auswirkungen einer Umstellung schweinehaltender Betriebe auf die ökologische Wirtschaftsweise gemäß den Eckpunkten der EU-Verordnung (EWG Nr. 1804/99) untersucht werden. Basierend auf den Daten zum Nährstoffmanagement, Futterbau, Fütterung, Leistungspotential in der Schweinemast, Arbeitswirtschaft und Produktionskosten der Betriebe werden unter Berücksichtigung der genannten Rahmenbedingungen betriebsspezifische Umstellungsszenarien entwickelt. Anhand der...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Systems research and participatory research; Pigs.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/702/1/handbuch%2Dkein%2DDokument.pdf
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Behandlungen mit Homöopathika auf Milchviehbetrieben erfolgen selten zielorientiert Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert; Keller, D..
Homeopathic remedies are means to an end. Success of treatment depends not only on the efficacy of remedies, but also on the prerequisite in terms of availability of expertise and appropriateness of the treatment procedure. To assess the extent by which a lege-artis treatment concept in homeopathy is performed in treating mastitis, a study was conducted on 64 mainly organic farms in Germany, France and Spain. The study revealed that most farmers only had a poor level of awareness of the principles of homeopathy and made use of human products regularly without rededication by a veterinarian or made use of forbidden substances. Treatments were accompanied by insufficient follow-up checks. Homeopathic treatment procedures were applied very heterogeneously....
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31818/1/Behandlungen%20mit%20Hom%C3%B6opathika%20auf%20Milchviehbetrieben.pdf
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Betriebliche Maßnahmen zur Gesundheitsvorsorge und Qualitätsverbesserung bei ökologisch wirtschaftenden Schweinemastbetrieben Organic Eprints
Benninger, Tina; Sundrum, Albert.
Im Rahmen einer Interventionsstudie wurden auf 6 ökologisch wirtschaftenden Schweinemastbetrieben Erhebungen zur Tiergesundheit durchgeführt. Die betriebliche Situation bezüglich Haltung, Fütterung, Hygiene und Management wurde mit einem modifizierten CCP-Konzept beurteilt. Arbeitszeiten wurden mit einem Arbeitszeittagebuch bzw. mit der Stoppuhr ermittelt. Ferner wurden Daten zu Schlachtkörper- und Organbefunden von den Masttieren der Versuchsbetriebe sowie von ökologischen und konventionellen Vergleichsbetrieben erhoben. Die Status quo Analyse deutete auf Defizite vor allem im Hygienebereich hin. Schlachthofbefunde zeigten, dass im Mittel 48,9 % der Schweine aus den 6 Versuchsbetrieben sowie 67 % der Tiere aus ökologischen und 14,5 % der Tiere aus...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Pigs; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13589/1/13589%2D03OE408%2Duni%2Dkassel%2Dsundrum%2D2006%2Dschweinemastbetriebe.pdf
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Betriebliche Maßnahmen zur Gesundheitsvorsorge und Qualitätsverbesserung bei ökologisch wirtschaftenden Schweinemastbetrieben Organic Eprints
Benninger, Tina; Sundrum, Albert.
Im Rahmen einer Interventionsstudie wurden auf 6 ökologisch wirtschaftenden Schweinemastbetrieben Erhebungen zur Tiergesundheit durchgeführt. Die betriebliche Situation bezüglich Haltung, Fütterung, Hygiene und Management wurde mit einem modifizierten CCP-Konzept beurteilt. Arbeitszeiten wurden mit einem Arbeitszeittagebuch bzw. mit der Stoppuhr ermittelt. Ferner wurden Daten zu Schlachtkörper- und Organbefunden von den Masttieren der Versuchsbetriebe sowie von ökologischen und konventionellen Vergleichsbetrieben erhoben. Die Status quo Analyse deutete auf Defizite vor allem im Hygienebereich hin. Schlachthofbefunde zeigten, dass im Mittel 48,9 % der Schweine aus den 6 Versuchsbetrieben sowie 67 % der Tiere aus ökologischen und 14,5 % der Tiere aus...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Pigs; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2006
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Beurteilung der Tiergerechtheit von Haltungsbedingungen für Mastbullen auf Praxisbetrieben Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert; Rubelowsky, I..
Zusammenfassung Um die Möglichkeiten der Beurteilung von Haltungsbedingungen im Hinblick auf die Tiergerechtheit auf Praxisbetrieben auszuloten, wurden Untersuchungen auf 50 landwirtschaftlichen Betrieben durchgeführt. In den Haltungsvarianten: Vollspaltenbucht, Tiefstreu und Zweiflächenbucht (eingestreute Liegefläche plus planbefestigte Lauffläche) wurden betriebsspezifische Haltungsbedingungen mittels technischer Indikatoren erfasst. Die Indikatoren Besatzdichte, Futterplatzbreite, Buchtentiefe und Bodenbeschaffenheit wurden in ein Beurteilungskonzept (TGI-40 Protokoll) integriert. Gleichzeitig wurden Anzahl und Gründe für vorzeitige Abgänge und Todesfälle ermittelt. Ergänzend wurden Klauen der Tiere stichprobenweise nach der Schlachtung auf...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Beef cattle.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/916/1/handbuch%2Dkein%2DDokument.pdf
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Blattmasse feinsamiger Leguminosen als Eiweißkomponente für Schweine und Geflügel Organic Eprints
Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne; Sommer, Hendrik; Sundrum, Albert.
The nutrient supply of pigs and poultry in organic livestock farming suffers from a shortage of suitable home-grown protein sources. While clover-like legumes are widely used in cattle, the high levels of crude fiber restrict the use of these feedstuffs in the diet of monogastric animals. In the current study, comprehensive analyses were conducted with the focus on the leaf mass of clover-like legumes. The results revealed that in general leaf mass contained less fiber than the whole plant and on average high levels of protein and essential amino acids. However, values were severely affected among others by plant species, cut and time of harvest and thus varied considerably. Quality checks by analysis are required to make the potential of cloverlike...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Feeding and growth Poultry.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31771/1/Blattmasse%20feinsamiger%20Leguminosen%20als%20Eiwei%C3%9Fkomponente.pdf
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Blattmasse von Rotklee als Proteinquelle für Schweine Organic Eprints
Sommer, hendrik; Sundrum, Albert.
The study focuses on the utilization of local clover-like legumes as a protein source for pigs. It is examined how high crude protein can be concentrated in red clover (Trifolium pratense) by separating the leaf mass of the stems. In this part of the study, the two breeds Titus and Milvus have been compared. The digestibility of the material was determined by an in-vitro method. Preliminary results show that the concentration of crude protein increased up to 27.5 % compared to the whole-plant content of 21.9 %.The concentration of digestible crude protein in the leaf rose averagely by 21 % compared to the whole plant. With Titus, a total of 15.7 dt ha-1 leaf mass protein was harvested. With Milvus, 14.0 dt protein leaf mass per ha were yielded. Separation...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/21559/1/21559_sommer.pdf
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BRIDGING THE GAP - IMPACT MATRIX ANALYSIS AND COST-BENEFIT CALCULATIONS TO IMPROVE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES REGARDING HEALTH STATUS IN ORGANIC DAIRY FARMING Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert; Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne.
Animal health status in organic dairy farming does not in all respect meet consumers’ expectations. Improvements are crucial to support consumers’ confidence and their willingness to pay premium prices. Considering animal health as an emergent property of the whole farm system the presented project aims to increase the implementation of evidence based measures and to improve practice of health management. This will be achieved by a multidisciplinary and participatory approach to develop farm specific solutions regarding preventive measures and appropriate treatment strategies.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Systems research and participatory research; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23966/1/23966_Sundrum_OWC14_MM.pdf
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Capturing systemic interrelationships by an impact analysis to help reduce production diseases in dairy farms Organic Eprints
Krieger, Margret; Hoischen-Taubner, Susanne; Emanuelson, Ulf; Blanco-Penedo, Isabel; De Joybert, Manon; Duval, Julie; Sjöström, Karin; Jones, Jones J.; Sundrum, Albert.
Production diseases, such as metabolic and reproductive disorders, mastitis, and lameness, emerge from complex interactions between numerous factors (or variables) but can be controlled by the right management decisions. Since animal husbandry systems in practice are very diverse, it is difficult to identify the most influential components in the individual farm context. However, it is necessary to do this to control disease, since farmers are severely limited in their access to resources, and need to invest in management measures most likely to have an effect. In this study, systemic impact analyses were conducted on 192 organic dairy farms in France, Germany, Spain, and Sweden in the context of reducing the prevalence of production diseases. The impact...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Farming Systems; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/33564/1/Duval17AgriculturalSystems.pdf
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Carcass quality of organic pork Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert.
According to the Council Regulation (EC) No 1804/1999), organic livestock production is intended to ensure quality production rather than maximising production. In organic pig production, the availability of limited amino acids is the first limiting factor and the main reason why the performance capacity is clearly diminished compared to conventional production. In order to compensate for the lower productivity, quality production is a conditio sine qua none. Possibilities to improve the quality of organic pork were investigated in different feeding trials. Results from a first trial in 1999 showed that diets based on organic cereals and home grown grain legumes (faba beans, peas and lupines) have the potential to produce pork with a high intramuscular fat...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Pigs.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/905/1/handbuch%2Dkein%2DDokument.pdf
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Conflicting areas in the ethical debate on animal health and welfare Organic Eprints
Sundrum, Albert.
There is a far-reaching agreement within western society, that a high level of animal health and welfare can be regarded as an ethical value. An increasing number of consumers are interested to purchase products that derive from animal-friendly housing conditions. Often animal-friendly and organic products are affiliated. Although the prescriptions of the EURegulation on organic agriculture clearly exceed the minimal standards of conventional livestock production, they do not automatically lead to a high status of animal health and welfare. Animal health status emerges from complex interactions within a farm system and thus is not primarily related to the production method or to minimal standards. Literature reviews indicate profound discrepancies between...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Health and welfare Consumer issues.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/19349/1/EurSafe__Sundrum_Conflicting%2Dareas_corr_WZ.pdf
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Description of organic pig production in Europe Organic Eprints
Früh, Barbara; Bochicchio, Davide; Edwards, Sandra; Hegelund, Lene; Leeb, Christine; Sundrum, Albert; Werne, Steffen; Wiberg, Sophia; Prunier, Armelle.
With the aim to identify health and welfare strategies in organic pig production, a description of the different organic production systems was realized in eight European countries (Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland and UK). This description was based on the following features: numbers of organic farms and organic pigs, market shares, housing and management characteristics, feeding characteristics, main health problems and relevant differences to the EU regulation existing at the time of the project. The results were primarily based on statistics, country-specific regulations as well as on expert and stakeholder interviews. Organic farming and organic pig production are rapidly developing in European countries. The European...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Health and welfare; Pigs.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25037/1/Frueh-etal-2013-OrgaAgric-first-online-november.pdf
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