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Registros recuperados: 77
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Anaesthesia and gonad sampling in the European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Gonzalez, Ricardo; Lebrun, Luc; Queau, Isabelle; Mingant, Christian; Robert, Rene.
Controlled reproduction of the European flat oyster requires the development of tools adapted to this species, including a practical anaesthesia and gonad sampling protocol to facilitate sex determination and the verification of gametogenesis. Three replicate groups of 10 oysters (mean weight +/- SD: 29.9 +/- 8.5 g) were anaesthetised in 5 L containers using magnesium chloride designed either for laboratory (Flucka (R)) or agricultural (Dead Sea Work (R): DSW) use, at two concentrations (50 or 72 g L-1). No significant differences were observed in the percentages of oysters anaesthetised or subsequent oyster mortality with the different anaesthetics or concentrations, but increasing water temperature from 14.9 to 18.8 degrees C significantly increased the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Anaesthesia; Magnesium chloride; Gonad sampling.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00018/12907/9876.pdf
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Analysis of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) broodstock pilot scale production. ArchiMer
Omnes, Marie-helene; Normant, Yvon; Suquet, Marc; Fauvel, Christian.
Rearing turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) reaches the commercial scale. With the hatchery output increasing, more attention needs to be focussed on broodstocks performance both in terms of quantity and viability of eggs. The techniques of shifting the environmental conditions allow a production of eggs all year round. However, egg quality tends to be highly variable. This paper examines over a two-year period, the improvement in egg quality and its consequences on the production of larvae by a strict management of spawners.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00169/28061/29430.pdf
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Anesthesia in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; De Kermoysan, Goulwen; Araya, Ricardo Gonzalez; Queau, Isabelle; Lebrun, Luc; Le Souchu, Pierrick; Mingant, Christian.
A reliable anaesthesia and sampling protocol for Pacific oysters will enable experiments to be conducted without sacrificing animals and will facilitate successive sampling of individuals for gametogenesis studies. As no such techniques were available for Crassostrea gigas, the present study aimed to define suitable anaesthetic conditions for use with this species. Three groups of ten oysters (mean weight +/- SD, 32.1 +/- 9.0 g) were anaesthetised in 5 L containers. Among different chemicals: benzocaine, eugenol and three different types of magnesium chloride (a laboratory one Flucka (R) - and two designed for agriculture - DEUSA International (R) and Dead SeaWorks (R)) and concentrations tested, one laboratory (concentration: 72 g L-1) and one...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster; Gonad sampling; Magnesium chloride; Relaxant; Anaesthesia.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6352.pdf
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Application of staining techniques to improve the viability assessment of turbot (Psetta maxima) ova ArchiMer
Omnes, Marie-helene; Dorange, Germaine; Suquet, Marc; Normant, Yvon.
Staining-dye procedures were tested on the turbot ovule in order to develop a rapid technique for determining ovule viability. Neutral red and Trypan blue dyes provided better assessment of the proportion of viable or dead female gametes when inducing fertilisation.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11323/7860.pdf
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Assessment of oocyte and trochophore quality in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Boulais, Myrina; Corporeau, Charlotte; Huvet, Arnaud; Bernard, Ismael; Quere, Claudie; Quillien, Virgile; Fabioux, Caroline; Suquet, Marc.
Pacific oyster hatchery production remains highly variable, partially due to inconsistent gamete quality. However, little attention has been paid to oocyte quality in Pacific oyster compared to important vertebrate aquaculture species such as fishes. The aims of the present study were to identify criteria of oocyte and trochophore quality used as predictive tools for embryo developmental success at the D-larval stage. Twenty-six potential proxies of oocyte and trochophore quality were studied on 25 mature females, as determined using histology. Some morphological and biochemical characteristics of mature oocytes were described. Protein appeared to be the main constituent of fully mature Pacific oyster oocytes. Neutral lipids accounted for 61% of the total...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oocyte quality; Trochophore; Lipid; Gene expression; ATP.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00239/35010/33544.pdf
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ATP content and viability of spermatozoa drive variability of fertilization success in the Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) ArchiMer
Boulais, Myrina; Soudant, Philippe; Le Goic, Nelly; Quere, Claudie; Boudry, Pierre; Suquet, Marc.
Fertilization of the oocyte is a critical process of sexual reproduction depending among other factors on spermatozoa functionality. Mitochondria participate in many crucial processes for spermatozoa motility and fertilizing ability. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is characterized by a high inter-individual variability of its reproductive success which has been shown to be partially due to the variability of gamete quality. The present study explored spermatozoa characteristics such as: i) relationships among mitochondrial functionality (ATP content, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species production); sperm viability (percentages of live, dying, and dead); and motility; and ii) their involvement in inter-oyster variability...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spermatozoa; Quality; Motility; Viability; ATP content; ROS production.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49769/50309.pdf
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Biological characteristics of European hake (Merluccius merluccius) sperm ArchiMer
Groison, Anne-laure; Suquet, Marc; Cosson, Jacky; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Jolivet, Aurelie; Garren, Francois.
Very little is known on European hake's reproductive biology and especially on biological characteristics of its sperm despite a growing interest in its aquaculture potential. This study reports, for the first time some hake sperm characteristics. After activation, the swimming phase lasts 3 min (8 min when activated with 50% sea water (SW) but lower initial velocity). The initial flagellar beat frequency (BF), velocity and percentage of motile cells decreased after 100 s. After 2 days at 4 degrees C, the mean Adenylate Energy Charge (AEC) level was 0.71. Sperm stored at 4 degrees C still showed motility after 9 days for 2 individuals. When cryopreserved, the motility recovery index of thawed spermatozoa ranged from 11.8% to 29.6%.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: AEC; Gamete quality; Sperm motility; Sperm Density; Merluccius merluccius.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6553.pdf
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Biological characteristics of sperm in European flat oyster ( Ostrea edulis ) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Pouvreau, Stephane; Queau, Isabelle; Boulais, Myrina; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Cosson, Jacky.
n brooding mollusc species that incubate larvae before their release in seawater, the biology of gametes remains poorly explored. The present study describes some biological characteristics of sperm of the European flat oyster, a native species that has been over-exploited in the past and is nowadays classified as an endangered species in Europe. Flat oysters were collected by divers in the Rade de Brest (Finistère, France), during its natural reproduction period. Gonadal pH is acidic (6.31 ± 0.10). Spermatozoa are clustered in spermatozeugmata, an acellular structure in which the sperm heads are embedded. After their transfer in seawater, spermatozeugmata have a mean diameter of 64 ± 3 μm and they release free spermatozoa for a mean duration of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Ostrea edulis; Brooding species; Sperm; Spermatozeugmata; Endangered species.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56539/58245.pdf
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Caractéristiques biologiques des gamètes et larves d'huître plate européenne (Ostrea edulis): données préliminaires ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Queau, Isabelle; Le Grand, Jacqueline; Ratiskol, Dominique; Pouvreau, Stephane.
      The biology of gametes and larvae in brooding mollusc species remains little explored. The aim of this study is to present the results obtained in 2016, on biological characteristics of gametes and larvae of European flat oyster.       Measurements were carried out on 50 oysters, collected by divers in the Rade de Brest (Finistère, France), during the spawning period of this species. Gonad pH is acidic (6.58±0.54). After the dissociation of spermatozeugmata, an acellular structure to which the spermatozoa are clustered, the percentage of motile spermatozoa ranged from 20 to 34% and the Velocity of the Average Path from 70 to 85µm/s. Spermatozeugmata were shed after serotonin injection. Oocytes (mean diameter: 129.4±19.1µm) were rarely observed (2...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00383/49390/49803.pdf
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Cellular responses of Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) gametes exposed in vitro to polystyrene nanoparticles ArchiMer
Gonzalez-fernandez, Carmen; Tallec, Kevin; Le Goic, Nelly; Lambert, Christophe; Soudant, Philippe; Huvet, Arnaud; Suquet, Marc; Berchel, Mathieu; Paul-pont, Ika.
While the detection and quantification of nano-sized plastic in the environment remains a challenge, the growing number of polymer applications mean that we can expect an increase in the release of nanoplastics into the environment by indirect outputs. Today, very little is known about the impact of nano-sized plastics on marine organisms. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity of polystyrene nanoplastics (NPs) on oyster (Crassostrea gigas) gametes. Spermatozoa and oocytes were exposed to four NPs concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 100 mg L−1 for 1, 3 and 5 h. NPs coated with carboxylic (PS-COOH) and amine groups (PS-NH2) were used to determine how surface properties influence the effects of nanoplastics. Results demonstrated the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nanoplastics; Oysters; Gametes; Cellular responses.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00443/55459/56976.pdf
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Changes in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) sperm quality during the spawning season ArchiMer
Rouxel, Catherine; Suquet, Marc; Cosson, J; Severe, Armelle; Quemener, Loic; Fauvel, Christian.
The biology of cod reproduction is well described in the scientific literature. However, sperm biology and spermatozoa management are poorly studied in this species. Because of its recent farming expansion, a better knowledge of cod gametes is becoming especially useful. This work aimed at establishing tools to study sperm biology in cod, and also investigated the existence of changes in cod sperm quality during the spawning period. We showed that sperm concentration could be assessed using spectrophotometry at 260 nm. Sperm motility significantly decreased after a 168-h storage at 4 degrees C. A 1:9 dilution of sperm in a non-activating medium (1/3 seawater and 2/3 freshwater, osmotic pressure: 360 mOsm kg(-1)) improved sperm storage. Sperm concentration,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spermatozoa; Quality; Ageing; Sperm; Cod; Gadus morhua.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3829.pdf
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Changes in motility, ATP content, morphology and fertilisation capacity during the movement phase of tetraploid Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) sperm ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Labbe, C.; Brizard, Raphael; Donval, Anne; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Quere, Claudie; Haffray, P..
Changes in sperm features during the movement phase are especially interesting to study in external fertilization species whose sperm duration movement is long because this implies a significant adaptation of moving cells to the external medium. This study describes the changes in tetraploid Pacific oyster sperm characteristics in relation to time post activation. Sperm individually collected on three tetraploid males were activated in seawater. Their features were analysed over a 24 h period and compared to a sperm pool collected on three diploid males as a reference. The percentage of motile spermatozoa, the intracellular ATP content, and the fine structure of spermatozoa were studied in relation to time post activation. Furthermore, the fertilisation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Sperm; Tetraploid; Motility; ATP; Ultrastructure.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00006/11756/8639.pdf
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Cod (Gadus morhua) rearing attempts in France ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Omnes, Marie-helene; Normant, Yvon; Petton, Bruno; Severe, Armelle; Fauvel, Christian; Barone, Herve; Quemener, Loic; Buchet, Vincent; Pasco, Laurent; Menard, E; Gaignon, Jean-louis.
Because of its rapid growth, its good reputation and the promising aquaculture experiences conducted in Norway and Scotland, cod is considered as a good candidate for cold water aquaculture. The aim of this paper is to present the work carried out in France since 1999: the selection of cod as a promising candidate for aquaculture and the assessment of its rearing performances in this environment.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00170/28142/26362.pdf
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Comparative analysis of male germ cell proliferation and apoptosis in wild and captive Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus L.) ArchiMer
Zupa, R.; Fauvel, Christian; Mylonas, C. C.; Santamaria, N.; Valentini, L.; Pousis, C.; Papadaki, M.; Suquet, Marc; De La Gandara, F.; Bello, G.; Metrio, G.; Corriero, A..
The most commonly observed reproductive dysfunction in male fishes reared in captivity is reduction in sperm volume and quality. The Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus (Osteichthyes: Scombridae) is one of the few large pelagic and migratory marine fishes maintained in captivity with the purpose of establishing breeding populations to support an aquaculture industry. The objectives of the present study were to compare male germ cell proliferation and apoptosis between wild and captive individuals at two different phases of the spermatogenetic cycle, and to evaluate sperm motility characteristics of captive individuals. Histological observations were performed to analyze testicular activity, and germ cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated through...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00125/23579/25462.pdf
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Compte rendu final du projet Triplofimer : Fiabilité et qualité de la production de naissains triploïdes d'huître creuse (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Agogue, Julie; Brizard, Raphael; Haffray, Pierrick; Labbe, Catherine; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Pepin, Jean-francois; Rault, Paul; Saulnier, Denis.
Ce rapport fait état d'une étude réalisée au laboratoire de Génétique et Pathologie de l'IFREMER dans le cadre de l'analyse d'épisodes de mortalité anormale survenue en écloserie privée de crevettes pénéides. Plusieurs hypothèses ont été avancées. La présence de Vibrio harveyi a amené à constituer une collection de 40 souches à partir desquelles une identification bactériologique a été effectuée. Elle montre en effet une dominance de souches appartenant à un groupe homogène de Vibrio harveyi. La technique de ribotypage (digestion d'ADN génomique, transfert de Southem-blot et hybridation avec une sonde spécifique) est alors mise en place. Plusieurs difficultés techniques ont ralenti l'analyse et n'ont donc pas permis d'avoir des résultats assez avancés pour...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Tétraploïdes; Sperme; Conservation; Diagnostic zoo-sanitaire; Flore bactérienne; Herpès virus..
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41554/40762.pdf
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CRYOAQUA. Centralisation de la cryoconservation et du stockage des ressources génétiques aquacoles françaises ArchiMer
Labbe, Catherine; Suquet, Marc; Michel, Gildas; Duclos, Delphine; Lemarchand, Alain; Le Hellec, Catherine; Vandeputte, Marc; Quittet, Benjamin; Goardon, Lionel; Pincent, Cedric; Haffray, Pierrick.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00099/20979/18602.pdf
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Cryobanking of aquatic species ArchiMer
Martinez-paramo, Sonia; Horvath, Akos; Labbe, Catherine; Zhang, Tiantian; Robles, Vanesa; Herraez, Paz; Suquet, Marc; Adams, Serean; Viveiros, Ana; Tiersch, Terrence R.; Cabrita, Elsa.
This review is focused on the applications of genome cryobanking of aquatic species including freshwater and marine fish, as well as invertebrates. It also reviews the latest advances in cryobanking of model species, widely used by the scientific community worldwide, because of their applications in several fields. The state of the art of cryopreservation of different cellular types (sperm, oocytes, embryos, somatic cells and primordial germ cells or early spermatogonia) is discussed focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure according to different applications. A special review on the need of standardization of protocols has also been carried out. In summary, this comprehensive review provides information on the practical details of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cryobanking; Aquatic animals; Fish gametes; Germplasm.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45172/44567.pdf
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Cryopreservation of Pacific oyster ( Crassostrea gigas ) larvae: Revisiting the practical limitations and scaling up the procedure for application to hatchery ArchiMer
Labbe, Catherine; Haffray, Pierrick; Mingant, Christian; Quittet, Benjamin; Diss, Blandine; Tervit, H. Robin; Adams, Serean L.; Rimond, Flore; Suquet, Marc.
Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is one major species for aquaculture, and the development of breeding programs and the need for preservation of wild stock genetic resources prompted the need for larvae cryopreservation. The objective of the present study was to choose the most reliable protocol from several existing publications, to test its biological and practical limitations, and to adapt it to hatchery conditions. The selected protocol was characterized by a very slow freezing rate without seeding, and by the use of ethylene glycol and sucrose as cryoprotectant. The best survivals after thawing and rearing up to 48 h post fertilization (hpf) were obtained with larvae that were frozen at late trochophore (20 hpf) and early-D (24 hpf) stages. Increasing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Cryobanking; D stage; Ethylene glycol; High throughput; Hatchery.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00423/53460/54354.pdf
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Cryopreservation of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) spermatozoa in experimental and production simulating conditions ArchiMer
Fauvel, Christian; Suquet, Marc; Dreanno, Catherine; Zonno, Vincenzo; Menu, Bruno.
A sperm cryopreservation protocol adapted from turbot, was tested on sea bass using either 250-mu L straws or 1.5-mL cryovials. A dilution to 1/3 in Mounib's extender and a cooling rate of 65 degrees C.min(-1) allowed frozen sperm to recover an initial motility similar to that of fresh sperm at thawing; however, significant differences in motility (P < 0.001, n = 10 fish semen) were observed at further post-activation times, the motility decrease being faster in thawed sperm. At the experimental scale, triplicate inseminations of 2-mL aliquots (approximately 2 000 eggs) showed a significant fertility decay of thawed sperm compared to that of fresh sperm (P < 0.01, n = 12 fish semen) when a discriminating 35.10(3) spermatozoa to egg ratio was applied....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Sea bass; Cryobank; Insemination; Spermatozoa; Cryopreservation; Dicentrarchus labrax; Loup; Banque de sperme; Insémination; Cryoconservation; Cryoconservation.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-866.pdf
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Cryopreservation of sperm in marine fish ArchiMer
Suquet, Marc; Dreanno, Catherine; Fauvel, Christian; Cosson, J; Billard, R.
Since the first work of Blaxter in 1953, fish sperm cryopreservation has been attempted on about 30 marine species. The present paper reviews the techniques used and the results published in these species. Particular attention is paid to the handling procedure of sperm before freezing, the problems of semen ageing and semen contamination with urine. The quality of frozen-thawed semen was evaluated using previously standardized biotests, such as a two-step motility activation technique adapted for the different species and fertilization assays using a discriminating insemination technique. Most extenders used in marine fish are saline or sugar solutions. From the investigated cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) generally leads to the best results....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: DMSO; Insemination; Fertilization; Cryopreservation; Fish sperm.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-611.pdf
Registros recuperados: 77
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